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Tropical Homegardens

Tropical Homegardens Author B.M. Kumar
ISBN-10 9048172373
Release 2010-11-23
Pages 379
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‘Homegardens’ are integrated tree–crop–animal production systems, often established on small parcels of land surrounding homesteads, and primarily found in tropical environments. This multi-authored volume contains peer-reviewed chapters from the world’s leading researchers and professionals in this topic. It summarizes the current state of knowledge on homegarden systems, with a view to using this knowledge as a basis for improving both homegardens and other similar multistrata agroforestry systems.



Semiconductor Nanocrystal Quantum Dots

Semiconductor Nanocrystal Quantum Dots Author Andrey Rogach
ISBN-10 9783211752371
Release 2008-09-02
Pages 372
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This is the first book to specifically focus on semiconductor nanocrystals, and address their synthesis and assembly, optical properties and spectroscopy, and potential areas of nanocrystal-based devices. The enormous potential of nanoscience to impact on industrial output is now clear. Over the next two decades, much of the science will transfer into new products and processes. One emerging area where this challenge will be very successfully met is the field of semiconductor nanocrystals. Also known as colloidal quantum dots, their unique properties have attracted much attention in the last twenty years.



Human Centric Information Processing Through Granular Modelling

Human Centric Information Processing Through Granular Modelling Author Andrzej Bargiela
ISBN-10 9783540929154
Release 2009-02-26
Pages 404
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Information granules and their processing permeate a way in which we perceive the world, carryout processing at the conceptual (abstract) level, and communicate our findings to the surrounding environment. The importance of information granulation becomes even more apparent when we are faced with a rapidly growing flood of data, become challenged to make decisions in complex data settings and are required to appreciate the context from which the data is derived. Human centricity of systems that claim to be “intelligent” and the granular computing come hand in hand. It is not surprising at all to witness that the paradigm of Granular Computing has started to gain visibility and continues along this path by gathering interest from the circles of academics and practitioners. It is quite remarkable that the spectrum of application and research areas that have adopted information granulation as a successful strategy for dealing with information complexity covers such diverse fields as bioinformatics, image understanding, environmental monitoring, urban sustainability, to mention few most visible in the literature. Undoubtedly, there are two important aspects of Granular Computing that are worth stressing. First, there are several formalisms in which information granules are articulated so be intervals (sets), fuzzy sets, rough sets, soft sets, approximate sets, near sets and alike. They are complementary and each of them offers some interesting views at the complexity of the world and cyberspace.



Herbal Drugs Ethnomedicine to Modern Medicine

Herbal Drugs  Ethnomedicine to Modern Medicine Author Kishan Gopal Ramawat
ISBN-10 9783540791164
Release 2008-11-25
Pages 402
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Considerable progress has been made in our healthcare system, in particular with respect to sensitive diagnostic tools, reagents and very effective and precise drugs. On the other hand, high-throughput screening technology can screen vast numbers of compounds against an array of targets in a very short time, and leads thus - tained can be further explored. In developing countries, the exploding population exerts pressure not only on natural resources but also on the human population - self, whose members strive to become successful and advance in society. This leads to increased blood pressure, anxiety, obesity-associated lipid disorders, cardiov- cular diseases and diabetes. Most of these diseases result in disturbed family life, including sexual behaviour. Despite technological developments, herbal drugs still occupy a preferential place in a majority of the population in the Third World and terminal patients in the West. Herbal drugs, in addition to being cost effective and easily accessible, have been used since time immemorial and have passed the test of time without having any side effects. The multitarget effects of herbs (holistic approaches) are the fun- mental basis of their utilization. This approach is already used in traditional systems of medicine like Ayurveda, which has become more popular in the West in recent years. However, the integration of modern science with traditional uses of herbal drugs is of the utmost importance if ones wishes to use ancient knowledge for the betterment of humanity.



The Bayesian Choice

The Bayesian Choice Author Christian Robert
ISBN-10 9780387715995
Release 2007-05-19
Pages 606
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This is an introduction to Bayesian statistics and decision theory, including advanced topics such as Monte Carlo methods. This new edition contains several revised chapters and a new chapter on model choice.



Experimental and Clinical Metastasis

Experimental and Clinical Metastasis Author Julia V. Burnier
ISBN-10 9781461436850
Release 2013-01-04
Pages 472
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Metastatic disease is the most lethal aspect of human malignancies, making the understanding and continued research of the process of metastasis a crucial step in treating cancer. The proposed book, entitled “Experimental and Clinical Metastasis: A Comprehensive Review” aims to provide a clear and extensive review of the clinical and experimental implications of metastatic disease. This work focuses on recent contributions to the field of metastasis, and will highlight crucial findings in the molecular understanding of disseminated disease as well as standard and personalized medicine currently being investigated in the clinic. Topics will include, among many, gene properties of metastatic cells, molecular mechanisms of tumour growth and spread, animal models of metastasis, and clinical implications, markers and treatment for metastatic disease. With the participation of worldwide experts in the field of oncology, from major academic and government centres, this book will provide a leading manual for the study of the metastatic process, from benchside science to bedside care. In this light, the proposed book will facilitate classroom learning for both medical and graduate students, as well as serve as a tool for physicians and researchers interested in the metastatic process. In addition, this book will include the latest advances in basic science as well as leading technologies and theories of targeting metastatic cells. Most importantly, not only will basic and clinical aspects be discussed, but furthermore, the translational aspect of research in metastatic diseases will be emphasized.



Robust Control

Robust Control Author Jürgen Ackermann
ISBN-10 9781447102076
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 483
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New results, fresh ideas and new applications in automotive and flight control systems are presented in this second edition of Robust Control. The book presents parametric methods and tools for the simultaneous design of several representative operating conditions and several design specifications in the time and frequency domains. It also covers methods for robustness analysis that guarantee the desired properties for all possible values of the plant uncertainty. A lot of practical application experience enters into the case studies of driver support systems that avoid skidding and rollover of cars, automatic car steering systems, flight controllers for unstable aircraft and engine-out controllers. The book also shows the historic roots of the methods, their limitations and research needs in robust control.



Protocols for Neural Cell Culture

Protocols for Neural Cell Culture Author Laurie C. Doering
ISBN-10 1607612917
Release 2009-10-29
Pages 400
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Since the conception of this acclaimed series of volumes examining neural tissue culture, the expansion of neuroscience has continued to produce vital discoveries that utilize tissue culture methodologies. The expert contributors to the fourth edition of Protocols for Neural Cell Culture refine existing protocols and present the emerging new techniques and culture media formulations linked with the many advances in neuroscience. While highlighting updated experimental procedures for many of the classical neural tissue culture preps, the volume addresses topics such as regenerative medicine and the methods to grow and expand embryonic and adult neural stem cells. Essential techniques for the isolation, expansion, and cryopreservation of neural tissue from mouse, rat, and human sources are covered, as well as methods to assess aspects of cell function (calcium imaging) and cell death. With its detailed, step-by-step laboratory protocols, this volume provides the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting optimal results. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Protocols for Neural Cell Culture, Fourth Edition continues the previous editions’ tradition of exceptional quality and thorough coverage in tissue culture protocols for today’s neuroscience in order to inspire researchers in the field to further explore this imperative area of study.



Rough Set Theory A True Landmark in Data Analysis

Rough Set Theory  A True Landmark in Data Analysis Author Ajith Abraham
ISBN-10 9783540899204
Release 2009-02-26
Pages 324
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What is combinatorial optimization? Traditionally, a problem is considered to be c- binatorial if its set of feasible solutions is both ?nite and discrete, i. e., enumerable. For example, the traveling salesman problem asks in what order a salesman should visit the cities in his territory if he wants to minimize his total mileage (see Sect. 2. 2. 2). The traveling salesman problem s feasible solutions - permutations of city labels - c- prise a ?nite, discrete set. By contrast, Differential Evolution was originally designed to optimize functions de?ned on real spaces. Unlike combinatorial problems, the set of feasible solutions for real parameter optimization is continuous. Although Differential Evolution operates internally with ?oating-point precision, it has been applied with success to many numerical optimization problems that have t- ditionally been classi?ed as combinatorial because their feasible sets are discrete. For example, the knapsack problem s goal is to pack objects of differing weight and value so that the knapsack s total weight is less than a given maximum and the value of the items inside is maximized (see Sect. 2. 2. 1). The set of feasible solutions - vectors whose components are nonnegative integers - is both numerical and discrete. To handle such problems while retaining full precision, Differential Evolution copies ?oating-point - lutions to a temporary vector that, prior to being evaluated, is truncated to the nearest feasible solution, e. g., by rounding the temporary parameters to the nearest nonnegative integer."



Lamto

Lamto Author Luc Abbadie
ISBN-10 0387338578
Release 2006-11-22
Pages 415
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Synthesizing 40 years of ongoing ecological research, this book examines the structure, function, and dynamics of the Lamto humid savanna. From the history of the Lamto ecology station, to an overview of enivronmental conditions of the site, and examining the integrative view of energy and nutrient fluxes relative to the dynamics of the region's vegetation, this exacting work is as unique and treasured as Lamto itself.



A Patch of Black

A Patch of Black Author Rachel Rooney
ISBN-10 0230714420
Release 2012
Pages 32
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A lyrical lullaby tale that's perfect for bedtime. What can you do with a patch of black, a moon, and a silver star? From a magical wish-granting cloak to a hammock rocked by jungle animal friends, there's nothing that a patch of nighttime sky can't become with a bit of imagination, and certainly no need to be afraid of the dark. Rachel Rooney's charming text is accompanied by beautiful, evocative illustrations from Deborah Allwright.



Introduction to Structural Chemistry

Introduction to Structural Chemistry Author Stepan S. Batsanov
ISBN-10 9789400747715
Release 2012-11-29
Pages 542
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A concise description of models and quantitative parameters in structural chemistry and their interrelations, with 280 tables and >3000 references giving the most up-to-date experimental data on energy characteristics of atoms, molecules and crystals (ionisation potentials, electron affinities, bond energies, heats of phase transitions, band and lattice energies), optical properties (refractive index, polarisability), spectroscopic characteristics and geometrical parameters (bond distances and angles, coordination numbers) of substances in gaseous, liquid and solid states, in glasses and melts, for various thermodynamic conditions. Systems of metallic, covalent, ionic and van der Waals radii, effective atomic charges and other empirical and semi-empirical models are critically revised. Special attention is given to new and growing areas: structural studies of solids under high pressures and van der Waals molecules in gases. The book is addressed to researchers, academics, postgraduates and advanced-course students in crystallography, materials science, physical chemistry of solids.



Prebiotics and Probiotics Science and Technology

Prebiotics and Probiotics Science and Technology Author Dimitris Charalampopoulos
ISBN-10 9780387790572
Release 2009
Pages 1248
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Prebiotics and Probiotics Science and Technology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Prebiotics and Probiotics Science and Technology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Prebiotics and Probiotics Science and Technology book for free.



Monte Carlo Statistical Methods

Monte Carlo Statistical Methods Author Christian Robert
ISBN-10 9781475741452
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 649
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We have sold 4300 copies worldwide of the first edition (1999). This new edition contains five completely new chapters covering new developments.



Chorus and Community

Chorus and Community Author Karen Ahlquist
ISBN-10 9780252072840
Release 2006
Pages 323
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Looks at choruses not only as a source of music, but as organizations that come together for aesthetic, social, political, and religious purposes. This volume discusses groups, including an East African chorus; groups from 19th century England, Germany, and America; early twentieth-century Russian Menonites; Soviet workers' clubs; and more.



Essays on the Doctrinal Study of Law

Essays on the Doctrinal Study of Law Author Aulis Aarnio
ISBN-10 9400716559
Release 2011-07-10
Pages 222
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Essays on the Doctrinal Study of Law is a summary of the author’s 40 years of research in the fields of civil law and the philosophy of law. The main focus is on the two main tasks in the doctrinal study of law: the interpretation and systematisation of legal norms. In this regard, Professor Aarnio deals with the theory of argumentation as well as with its foundations - i.e., with the ontology, epistemology and methodology of legal thinking - and develops the ideas that were first presented in The Rational as Reasonable (Kluwer 1987) in all of these dimensions. The work includes an updated discussion on the writings of Robert Alexy, Jûrgen Habermas, Ronald Dworkin and Alf Ross. A focal point of view concerns the distinction between positivism and non-positivism, in which the core of the criticism focuses on Scandinavian realism.



Invariants of Behavior

Invariants of Behavior Author Mario Negrello
ISBN-10 1441988041
Release 2011-06-02
Pages 252
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The study of the brain and behavior is illuminated with the discovery of invariances. Experimental brain research uncovers constancies amidst variation, with respect to interventions and transformations prescribed by experimental paradigms. Place cells, mirror neurons, event related potentials and areas differentially active in fMRI, all illustrate the pervasive role of invariances in neural systems in relation to their function.