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Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes

Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes Author A. Leitmannova Liu
ISBN-10 0080461999
Release 2006-04-25
Pages 370
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The lipid bilayer is central to life, as all living organisms possess a lipid bilayer structure, thereby underlying the lipid bilayer principle of biomembranes. The lipid bilayer principle and its applications are the main theme of this new book series. This new series on bilayer lipid membranes (BLMs and liposomes) include invited chapters on a broad range of topics, from theoretical investigations, specific studies, experimental methods, to practical applications. Written for newcomers, experienced scientists, and those who are not familiar with these specific research areas, the Series covers all aspects of lipid bilayer investigations, both fundamental and applied. * Covers a broad range of topics ranging from theoretical research, specific studies, experimental methods, to practical applications * Authoritative timely reviews by experts in this field * Indispensable source of information for new scientists



Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes

Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes Author Ales Iglic
ISBN-10 0123812674
Release 2010-11-03
Pages 296
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Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes, Volume 9, continues to include invited chapters on a broad range of topics, covering both main arrangements of the reconstituted system, namely planar lipid bilayers and spherical liposomes. The invited authors present the latest results in this exciting multidisciplinary field of their own research group. Many of the contributors working in both fields over many decades were in close collaboration with the late Prof. H. Ti Tien, the founding editor of this book series. There are also chapters written by some of the younger generation of scientists included in this series. This volume keeps in mind the broader goal with both systems, planar lipid bilayers and spherical liposomes, which is the further development of this interdisciplinary field worldwide. Incorporates contributions from newcomers and established and experienced researchers Explores the planar lipid bilayer systems and spherical liposomes from both theoretical and experimental perspectives Serves as an indispensable source of information for new scientists



Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes

Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes Author
ISBN-10 9780124199606
Release 2014-04-17
Pages 206
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Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes volumes cover a broad range of topics, including main arrangements of the reconstituted system, namely planar lipid bilayers as well as spherical liposomes. The invited authors present the latest results of their own research groups in this exciting multidisciplinary field. Incorporates contributions from newcomers and established and experienced researchers Explores the planar lipid bilayer systems and spherical liposomes from theoretical and experimental perspectives Serves as an indispensable source of information for new scientists



Advances in Biomembranes and Lipid Self Assembly

Advances in Biomembranes and Lipid Self Assembly Author
ISBN-10 9780128157732
Release 2018-02-24
Pages 262
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Advances in Biomembranes and Lipid Self-Assembly, Volume 27, formerly titled Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes, provides a global platform for a broad community of experimental and theoretical researchers studying cell membranes, lipid model membranes, and lipid self-assemblies from the micro- to the nanoscale. The assortment of chapters in this volume represents both original research and comprehensive reviews written by world leading experts and young researchers, with topics of note in this release including TiO2 Nanomaterials as Electrochemical Biosensors for Cancer, the Reconstitution of Ion Channels in Planar Lipid Bilayers: New Approaches, and Shear-Induced Lamellar/Onion Transition in Surfactant Systems. Surveys recent theoretical and experimental results on lipid micro- and nanostructures Presents potential uses of applications, like clinically relevant diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, biotechnology, pharmaceutical engineering and food products Includes both original research and comprehensive reviews written by world leading experts and young researchers Provides a global platform for a broad community of experimental and theoretical researchers studying cell membranes, lipid model membranes and lipid self-assemblies, from micro to nanoscale



Planar lipid bilayers

Planar lipid bilayers Author W. Hanke
ISBN-10 UOM:39015034303555
Release 1993
Pages 133
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Biological Techniques is a series of volumes aimed at introducing to a wide audience the latest advances in methodology. The pitfalls and problems of new techniques are given due consideration, as are those small but vital details not always explicit in the methods sections of journal papers. In recent years, most biological laboratories have been invaded by computers and a wealth of new DNA technology and this will be reflected in many of the titles appearing in the series. The books will be of value to advanced researchers and graduate students seeking to learn and apply new techniques, and will be useful to teachers of advanced undergraduate courses involving practical or project work. Methods of constructing artificial membranes (planar lipid bilayers) from the main components of cell membranes (lipids) date from the early 1960s. Planar bilayers offer direct, quantitative experimental approaches to the study of membranes of precisely determined composition which can be manipulated by the experimenter. Pore-forming molecules, transporter molecules, ATP-dependent enzymes and other entities can be incorporated into the bilayers to simulate biological functions. Reconstitution of such functions in this way remains a key final step in attributing a functional role to purified cell membrane proteins. This book aims to demystify these techniques and begins with a broad overview of the development of the subject before dealing with the protocols involved. Key references are provided at the end of the book together with a list of suppliers. Full practical details include: * How to set up conventional painted and folded bilayer experiments * Patch-dipping methods and use of giant liposomes * Lipid characterization, preparation and purification * Discussion of construction of essential apparatus, flux measurements, electrical recording, data acquisition and computer support * Biochemical methods for use in planar bilayer experiments * Techniques for incorporation of native proteins and other molecules



Membrane Biophysics As Viewed from Experimental Bilayer Lipid Membranes

Membrane Biophysics  As Viewed from Experimental Bilayer Lipid Membranes Author H.T. Tien †
ISBN-10 0080536166
Release 2000-01-11
Pages 648
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This book summarizes the current status of research on bilayer lipid membranes (planar lipid bilayers and spherical liposomes). In addition to describing the properties of lipid bilayers and examining biomembrane phenomena, the book has two other objectives. The first is to present practical methods for the formation and study of lipid bilayers with either aqueous or metal-lipid bilayer interfaces. The second aim is to treat planar lipid bilayers as a new type of interfacial adsorption phenomena. The first nine chapters cover properties of biomembranes, basic principles of membrane biophysics, transport, electrochemistry, physiology, bioenergetics, and photobiology. Chapter 10 presents the following topics: lipid bilayers in medicine, supported lipid bilayers as sensors, a short discussion of liposomes, and solar energy transduction via semiconductor septum photovoltaic cells based on natural photosynthesis.



Planar Lipid Bilayers BLM s and Their Applications

Planar Lipid Bilayers  BLM s  and Their Applications Author H.T. Tien †
ISBN-10 0080539033
Release 2003-02-27
Pages 1044
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The lipid bilayer is the most basic structural element of cell membranes. A wide range of topics are covered in this volume, from the origin of the lipid bilayer concept, to current applications and experimental techniques. Each chapter in this volume is self-contained and describes a group's research, providing detailed methodology and key references useful for researchers. Lipid bilayer research is of great interest to many because of it's interdisciplinary nature. · Provides an overview of decades of research on the lipid bilayer · 38 contributed chapters, by leading scientists, cover a wide range of topics in one authoritative volume · Book coincides with 40th anniversary of BLM



Thermal Biophysics of Membranes

Thermal Biophysics of Membranes Author Thomas Heimburg
ISBN-10 9783527611607
Release 2008-02-08
Pages 378
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An overview of recent experimental and theoretical developments in the field of the physics of membranes, including new insights from the past decade. The author uses classical thermal physics and physical chemistry to explain our current understanding of the membrane. He looks at domain and 'raft' formation, and discusses it in the context of thermal fluctuations that express themselves in heat capacity and elastic constants. Further topics are lipid-protein interactions, protein binding, and the effect of sterols and anesthetics. Many seemingly unrelated properties of membranes are shown to be intimately intertwined, leading for instance to a coupling between membrane state, domain formation and vesicular shape. This also applies to non-equilibrium phenomena like the propagation of density pulses during nerve activity. Also included is a discussion of the application of computer simulations on membranes. For both students and researchers of biophysics, biochemistry, physical chemistry, and soft matter physics.



Ion Properties

Ion Properties Author Yitzhak Marcus
ISBN-10 0824700112
Release 1997-07-29
Pages 272
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Considering the properties of inorganic and organic ions pertaining directly, as well as indirectly, to their behaviour in solutions, this work aims to enable the specialist and non-specialist alike to comprehend ion behaviour in ongoing and developing studies and applications. The companion disk is for use with Microsoft Access 2.0.



Lipid Based Nanocarriers for Drug Delivery and Diagnosis

Lipid Based Nanocarriers for Drug Delivery and Diagnosis Author Muhammad Raza Shah
ISBN-10 9780323527309
Release 2017-06-07
Pages 372
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Lipid-Based Nanocarriers for Drug Delivery and Diagnosis explores the present state of widely used lipid-based nanoparticulate delivery systems, such as solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN), nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC), nanoliposomes, micelles, nanoemulsions, nanosuspensions and lipid nanotubes. The various types of lipids that can be exploited for drug delivery and their chemical composition and physicochemical characteristics are reviewed in detail, along with their characterization aspects and effects of their dimensions on drug delivery systems behavior in-vitro and in-vivo. The book covers the effective utilization of these lipids based systems for controlled and targeted delivery of potential drugs/genes for enhanced clinical efficacy. Provides the present state of widely used lipid-based nanoparticulate delivery systems Explores how lipid-based nanocarriers improve drug delivery safety Describes the nanoformulation design and the preparation methods of lipid-based nanocarriers



Bilayer Lipid Membranes Structure and Mechanical Properties

Bilayer Lipid Membranes  Structure and Mechanical Properties Author Tibor Hianik
ISBN-10 0792335511
Release 1995-08-31
Pages 436
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In Bilayer Lipid Membranes. Structure and Mechanical Properties the authors use new methods of measurement, which they have themselves developed, to present an analysis of the relation between membrane structure and viscoelastic properties, in particular in the transversal direction. Hianik and Passechnik's approach is fundamentally different from the usual one, in that they analyze lipid bilayer dynamics during various modes of deformation, arriving at a new, `three-layer' model that accounts for the great heterogeneity of biomembranes. The macroscopic parameters of membranes have been measured using a wide variety of methods, leading to a discussion of the correlations between the parameters. There is also an extensive discussion of the dynamic changes in mechanical properties of lipid bilayers in the course of conformational transition of integral proteins. During the conformational changes of proteins, the structure of a bilayer undergoes a transition, reaching a new, stable membrane state. The book is the first to present a comprehensive analysis of long-distance interaction in lipid bilayers and of molecular mechanisms of mechanoreception. Audience: Scientists and graduate students working in biophysics, membranology, physiology, medicine, pharmacology, bioelectronics, electrochemistry, and colloid chemistry.



Heat Transfer in Aerospace Applications

Heat Transfer in Aerospace Applications Author Bengt Sundén
ISBN-10 9780128097618
Release 2016-10-19
Pages 272
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Heat Transfer in Aerospace Applications is the first book to provide an overall description of various heat transfer issues of relevance for aerospace applications. The book contains chapters relating to convection cooling, heat pipes, ablation, heat transfer at high velocity, low pressure and microgravity, aircraft heat exchangers, fuel cells, and cryogenic cooling systems. Chapters specific to low density heat transfer (4) and microgravity heat transfer (9) are newer subjects which have not been previously covered. The book takes a basic engineering approach by including correlations and examples that an engineer needs during the initial phases of vehicle design or to quickly analyze and solve a specific problem. Designed for mechanical, chemical, and aerospace engineers in research institutes, companies, and consulting firms, this book is an invaluable resource for the latest on aerospace heat transfer engineering and research. Provides an overall description of heat transfer issues of relevance for aerospace applications Discusses why thermal problems arise and introduces the various heat transfer modes Helps solve the problem of selecting and calculating the cooling system, the heat exchanger, and heat protection Features a collection of problems in which the methods presented in the book can be used to solve these problems



Soilless Culture Theory and Practice

Soilless Culture  Theory and Practice Author Michael Raviv
ISBN-10 0080556426
Release 2007-12-27
Pages 608
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Plant production in hydroponics and soilless culture is rapidly expanding throughout the world, raising a great interest in the scientific community. For the first time in an authoritative reference book, authors cover both theoretical and practical aspects of hydroponics (growing plants without the use of soil). This reference book covers the state-of-the-art in this area, while offering a clear view of supplying plants with nutrients other than soil. Soilless Culture provides the reader with an understanding of the properties of the various soiless media and how these properties affect plant performance in relation to basic horticultural operations, such as irrigation and fertilization. This book is ideal for agronomists, horticulturalists, greenhouse and nursery managers, extension specialists, and people involved with the production of plants. * Comprehensive discussion of hydroponic systems, irrigation, and control measures allows readers to achieve optimal performance * State-of-the-art book on all theoretical aspects of hydroponics and soilless culture including a thorough description of the root system, its functions and limitation posed by restricted root volume * Critical and updated reviews of current analytical methods and how to translate their results to irrigation and fertilization practices * Definitive chapters on recycled, no-discharge systems including salinity and nutrition management and pathogen eradication * Up-to-date description of all important types of growing media



The Virility Paradox

The Virility Paradox Author Charles J. Ryan, MD
ISBN-10 9781944648572
Release 2018-02-27
Pages 320
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Testosterone makes us stronger, happier, and smarter. It also makes us meaner, more violent and more selfish. A scientific look into the vast and unexpected influence testosterone has on our behavior, our society, and our bodies. The brain of every man—and every woman—is shaped by this tiny molecule from before birth: it propels our drive for exploration and risk, for competition and creation, and even our survival. The effects of testosterone permeate the traditions, philosophy, and literature of every known culture—without it, the world would be a drastically different place. Testosterone also has a role in humanity’s darker side, contributing to violence, hubris, poverty, crime, and selfishness. Recent revelations of the science of testosterone show that high levels will deplete compassion and generosity, and even reduce the affection we show our children. In The Virility Paradox, internationally renowned oncologist and prostate cancer researcher Charles Ryan explores this complex chemical system responsible for a diverse spectrum of human behaviors and health in both men and women. Ryan taps his vast experience treating prostate cancer with testosterone-lowering therapy, observing that this often leads to profound changes in the patients’ perspectives on their lives and relationships. Often, for the better. Ryan uses the journeys of these patients and others to illustrate the vast and sometimes unexpected influence testosterone has on human lives. Through the stories of real men and women, he also explores the connections between testosterone and conditions like dementia, autism, and cancer, as well as the biological underpinnings of sexual assault and the effects it has on everything from crime to investing to everyday choices we make. Integrating the molecular and the medical, sociology and storytelling, The Virility Paradox;offers a fascinating look at how one hormone has shaped history, and the connections between our biology, our behavior, and our best selves.



Computer Aided Applications in Pharmaceutical Technology

Computer Aided Applications in Pharmaceutical Technology Author Jelena Djuris
ISBN-10 9781908818324
Release 2013-04-10
Pages 300
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Research and development in the pharmaceutical industry is a time-consuming and expensive process, making it difficult for newly developed drugs to be formulated into commercially available products. Both formulation and process development can be optimized by means of statistically organized experiments, artificial intelligence and other computational methods. Simultaneous development and investigation of pharmaceutical products and processes enables application of quality by design concept that is being promoted by the regulatory authorities worldwide. Computer-aided applications in pharmaceutical technology covers the fundamentals of experimental design application and interpretation in pharmaceutical technology, chemometric methods with emphasis of their application in process control, neural computing (artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic and decision trees, evolutionary computing and genetic algorithms, self-organizing maps), computer-aided biopharmaceutical characterization as well as application of computational fluid dynamics in pharmaceutical technology. All of these techniques are essential tools for successful building of quality into pharmaceutical products and processes from the early stage of their development to selection of the optimal ones. In addition to theoretical aspects of various methods, the book provides numerous examples of their application in the field of pharmaceutical technology. A comprehensive review of the current state of the art on various computer aided applications in pharmaceutical technology Case studies are presented in order to facilitate understanding of various concepts in computer-aided applications



Solitons in Optical Fibers

Solitons in Optical Fibers Author Linn F. Mollenauer
ISBN-10 0080465064
Release 2006-03-08
Pages 296
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Solitons are waves that retain their form through obstacle and distance. Solitons can be found in hydrodynamics, nonlinear optics, plasma physics, and biology. Optical solitons are solitary light waves that hold their form over an expansive interval. Conservation of this form creates an effective model for long distance voice and data transmission. The application of this principle is essential to the technology of wired communications. Optical solitons produce crystal clear phone calls cross-country and internationally. It is because of these that someone on the other end of the phone sounds 'in the next room.' It is also pertinent to high-speed network information transmittal. Mollenauer and Gordon have written the only text that an engineer or graduate student will need to understand this foundation subject in optics. *Written by Linn Mollenauer and James Gordon who are celebrated for applying optical solitons to telecommnications *Combines mathematical developments with well-chosen practical examples and design formulas *Extensive material on the basic physics of fiber optic transmission and its practical applications



Engineering of High Performance Textiles

Engineering of High Performance Textiles Author Menghe Miao
ISBN-10 9780081018859
Release 2017-09-07
Pages 544
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Engineering of High-Performance Textiles discusses the fiber-to-fabric engineering of various textile products. Each chapter focuses on practical guidelines and approaches for common issues in textile research and development. The book discusses high-performance fibers and yarns before presenting the engineering fabrics and architectures needed for particular properties required of high-performance textiles. Properties covered include moisture absorption, pilling resistant knitwear, fire retardant fabrics, camouflage fabrics, insect repellent fabrics, filtration, and many more. Coordinated by two highly distinguished editors, this book is a practical resource for all those engaged in textile research, development and production, for both traditional and new-generation textile products, and for academics involved in research into textile science and technology. Offers a range of perspectives on high-performance textiles from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research, textile development and manufacture Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the topic from fabric construction, through product development, to the range of current and potential applications that exploit high-performance textile technology Led by two high-profile editors with many years’ experience in engineering high-performance textiles