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A Strategy for Using Multicriteria Analysis in Decision Making

A Strategy for Using Multicriteria Analysis in Decision Making Author Nolberto Munier
ISBN-10 9400715129
Release 2011-07-10
Pages 298
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This book develops a whole strategy for decision-making, with the full participation of the decision-maker and utilizing continuous feedback. It introduces the use of the very well-known and proven methodology, linear programming, but specially adapted for this purpose. For this, it incorporates a method to include subjective concepts, as well as the possibility of working with many different and even contradictory objectives. The book is liberally populated with diverse case studies to illustrate the concepts. This practical guide will be of interest to anyone undertaking analysis and decision-making, on both simple and complex projects, and who is looking for a strategy to organize, classify, and evaluate the large amount of information required to make an informed decision. The strategy includes methods to analyze the results and extract conclusions from them.



Environmental Software Systems Fostering Information Sharing

Environmental Software Systems  Fostering Information Sharing Author Jiří Hřebíček
ISBN-10 9783642411519
Release 2013-09-08
Pages 699
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th IFIP WG 5.11 International Symposium on Environmental Software Systems, ISESS 2013, held in Neusiedl am See, Austria, in June 2013. The 65 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: environmental application in the scope of the future Internet; smart and mobile devices used for environmental applications; information tools for global environmental assessment; environmental applications in risk and crises management; SEIS as a part of the 7th environment action programme of EU; human interaction and human factors driving future EIS/EDSS developments; environmental management/-accounting and -statistics; and information systems and applications.



Project Management for Environmental Construction and Manufacturing Engineers

Project Management for Environmental  Construction and Manufacturing Engineers Author Nolberto Munier
ISBN-10 9789400744769
Release 2012-08-16
Pages 250
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As a companion to books on project-management theory, this book illustrates, in a down-to-earth, comprehensive style, how to put that theory into practice. In addition to the many examples that illustrate procedures, the book includes over 25 case studies, each one addressing a specific theme. Key topics, such as project selection, negotiations, planning and scheduling, cost and budgeting, project control, human resources, environmental impacts, risk management, and financial evaluation, are discussed, using a step-by-step approach. Beginning at the grassroots level, some cases are solved by hand to illustrate the mechanics of a procedure, while others are solved using advanced computer programs. In this way the reader has a clear idea of the problem, how and when to raise the issue, information needed (and who can provide it), how to solve it by hand, when possible, and also its resolution using the latest informatics tools.



Sustainable Solid Waste Management

Sustainable Solid Waste Management Author Ni-Bin Chang
ISBN-10 9781118456910
Release 2015-03-23
Pages 912
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The interactions between human activities and the environment are complicated and often difficult to quantify. In many occasions, judging where the optimal balance should lie among environmental protection, social well-being, economic growth, and technological progress is complex. The use of a systems engineering approach will fill in the gap contributing to how we understand the intricacy by a holistic way and how we generate better sustainable soli waste management practices. This book also aims to advance interdisciplinary understanding of intertwined facets between policy and technology relevant to solid waste management issues interrelated to climate change, land use, economic growth, environmental pollution, industrial ecology, and population dynamics.



Multi criteria Decision Analysis

Multi criteria Decision Analysis Author Alessio Ishizaka
ISBN-10 9781118644911
Release 2013-06-10
Pages 312
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This book presents an introduction to MCDA followed by more detailed chapters about each of the leading methods used in this field. Comparison of methods and software is also featured to enable readers to choose the most appropriate method needed in their research. Worked examples as well as the software featured in the book are available on an accompanying website.



Guidelines for Applying Multi criteria Analysis to the Assessment of Criteria and Indicators

Guidelines for Applying Multi criteria Analysis to the Assessment of Criteria and Indicators Author Phil Macoun
ISBN-10 9789798764271
Release 1999
Pages 85
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Guidelines for Applying Multi criteria Analysis to the Assessment of Criteria and Indicators has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Guidelines for Applying Multi criteria Analysis to the Assessment of Criteria and Indicators also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Guidelines for Applying Multi criteria Analysis to the Assessment of Criteria and Indicators book for free.



Comparative Risk Assessment and Environmental Decision Making

Comparative Risk Assessment and Environmental Decision Making Author Igor Linkov
ISBN-10 9781402022432
Release 2006-03-03
Pages 436
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Decision making in environmental projects is typically a complex and confusing process characterized by trade-offs between socio-political, environmental, and economic impacts. Comparative Risk Assessment (CRA) is a methodology applied to facilitate decision making when various activities compete for limited resources. CRA has become an increasingly accepted research tool and has helped to characterize environmental profiles and priorities on the regional and national level. CRA may be considered as part of the more general but as yet quite academic field of multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA). Considerable research in the area of MCDA has made available methods for applying scientific decision theoretical approaches to multi-criteria problems, but its applications, especially in environmental areas, are still limited. The papers show that the use of comparative risk assessment can provide the scientific basis for environmentally sound and cost-efficient policies, strategies, and solutions to our environmental challenges.



Portfolio Decision Analysis

Portfolio Decision Analysis Author Ahti Salo
ISBN-10 1441999434
Release 2011-08-12
Pages 409
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Portfolio Decision Analysis: Improved Methods for Resource Allocation provides an extensive, up-to-date coverage of decision analytic methods which help firms and public organizations allocate resources to 'lumpy' investment opportunities while explicitly recognizing relevant financial and non-financial evaluation criteria and the presence of alternative investment opportunities. In particular, it discusses the evolution of these methods, presents new methodological advances and illustrates their use across several application domains. The book offers a many-faceted treatment of portfolio decision analysis (PDA). Among other things, it (i) synthesizes the state-of-play in PDA, (ii) describes novel methodologies, (iii) fosters the deployment of these methodologies, and (iv) contributes to the strengthening of research on PDA. Portfolio problems are widely regarded as the single most important application context of decision analysis, and, with its extensive and unique coverage of these problems, this book is a much-needed addition to the literature. The book also presents innovative treatments of new methodological approaches and their uses in applications. The intended audience consists of practitioners and researchers who wish to gain a good understanding of portfolio decision analysis and insights into how PDA methods can be leveraged in different application contexts. The book can also be employed in courses at the post-graduate level.



Ecosystem Services

Ecosystem Services Author Sander Jacobs
ISBN-10 9780124199804
Release 2013-10-11
Pages 456
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Ecosystem Services: Global Issues, Local Practices covers scientific input, socioeconomic considerations, and governance issues on ecosystem services. This book provides hands-on transdisciplinary reflections by administrators and sector representatives involved in the ecosystem service community. Ecosystem Services develops shared approaches and scientific methods to achieve knowledge-based sustainable planning and management of ecosystem services. Professionals engaged in ecosystem service implementation have two options: de-emphasize the ecological and socioeconomic complexity and advance in the theoretical, abstract field, or try to develop research that is policy relevant and inclusive in an uncertain environment. This book provides a wide overview of issues at stake, of interest for any professional wishing to develop a broader view on ecosystem service science and practice. Examines a broad scope of relevant issues to create common understanding in the ecosystem services community Includes contributions from several backgrounds, providing a broad, multidisciplinary view Offers recommendations to develop a thorough understanding and management of ecosystem services based on tools and research in larger territories as well as on local scales



Introduction to Sustainability

Introduction to Sustainability Author Nolberto Munier
ISBN-10 1402035578
Release 2006-01-05
Pages 444
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Sustainability relates with Economics, Society, and Environment. However, one common fact that links them all is the generation of waste. This chapter is divided into two: The first part analyses the current generation of waste as well as its treatment. The second intends to establish policies for the future treatment of waste or, better yet, for ceasing the generation of waste. This first part begins by raising some capital questions: What is waste? Which are the components of waste? Where is waste generated? and How is waste treated? The second part will deal with: Why is waste produced? and What is society doing to correct this problem? 2. 2 First part: Current generation and treatment of waste 2. 2. 1 What is waste? The dictionary defines ‘waste’ as something useless, unwanted, or defective and the word ‘by-product’ as something produced in an industrial or biological process in addition to the principal product. From the point of view of sustainability, the word ‘waste’ does not have that meaning as, though it may be unwanted, it is not something useless and is certainly not defective. Even if in a manufacturing process a product or part of it does not conform to the manufacturer’s quality specs, it does not thereby become waste, but is, rather scrap material that is usually brought back to its original state and then processed again.



Environmental Flows in Water Resources Policies Plans and Projects

Environmental Flows in Water Resources Policies  Plans  and Projects Author Rafik Hirji
ISBN-10 9780821380123
Release 2009
Pages 189
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This book advances the understanding and integration in operational terms of environmental flows (water allocation) into integrated water resources management (IWRM). Based on an in-depth analysis of 17 global water policy, plan, and project case studies, it addresses the highly contested complexities of environmentally responsible water resources development, broadens the global perspectives on "equitable sharing" and "sustainable use" of water resources, and expands the definitions of "benefits sharing" in high-risk water resources development. The book fills a major gap in knowledge on IWRM and forms an important contribution to the ongoing discourse on climate change adaptation in the water sector.



Multicriteria Environmental Assessment

Multicriteria Environmental Assessment Author Nolberto Munier
ISBN-10 1402020899
Release 2004-04-30
Pages 311
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This book uses real-life examples to analyze techniques for undertaking the task of making an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of a project. The text offers suggestions on how to quantify the effects on people’s lives; comparative end results of using certain renewable and non-renewable resources; how to cost economic development against sustainability; and how to measure the unmeasurable: sunsets, tropical forests, mountains and more.



Multi Criteria Decision Analysis

Multi Criteria Decision Analysis Author Igor Linkov
ISBN-10 9781439853184
Release 2011-10-24
Pages 204
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Environmental management is often complicated and multidisciplinary and the issues that arise can be difficult to solve analytically. Often, decision makers take ad hoc approaches, which may result in the ignoring of important stakeholder opinions or decision criteria. Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) provides a framework by which these types of decisions can be made but, despite being used effectively in many fields, it is not often used in environmental management. Given the novelty and inherent applicability of this decision making framework to the environmental field, there is a need for more teaching tools for MCDA. In particular, there is a need for a case study based approach to help readers navigate the many MCDA methods and decide how to apply them to a specific case. Through a collection of case studies, Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis: Environmental Applications and Case Studies gives readers the tools to apply cutting-edge MCDA methods to their own environmental projects. It offers an overview of the types of MCDA available and a conceptual framework of how it is applied, with the focus on its applicability for environmental science. Taking an in-depth look at the case of sediment management, the book introduces different steps of MCDA processes—from problem formulation and model development to criteria weighing and alternative scoring. The authors then explore the case using various MCDA methods, which allows readers to see clearly how the methodologies differ and gain a better understanding of the mechanistic operation of the analysis. A series of case studies in nanotechnology collectively demonstrate the application of MCDA in situations of high variability and uncertainty that require the integration of technical information and expert judgment—an area where MCDA clearly shines. The authors describe multiple decisions—from risk classification to value of information analysis to the assessment of potential research and funding investments—that readers may face in dealing with emerging environmental threats. Demonstrating the broad applicability of MCDA methods for different types of cases, the book presents a series of case studies ranging from oyster restoration to oil spill response. In conjunction with these cases, the book also provides corresponding decision models that are implemented by the DECERNS software and allow users to examine the same case using multiple MCDA tools. The DECERNS software and models are available for download at www.crcpress.com. Intended both as a research and teaching tool, this book inspires creative thinking when applying MCDA to complicated environmental issues.



Trends in Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis

Trends in Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis Author Salvatore Greco
ISBN-10 9781441959041
Release 2010-09-10
Pages 412
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Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) is the study of methods and procedures by which concerns about multiple conflicting criteria can be formally incorporated into the management planning process. A key area of research in OR/MS, MCDM is now being applied in many new areas, including GIS systems, AI, and group decision making. This volume is in effect the third in a series of Springer books by these editors (all in the ISOR series), and it brings all the latest developments in MCDM into focus. Looking at developments in the applications, methodologies and foundations of MCDM, it presents research from leaders in the field on such topics as Problem Structuring Methodologies; Measurement Theory and MCDA; Recent Developments in Evolutionary Multiobjective Optimization; Habitual Domains and Dynamic MCDM in Changeable Spaces; Stochastic Multicriteria Acceptability Analysis; and many more chapters.



Environmental Project Management

Environmental Project Management Author Ebenezer A. Sholarin
ISBN-10 9783319276519
Release 2016-04-22
Pages 406
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This book offers a new framework that facilitates the development of more intelligent systems and methods for data analysis and international information sharing, such as the use of satellite imaging and geospatial data to predict changes in weather conditions and shifts in water levels, and to assess the extent of the forest cover remaining on Earth that is visible from space. It brings together the many aspects of science and technology, as well as formula and analytical approaches required for more informed decision-making. It also highlights the vital importance of understanding the technological, economic and social dimensions of environmental projects that have short-term results and long-term impacts. It is unique in that it clearly distinguishes between environmental project management (EnvPM) and green project management (GreenPM), and presents an amalgamation of environmental management and project management concepts, using geospatial methods to form an EnvPM concept. The book sets a benchmark for the professionalism with which environmental projects should be planned, executed, monitored, assessed and delivered. While primarily intended for professionals responsible for the management of environmental projects or interested in improving the overall efficiency of such projects, it is also a useful handbook for managers in the private, public and non-for-profit sectors. It is a valuable resource for students at both undergraduate and master’s levels and an indispensable guide for anyone wanting to develop their skills in modern project management, environmental management and geospatial techniques. ``We are the first generation to feel the impact of climate change, and the last generation that can do something about it.'' US President Obama's address to the United Nations on Climate Change and Global warming (2015) hison: This book provides an in-depth, well-researched and science-based approach to applying key project-management and spatial tools and practices in environmental projects. An important read for leaders considering projects that balance social-economic growth against minimising its ill-effects on Planet Earth. - Todd Hutchison, Global Chairman of Peopleistic group.



Topics on System Analysis and Integrated Water Resources Management

Topics on System Analysis and Integrated Water Resources Management Author Andrea Castelletti
ISBN-10 0080466028
Release 2006-10-19
Pages 304
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The Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) paradigm has been worldwide recognized as the only feasible way currently available to ensure a sustainable perspective in planning and managing water resource systems. It is the inspiring principle of the Water Framework Directive, adopted by the European Union in 2000, as well as the main reference for all the water related activity of UNESCO in the third world countries. However, very often, real world attempts of implementing IWRM fail for the lack of a systematic approach and the inadequacy of tools and techniques adopted to address the intrinsically complex nature of water systems. This book explores recent and important contributions of System Analysis and Control Theory to the technical application of such paradigm and to the improvement of its theoretical basis. Its prior aim is to demonstrate how the modelling and computational difficulties posed by this paradigm might be significantly reduced by strengthening the efficiency of the solution techniques, instead of weakening the integration requirements. The first introductory chapter provides the reader with a logical map of the book, by formalizing the IWRM paradigm in a nine-step decisional procedure and by identifying the points where the contribution of System Analysis and Control Theory is more useful. The book is then organized in three sections whose chapters analyze some theoretical and mathematical aspects of these contributions or presents design applications. The outstanding research issues on the border between System Analysis and IWRM is depicted in the last chapter, where a pull of scientists and experts, coordinated by Prof. Tony Jakeman describe the foreseeable scenario. The book is based on the most outstanding contributions to the IFAC workshop on Modelling and Control for Participatory Planning and Managing Water Systems held in Venice, September 28- October 1, 2004. That workshop has been conceived and organized with the explicit purpose of producing this book: the maximum length of the papers was unusually long (of the size of a book chapter) and only five long oral presentations were planned each day, thus allowing for a very useful and constructive discussion. Contributions from the leading world specialists of the field Integration of technical modelling aspects and participatory decision-making Good compromise between theory and application



Handbook on Urban Sustainability

Handbook on Urban Sustainability Author Nolberto Munier
ISBN-10 9401776687
Release 2016-04-01
Pages 836
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A PARAMOUNT CONCEPT The following article, authored by Mathis Wackernagel et al, illustrates the Ecological Footprint concept developed by William Rees and Mathis Wackernagel (1996). This is a fundamental concept to measure sustainability and the unequal use of land resources on the planet. The Ecological Footprint is mentioned many times in this book in different chapters, showing its importance. For this reason it is believed that the inclusion of this paper as a preface to this handbook will not only enhance the reader s understanding of the concept but will also aid in understanding further chapters. Nolberto Munier Editor THE ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT OF CITIES AND REGIONS: COMPARING RESOURCE * AVAILABILITY WITH RESOURCE DEMAND By Mathis Wackernagel, Justin Kitzes, Dan Moran, Steven Goldfinger and Mary Thomas SUMMARY: Cities and regions depend on resources and ecological services from distant ecosystems. The well-being of city and region residents is affected by both the health and availability of these ecosystems, especially in today s ecologically strained world. *Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications Ltd. from: Wackernagel, Mathis et al, The ecological footprint of cities and regions: comparing resource availability with resource demand, Environment and Urbanization, Vol. 18, No. 1, in press. ((c)Sage Publications Ltd., 2006). 1 (c) Sage Publications, 2006 2 Preface The management of a city or region s resource metabolism, including the natural capital that supports these flows, is becoming increasingly a central concern to cities and regions that want to succeed."