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Action Theory

Action Theory Author Ladislav Valach
ISBN-10 0275970868
Release 2002
Pages 268
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Presents a theory of goal directed action, helping us see our everyday behavior in a systematic manner relevant to our lives.



Handbook of Qualitative Health Research for Evidence Based Practice

Handbook of Qualitative Health Research for Evidence Based Practice Author Karin Olson
ISBN-10 9781493929207
Release 2015-10-12
Pages 567
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This progressive reference redefines qualitative research as a crucial component of evidence-based practice and assesses its current and future impact on healthcare. Its introductory section explains the value of sociocultural context in case conceptualization, and ways this evidence can be integrated with quantitative findings to inform and transform practice. The bulk of the book's chapters review qualitative research in diverse areas, including pain, trauma, heart disease, COPD, and disabling conditions, and examine ways of effectively evaluating and applying qualitative data. This seismic shift in perception moves the healing professions away from traditional one-size-fits-all thinking and toward responsive, patient-centered care. Among the topics in the Handbook: ·Examining qualitative alternatives to categorical representation. ·The World Health Organization model of health: what evidence is needed? ·Qualitative research in mental health and mental illness. ·Qualitative evidence in pediatrics. ·The contribution of qualitative research to medication adherence. ·Qualitative evidence in health policy analysis. The Handbook of Qualitative Health Research for Evidence-Based Practice offers health and clinical psychologists, rehabilitation specialists, occupational and physical therapists, nurses, family physicians and other primary care providers new ways for understanding patients' health-related experiences and opens up new ways for developing interventions intended to improve health outcomes.



Toward a Global Psychology

Toward a Global Psychology Author Michael J. Stevens
ISBN-10 9781135603847
Release 2012-10-02
Pages 464
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Toward a Global Psychology defines the emerging field of international psychology. It provides an overview of the conceptual models, research methodologies, interventions, and pedagogical approaches that are most appropriate to transnational settings. In so doing, the book provides readers with a rich appreciation of how to approach a global psychology as researchers, practitioners, and students. The book's thorough review of the existing literature on international psychology from around the world provides the knowledge needed to successfully engage in the science and practice of psychology in an increasingly globalized society. Arranged into four parts, the book discusses topics including: *the specialty of international psychology; *global perspectives on the history of psychology, current trends in psychology worldwide, problems and issues confronting psychologists in non-Western and developing regions, and the movement toward indigenizing psychology; *guidelines for those involved in scientific and professional psychology around the world; *descriptions of therapeutic and macro-level interventions conducted in non-Western settings; and *predictions about the future of international psychology. Case examples are integrated throughout to further highlight key concerns and challenges faced by global psychologists. Each chapter also includes a list of suggested readings. Toward a Global Psychology is ideal for both researchers and students interested in a global psychology and for advanced courses on international or cross-cultural psychology. The book's appendix features a sample syllabus for a course on global psychology.



Cognitive Science and the Social

Cognitive Science and the Social Author Stephen P. Turner
ISBN-10 9781351180504
Release 2018-03-09
Pages 226
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The rise of cognitive neuroscience is the most important scientific and intellectual development of the last thirty years. Findings pour forth, and major initiatives for brain research continue. The social sciences have responded to this development slowly--for good reasons. The implications of particular controversial findings, such as the discovery of mirror neurons, have been ambiguous, controversial within neuroscience itself, and difficult to integrate with conventional social science. Yet many of these findings, such as those of experimental neuro-economics, pose very direct challenges to standard social science. At the same time, however, the known facts of social science, for example about linguistic and moral diversity, pose a significant challenge to standard neuroscience approaches, which tend to focus on "universal" aspects of human and animal cognition. A serious encounter between cognitive neuroscience and social science is likely to be challenging, and transformative, for both parties. Although a literature has developed on proposals to integrate neuroscience and social science, these proposals go in divergent directions. None of them has a developed conception of social life. This book surveys these issues, introduces the basic alternative conceptions both of the mental world and the social world, and show how, with sufficient modification, they can be fit together in plausible ways. The book is not a "new theory " of anything, but rather an exploration of the critical issues that relate to the social aspects of cognition which expands the topic from the social neuroscience of immediate interpersonal interaction to the whole range of places where social variation interacts with the cognitive. The focus is on the conceptual problems produced by any attempt to take these issues seriously, and also on the new resources and considerations relevant to doing so. But it is also on the need for a revision of social theoretical concepts in order to utilize these resources. The book points to some conclusions, especially about how the process of what was known as socialization needs to be understood in cognitive science friendly terms. But there is no attempt to resolve the underlying issues within cognitive science, which will doubtless persist.



Cognition and Action in Skilled Behaviour

Cognition and Action in Skilled Behaviour Author A.M. Colley
ISBN-10 008086709X
Release 1988-09-01
Pages 424
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This book contains a number of chapters on the control and execution of skilled movements, as well as more general chapters on theoretical issues in skilled performance. The contributors have summarised their most recent research, and general themes and issues are presented in discussion chapters at the end of each section, thus providing a good general summary of the kind of research and theoretical frameworks developing in this area. The first section is concerned with the theoretical issues of programming and co-ordination. Issues raised in the second section are basic to much of the research reviewed in the volume. This section summarises the various theoretical positions in the recent debates on the role of cognitive processes in motor control and the usefulness of the ``psychomotor'' approach, and contains chapters based on individual papers which present relevant empirical findings. The third section deals with the learning and performance of skilled movements, containing papers with practical implications for everyday skills. The final section contains chapters on cognitive processes in skilled performance.



The Explanation of Social Action

The Explanation of Social Action Author John Levi Martin
ISBN-10 9780199773442
Release 2011-06-01
Pages 400
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The Explanation of Social Action is a sustained critique of the conventional understanding of what it means to "explain" something in the social sciences. It makes the strong argument that the traditional understanding involves asking questions that have no clear foundation and provoke an unnecessary tension between lay and expert vocabularies. Drawing on the history and philosophy of the social sciences, John Levi Martin exposes the root of the problem as an attempt to counterpose two radically different types of answers to the question of why someone did a certain thing: first person and third person responses. The tendency is epitomized by attempts to explain human action in "causal" terms. This "causality" has little to do with reality and instead involves the creation and validation of abstract statements that almost no social scientist would defend literally. This substitution of analysts' imaginations over actors' realities results from an intellectual history wherein social scientists began to distrust the self-understanding of actors in favor of fundamentally anti-democratic epistemologies. These were rooted most defensibly in a general understanding of an epistemic hiatus in social knowledge and least defensibly in the importation of practices of truth production from the hierarchical setting of institutions for the insane. Martin, instead of assuming that there is something fundamentally arbitrary about the cognitive schemes of actors, focuses on the nature of judgment. This implies the need for a social aesthetics, an understanding of the process whereby actors intuit intersubjectively valid qualities of complex social objects. In this thought-provoking and ambitious book, John Levi Martin argues that the most promising way forward to such a science of social aesthetics will involve a rigorous field theory.



Purposive Behaviour and Teleological Explanations

Purposive Behaviour and Teleological Explanations Author Frank Honywill George
ISBN-10 2881241107
Release 1985-01-01
Pages 309
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Purposive Behaviour and Teleological Explanations has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Purposive Behaviour and Teleological Explanations also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Purposive Behaviour and Teleological Explanations book for free.



Bibliographic Index

Bibliographic Index Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015079882307
Release 2002
Pages 26
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Bibliographic Index has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Bibliographic Index also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Bibliographic Index book for free.



The status of common sense in psychology

The status of common sense in psychology Author Jürg Siegfried
ISBN-10 UOM:39015033261457
Release 1994
Pages 363
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The status of common sense in psychology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The status of common sense in psychology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The status of common sense in psychology book for free.



Interpersonal violent behaviors

Interpersonal violent behaviors Author R. Barry Ruback
ISBN-10 082618510X
Release 1995-01-01
Pages 190
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Interpersonal violent behaviors has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Interpersonal violent behaviors also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Interpersonal violent behaviors book for free.



Mathematical Perspectives on Neural Networks

Mathematical Perspectives on Neural Networks Author Paul Smolensky
ISBN-10 0805812016
Release 1996
Pages 862
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Recent years have seen an explosion of new mathematical results on learning and processing in neural networks. This body of results rests on a breadth of mathematical background which even few specialists possess. In a format intermediate between a textbook and a collection of research articles, this book has been assembled to present a sample of these results, and to fill in the necessary background, in such areas as computability theory, computational complexity theory, the theory of analog computation, stochastic processes, dynamical systems, control theory, time-series analysis, Bayesian analysis, regularization theory, information theory, computational learning theory, and mathematical statistics. Mathematical models of neural networks display an amazing richness and diversity. Neural networks can be formally modeled as computational systems, as physical or dynamical systems, and as statistical analyzers. Within each of these three broad perspectives, there are a number of particular approaches. For each of 16 particular mathematical perspectives on neural networks, the contributing authors provide introductions to the background mathematics, and address questions such as: * Exactly what mathematical systems are used to model neural networks from the given perspective? * What formal questions about neural networks can then be addressed? * What are typical results that can be obtained? and * What are the outstanding open problems? A distinctive feature of this volume is that for each perspective presented in one of the contributed chapters, the first editor has provided a moderately detailed summary of the formal results and the requisite mathematical concepts. These summaries are presented in four chapters that tie together the 16 contributed chapters: three develop a coherent view of the three general perspectives -- computational, dynamical, and statistical; the other assembles these three perspectives into a unified overview of the neural networks field.



Forthcoming Books

Forthcoming Books Author Rose Arny
ISBN-10 UOM:39015046439421
Release 2002
Pages
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Forthcoming Books has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Forthcoming Books also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Forthcoming Books book for free.



Restoration of Normal Movement After Stroke

Restoration of Normal Movement After Stroke Author Margaret Johnstone (FCSP.)
ISBN-10 UOM:39015034866270
Release 1995-01-01
Pages 188
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This is a guide to the Johnstone method of stroke rehabilitation. It is a practical guide to the restoration of muscle function following stroke using the techniques and rehabilitation programmes developed by Margaret Johnstone. The book condenses information from three of the author's previous works on the subject, describing the philosophy behind the author's teaching and showing the reader how to take this philosophy forward into improving patient care.



Quality Evidence and Effectiveness in Health Promotion

Quality  Evidence  and Effectiveness in Health Promotion Author John Kenneth Davies
ISBN-10 041517967X
Release 1998
Pages 225
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Quality, Evidence and Effectiveness is unique in bringing together, for the first time, the critical concepts of quality assurance and effectiveness in relation to health promotion and research. Contributions from leading health promotion specialists around the world discuss how best to push forward evidence of the value of health promotion as an effective investment strategy. They examine particular examples of health promotion interventions, focusing on both practical suggestions and the concepts underlying them. Contributions are divided into three core sections: * the examination of effectiveness studies through the application of different evaluation methodologies * practice-based quality assurance programmes * the examination of examples of health promotion interventions Quality, Evidence and Effectiveness will be invaluable to students, researchers and policy-makers in health promotion and all professionals who are committed to the effective and efficient delivery of New Public Health.



Social Science Research

Social Science Research Author Anol Bhattacherjee
ISBN-10 1475146124
Release 2012-04-01
Pages 156
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This book is designed to introduce doctoral and graduate students to the process of conducting scientific research in the social sciences, business, education, public health, and related disciplines. It is a one-stop, comprehensive, and compact source for foundational concepts in behavioral research, and can serve as a stand-alone text or as a supplement to research readings in any doctoral seminar or research methods class. This book is currently used as a research text at universities on six continents and will shortly be available in nine different languages.



A research primer for the social and behavioral sciences

A research primer for the social and behavioral sciences Author Miriam Schapiro Grosof
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105040048030
Release 1985
Pages 433
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A research primer for the social and behavioral sciences has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A research primer for the social and behavioral sciences also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A research primer for the social and behavioral sciences book for free.



Psychodynamic Affective and Behavioral Theories to Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic  Affective  and Behavioral Theories to Psychotherapy Author Marty Sapp
ISBN-10 9780398079741
Release 2010
Pages 242
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The goal of this book is to examine three major theories and their approach to psychotherapypsychodynamic, affective, and behavioralwhich are defined as specific skills that a clinician or student can readily understand. In this book, these theories of psychotherapy are broken down into three phases or levels: beginning (Level I) intermediate (Level II) and action (Level III). Theories that are Level I will be appropriate for establishing a counseling relationship. Level II counseling skills further enhance this initial counseling relationship. Level III theories are action-oriented theories.