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A Historical Perspective on Evidence Based Immunology

A Historical Perspective on Evidence Based Immunology Author Edward J. Moticka
ISBN-10 9780123983756
Release 2015-11-25
Pages 394
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A Historical Perspective on Evidence-Based Immunology focuses on the results of hypothesis-driven, controlled scientific experiments that have led to the current understanding of immunological principles. The text helps beginning students in biomedical disciplines understand the basis of immunologic knowledge, while also helping more advanced students gain further insights. The book serves as a crucial reference for researchers studying the evolution of ideas and scientific methods, including fundamental insights on immunologic tolerance, interactions of lymphocytes with antigen TCR and BCR, the generation of diversity and mechanism of tolerance of T cells and B cells, the first cytokines, the concept of autoimmunity, the identification of NK cells as a unique cell type, the structure of antibody molecules and identification of Fab and Fc regions, and dendritic cells. Provides a complete review of the hypothesis-driven, controlled scientific experiments that have led to our current understanding of immunological principles Explains the types of experiments that were performed and how the interpretation of the experiments altered the understanding of immunology Presents concepts such as the division of lymphocytes into functionally different populations in their historical context Includes fundamental insights on immunologic tolerance, interactions of lymphocytes with antigen TCR and BCR, and the generation of diversity and mechanism of tolerance of T and B cells



Bionanotechnology

Bionanotechnology Author Anil Kumar Anal
ISBN-10 9781351643634
Release 2018-02-02
Pages 189
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This book deals with a subject of high interest and importance in all sectors, including biomedical, food, agriculture, energy, and environment. Biological systems are essential in nanotechnology, and many new applications are being developed by mimicking the natural systems. Approaching these topics from an engineering perspective, the book offers insight on the details of nanoscale fabrication processes as well as cell biology. The basics of biology and chemistry, with a focus on how to engineer the behavior of molecules at the nanoscale, are also explored and analyzed. The aim of the text is to provide the reader with broader knowledge of biological methods for signal transduction and molecular recognitions systems and how they can be replicated in bio-sensing applications. The reader will learn the basic structures and interactions of biomacromolecules for developing biocompatible and eco-friendly devices.



Bacteriophage Applications Historical Perspective and Future Potential

Bacteriophage Applications   Historical Perspective and Future Potential Author Jessica Nicastro
ISBN-10 9783319457918
Release 2016-10-04
Pages 82
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This book explores key applications of phage biotechnology and reviews recent advances in phage display technologies. The applications covered were selected on the basis of their significance and representativeness in the field. The small size and enormous diversity of bacteriophages make them ideal candidates for numerous applications across many industries. Since the discovery of phages and the advent of phage display systems, considerable attention has been focused on the development of novel therapeutic and industrial applications. Recent studies combine the genomic flexibility of phages with phage display systems in order to generate modified phages for targeted delivery.



Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders

Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders Author Amos Etzioni
ISBN-10 9780124115545
Release 2014-09-13
Pages 376
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Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders: A Historic and Scientific Perspective provides a complete historical context that is crucial for students and researchers concerned with primary immunodeficiency. When researchers have a poor understanding of the way we arrived where we are in research, they can miss important points about a disease, or miss out on how to approach new diseases. This historical knowledge of research can assist greatly by showing how it was done in the past, demonstrating the successes and failures, so that it can be done better in the future. This book provides an understanding of the process going from clinical problem to lab and back to the clinic, based on historical experiences. Its chapters proceed from the discovery of the T and B cell lineages through the first BMT for immunodeficiency disorder; lab investigation and gene therapy for PID; the discovery of the gene for AT and its function; understanding cytokine defects; and many other stops along the way. Facilitates communication among physicians and other investigators concerned with immunological and inflammatory diseases Summarizes for the first time all the known facts from 60 years of primary immunodeficiency research, and teaches how an important field in medicine was established Provides stimulating discussions on developing new medical therapies Highlights the importance of studying humans to understand mechanisms of disease that affect humans



Pharmaceutical Systems

Pharmaceutical Systems Author John Lilja
ISBN-10 9780470754047
Release 2008-05-27
Pages 356
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* Offers a social view of the activities leading to the timely patient access to medicines including: drug research, drug production, drug distribution, drug prescribing, drug information and drug control * Provides theoretical models to enable pharmacists to understand the organization of drug systems in their particular global territory * Written specifically with the needs of pharmacy students taking Master's degrees in mind



Immunity

Immunity Author Alfred I. Tauber
ISBN-10 9780190651268
Release 2017-01-02
Pages 304
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Modern immunology traditionally conceives of the immune system as providing defense against pathogens. Alfred I. Tauber criticizes this conception of immunity as too narrow, because it discounts much of the immune system's other normal functions. These include active tolerance of nutritional exchanges with the environment and the stabilization of cooperative relationships with resident micro-organisms. An expanded account extends immunity's functional role from singular 'defense' to broadened discernment of environmental 'exchange.' This ecological perspective has profound theoretical implications, for the basic notion of immune identity is reconfigured: highlighting the organism as a holobiont (a consortium of diverse organisms living in cooperative relationships) challenges prevailing concepts of individuality and the self/nonself dichotomy heretofore organizing immune theory. Indeed, if theoretical interest is focused on the challenges of maintaining immune balance in the full ecological context of the organism, then immune regulation assumes new complexity. Tauber maintains that the key to unravelling that puzzle requires a critical re-assessment of the cognitive processes that underlie immune effector functions. Accordingly, he provides the outline of a re-formulated 'cognitive paradigm' that dispenses with agent-based models and adopts an ecologically conceived understanding of perception and information processing. The implications of this revised configuration of immunity and its deconstructed notions of individuality and selfhood have wide significance for philosophers and life scientists working in immunology, ecology, and the cognitive sciences.



The Compatibility Gene

The Compatibility Gene Author Daniel M Davis
ISBN-10 9780141972527
Release 2013-08-29
Pages 256
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The Compatibility Gene is a scientific adventure story set in a new field of genetic discovery - that of the crucial genes that define our relationships, our health and our individuality. Here, Daniel M Davis, one of the leading scientists in the field, tells us the story of its groundbreaking developments that have the potential to change us all We each possess a similar set of around 25,000 human genes. Yet a tiny, distinctive cluster of these genes plays a disproportionately large part in how our bodies work. These few genes, argues Daniel M. Davis, hold the key to who we are as individuals and our relationship to the world: how we combat disease, how our brains are wired, how attractive we are, even how likely we are to reproduce. In The Compatibility Gene, one of our foremost immunologists tells the remarkable history of these genes' discovery and the unlocking of their secrets. From the British scientific pioneers who, during the Second World War, struggled to understand the mysteries of transplants and grafts, to the Swiss zoologist who devised an entirely new method of assessing potential couples' compatibility based on the smell of worn T-shirts, Davis traces what is nothing less than a scientific revolution in our understanding of the human body: a global adventure spanning some sixty years. Davis shows how the compatibility gene is radically transforming our knowledge of the way our bodies work - and is having profound consequences for medical research and ethics. Looking to the future, he considers the startling possibilities of what these wondrous discoveries might mean for you and me. Who am I? What makes me different from everyone else? Daniel Davis recounts the remarkable science that has answered one version of these questions. 'He makes immunology as fascinating to popular science readers as cosmology, consciousness, and evolution' Steven Pinker, Johnstone Professor of Psychology, Harvard University, and the author of How the Mind Works and The Better Angels of Our Nature 'Davis weaves a warm biographical thread through his tale of scientific discovery, revealing the drive and passion of those in the vanguard of research ... unusual results, astonishing implications and ethical dilemmas' The Times 'Davis makes the twists and turns all count' Guardian 'A fascinating, expertly told story' Michael Brooks, New Statesman Daniel M. Davis is director of research at the University of Manchester's Collaborative Centre for Inflammation Research and a visiting professor at Imperial College, London. He has published over 100 academic papers, including papers in Nature and Science, and Scientific American, and lectures all over the world, including at the Royal Institution. He has previously won the Oxford University Press Science Writing Prize, and has given numerous interviews for national and international media, including the Times, Guardian, Metro, and National Public Radio (USA). A major feature on his research was published in The Times. Experiments filmed in his laboratory were shown in the BBC series 'The History of Medicine' (2008). He also keenly engages in broad scientific affairs, recently publishing a view on UK science funding policies in Nature.



Clinical Epidemiology Evidence Based Medicine

Clinical Epidemiology   Evidence Based Medicine Author David L. Katz
ISBN-10 9781506319650
Release 2001-08-21
Pages 320
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"The presentation is consistently excellent. One, the writing is lucid and organized in a way that should be very natural for the clinical reader. Two, the text requires no background in mathematics and uses a minimum of symbols. And, three, the methodological concepts and clinical issues are well integrated through a number of carefully prepared and comprehensive examples." Greg Samsa, Associate Director, Duke Center for Clinical Health Policy Research If a patient is older or younger than, sicker or healthier than, taller or shorter than or simply different from the subjects of a study, do the results pertain? Clinical Epidemiology & Evidence-based Medicine is a resource for all health-care workers involved in applying evidence to the care of their patients. Using clinical examples and citing liberally from the peer-reviewed literature, the book shows how statistical principles can improve medical decisions. Plus, as Katz shows how probability, risk and alternatives are fundamental considerations in all clinical decisions, he demonstrates the intuitive basis for using clinical epidemiolgy as a science underlying medical decisions. After reading this text, the practitioner should be better able to access, interpret, and apply evidence to patient care as well as better understand and control the process of medical decision making.



Allergy and Asthma Practical Diagnosis and Management

Allergy and Asthma  Practical Diagnosis and Management Author Massoud Mahmoudi
ISBN-10 0071593535
Release 2007-10-09
Pages 400
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Clear, authoritative guidance for your day-to-day allergy and asthma practice Allergy and Asthma: Practical Diagnosis and Management is a concise guide that puts the most salient insights in allergy medicine right at your fingertips. Written by a leading allergy clinician, along with 30 nationally recognized expert contributors, this resource is perfect for front-line general practitioners, especially primary care physicians and allied health care providers. Inside, you'll find the most clinically relevant information on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of all major allergic disorders. Features Need-to-know coverage that spans the entire scope of adult allergy and asthma-geared for real world medical practice A timely look at occupational allergies and allergies linked to unhealthy environments Organization by specific organ, which guides you to diagnostic and therapeutic solutions quickly and easily Essential chapters on the principles of diagnosis and on medications used in the management of simple and complex allergy Coverage of new complementary and alternative medicine techniques in the management of allergic disorders Over 100 outstanding illustrations Key concepts, management protocols, and recent references that deliver s a highly accessible overview of today's allergy practice



Cancer Immunotherapy

Cancer Immunotherapy Author George C. Prendergast
ISBN-10 9780123946331
Release 2013-06-04
Pages 684
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There has been major growth in understanding immune suppression mechanisms and its relationship to cancer progression and therapy. This book highlights emerging new principles of immune suppression that drive cancer, and it offers radically new ideas about how therapy can be improved by attacking these principles. Following work that firmly establishes immune escape as an essential trait of cancer, recent studies have now defined specific mechanisms of tumor immune suppression. It also demonstrates how attacking tumors with molecular targeted therapeutics or traditional chemotherapeutic drugs can produce potent anti-tumor effects in preclinical models. This book provides basic, translational, and clinical cancer researchers with an indispensable overview of immune escape as a critical trait in cancer and how applying specific combinations of immunotherapy and chemotherapy to attack this trait may radically improve the treatment of advanced disease. Offers a synthesis of concepts that are useful to cancer immunologists and pharmacologists, who tend to work in disparate fields with little cross-communication Drs. Prendergast and Jaffee are internationally recognized leaders in cancer biology and immunology who have created a unique synthesis of fundamental and applied concepts in this important new area of cancer research Summarizes the latest insights into how immune escape defines an essential trait of cancer Includes numerous illustrations, including how molecular-targeted therapeutic drugs or traditional chemotherapy can be combined with immunotherapy to improve anti-tumor efficacy and how reversing immune suppression by the tumor can cause tumor regression



Diphtheria Serum as a Technological Object

Diphtheria Serum as a Technological Object Author Jonathan Simon
ISBN-10 9781498531481
Release 2016-12-27
Pages 174
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This book is a philosophical analysis of the development and production of the anti-diphtheria serum in France from 1894 to 1900. Jonathan Simon's unique approach considers serum, a medicinal drug, as a technological object and analyzes its insertion into the therapeutic environment of diphtheria.



The Progress of Experiment

The Progress of Experiment Author Harry M. Marks
ISBN-10 0521785618
Release 2000-10-02
Pages 258
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Explores the origins of contemporary drug regulation and the modern clinical trial.



Effects of Microbes on the Immune System

Effects of Microbes on the Immune System Author Madeleine W. Cunningham
ISBN-10 UOM:39015047554996
Release 2000
Pages 662
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Written by the foremost leaders in immunologic research, this volume is a definitive text on the ways in which bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi affect the immune response in the host. The book synthesizes recent discoveries on the various mechanisms by which microbes subvert the immune response and on the role of these immunologic mechanisms in the pathogenesis of infectious diseases. Each chapter examines a particular group of infectious pathogens and focuses on the immunobiology of the disease. A separate section explores potential vaccines for mucosal or conventional delivery.



The Vaccine Book

The Vaccine Book Author Barry R. Bloom
ISBN-10 9780128054000
Release 2016-06-23
Pages 664
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The Vaccine Book, Second Edition provides comprehensive information on the current and future state of vaccines. It reveals the scientific opportunities and potential impact of vaccines, including economic and ethical challenges, problems encountered when producing vaccines, how clinical vaccine trials are designed, and how to introduce vaccines into widespread use. Although vaccines are now available for many diseases, there are still challenges ahead for major diseases, such as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. This book is designed for students, researchers, public health officials, and all others interested in increasing their understanding of vaccines. It answers common questions regarding the use of vaccines in the context of a rapidly expanding anti-vaccine environment. This new edition is completely updated and revised with new and unique topics, including new vaccines, problems of declining immunization rates, trust in vaccines, the vaccine hesitancy, and the social value of vaccines for the community vs. the individual child’s risk. Provides insights into diseases that could be prevented, along with the challenges facing research scientists in the world of vaccines Gives new ideas about future vaccines and concepts Introduces new vaccines and concepts Gives ideas about challenges facing public and private industrial investors in the vaccine area Discusses the problem of declining immunization rates and vaccine hesitancy



The Generation of Diversity

The Generation of Diversity Author Alfred I. Tauber
ISBN-10 0674001826
Release 2000
Pages 508
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This book is an intellectual history of the major theoretical problem in immunology and its resolution in the post-World War II period. In recent years immunology has been one of the most exciting--and successful--fields of biomedical research; this book provides essential background for understanding the conceptual conflicts occurring in the field.



The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down

The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down Author Anne Fadiman
ISBN-10 9780374533403
Release 2012-04-24
Pages 368
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A study in the collision between Western medicine and the beliefs of a traditional culture focuses on a hospitalized child of Laotian immigrants whose belief that illness is a spiritual matter comes into conflict with doctors' methods.



Introductory Microbiology

Introductory Microbiology Author J. Heritage
ISBN-10 0521449774
Release 1996-01-26
Pages 234
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The authors present a basic and accessible introduction to the world of microbiology. In the first section, "Microbial Structure and Mode of Life," the structure and functioning of fungi, bacteria, and viruses are discussed (with particular attention paid to the description and discussion of their reproduction and nutrition). The second section, "Handling Microbes," introduces the methods used to culture, control, and study these organisms in the laboratory. The final section covers the "Isolation, Classification and Identification of Microbes." This book will be suitable as a basic text for undergraduate students of microbiology