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Addiction

Addiction Author Howard Padwa
ISBN-10 9781598842296
Release 2010-01
Pages 398
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Presents alphabetically-arranged entries covering major figures, organizations, events, and United States government policies covering a variety of addictive substances and addictive behaviors.



Encyclopedia of Drugs Alcohol Additive Behaviour Henry R Kranzler Pamela Korsmeyer 3rd Ed 2009

Encyclopedia of Drugs  Alcohol   Additive Behaviour  Henry R  Kranzler   Pamela Korsmeyer  3rd Ed  2009 Author Gale Cengage Learning
ISBN-10 9780028660646
Release 2009-05-09
Pages 1701
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The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Drugs and Alcohol (as it was first titled), published in 1995, was the product of a massive effort on the part of Jerome H. Jaffe and a group of distinguished colleagues that he, through his long experience and many friends in the various fields of addiction studies, was able to bring together. The result of the collaboration among the members of this original group was a compendium of information from every viewpoint and specialty having to do with the use and abuse of psychoactive substances. We, the editors of this third edition of the Encyclopedia, have attempted to remain true to Dr. Jaffe’s original purpose as described in the preface to the first edition. The Macmillan Encyclopedia of Drugs and Alcohol has been written as a comprehensive source of information for non-specialists who have an interest in any of the diverse topics that are included under the broad general heading of substance use and abuse. While many of the entries are devoted to the actions of drugs on the body, the work as a whole is intended to serve the wider interests of social science and includes articles on social policy, history, politics, economics, international trafficking, law enforcement, scientific and medical research, treatment and prevention of drug abuse, and epidemiology. The title of the second edition, published in 2001, was modified to include addictive behaviors that did not involve drugs or alcohol. While paying close attention to the original vision and the broader scope reflected in the title change, we have tried to update and expand the work to include new and emerging topics and important developments in the many fields of addiction studies. We have included information on recent scientific discoveries and theories in behavioral neuroscience, which help to illuminate how addictive substances and behaviors affect the brain and the impact of these effects on behavior. This new scientific information also includes a growing number of discoveries in genetics, which have emerged following the sequencing of the human genome. In addition, recent advances in neuroimaging have made it possible to examine events occurring in the healthy and addicted brains of animals and humans, further elucidating the underlying processes. The results of new, large-scale population studies inform much of the epidemiologic coverage of substance use, abuse, and dependence. We have gone to some lengths to reorganize the sections on treatment in as intuitive a way as possible and to include new developments in the use of medications, which increasingly are being combined with psychosocial interventions in the treatment of individuals with addictive disorders. Recognizing the cultural importance of how addiction is perceived both in the United States and in societies and political systems throughout the world, the editorial board obtained authoritative essays on such popular subjects as drugs in the movies, the effect of the Internet on drug use, and the coverage of addiction issues in the media. In order to give the reader a broad view of how these issues are understood and dealt with in cultures other than that of the United States, we commissioned articles on drug use and trafficking in a representative group of countries and regions. We have tried to maintain standards of objectivity in the treatment of controversial subjects and to provide enough information on competing theories and points of view so that readers may draw their own conclusions. One of the main challenges in compiling these volumes was to ensure that the language used by the contributors was not so technical as to make the entries obscure. In reviewing entries prior to publication, a concerted effort was made to use lay language whenever possible and, when technical terms were required, to define them. We, the editors in chief, are satisfied that the finished work provides an authoritative source of information that will help to educate the general public on a variety of complex and controversial issues. This third edition contains 545 entries, of which nearly 70 percent are either completely new (133 articles) or substantially revised and updated (236 articles). Early on, the editors decided, and Macmillan Reference personnel agreed, that the extensive list of treatment programs included in the fourth volume of the first two editions should be dropped. It was the board’s judgment that such a list would fall out of date so fast as to be of little use to the reader. In early 2006, Kate Hanley of Macmillan Reference invited Pam Korsmeyer and Henry Kranzler to consider sharing the task of editor in chief of a third edition of the Encyclopedia. Both were pleased and honored to accept the invitation. Ms. Korsmeyer had worked for many years as an editor and writer on the history of use, abuse, and control of psychoactive substances, and she was happy to be able to reengage the field after several years’ absence. Dr. Kranzler has been a clinician and investigator in addictions for more than twenty years and welcomed the opportunity to survey the biological and medical aspects of the field comprehensively, as required by a thorough revision of the Encyclopedia. At the beginning of the Encyclopedia project, the editors in chief and the Macmillan Reference project managers agreed that the work of constructing the table of contents, developing ‘‘scopes’’ for each article, and reviewing the finished essays should be divided among six fields of interest. A prominent scholar was then invited to take responsibility for each of the six fields, and the two editors in chief oversaw three fields apiece. Henry Kranzler worked with Deborah Hasin (epidemiology), Kathleen Carroll (treatment), and Michael Kuhar (neuroscience and pharmacology). Pam Korsmeyer guided the efforts of Nancy Campbell (history, society, and culture), Eric Wish (public policy), and Virginia Berridge (international issues). Howard Kushner also participated in the initial development of the table of contents, contributing first-rate work to the coverage of history, society, and culture. When he found that he was unable to remain on the editorial board, Nancy Campbell stepped in, much to the good fortune of the project and the editors. The substantial organizational effort could not have been possible without the contributions of the staff at Macmillan/Gale, who were ably led by Kate Hanley, Jeffrey Lehman, and Alan Hedblad. Their tireless dedication kept the editorial board and editors in chief focused on the task of identifying suitable authors for the many revised and new entries, providing direction in the preparation of initial draft entries, and thoroughly editing the entries to ensure their suitability for inclusion in the Encyclopedia. PAMELA KORSMEYER HENRY R. KRANZLER



Encyclopedia of Addictions O Z

Encyclopedia of Addictions  O Z Author Kathryn H. Hollen
ISBN-10 0313347417
Release 2009
Pages 569
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This book covers all type of addictions, from substance abuses and eating disorders to gambling, pornography, and shopping. This two volume set contains frank and factual information about symptoms, causes, effects, prevention, and treatment of substance abuse - alcohol, nicotine, and drugs - and of 'behavioural addictions' such as eating disorders, pathological gambling, and compulsive sexual activity. Including the most up-to-date research, entries trace the history of the debate over whether addiction is a choice or a disease, and explain how genetic and biological findings support the disease concept while lifestyle choices affect the course of the disease. Graphics and discussions of the brain structures that support this self-reinforcing mechanism illustrate why treatments that obstruct the pathway are showing such promise.The volumes offer an historical perspective including biographical information on pioneers in addictions research and treatment. Some material is presented in 'fact boxes' and other graphically pleasing formats. This single-source reference includes lists of support groups, organizations devoted to addictions research and treatment, and suggestions for obtaining further information. Entries include alcohol; alternative treatment; anorexia; antidepressants; betablockers; blended model of addiction; brain chemistry; cigarettes; denial; disease model of addiction; exercise addiction; Food and Drug Administration; gambling addiction; Jung, Carl G.; methadone; neurotransmitters; overdose; pornography; recreational drugs; relapse; serenity prayer; shopping addiction; Temazepam; vicodin; withdrawal; and, Women's Christian Temperence Union and more.



Encyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention Treatment and Recovery

Encyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention  Treatment  and Recovery Author Gary L. Fisher
ISBN-10 9781412950848
Release 2009
Pages 1092
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Substance abuse is one of the most frequent and serious problems encountered by human service workers, criminal justice professionals, and clinicians. Unfortunately, many professionals in these fields receive little, if any, formal training about this problem. Our planned encyclopedia presents state-of-the-art research and evidence-based applications in A-to-Z format. Rather than create a compendium of specific drugs and drug effects, for which there are any number of fine titles already available, the focus will be upon practical knowledge and skills for pre-service and in-service human service professionals, including substance abuse counselors and prevention specialists.



The Encyclopedia of Addictive Drugs

The Encyclopedia of Addictive Drugs Author Richard Lawrence Miller
ISBN-10 0313318077
Release 2002
Pages 491
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Draws together information from a variety of sources to list and describe more than 130 addictive drugs, including both natural substances and pharmaceutical products.



The A to Z of Addictions and Addictive Behaviors

The A to Z of Addictions and Addictive Behaviors Author Esther Gwinnell
ISBN-10 0816069328
Release 2006
Pages 368
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Alphabetically arranged entries on addiction provide definitions of such compulsive behaviors as drug and alcohol abuse, eating disorders, and excessive gambling, shopping or Internet use and offers the latest information on causes, symptoms and treatments.



Encyclopedia of drugs alcohol and addictive behavior

Encyclopedia of drugs  alcohol and addictive behavior Author Rosalyn Carson-DeWitt
ISBN-10 0028655427
Release 2001
Pages 1863
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Encyclopedia of drugs alcohol and addictive behavior has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Encyclopedia of drugs alcohol and addictive behavior also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Encyclopedia of drugs alcohol and addictive behavior book for free.



The UXL Encyclopedia of Drugs Addictive Substances

The UXL Encyclopedia of Drugs   Addictive Substances Author Barbara C. Bigelow
ISBN-10 1414404484
Release 2006
Pages 5
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Presents alphabetized profiles of fifty-two types of drugs, including illegal drugs, legal addictive drugs and other substances, and commonly abused classes of over-the-counter and prescription drugs, covering their histories, effects on the body, typical users, treatment options, consequences of use, and legal issues; and includes illustrations, sidebars, and several reference tools.



The A Z Encyclopedia of Alcohol and Drug Abuse

The A Z Encyclopedia of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Author Thomas Nordegren
ISBN-10 158112404X
Release 2002-01
Pages 682
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With more than 30.000 entries The A-Z Enczclopedia on Alcohol and Substance Abuse is the most complete and comprehensive reference book in the field of Substance Abuse. A useful handbbok and working tool for drug abuse professionals. The Encyclopedia is produced in close co-operation with the ICAA, International Council on Alcohol and Addictions, since its inception in 1907 the world's leading professional non-governmental organisation working with drug-abuse related issues.



Encyclopedia of Drug Policy

Encyclopedia of Drug Policy Author Mark A. R. Kleiman
ISBN-10 9781506338248
Release 2011-01-12
Pages 1008
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Request a free 30-day online trial to this title at www.sagepub.com/freetrial! Spanning two volumes of approximately 450 entries in an A-to-Z format, this encyclopedia explores the controversial drug war through the lens of varied disciplines. A full spectrum of articles explains topics from Colombian cartels and Mexican kingpins to television reportage; from "just say no" advertising to heroin production; and from narco-terrorism to more than $500 billion in U.S. government expenditures. Key Themes- Cases- Conferences and Conventions- Countries (Affecting U.S. Drug Policy)- Drug Trade and Trafficking- Laws and Policies- Organizations and Agencies- People-Presidential Administrations- Treatment and Addiction- Types of Drugs



Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Author Stephanie Felgoise
ISBN-10 9780306485817
Release 2006-06-18
Pages 452
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One of the hallmarks of cognitive behavior therapy is its diversity today. Since its inception, over twenty five years ago, this once revolutionary approach to psychotherapy has grown to encompass treatments across the full range of psychological disorders. The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy brings together all of the key aspects of this field distilling decades of clinical wisdom into one authoritative volume. With a preface by Aaron T. Beck, founder of the cognitive approach, the Encyclopedia features entries by noted experts including Arthur Freeman, Windy Dryden, Marsha Linehan, Edna Foa, and Thomas Ollendick to name but a few, and reviews the latest empirical data on first-line therapies and combination approaches, to give readers both insights into clients’ problems and the most effective treatments available. • Common disorders and conditions: anxiety, depression, OCD, phobias, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, grief, anger • Essential components of treatment: the therapeutic relationship, case formulation, homework, relapse prevention • Treatment methods: dialectical behavior therapy, REBT, paradoxical interventions, social skills training, stress inoculation, play therapy, CBT/medicine combinations • Applications of CBT with specific populations: children, adolescents, couples, dually diagnosed clients, the elderly, veterans, refugees • Emerging problems: Internet addiction, chronic pain, narcolepsy pathological gambling, jet lag All entries feature reference lists and are cross-indexed. The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy capably fills practitioners’ and educators’ needs for an idea book, teaching text, or quick access to practical, workable interventions.



Encyclopedia of Mobile Phone Behavior

Encyclopedia of Mobile Phone Behavior Author Yan, Zheng
ISBN-10 9781466682405
Release 2015-03-31
Pages 1542
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The rise of mobile phones has brought about a new era of technological attachment as an increasing number of people rely on their personal mobile devices to conduct their daily activities. Due to the ubiquitous nature of mobile phones, the impact of these devices on human behavior, interaction, and cognition has become a widely studied topic. The Encyclopedia of Mobile Phone Behavior is an authoritative source for scholarly research on the use of mobile phones and how these devices are revolutionizing the way individuals learn, work, and interact with one another. Featuring exhaustive coverage on a variety of topics relating to mobile phone use, behavior, and the impact of mobile devices on society and human interaction, this multi-volume encyclopedia is an essential reference source for students, researchers, IT specialists, and professionals seeking current research on the use and impact of mobile technologies on contemporary culture.



The Encyclopedia of Addictions and Addictive Behaviors

The Encyclopedia of Addictions and Addictive Behaviors Author Esther Gwinnell
ISBN-10 0816057079
Release 2006
Pages 344
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Provides more than three hundred alphabetically arranged entries that cover the signs, symptoms, and causes of addictive behaviors, and includes discussions of treatments and therapies.



Addiction

Addiction Author John Hoffman
ISBN-10 9781594867156
Release 2007-03-06
Pages 256
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One question that anyone who has witnessed addiction up close inevitably asks is, "Why can't they just stop?" For decades the question has confounded addicts, their families, and the doctors and specialists trying to help them. Now it can finally be answered. Thanks to major leaps in the scientific understanding of addiction, an entirely new portrait of this frightening disease has come into focus. The new science tells us that addicts, in part, are unable to quit using drugs or alcohol because chemical changes in their brains prevent them from doing so. In this penetrating look at how addiction works, editors John Hoffman and Susan Froemke (producers of the HBO documentary series ADDICTION) have turned more than two years of research and reporting into a vitally important guide for any family faced with the disease. New imaging technology has enabled scientists to peer inside the addicted brain and observe in real time what craving for drugs and alcohol looks like chemically. It is now possible to literally see the ways that substances like cocaine, heroin, and alcohol alter the brain's "Stop!" and "Go!" decision-making processes. Better scientific understanding has yielded innovations in behavioral therapies, while new medications that can be prescribed by family doctors have been clinically proven to reduce craving in alcoholics and opiate addicts. The result? As Addiction: Why Can't They Just Stop? reports in riveting detail, there is new hope for anyone struggling with addiction. The stories about scientists, doctors, researchers, and families that face addiction gathered in this book testify to the fact that the tide has turned. Yes, recovery remains an imperfect process. It must be tailored to the needs of the individual; it may take years to achieve remission. But, armed with the new science-based understanding of the disease, experts have created treatments that are ever more precise and effective—making recovery a realistic goal for all addicts. The evidence is in. The battle against the addiction epidemic can—and should—be won.



Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience Author
ISBN-10 9780080453965
Release 2010-06-03
Pages 1816
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Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists



Encyclopedia of applied psychology

Encyclopedia of applied psychology Author Charles Donald Spielberger
ISBN-10 9780126574104
Release 2004
Pages 894
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Encyclopedia of applied psychology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Encyclopedia of applied psychology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Encyclopedia of applied psychology book for free.



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF DRUGS ALCOHOL AND ADDICTIVE BEHA

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF DRUGS  ALCOHOL  AND ADDICTIVE BEHA Author ROSALYN CARSON-DEWITT
ISBN-10 0028655419
Release 2000-12-31
Pages 1863
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Numerous changes have occurred since the first edition of this Encyclopedia (which was a CHOICE Outstanding Reference) published in 1995. These changes include the decrease of crack cocaine use and resurgence of heroin use; changes in laws dealing with dr