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Advanced Chemistry of Monolayers at Interfaces

Advanced Chemistry of Monolayers at Interfaces Author Toyoko Imae
ISBN-10 0080475051
Release 2007-04-20
Pages 378
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Advanced Chemistry of Monolayers at Interfaces describes the advanced chemistry of monolayers at interfaces. Focusing on the recent trends of methodology and technology, which are indispensable in monolayer science. They are applied to monolayers of surfactants, amphiphiles, polymers, dendrimers, enzymes, and proteins, which serve many uses. Introduces the methodologies of scanning probe microscopy, surface force instrumentation, surface spectroscopy, surface plasmon optics, reflectometry, and near-field scanning optical microscopy. Modern interface reaction method, lithographic technology and different types of monolayers like adsorption, Langmuir and Langmuir-Blodgett monolayers at air/liquid, liquid/liquid, liquid/solid and air/solid interfaces, are all covered. Introducing novel methodologies and technologies Covering the different types of monolayers Discusses all currently available instrumental techniques for studying all types of monolayer

Self Assembly Processes at Interfaces

Self Assembly Processes at Interfaces Author Vincent Ball
ISBN-10 9780128019726
Release 2018-02-13
Pages 478
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Self-Assembly Processes at Interfaces: Multiscale Phenomena provides the conceptual and unifying view of adsorption, self-assembly, and grafting processes at solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces, also describing experimental methods where applicable. An invaluable resource for (post)-graduate students looking to bridge the gap between acquiring the field’s existing knowledge and the creation of new insights, the book recalls fundamental concepts, giving rigorous, but first-principle-based, calculations and exercises, and showing how these concepts have been used in recent research articles. Readers will find guidelines on how best to start research in the field of surface chemistry with biological macromolecules and molecules able to undergo self-assembly process at interfaces in the presence of a liquid, along with discussions on the very fundamental aspects and applications using concepts of biomimetic chemistry. By highlighting the interdisciplinary aspects of the field of self-assembly at interfaces, the book is an ideal resource for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists. In addition, important equations are demonstrated on the basis of fundamental concepts, and overly complex mathematical developments are avoided. Presents an interdisciplinary work that is ideal for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists Provides a unifying view of the field, from fundamentals, to methods and applications Includes concepts applicable at both solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces

Particles at Interfaces

Particles at Interfaces Author Zbigniew Adamczyk
ISBN-10 9780081012697
Release 2017-10-27
Pages 700
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Particles and Interfaces: Interaction, Deposition, Structure, Volume 20, Second Edition unifies particle and protein adsorption phenomena by presenting recent developments in this growing field of nanoscience. While experimental data is available in vast quantities, there is a deficit in quality interpretation of that data. This title provides such information, emphasizing the basic physics behind practical problems, thus empowering the reader to estimate relevant effects. The book includes solved problems of particle transport under non-linear conditions and their relevance to predicting protein adsorption, including an entirely new chapter devoted to polyelectrolyte and protein adsorption at solid/liquid and solid/gas interfaces. Unifies information from various fields, such as electrostatics, hydrodynamic, colloid science and biophysics Presents information in a user-friendly manner, including computer aided graphics and schematic drawings Applies a phenomenological approach to the content and provides readily accessible reference data

Nanoparticle Technologies

Nanoparticle Technologies Author Farid Bensebaa
ISBN-10 9780080919270
Release 2012-12-31
Pages 560
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This book is a good introductory work to nanoparticle technology. It consists of nine complementary chapters that can be read independently. This book covers promising nanoparticles fabrication technologies with a focus on scalable processes. Integration of nanoparticles into 2D and 3D structures are covered in detail. The most promising applications of nanoparticles in the energy, optoelectronic and biomedical sectors are summarized and discussed. Current issues and challenges related to nanoparticles production and utilisation are also discussed in the book. Complete and simple overview of the field Contains practical examples that makes the book also accessible for industrialists, engineers and managers Chapters can be read relatively independently so experienced researchers can go directly to the them of interest Advantages, drawbacks and challenges are described with practical examples

Interface Science and Composites

Interface Science and Composites Author Soo-Jin Park
ISBN-10 9780123750495
Release 2011
Pages 834
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The goal of Interface Science and Composites is to facilitate the manufacture of technological materials with optimized properties on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular structure of interfaces and their resulting influence on composite materials processes. From the early development of composites of various natures, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composites, few deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of materials and composites. Further, many recent advances in composite interfaces are scattered across the literature and are here assembled in a readily accessible form, bringing together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles rather than on the use of materials and the mechanical performance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It also deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high-performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, and some inorganic fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, carbon, metals/alloys, and ceramics. Includes chapter on the development of a nanolevel dispersion of graphene particles in a polymer matrix Focus on tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles Covers mainly interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers

Chemistry on Modified Oxide and Phosphate Surfaces Fundamentals and Applications

Chemistry on Modified Oxide and Phosphate Surfaces  Fundamentals and Applications Author Robson Fernandes de Farias
ISBN-10 0080919847
Release 2009-01-10
Pages 214
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Chemistry on Modified Oxide and Phosphate Surfaces: Fundamentals and Applications is in the authoritative Interface Science and Technology Series and presents the key features and applications of modified oxide and phosphate surfaces. Examines both basic and applied aspects Incorporates examples from recent publications

Rheology of Emulsions

Rheology of Emulsions Author Aleksandar M. M. Spasic
ISBN-10 9780128138373
Release 2018-04-26
Pages 188
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Rheology of Emulsions, Volume 22: Electrohydrodynamics Principles studies phenomena at liquid-liquid interfaces, including finely dispersed particles or structures, in particular emulsions, double emulsions and biological cells. The book considers the forces of electrical origin that participate in the physical events at liquid-liquid interfaces, taking into account electron transfer phenomenon and electrodynamics principles. Topics covered are of interest to a broad range of scientists, researchers and graduate students with a basic knowledge of physical chemistry, electromagnetism, fluid mechanics, classical and quantum electrodynamics. The implications and applications of the material presented in the book contribute to the advanced fundamental, applied and engineering research of interfacial electroviscoelastic phenomena. Features a multidisciplinary approach to electron transfer phenomena Introduces a new constitutive model of liquids and a theory of electroviscoelasticity Addresses a broad range of subject field examples that make it useful to various research communities

Tailored Thin Coatings for Corrosion Inhibition Using a Molecular Approach

Tailored Thin Coatings for Corrosion Inhibition Using a Molecular Approach Author Simo Olavi Pehkonen
ISBN-10 9780128135853
Release 2018-08-25
Pages 414
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Tailored Thin Coatings for Corrosion Inhibition Using a Molecular Approach discusses the fundamentals and applications of various thin coatings for the inhibition of fouling and corrosion from a molecular perspective. It provides the reader with a fundamental understanding of why certain coatings perform better than others in a given environment. Surface analytical and electrochemical techniques in understanding the coating performance are emphasized throughout the book, providing readers with a useful reference on how to pursue a systematic corrosion inhibitor R&D program that involves the testing of coating performance using various, currently available, state-of-the-art laboratory techniques. Wherever relevant, environmental considerations of the discussed coatings’ technologies are highlighted and discussed, with current and upcoming regulatory trends put forth by different governmental organizations. Provides atomic and molecular level understanding of tailored thin coatings for corrosion inhibition Discusses key steps in corrosion, including the attachment of harmful substances to surfaces, the fouling of surfaces, and the initiation and propagation of corrosion on surfaces Written by leading experts in the field

Stimuli Responsive Polymeric Membranes

Stimuli Responsive Polymeric Membranes Author Mihir Kumar Purkait
ISBN-10 9780128139622
Release 2018-09-24
Pages 252
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Stimuli Responsive Polymeric Membranes: Smart Polymeric Membranes explains the fundamentals and advances in topics relating to the field of membrane science. It elaborately explains concepts relating to stimuli responsive membranes, with special importance given down to minute details. Material selection, preparation, characterization and applications of various stimuli responsive membranes are extensively addressed, and their relevance (including examples) is included. The book covers history and development, merits and demerits, mechanisms of transport and fouling, applicability of membranes to various diverse areas, and preparation and characterization techniques of membranes. Next, the concept of fouling and its remedial actions is discussed. Finally, promising fields of research in the membrane science and future perspectives of membrane science field are explored. Provides basic and advanced knowledge of smart membranes, considering their morphological, physicochemical and separation characteristics Written in a clear and lucid style, keeping a diverse audience in mind Based on the state-of-art research of the authors

Nanolayer Research

Nanolayer Research Author Toyoko Imae
ISBN-10 9780444637475
Release 2017-07-04
Pages 408
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Nanolayer Research: Methodology and Technology for Green Chemistry introduces the topic of nanolayer research and current methodology, from the basics, to specific applications for green science. Each chapter is written by a specialist in their specific research area, offering a deep coverage of the topic. Nanofilms are explained, along with their rapidly emerging applications in electronic devices for smart grids, units for cells, electrodes for batteries, and sensing systems for environmental purposes in applicable subjects. Readers will find this book useful not only as a textbook for basic knowledge, but also as a reference for practical research. Outlines basic principles of nanolayers Includes methodology and technology of nanolayers Contains numerous nanolayers applications

Macromolecules in Solution and Brownian Relativity

Macromolecules in Solution and Brownian Relativity Author Stefano A. Mezzasalma
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822035349927
Release 2008
Pages 236
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This book illustrates the recent picture of statistical physics of polymers and polymer solutions that emerges from some paradigms of contemporary science joint together. Among its principal aims are discussing the consequences of a novel self-diffusion theory, which benefits from an extension towards relativistic-like principles, and the generalization of usual concepts met in polymer science in terms of geometry alone. The monograph gives the whole fundamentals necessary to handle the view proposed, which is set in the final chapters. All the formers see about to provide the reader with a comprehensive treatation of the necessary fundamentals of classical, relativistic, quantum and statistical mechanics. Among the most important mechanical theories ever developed, a chapter on the Brownian movement and another on macromolecules prepare the ground that is specific to face universality and scaling behaviors in polymer solutions. The scope of the book is therefore two-fold: On the one hand, it wishes to involve the readers and scholars into a new research on polymer physics and chemistry. On the other, to get close chemical physicists and physical chemists to disciplines which, traditionally, are far from their direct fields of interest. Cross-disciplinarity Novelty Potentiality

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry Author
ISBN-10 9780128098943
Release 2018-03-29
Pages 5560
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Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry: Surface Science and Electrochemistry summarizes current, fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, bringing readers the latest developments. As the chemical and physical properties and processes at solid and liquid interfaces are the scientific basis of so many technologies which enhance our lives and create new opportunities, its important to highlight how these technologies enable the design and optimization of functional materials for heterogeneous and electro-catalysts in food production, pollution control, energy conversion and storage, medical applications requiring biocompatibility, drug delivery, and more. This book provides an interdisciplinary view that lies at the intersection of these three related fields. Presents fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, surface science and electrochemistry and provides cutting-edge research from academics and practitioners across various fields and global regions

Particles at Interfaces

Particles at Interfaces Author Zbigniew Adamczyk
ISBN-10 9780080464954
Release 2006-12-09
Pages 758
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Particles at Interfaces presents recent developments in this growing field and is devoted entirely to the subject of particle transport, deposition and structuring on boundary surfaces. The complex problems which have been studied include concentrated systems of polydisperse and non-spherical particles, bio-particles such as DNA fragments, proteins, viruses, bacteria, cells, polymers, etc. These complex structures undergo transformations under the action of surface forces. Particles at Interfaces provides readily accessible reference data and equations for estimating basic effects, and is mainly addressed to students and young scientists. Consequently, most approaches are of a phenomenological nature, enabling one to derive concrete expressions which describe the basic physics of the problem under consideration. To facilitate access to the information contained in the book most of the relevant formulae and results are compiled in Tables, accompanied with appropriate diagrams. The math is limited to the necessary minimum with emphasis on the physics of the phenomena, defining why they occur, what the kinetics of the processes and the practical implications are. Fill a substantial gap in the subject of particle transport, deposition and structuring on boundary surfaces Combines traditional theories of electrostatics, hydrodynamics and transport with new approaches Provides readily accessible reference data and equations for estimating basic effects

Liquid Surfaces and Interfaces

Liquid Surfaces and Interfaces Author Peter S. Pershan
ISBN-10 9781139536110
Release 2012-08-02
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The availability of synchrotron x-ray sources and the subsequent developments described in this book have led to substantial progress in our understanding of molecular ordering at liquid interfaces. This practical guide enables graduate students and researchers working in physics, chemistry, biology and materials science to understand and carry out experimental investigations into the basic physical and chemical properties of liquid surfaces and interfaces. The book examines the surfaces of bulk liquids, thin wetting films and buried liquid-liquid interfaces. It discusses experiments on simple and complex fluids, including pure water and organic liquids, liquid crystals, liquid metals, electrified liquid-liquid interfaces and interfacial monolayers of amphiphiles, nanoparticles, polymers and biomolecules. A detailed description of the apparatus and techniques required for these experiments is provided, and theoretical approaches to data analysis are described, including approximate methods such as the Master formula, the Born approximation, Parratt's algorithm and the Distorted Wave Approximation.

Characterization of Food

Characterization of Food Author Anilkumar G. Gaonkar
ISBN-10 0080528945
Release 1995-09-27
Pages 450
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Rapid and continued developments in electronics, optics, computing, instrumentation, spectroscopy, and other branches of science and technology resulted in considerable improvements in various methodologies. Due to this revolution in methodology, it is now possible to solve problems which were previously considered difficult to solve. These new methods have led to a better characterization and understanding of foods. The aim of this book is to assemble, for handy reference, various emerging, state-of-the-art methodologies used for characterizing foods. Although the emphasis is on real foods, model food systems are also considered. Methods pertaining to interfaces (food emulsions, foams, and dispersions), fluorescence, ultrasonics, nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance, Fourier-transform infrared and near infrared spectroscopy, small-angle neutron scattering, dielectrics, microscopy, rheology, sensors, antibodies, flavor and aroma analysis are included. This book is an indispensable reference source for scientists, engineers, and technologists in industries, universities, and government laboratories who are involved in food research and/or development, and also for faculty, advanced undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students from Food Science, Food Engineering, and Biochemistry departments. In addition, it will serve as a valuable reference for analytical chemists and surface and colloid scientists.

Biointerface Characterization by Advanced IR Spectroscopy

Biointerface Characterization by Advanced IR Spectroscopy Author Claire-Marie Pradier
ISBN-10 9780444535580
Release 2011
Pages 327
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"There is an increasing interest in research and applications of biosensors and bio-compatability in relation to environmental protection, food and medical safety, implants, early detection of diseases and pollutant detection. This book describes how to characterise amino acids, protein or bacterial strain adsorption on metal and oxide surfaces by using infrared spectroscopy, in a vacuum, in the air or in an aqueous medium. Features description of the principles, experimental setups and parameter interpretation, and the theory for several advanced IR-based techniques for interface characterisation Contains examples which demonstrate the capacity, potential and limits of the IR techniques Helps finding the most adequate mode of analysis."--Publisher.

TRAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry

TRAC  Trends in Analytical Chemistry Author P. W. J. M. Boumans
ISBN-10 9781483274607
Release 2013-09-17
Pages 288
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Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 4 focuses on the advancements of processes, technologies, operations, automation, and applications of analytical chemistry. The selection first offers information on bullet-proof input with an IBM-PC, including trends in pesticide residue analysis; environmental analysis using gas chromatography; and ion-induced spectroscopic methods for the analysis of surfaces, interfaces, and thin films. The text then elaborates on the PROLOG, an artificial intelligence language, and the consideration of FORTH as a good programming environment for laboratory automation. Discussions focus on computer aided optimization in high performance liquid chromatography; porphyrin analysis by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography; and liquid chromatography with on-line electron-capture detection. The text elaborates on linear regression and simple statistics calculated with the spread sheet program, SUPERLAC. Discussions focus on lipid membrane technology for chemical and biosensor development; use of chemometrics in apportionment of air pollution sources; and analytical applications of direct chromatographic enantioseparation. The publication is a dependable reference for readers interested in the trends in analytical chemistry.