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Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics Author Peter W. Hawkes
ISBN-10 0080490107
Release 2004-12-18
Pages 608
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* A special volume devoted principally to the role of the late Sir Charles Oatley in the development of the scanning electron microscopeings * It contains historical articles and reminiscences by most of the scientists who have worked on the scanning electron microscope in Oatley's laboratory * Emphasizes broad and in depth article collaborations between world-renowned scientists in the field of image and electron physics Although the scanning electron microscope had a prehistory in Germany and the USA, its real champion was Charles Oatley, who launched his project in the Cambridge University Engineering Department shortly after the end of World War II. A first microscope was built successfully by D. McMullan, one of the Guest Editors of this volume and a succession of progressively improved instruments followed. One in particular, built by K.C.A. Smith was commissioned specially for the Canadian Pulp and Paper Research Institute for use in their Montreal laboratories. All these efforts culminated in the commercial model built by the Cambridge Instrument Company and marketed in 1965 under the trade name, Stereoscan. Although this story has been told on several occasions, in particular in these Advances, it seemed appropriate, in the centenary year of the birth of Sir Charles Oatley, that more details should be published to celebrate these achievements. This volume is the result. It contains not only historical articles and reminiscences by most of the scientists who have worked on the scanning electron microscope in Oatley's laboratory but also full or partial reproductions of many of the key publications, beginning with McMullan's early paper of 1953 and including Oatley's own "Early history of the scanning electron microscope" (1982). A website has been created, in which supplementary material is collected. This volume is a tribute to a bold pioneering scientist and a vivid record of the creation of the first commercial scanning electron microscopes and of subsequent developments. * A special volume devoted principally to the role of the late Sir Charles Oatley in the development of the scanning electron microscopeings * It contains historical articles and reminiscences by most of the scientists who have worked on the scanning electron microscope in Oatley's laboratory * Emphasizes broad and in depth article collaborations between world-renowned scientists in the field of image and electron physics



Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics Author Peter W. Hawkes
ISBN-10 0120147521
Release 1999-09
Pages 178
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Advances in Imaging & Electron Physics merges two long-running serials--Advances in Electronics & Electron Physics and Advances in Optical & Electron Microscopy. The series features extended articles on the physics of electron devices (especially semiconductor devices), particle optics at high and low energies, microlithography, image science and digital image processing, electromagnetic wave propagation, electron microscopy, and the computing methods used in all these domains.



Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015058886634
Release 2004
Pages
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Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics book for free.



Science of Microscopy

Science of Microscopy Author Peter Hawkes
ISBN-10 9780387497624
Release 2008-08-29
Pages 1322
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This fully corrected second impression of the classic 2006 text on microscopy runs to more than 1,000 pages and covers up-to-the-minute developments in the field. The two-volume work brings together a slew of experts who present comprehensive reviews of all the latest instruments and new versions of the older ones, as well as their associated operational techniques. The chapters draw attention to their principal areas of application. A huge range of subjects are benefiting from these new tools, including semiconductor physics, medicine, molecular biology, the nanoworld in general, magnetism, and ferroelectricity. This fascinating book will be an indispensable guide for a wide range of scientists in university laboratories as well as engineers and scientists in industrial R&D departments.



Electron Backscatter Diffraction in Materials Science

Electron Backscatter Diffraction in Materials Science Author Adam J. Schwartz
ISBN-10 030646487X
Release 2000-09-30
Pages 339
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Crystallographic texture or preferred orientation has long been known to strongly influence material properties. Historically, the means of obtaining such texture data has been though the use of x-ray or neutron diffraction for bulk texture measurements, or transmission electron microscopy or electron channeling for local crystallographic information. In recent years, we have seen the emergence of a new characterization technique for probing the microtexture of materials. This advance has come about primarily through the automated indexing of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) patterns. The first commercially available system was introduced in 1994, and since then of sales worldwide has been dramatic. This has accompanied widening the growth applicability in materials scienceproblems such as microtexture, phase identification, grain boundary character distribution, deformation microstructures, etc. and is evidence that this technique can, in some cases, replace more time-consuming transmission electron microscope (TEM) or x-ray diffraction investigations. The benefits lie in the fact that the spatial resolution on new field emission scanning electron microscopes (SEM) can approach 50 nm, but spatial extent can be as large a centimeter or greater with a computer controlled stage and montagingofthe images. Additional benefits include the relative ease and low costofattaching EBSD hardware to new or existing SEMs. Electron backscatter diffraction is also known as backscatter Kikuchi diffraction (BKD), or electron backscatter pattern technique (EBSP). Commercial names for the automation include Orientation Imaging Microscopy (OIMTM) and Automated Crystal Orientation Mapping (ACOM).



Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics

Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics Author Kevin Jensen
ISBN-10 9780080556833
Release 2007-11-26
Pages 360
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Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics merges two long-running serials-Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics and Advances in Optical and Electron Microscopy. This series features extended articles on the physics of electron devices (especially semiconductor devices), particle optics at high and low energies, microlithography, image science and digital image processing, electromagnetic wave propagation, electron microscopy, and the computing methods used in all these domains. This thematic volume is on the topic of "Field-emission Source Mechanisms" and is authored by Kevin Jensen, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC.



The Beginnings of Electron Microscopy

The Beginnings of Electron Microscopy Author Peter W. Hawkes
ISBN-10 9781483284651
Release 2013-11-06
Pages 654
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The Beginnings of Electron Microscopy presents the technical development of electron microscope. This book examines the mechanical as well as the technical problems arising from the physical properties of the electron. Organized into 19 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the history of scanning electron microscopy and electron beam microanalysis. This text then explains the applications and capabilities of electron microscopes during the war. Other chapters consider the classical techniques of light microscopy. This book presents as well the schematic outline of the preparation techniques for investigation of nerve cells by electron microscopy. The final chapter deals with the historical account of the beginnings of electron microscopy in Russia. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, technologists, physicists, electrical engineers, designers, and technicians. Graduate students as well as researcher workers who are interested in the history of electron microscopy will also find this book extremely useful.



4D Electron Microscopy

4D Electron Microscopy Author Ahmed H. Zewail
ISBN-10 9781848164000
Release 2010
Pages 341
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Structural phase transitions, mechanical deformations, and the embryonic stages of melting and crystallization are examples of phenomena that can now be imaged in unprecedented structural detail with high spatial resolution, and ten orders of magnitude as fast as hitherto. No monograph in existence attempts to cover the revolutionary dimensions that EM in its various modes of operation nowadays makes possible. The authors of this book chart these developments, and also compare the merits of coherent electron waves with those of synchrotron radiation. They judge it prudent to recall some important basic procedural and theoretical aspects of imaging and diffraction so that the reader may better comprehend the significance of the new vistas and applications now afoot. This book is not a vade mecum - numerous other texts are available for the practitioner for that purpose.



Fluorescence Microscopy

Fluorescence Microscopy Author Anda Cornea
ISBN-10 9780124167131
Release 2014-02-24
Pages 260
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Fluorescence Microscopy: Super-Resolution and other Novel Techniques delivers a comprehensive review of current advances in fluorescence microscopy methods as applied to biological and biomedical science. With contributions selected for clarity, utility, and reproducibility, the work provides practical tools for investigating these ground-breaking developments. Emphasizing super-resolution techniques, light sheet microscopy, sample preparation, new labels, and analysis techniques, this work keeps pace with the innovative technical advances that are increasingly vital to biological and biomedical researchers. With its extensive graphics, inter-method comparisons, and tricks and approaches not revealed in primary publications, Fluorescence Microscopy encourages readers to both understand these methods, and to adapt them to other systems. It also offers instruction on the best visualization to derive quantitative information about cell biological structure and function, delivering crucial guidance on best practices in related laboratory research. Presents a timely and comprehensive review of novel techniques in fluorescence imaging as applied to biological and biomedical research Offers insight into common challenges in implementing techniques, as well as effective solutions



Electron Microscopy and Analysis Third Edition

Electron Microscopy and Analysis  Third Edition Author Peter J. Goodhew
ISBN-10 0748409688
Release 2000-11-30
Pages 254
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Electron Microscopy and Analysis deals with several sophisticated techniques for magnifying images of very small objects by large amounts - especially in a physical science context. It has been ten years since the last edition of Electron Microscopy and Analysis was published and there have been rapid changes in this field since then. The authors have vastly updated their very successful second edition, which is already established as an essential laboratory manual worldwide, and they have incorporated questions and answers in each chapter for ease of learning. Equally as relevant for material scientists and bioscientists, this third edition is an essential textbook.



Practical Veterinary Diagnostic Imaging

Practical Veterinary Diagnostic Imaging Author Suzanne Easton
ISBN-10 9781118278918
Release 2012-05-15
Pages 256
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Practical Veterinary Diagnostic Imaging is an essential and practical guide to the various diagnostic imaging modalities that are used in veterinary practice. It moves from basic mathematic and physical principles through to discussion of equipment and practical methods. Radiographic techniques for both small and large animals are covered. There is a separate chapter devoted to ultrasound, as well as discussion of advanced imaging techniques such as fluoroscopy, computerised tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The book also covers legislation and safety issues in the context of their impact on the veterinary practice. Presented with clear line diagrams and photographs, Practical Veterinary Diagnostic Imaging also provides revision points and self-assessment questions in each chapter to aid study. It is an ideal guide for student and qualified veterinary nurses. It is also a useful reference for veterinary students and veterinarians in general practice who want a basic guide to radiography and other imaging modalities. KEY FEATURES Everything you need to know about diagnostic imaging in veterinary practice in a language you can easily understand The basic principles of physics presented in simple terms Improves your positioning techniques with practical tips for best practice Clear guidance on the use of digital imaging to improve image quality and reduce radiation doses to patients Companion website with additional resources (available at www.wiley.com/go/easton/diagnosticimaging)



Practical Nuclear Medicine

Practical Nuclear Medicine Author Peter F. Sharp
ISBN-10 9781846280184
Release 2006-10-27
Pages 382
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This book is an essential guide for all practitioners. The emphasis throughout is on the practice of nuclear medicine. Primarily aimed at the radiologist, physician, physicist or technologist starting in nuclear medicine, it will also appeal to more experienced practitioners who are keen to stay up-to-date. The practical approach with tables as "recipes" for acquisition protocols means it is essential for any departmental shelf. 3rd edition expanded - now covering areas of development in nuclear medicine, such as PET and other methods of tumour imaging, data processing. All illustrations are up-to-date to reflect current standards of image quality.



The Langevin Equation

The Langevin Equation Author William Coffey
ISBN-10 9810216513
Release 1996
Pages 413
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The book is suitable for a lecture course on the theory of Brownian motion, being based on final year undergraduate lectures given at Trinity College, Dublin. Topics that are discussed include: white noise; the Chapman-Kolmogorov equation ? Kramers-Moyal expansion; the Langevin equation; the Fokker-Planck equation; Brownian motion of a free particle; spectral density and the Wiener-Khintchin theorem ? Brownian motion in a potential application to the Josephson effect, ring laser gyro; Brownian motion in two dimensions; harmonic oscillators; itinerant oscillators; linear response theory; rotational Brownian motion; application to loss processes in dielectric and ferrofluids; superparamagnetism and nonlinear relaxation processes.As the first elementary book on the Langevin equation approach to Brownian motion, this volume attempts to fill in all the missing details which students find particularly hard to comprehend from the fundamental papers contained in the Dover reprint ? Selected Papers on Noise and Stochastic Processes, ed. N Wax (1954) ? together with modern applications particularly to relaxation in ferrofluids and polar dielectrics.



Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy

Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy Author
ISBN-10 9781107116573
Release
Pages
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Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy book for free.



X Ray Lasers 2014

X Ray Lasers 2014 Author Jorge Rocca
ISBN-10 9783319195216
Release 2015-09-19
Pages 416
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These proceedings comprise invited and contributed papers presented at the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers (ICXRL 2014). This conference is part of a continuing series dedicated to recent developments and applications of x-ray lasers and other coherent x-ray sources with attention to supporting technologies and instrumentation. New results in the generation of intense, coherent x-rays and progress toward practical devices and their applications in numerous fields are reported. Areas of research in plasma-based x-ray lasers, 4th generation accelerator-based sources and higher harmonic generation, and other x-ray generation schemes are covered. The scope of ICXRL 2014 included, but was not limited to: Laser-pumped X-ray lasers Discharge excitation and other X-ray laser pumping methods Injection/seeding of X-ray amplifiers New lasing transitions and novel X-ray laser schemes High Harmonic sources-Free-electron laser generation in the XUV and X-ray range Novel schemes for coherent XUV and X-ray generation XUV and X-ray optics and metrology-Driving laser technology Theory and modeling of X-ray gain medium and beam characteristics Applications of high brightness and ultrashort X-ray sources



Basics of Interferometry

Basics of Interferometry Author P. Hariharan
ISBN-10 0080465455
Release 2010-07-28
Pages 248
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Optical interferometry is used in communications, medical imaging, astonomy, and structural measurement. With the use of an interferometer engineers and scientists are able to complete surface inspections of micromachined surfaces and semiconductors. Medical technicians are able to give more consise diagnoses with the employ of interferometers in microscopy, spectroscopy, and coherent tomography. Originating from a one-day course, this material was expanded to serve as an introduction to the topic for engineers and scientists that have little optical knowledge but a need for more in their daily work lives. The need for interferometry knowledge has crossed the boundaries of engineering fields and Dr. Hariharan has written a book that answers the questions that new practitioners to interferometry have and haven't even thought of yet. Basics of Interferometry, Second Edition includes complete updates of all material with an emphasis on applications. It also has new chapters on white-light microsopy and interference with single photons. Outstanding introduction to the world of optical interferometry with summaries at the begining and end of each chapter, several appendices with essential information, and worked numerical problems Practical details enrich understanding for readers new to this material New chapters on white-light microscopy for medical imaging and interference with single photons(quantum optics)



Cellular Imaging

Cellular Imaging Author Eric Hanssen
ISBN-10 9783319689975
Release 2017-12-30
Pages 323
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This book highlights important techniques for cellular imaging and covers the basics and applications of electron tomography and related techniques. In addition, it considers practical aspects and broadens the technological focus by incorporating techniques that are only now becoming accessible (e.g. block face imaging). The first part of the book describes the electron microscopy 3D technique available to scientists around the world, allowing them to characterize organelles, cells and tissues. The major emphasis is on new technologies like scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) tomography, though the book also reviews some of the more proven technologies like electron tomography. In turn, the second part is dedicated to the reconstruction of data sets, signal improvement and interpretation