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A User s Guide to Algebraic Topology

A User s Guide to Algebraic Topology Author C.T. Dodson
ISBN-10 0792342933
Release 1997-01-31
Pages 410
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This book arose from courses taught by the authors, and is designed for both instructional and reference use during and after a first course in algebraic topology. It is a handbook for users who want to calculate, but whose main interests are in applications using the current literature, rather than in developing the theory. Typical areas of applications are differential geometry and theoretical physics. We start gently, with numerous pictures to illustrate the fundamental ideas and constructions in homotopy theory that are needed in later chapters. We show how to calculate homotopy groups, homology groups and cohomology rings of most of the major theories, exact homotopy sequences of fibrations, some important spectral sequences, and all the obstructions that we can compute from these. Our approach is to mix illustrative examples with those proofs that actually develop transferable calculational aids. We give extensive appendices with notes on background material, extensive tables of data, and a thorough index. Audience: Graduate students and professionals in mathematics and physics.



A User s Guide to Spectral Sequences

A User s Guide to Spectral Sequences Author John McCleary
ISBN-10 0521567599
Release 2001
Pages 561
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Spectral sequences are among the most elegant and powerful methods of computation in mathematics. This book describes some of the most important examples of spectral sequences and some of their most spectacular applications. The first part treats the algebraic foundations for this sort of homological algebra, starting from informal calculations. The heart of the text is an exposition of the classical examples from homotopy theory, with chapters on the Leray-Serre spectral sequence, the Eilenberg-Moore spectral sequence, the Adams spectral sequence, and, in this new edition, the Bockstein spectral sequence. The last part of the book treats applications throughout mathematics, including the theory of knots and links, algebraic geometry, differential geometry and algebra. This is an excellent reference for students and researchers in geometry, topology, and algebra.



Basic Algebraic Topology and its Applications

Basic Algebraic Topology and its Applications Author Mahima Ranjan Adhikari
ISBN-10 9788132228431
Release 2016-09-16
Pages 615
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This book provides an accessible introduction to algebraic topology, a field at the intersection of topology, geometry and algebra, together with its applications. Moreover, it covers several related topics that are in fact important in the overall scheme of algebraic topology. Comprising eighteen chapters and two appendices, the book integrates various concepts of algebraic topology, supported by examples, exercises, applications and historical notes. Primarily intended as a textbook, the book offers a valuable resource for undergraduate, postgraduate and advanced mathematics students alike. Focusing more on the geometric than on algebraic aspects of the subject, as well as its natural development, the book conveys the basic language of modern algebraic topology by exploring homotopy, homology and cohomology theories, and examines a variety of spaces: spheres, projective spaces, classical groups and their quotient spaces, function spaces, polyhedra, topological groups, Lie groups and cell complexes, etc. The book studies a variety of maps, which are continuous functions between spaces. It also reveals the importance of algebraic topology in contemporary mathematics, theoretical physics, computer science, chemistry, economics, and the biological and medical sciences, and encourages students to engage in further study.



Surveys in Contemporary Mathematics

Surveys in Contemporary Mathematics Author Nicholas Young
ISBN-10 9780521705646
Release 2008
Pages 361
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A collection of articles showcasing the achievements of young Russian researchers in combinatorial and algebraic geometry and topology.



Combinatorial Algebraic Topology

Combinatorial Algebraic Topology Author Dimitry Kozlov
ISBN-10 3540730516
Release 2008-01-08
Pages 390
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This volume is the first comprehensive treatment of combinatorial algebraic topology in book form. The first part of the book constitutes a swift walk through the main tools of algebraic topology. Readers - graduate students and working mathematicians alike - will probably find particularly useful the second part, which contains an in-depth discussion of the major research techniques of combinatorial algebraic topology. Although applications are sprinkled throughout the second part, they are principal focus of the third part, which is entirely devoted to developing the topological structure theory for graph homomorphisms.



Topological Fixed Point Theory of Multivalued Mappings

Topological Fixed Point Theory of Multivalued Mappings Author Lech Górniewicz
ISBN-10 9789401591959
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 403
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This book is an attempt to give a systematic presentation of results and meth ods which concern the fixed point theory of multivalued mappings and some of its applications. In selecting the material we have restricted ourselves to study ing topological methods in the fixed point theory of multivalued mappings and applications, mainly to differential inclusions. Thus in Chapter III the approximation (on the graph) method in fixed point theory of multi valued mappings is presented. Chapter IV is devoted to the homo logical methods and contains more general results, e. g. , the Lefschetz Fixed Point Theorem, the fixed point index and the topological degree theory. In Chapter V applications to some special problems in fixed point theory are formulated. Then in the last chapter a direct application's to differential inclusions are presented. Note that Chapter I and Chapter II have an auxiliary character, and only results con nected with the Banach Contraction Principle (see Chapter II) are strictly related to topological methods in the fixed point theory. In the last section of our book (see Section 75) we give a bibliographical guide and also signal some further results which are not contained in our monograph. The author thanks several colleagues and my wife Maria who read and com mented on the manuscript. These include J. Andres, A. Buraczewski, G. Gabor, A. Gorka, M. Gorniewicz, S. Park and A. Wieczorek. The author wish to express his gratitude to P. Konstanty for preparing the electronic version of this monograph.



Secure Localization and Time Synchronization for Wireless Sensor and Ad Hoc Networks

Secure Localization and Time Synchronization for Wireless Sensor and Ad Hoc Networks Author Radha Poovendran
ISBN-10 0387462767
Release 2007-12-03
Pages 394
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This book presents the latest research results in the area of secure localization for both wireless mobile ad hoc networks and wireless sensor networks. It is suitable as a text for computer science courses in wireless systems and security. It includes implementation studies with mica2 mote sensors. Due to the open spectrum nature of wireless communication, it is subject to attacks and intrusions. Hence the wireless network synchronization needs to be both robust and secure. Furthermore, issues such as energy constraints and mobility make the localization process even more challenging. The book will also interest developers of secure wireless systems.



More Concise Algebraic Topology

More Concise Algebraic Topology Author J. P. May
ISBN-10 9780226511788
Release 2012-02-01
Pages 514
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With firm foundations dating only from the 1950s, algebraic topology is a relatively young area of mathematics. There are very few textbooks that treat fundamental topics beyond a first course, and many topics now essential to the field are not treated in any textbook. J. Peter May’s A Concise Course in Algebraic Topology addresses the standard first course material, such as fundamental groups, covering spaces, the basics of homotopy theory, and homology and cohomology. In this sequel, May and his coauthor, Kathleen Ponto, cover topics that are essential for algebraic topologists and others interested in algebraic topology, but that are not treated in standard texts. They focus on the localization and completion of topological spaces, model categories, and Hopf algebras. The first half of the book sets out the basic theory of localization and completion of nilpotent spaces, using the most elementary treatment the authors know of. It makes no use of simplicial techniques or model categories, and it provides full details of other necessary preliminaries. With these topics as motivation, most of the second half of the book sets out the theory of model categories, which is the central organizing framework for homotopical algebra in general. Examples from topology and homological algebra are treated in parallel. A short last part develops the basic theory of bialgebras and Hopf algebras.



Vector Bundles and Their Applications

Vector Bundles and Their Applications Author Glenys Luke
ISBN-10 9781475769234
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 256
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Vector Bundles and Their Applications has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Vector Bundles and Their Applications also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Vector Bundles and Their Applications book for free.



Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015062317188
Release 2005
Pages
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Mathematical Reviews has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Mathematical Reviews also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Mathematical Reviews book for free.



Mathematical Foundations of Image Processing and Analysis

Mathematical Foundations of Image Processing and Analysis Author Jean-Charles Pinoli
ISBN-10 9781118984550
Release 2014-07-22
Pages 496
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Mathematical Imaging is currently a rapidly growing field in applied mathematics, with an increasing need for theoretical mathematics. This book, the second of two volumes, emphasizes the role of mathematics as a rigorous basis for imaging sciences. It provides a comprehensive and convenient overview of the key mathematical concepts, notions, tools and frameworks involved in the various fields of gray-tone and binary image processing and analysis, by proposing a large, but coherent, set of symbols and notations, a complete list of subjects and a detailed bibliography. It establishes a bridge between the pure and applied mathematical disciplines, and the processing and analysis of gray-tone and binary images. It is accessible to readers who have neither extensive mathematical training, nor peer knowledge in Image Processing and Analysis. It is a self-contained book focusing on the mathematical notions, concepts, operations, structures, and frameworks that are beyond or involved in Image Processing and Analysis. The notations are simplified as far as possible in order to be more explicative and consistent throughout the book and the mathematical aspects are systematically discussed in the image processing and analysis context, through practical examples or concrete illustrations. Conversely, the discussed applicative issues allow the role of mathematics to be highlighted. Written for a broad audience – students, mathematicians, image processing and analysis specialists, as well as other scientists and practitioners – the author hopes that readers will find their own way of using the book, thus providing a mathematical companion that can help mathematicians become more familiar with image processing and analysis, and likewise, image processing and image analysis scientists, researchers and engineers gain a deeper understanding of mathematical notions and concepts.



Dynamics of One Dimensional Maps

Dynamics of One Dimensional Maps Author A.N. Sharkovsky
ISBN-10 0792345320
Release 1997-04-30
Pages 262
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maps whose topological entropy is equal to zero (i.e., maps that have only cyeles of pe 2 riods 1,2,2 , ... ) are studied in detail and elassified. Various topological aspects of the dynamics of unimodal maps are studied in Chap ter 5. We analyze the distinctive features of the limiting behavior of trajectories of smooth maps. In particular, for some elasses of smooth maps, we establish theorems on the number of sinks and study the problem of existence of wandering intervals. In Chapter 6, for a broad elass of maps, we prove that almost all points (with respect to the Lebesgue measure) are attracted by the same sink. Our attention is mainly focused on the problem of existence of an invariant measure absolutely continuous with respect to the Lebesgue measure. We also study the problem of Lyapunov stability of dynamical systems and determine the measures of repelling and attracting invariant sets. The problem of stability of separate trajectories under perturbations of maps and the problem of structural stability of dynamical systems as a whole are discussed in Chap ter 7. In Chapter 8, we study one-parameter families of maps. We analyze bifurcations of periodic trajectories and properties of the set of bifurcation values of the parameter, in eluding universal properties such as Feigenbaum universality.



Tensor Geometry

Tensor Geometry Author Christopher T. J. Dodson
ISBN-10 9783642105142
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 434
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This treatment of differential geometry and the mathematics required for general relativity makes the subject accessible, for the first time, to anyone familiar with elementary calculus in one variable and with some knowledge of vector algebra. The emphasis throughout is on the geometry of the mathematics, which is greatly enhanced by the many illustrations presenting figures of three and more dimensions as closely as the book form will allow.



Differentiable and Complex Dynamics of Several Variables

Differentiable and Complex Dynamics of Several Variables Author Pei-Chu Hu
ISBN-10 9789401592994
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 342
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The development of dynamics theory began with the work of Isaac Newton. In his theory the most basic law of classical mechanics is f = ma, which describes the motion n in IR. of a point of mass m under the action of a force f by giving the acceleration a. If n the position of the point is taken to be a point x E IR. , and if the force f is supposed to be a function of x only, Newton's Law is a description in terms of a second-order ordinary differential equation: J2x m dt = f(x). 2 It makes sense to reduce the equations to first order by defining the velo city as an extra n independent variable by v = :i; = ~~ E IR. . Then x = v, mv = f(x). L. Euler, J. L. Lagrange and others studied mechanics by means of an analytical method called analytical dynamics. Whenever the force f is represented by a gradient vector field f = - \lU of the potential energy U, and denotes the difference of the kinetic energy and the potential energy by 1 L(x,v) = 2'm(v,v) - U(x), the Newton equation of motion is reduced to the Euler-Lagrange equation ~~ are used as the variables, the Euler-Lagrange equation can be If the momenta y written as . 8L y= 8x' Further, W. R.



Algebraic Topology

Algebraic Topology Author William Fulton
ISBN-10 9781461241805
Release 2013-12-01
Pages 430
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To the Teacher. This book is designed to introduce a student to some of the important ideas of algebraic topology by emphasizing the re lations of these ideas with other areas of mathematics. Rather than choosing one point of view of modem topology (homotopy theory, simplicial complexes, singular theory, axiomatic homology, differ ential topology, etc.), we concentrate our attention on concrete prob lems in low dimensions, introducing only as much algebraic machin ery as necessary for the problems we meet. This makes it possible to see a wider variety of important features of the subject than is usual in a beginning text. The book is designed for students of mathematics or science who are not aiming to become practicing algebraic topol ogists-without, we hope, discouraging budding topologists. We also feel that this approach is in better harmony with the historical devel opment of the subject. What would we like a student to know after a first course in to pology (assuming we reject the answer: half of what one would like the student to know after a second course in topology)? Our answers to this have guided the choice of material, which includes: under standing the relation between homology and integration, first on plane domains, later on Riemann surfaces and in higher dimensions; wind ing numbers and degrees of mappings, fixed-point theorems; appli cations such as the Jordan curve theorem, invariance of domain; in dices of vector fields and Euler characteristics; fundamental groups



Continuous Selections of Multivalued Mappings

Continuous Selections of Multivalued Mappings Author D. Repovs
ISBN-10 9789401711623
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 359
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This book is dedicated to the theory of continuous selections of multi valued mappings, a classical area of mathematics (as far as the formulation of its fundamental problems and methods of solutions are concerned) as well as !'J-n area which has been intensively developing in recent decades and has found various applications in general topology, theory of absolute retracts and infinite-dimensional manifolds, geometric topology, fixed-point theory, functional and convex analysis, game theory, mathematical economics, and other branches of modern mathematics. The fundamental results in this the ory were laid down in the mid 1950's by E. Michael. The book consists of (relatively independent) three parts - Part A: Theory, Part B: Results, and Part C: Applications. (We shall refer to these parts simply by their names). The target audience for the first part are students of mathematics (in their senior year or in their first year of graduate school) who wish to get familiar with the foundations of this theory. The goal of the second part is to give a comprehensive survey of the existing results on continuous selections of multivalued mappings. It is intended for specialists in this area as well as for those who have mastered the material of the first part of the book. In the third part we present important examples of applications of continuous selections. We have chosen examples which are sufficiently interesting and have played in some sense key role in the corresponding areas of mathematics.



Smooth Quasigroups and Loops

Smooth Quasigroups and Loops Author L. Sabinin
ISBN-10 9789401144919
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 249
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During the last twenty-five years quite remarkable relations between nonas sociative algebra and differential geometry have been discovered in our work. Such exotic structures of algebra as quasigroups and loops were obtained from purely geometric structures such as affinely connected spaces. The notion ofodule was introduced as a fundamental algebraic invariant of differential geometry. For any space with an affine connection loopuscular, odular and geoodular structures (partial smooth algebras of a special kind) were introduced and studied. As it happened, the natural geoodular structure of an affinely connected space al lows us to reconstruct this space in a unique way. Moreover, any smooth ab stractly given geoodular structure generates in a unique manner an affinely con nected space with the natural geoodular structure isomorphic to the initial one. The above said means that any affinely connected (in particular, Riemannian) space can be treated as a purely algebraic structure equipped with smoothness. Numerous habitual geometric properties may be expressed in the language of geoodular structures by means of algebraic identities, etc.. Our treatment has led us to the purely algebraic concept of affinely connected (in particular, Riemannian) spaces; for example, one can consider a discrete, or, even, finite space with affine connection (in the form ofgeoodular structure) which can be used in the old problem of discrete space-time in relativity, essential for the quantum space-time theory.