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Adsorption Refrigeration Technology

Adsorption Refrigeration Technology Author Ruzhu Wang
ISBN-10 9781118197479
Release 2014-04-11
Pages 528
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Gives readers a detailed understanding of adsorption refrigeration technology, with a focus on practical applications and environmental concerns Systematically covering the technology of adsorption refrigeration, this book provides readers with a technical understanding of the topic as well as detailed information on the state-of-the-art from leading researchers in the field. Introducing readers to background on the development of adsorption refrigeration, the authors also cover the development of adsorbents, various thermodynamic theories, the design of adsorption systems and adsorption refrigeration cycles. The book guides readers through the research process, covering key aspects such as: the principle of adsorption refrigeration; choosing adsorbents according to different characteristics; thermodynamic equations; methods for the design of heat exchangers for adsorbers; and the advanced adsorption cycles needed. It is also valuable as a reference for professionals working in these areas. Covers state-of-the art of adsorption research and technologies for relevant applications, working from adsorption working pairs through to the application of adsorption refrigeration technology for low grade heat recovery Assesses sustainable alternatives to traditional refrigeration methods, such as the application of adsorption refrigeration systems for solar energy and waste heat Includes a key chapter on the design of adsorption refrigeration systems as a tutorial for readers new to the topic; the calculation models for different components and working processes are also included Takes real-world examples giving an insight into existing products and installations and enabling readers to apply the knowledge to their own work Academics researching low grade energy utilization and refrigeration; Graduate students of refrigeration and low grade energy utilization; Experienced engineers wanting to renew knowledge of adsorption technology,Engineers working at companies developing adsorption chillers; Graduate students working on thermally driven systems; Advanced undergraduates for the Refrigeration Principle as a part of thermal driven refrigeration technology.



Handbook of Energy Systems in Green Buildings

Handbook of Energy Systems in Green Buildings Author Ruzhu Wang
ISBN-10 3662491192
Release 2018-10-15
Pages 1400
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This handbook provides a comprehensive summary on the energy systems used in green buildings, with a particular focus on solar energy - the most common renewable energy source applied in this field. With the growing concern about environmental protections, the concepts of green building have been widely promoted and implemented in nowadays building designs and constructions. Among all, sustainable energy systems, including energy harvesting, conversion, and storage, is one of most important design factors in green buildings. Unlike traditional energy systems which highly rely on fossil fuel, green buildings utilize renewable energy source or high efficient energy systems, or both, to provide environmental friendly, low carbon waste energy. The most updated concepts, designs, technologies developed and implemented in heat pumps, cooling systems, power systems, and energy storage will be discussed here in details. This handbook is subdivided into 7-9 main sections to provide an in-depth discussion from foundational principles to practical techniques. In addition, different cases about green energy systems implemented in global will be discussed. The book will be structured easy-to-read, to make it more accessible to graduate students and professionals in diverse scientific and engineering communities, including applied physics, civil engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, material engineering, and chemical engineering.



Food Process Engineering and Technology

Food Process Engineering and Technology Author Zeki Berk
ISBN-10 9780128120545
Release 2018-02-13
Pages 742
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Food Process Engineering and Technology, Third Edition combines scientific depth with practical usefulness, creating a tool for graduate students and practicing food engineers, technologists and researchers looking for the latest information on transformation and preservation processes and process control and plant hygiene topics. This fully updated edition provides recent research and developments in the area, features sections on elements of food plant design, an introductory section on the elements of classical fluid mechanics, a section on non-thermal processes, and recent technologies, such as freeze concentration, osmotic dehydration, and active packaging that are discussed in detail. Provides a strong emphasis on the relationship between engineering and product quality/safety Considers cost and environmental factors Presents a fully updated, adequate review of recent research and developments in the area Includes a new, full chapter on elements of food plant design Covers recent technologies, such as freeze concentration, osmotic dehydration, and active packaging that are discussed in detail



Advances in Adsorption Technology

Advances in Adsorption Technology Author Kim Choon Ng
ISBN-10 1608768333
Release 2010
Pages 553
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The efficient utilisation of energy at low heat source temperature is a key issue for both industry and academia. In recent years, the heat-activated adsorption cycles are proven to be practical and energy efficient method for converting low-temperature waste heat into useful effects such as cooling, freezing, heating, storage and desalination and this is reflected by the dearth of literature publications. The adsorption technology would steer towards the key development of heat activated machines for the energy industry and they could offer cost-effective solutions for achieving energy efficiency and environment sustainability. This edited book covers the state-of-the art of adsorption research and technologies for relevant applications with the objectives of energy efficiency and sustainability. It consists of fifteen chapters from renowned experts in adsorption fields around the world covering the aspects of adsorption fundamentals, adsorbent materials characterisations, adsorption cooling, storage, and heat pump systems. This book examines new research directions in this frontier field.



Solar Heating and Cooling Systems

Solar Heating and Cooling Systems Author Ioan Sarbu
ISBN-10 9780128116630
Release 2016-10-18
Pages 432
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Solar Heating and Cooling Systems: Fundamentals, Experiments and Applications provides comprehensive coverage of this modern energy issue from both a scientific and technical level that is based on original research and the synthesis of consistent bibliographic material that meets the increasing need for modernization and greater energy efficiency to significantly reduce CO2 emissions. Ioan Sarbu and Calin Sebarchievici present a comprehensive overview of all major solar energy technologies, along with the fundamentals, experiments, and applications of solar heating and cooling systems. Technical, economic, and energy saving aspects related to design, modeling, and operation of these systems are also explored. This reference includes physical and mathematical concepts developed to make this publication a self-contained and up-to-date source of information for engineers, researchers, and professionals who are interested in the use of solar energy as an alternative energy source. Includes learning aims, chapter summaries, problems and solutions to support the theories presented Puts a specific emphasis on the practical application of the technologies in heating and cooling systems Contains calculating equations for the energy and economic index of solar systems



Handbook of Vacuum Technology

Handbook of Vacuum Technology Author Karl Jousten
ISBN-10 9783527688258
Release 2016-06-14
Pages 1050
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This comprehensive, standard work has been updated to remain an important resource for all those needing detailed knowledge of the theory and applications of vacuum technology. The text covers the existing knowledge on all aspects of vacuum science and technology, ranging from fundamentals to components and operating systems. It features many numerical examples and illustrations to help visualize the theoretical issues, while the chapters are carefully cross-linked and coherent symbols and notations are used throughout the book. The whole is rounded off by a user-friendly appendix of conversion tables, mathematical tools, material related data, overviews of processes and techniques, equipment-related data, national and international standards, guidelines, and much more. As a result, engineers, technicians, and scientists will be able to develop and work successfully with the equipment and environment found in a vacuum.



Absorption Chillers and Heat Pumps

Absorption Chillers and Heat Pumps Author Keith E. Herold
ISBN-10 0849394279
Release 1996-01-18
Pages 330
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This book offers an in-depth description of absorption chillers and heat pumps, focusing on relatively simple systems that employ working fluids in the liquid and vapor phase. The book provides a thorough explanation of how thermodynamic and transport properties of working fluid mixtures enable them to influence the performance of absorption systems. The student or engineer who is a newcomer to the field will gain a comprehensive knowledge essential for the design and evaluation of absorption systems. This book establishes a solid background in general thermodynamics for the reader. The properties of working fluid mixtures pertaining to absorption working fluid combinations are discussed, and various thermodynamic diagrams are introduced and explained. Water/lithium-bromide and ammonia/water absorption chillers and heat pumps are described, and their features and characteristics are detailed. Measures for improving efficiency are presented, and internal heat exchange options are analyzed. Absorption Chillers and Heat Pumps contains extensive examples. It also includes a demonstration copy of the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) program and program files for all of the examples in the text. Problems are listed at the end of major chapters. This unique book is a superior upper-level textbook for students, and a valuable reference source for engineers.



Low Temperature and Cryogenic Refrigeration

Low Temperature and Cryogenic Refrigeration Author Sadik Kakaç
ISBN-10 9789401000994
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 485
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Refrigeration plays a prominent role in our everyday lives, and cryogenics plays a major role in medical science, space technology and the cooling of low-temperature electronics. This volume contains chapters on basic refrigeration systems, non-compression refrigeration and cooling, and topics related to global environmental issues, alternative refrigerants, optimum refrigerant selection, cost-quality optimization of refrigerants, advanced thermodynamics of reverse-cycle machines, applications in medicine, cryogenics, heat pipes, gas-solid absorption refrigeration, multisalt resorption heat pumps, cryocoolers, thermoacoustic refrigeration, cryogenic heat transfer and enhancement and other topics covering theory, design, and applications, such as pulse tube refrigeration, which is the most efficient of all cryocoolers and can be used in space missions.



Absorption Chillers and Heat Pumps Second Edition

Absorption Chillers and Heat Pumps  Second Edition Author Keith E. Herold
ISBN-10 9781498714358
Release 2016-04-21
Pages 354
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Significantly revised and updated since its first publication in 1996, Absorption Chillers and Heat Pumps, Second Edition discusses the fundamental physics and major applications of absorption chillers. While the popularity of absorption chillers began to dwindle in the United States in the late 1990’s, a shift towards sustainability, green buildings and the use of renewable energy has brought about a renewed interest in absorption heat pump technology. In contrast, absorption chillers captured a large market share in Asia in the same time frame due to relative costs of gas and electricity. In addition to providing an in-depth discussion of fundamental concepts related to absorption refrigeration technology, this book provides detailed modeling of a broad range of simple and advanced cycles as well as a discussion of applications. New to the Second Edition: Offers details on the ground-breaking Vapor Surfactant theory of mass transfer enhancement Presents extensively revised computer examples based on the latest version of EES (Engineering Equation Solver) software, including enhanced consistency and internal documentation Contains new LiBr/H2O property routines covering a broad range of temperature and the full range of concentration Utilizes new NH3/H2O helper functions in EES which significantly enhance ease of use Adds a new chapter on absorption technology applications Offers updated absorption fluid transport property information Absorption Chillers and Heat Pumps, Second Edition provides an updated and thorough discussion of the physics and applications of absorption chillers and heat pumps. An in-depth guide to evaluating and simulating absorption systems, this revised edition provides significantly increased consistency and clarity in both the text and the worked examples. The introduction of the vapor surfactant theory is a major new component of the book. This definitive work serves as a resource for both the newcomer and seasoned professional in the field.



Thermal Energy Storage

Thermal Energy Storage Author Ibrahim Dincer
ISBN-10 9781119956624
Release 2011-06-24
Pages 620
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The ability of thermal energy storage (TES) systems to facilitate energy savings, renewable energy use and reduce environmental impact has led to a recent resurgence in their interest. The second edition of this book offers up-to-date coverage of recent energy efficient and sustainable technological methods and solutions, covering analysis, design and performance improvement as well as life-cycle costing and assessment. As well as having significantly revised the book for use as a graduate text, the authors address real-life technical and operational problems, enabling the reader to gain an understanding of the fundamental principles and practical applications of thermal energy storage technology. Beginning with a general summary of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer, this book goes on to discuss practical applications with chapters that include TES systems, environmental impact, energy savings, energy and exergy analyses, numerical modeling and simulation, case studies and new techniques and performance assessment methods.



Adsorption Calculations and Modelling

Adsorption Calculations and Modelling Author Howard Brenner
ISBN-10 9781483292243
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 288
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'Adsorption Calculations and Modelling' provides readers with practical, useful information about how to make adsorption calculations and formulate models describing adsorption processes. Unlike most books on this subject, this book treats both gas phase adsorption and liquid phase adsorption with equal emphasis, and supplies a rigorous treatment of multi-component adsorption. It also covers adsorption applications in environmental applications including the use of impregnated adsorbents for protection against toxic gases and carbon adsorption in water and wastewater treatment. Explores the most up-to-date information on multicomponent adsorption Details adsorption applications in environmental application Explains the fundamentals of adsorption calculation in a simple, straightforward manner.



Integrated Absorption Refrigeration Systems

Integrated Absorption Refrigeration Systems Author Ibrahim Dincer
ISBN-10 9783319336589
Release 2016-08-18
Pages 270
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This book provides a detailed analysis of absorption refrigeration systems, covering single effect to multi-effect systems and their applications. Both the first and second laws of thermodynamics are discussed in relation to refrigeration systems to show how system performance differs from one law to another. Comparative energy and exergy analyses and assessments of single effect, double effect, triple effect and quadruple effect absorption refrigeration system are performed to illustrate the impact of an increase in the number of effects on system performance. In particular, the second law (exergy) formulation for absorption refrigeration systems, rarely discussed by other works, is covered in detail. Integrated Absorption Refrigeration Systems will help researchers, students and instructors in the formulation of energy and exergy efficiency equations for absorption refrigeration systems.



Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing

Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing Author Saeid Mokhatab
ISBN-10 0080466974
Release 2017-09-01
Pages 672
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Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing gives engineers and managers complete coverage of natural gas transmission and processing in the most rapidly growing sector to the petroleum industry. The authors provide a unique discussion of new technologies that are energy efficient and environmentally appealing at the same time. It is an invaluable reference on natural gas engineering and the latest techniques for all engineers and managers moving to natural gas processing as well as those currently working on natural gas projects. * Provides practicing engineers critical information on all aspects of gas gathering, processing and transmission * First book that treats multiphase flow transmission in great detail * Examines natural gas energy costs and pricing with the aim of delivering on the goals of efficiency, quality and profit



Refrigeration

Refrigeration Author Mikkel E. Larsen
ISBN-10 1616689307
Release 2011-03-01
Pages 555
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Refrigeration is the process of removing heat from an enclosed space, or from a substance, and moving it to a place where it is unobjectionable. The primary purpose of refrigeration is lowering the temperature of the enclosed space or substance and then maintaining that lower temperature. This book reviews research on refrigeration including an overview of up-to-date developments and technology in the field of magnetic refrigeration at room temperature (RTMR); an alternative approach based on artificial neural networks (ANNs) to determine thermodynamic properties of refrigerants; solar powered sorption refrigeration and air conditioning; the modelling of chilling and freezing processes and others.



Food Processing Technology

Food Processing Technology Author P J Fellows
ISBN-10 9780081005231
Release 2016-10-04
Pages 1152
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Food Processing Technology: Principles and Practice, Fourth Edition, has been updated and extended to include the many developments that have taken place since the third edition was published. The new edition includes an overview of the component subjects in food science and technology, processing stages, important aspects of food industry management not otherwise considered (e.g. financial management, marketing, food laws and food industry regulation), value chains, the global food industry, and over-arching considerations (e.g. environmental issues and sustainability). In addition, there are new chapters on industrial cooking, heat removal, storage, and distribution, along with updates on all the remaining chapters. This updated edition consolidates the position of this foundational book as the best single-volume introduction to food manufacturing technologies available, remaining as the most adopted standard text for many food science and technology courses. Updated edition completely revised with new developments on all the processing stages and aspects of food industry management not otherwise considered (e.g. financial management, marketing, food laws, and food industry regulation), and more Introduces a range of processing techniques that are used in food manufacturing Explains the key principles of each process, including the equipment used and the effects of processing on micro-organisms that contaminate foods Describes post-processing operations, including packaging and distribution logistics Includes extra textbook elements, such as videos and calculations slides, in addition to summaries of key points in each chapter



Sustainable Retail Refrigeration

Sustainable Retail Refrigeration Author Judith A. Evans
ISBN-10 9780470659403
Release 2015-12-21
Pages 360
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Carbon emissions from the retail segment of the food cold chain are relatively high compared to other parts of the food cold chain. Studies have also shown that food temperature is less well controlled at the retail and consumer end of the cold chain. There is therefore considerable potential to optimize performance of refrigerated display cabinets and the refrigeration systems that are used to operate them to reduce carbon emissions and to improve food temperature control. Sustainable Retail Refrigeration draws together world experts on retail refrigeration. In a single resource, the authors cover the latest technologies and best current knowledge in the field. With increasing concerns about energy use and global warming gasses, retailers are increasingly being called to account for their actions. Sustainable Retail Refrigeration is a valuable reference to manufacturers, managers and policy makers, incorporating both a design and an operational perspective.



Solar Technologies for Buildings

Solar Technologies for Buildings Author Ursula Eicker
ISBN-10 9780470865064
Release 2006-08-14
Pages 336
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A complete overview of solar technologies relevant to the built environment, including solar thermal energy for heating and cooling, passive solar energy for daylighting and heating supply, and photovoltaics for electricity production Provides practical examples and calculations to enable component and system simulation e.g. Calculation of U-values, I-V curve parameters and radiance distribution modelling Discusses the new trends in thermal energy use, including the architectural integration of collector systems, integrated ventilation photovoltaics facades and solar powered absorption cooling systems Coverage of cutting-edge applications such as active and passive cooling techniques and results from ongoing research projects