Download or read online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Affinity that Elusive Dream

Affinity  that Elusive Dream Author
ISBN-10 026225784X
Release 2008-01-25
Pages 613
Download Link Click Here

In the eighteenth century, chemistry was transformed from an art to a public science. Chemical affinity played an important role in this process as a metaphor, a theory domain, and a subject of investigation. Goethe's Elective Affinities, which was based on the current understanding of chemical affinities, attests to chemistry's presence in the public imagination. In Affinity, That Elusive Dream, Mi Gyung Kim restores chemical affinity to its proper place in historiography and in Enlightenment public culture.The Chemical Revolution is usually associated with Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, who introduced a modern nomenclature and a definitive text. Kim argues that chemical affinity was erased from historical memory by Lavoisier's omission of it from his textbook. She examines the work of many less famous French chemists (including physicians, apothecaries, metallurgists, philosophical chemists, and industrial chemists) to explore the institutional context of chemical instruction and research, the social stratification that shaped theoretical discourse, and the crucial shifts in analytic methods. Apothecaries and metallurgists, she shows, shaped the main theory domains through their innovative approach to analysis. Academicians and philosophical chemists brought about two transformative theoretical moments through their efforts to create a rational discourse of chemistry in tune with the reigning natural philosophy.The topics discussed include the corpuscular (Cartesian) model in French chemistry in the early 1700s, the stabilization of the theory domains of composition and affinity, the reconstruction of French theoretical discourse in the middle of the eighteenth century, the Newtonian languages that plagued the domain of affinity just before the Chemical Revolution, Guyton de Morveau's program of affinity chemistry, Lavoisier's reconstruction of the theory domains of chemistry, and Berthollet's path as an affinity chemist.



Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Science and Technology in the Global Cold War Author Naomi Oreskes
ISBN-10 9780262526531
Release 2014-11-07
Pages 472
Download Link Click Here

The Cold War period saw a dramatic expansion of state-funded science and technology research. Government and military patronage shaped Cold War technoscientific practices, imposing methods that were project oriented, team based, and subject to national-security restrictions. These changes affected not just the arms race and the space race but also research in agriculture, biomedicine, computer science, ecology, meteorology, and other fields. This volume examines science and technology in the context of the Cold War, considering whether the new institutions and institutional arrangements that emerged globally constrained technoscientific inquiry or offered greater opportunities for it. The contributors find that whatever the particular science, and whatever the political system in which that science was operating, the knowledge that was produced bore some relation to the goals of the nation-state. These goals varied from nation to nation; weapons research was emphasized in the United States and the Soviet Union, for example, but in France and China scientific independence and self-reliance dominated. The contributors also consider to what extent the changes to science and technology practices in this era were produced by the specific politics, anxieties, and aspirations of the Cold War.ContributorsElena Aronova, Erik M. Conway, Angela N. H. Creager, David Kaiser, John Krige, Naomi Oreskes, George Reisch, Sigrid Schmalzer, Sonja D. Schmid, Matthew Shindell, Asif A. Siddiqi, Zuoyue Wang, Benjamin Wilson



Heredity Explored

Heredity Explored Author Staffan Müller-Wille
ISBN-10 9780262034432
Release 2016-07-08
Pages 480
Download Link Click Here

Investigations of how the understanding of heredity developed in scientific, medical, agro-industrial, and political contexts of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.



Chemical Heritage

Chemical Heritage Author
ISBN-10 CHI:82286548
Release 2008
Pages
Download Link Click Here

Chemical Heritage has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Chemical Heritage also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Chemical Heritage book for free.



Instruments and Experimentation in the History of Chemistry

Instruments and Experimentation in the History of Chemistry Author Frederic Lawrence Holmes
ISBN-10 0262082829
Release 2000
Pages 415
Download Link Click Here

This volume moves chemical instruments and experiments into the foreground ofhistorical concern, in line with the emphasis on practice that characterizes current work on otherfields of science and engineering.



The Imagined Empire

The Imagined Empire Author Mi Gyung Kim
ISBN-10 9780822981954
Release 2017-03-31
Pages 472
Download Link Click Here

The hot-air balloon, invented by the Montgolfier brothers in 1783, launched for the second time just days before the Treaty of Paris would end the American Revolutionary War. The ascent in Paris—a technological marvel witnessed by a diverse crowd that included Benjamin Franklin—highlighted celebrations of French military victory against Britain and ignited a balloon mania that swept across Europe at the end of the Enlightenment. This popular frenzy for balloon experiments, which attracted hundreds of thousands of spectators, fundamentally altered the once elite audience for science by bringing aristocrats and commoners together. The Imagined Empire explores how this material artifact, the flying machine, not only expanded the public for science and spectacle but also inspired utopian dreams of a republican monarchy that would obliterate social boundaries. The balloon, Mi Gyung Kim argues, was a people-machine, a cultural performance that unified and mobilized the people of France, who imagined an aerial empire that would bring glory to the French nation. This critical history of ballooning considers how a relatively simple mechanical gadget became an explosive cultural and political phenomenon on the eve of the French Revolution.



H G Bronn Ernst Haeckel and the Origins of German Darwinism

H G  Bronn  Ernst Haeckel  and the Origins of German Darwinism Author Sander Gliboff
ISBN-10 UOM:39015077108036
Release 2008
Pages 259
Download Link Click Here

Gliboff traces Bronn's influence on German Darwinism through the early career of Ernst Haeckel, Darwin's most famous nineteenth-century proponent and popularizer in Germany, who learned his Darwinism from the Bronn translation."--BOOK JACKET.



The Tropics of Empire

The Tropics of Empire Author Nicolás Wey Gómez
ISBN-10 UOM:39015077677931
Release 2008
Pages 592
Download Link Click Here

A radical revision of the geographical history of the discovery of the Americas that links Columbus's southbound route with colonialism, slavery, and today’s divide between the industrialized North and the developing South.



Ships and Science

Ships and Science Author Larrie D. Ferreiro
ISBN-10 UOM:39015063211984
Release 2007
Pages 441
Download Link Click Here

The first book to portray the birth of naval architecture as an integral part of theScientific Revolution, examining its development and application across the major shipbuildingnations of Europe.



Aestimatio

Aestimatio Author Alan Bowen
ISBN-10 CHI:092139251
Release
Pages
Download Link Click Here

Aestimatio has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Aestimatio also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Aestimatio book for free.



Technology and Culture

Technology and Culture Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015081548540
Release
Pages
Download Link Click Here

Technology and Culture has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Technology and Culture also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Technology and Culture book for free.



American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015066043145
Release 2003
Pages
Download Link Click Here

American Book Publishing Record has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from American Book Publishing Record also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full American Book Publishing Record book for free.



Revue d histoire des sciences

Revue d histoire des sciences Author
ISBN-10 CHI:62531951
Release 2004
Pages
Download Link Click Here

Revue d histoire des sciences has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Revue d histoire des sciences also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Revue d histoire des sciences book for free.



Picturing Machines 1400 1700

Picturing Machines 1400 1700 Author Wolfgang Lefèvre
ISBN-10 0262122693
Release 2004
Pages 347
Download Link Click Here

How technical drawings shaped early engineering practice.



Observations and Predictions of Eclipse Times by Early Astronomers

Observations and Predictions of Eclipse Times by Early Astronomers Author J.M. Steele
ISBN-10 9789401595285
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 324
Download Link Click Here

Eclipses have long been seen as important celestial phenomena, whether as omens affecting the future of kingdoms, or as useful astronomical events to help in deriving essential parameters for theories of the motion of the moon and sun. This is the first book to collect together all presently known records of timed eclipse observations and predictions from antiquity to the time of the invention of the telescope. In addition to cataloguing and assessing the accuracy of the various records, which come from regions as diverse as Ancient Mesopotamia, China, and Europe, the sources in which they are found are described in detail. Related questions such as what type of clocks were used to time the observations, how the eclipse predictions were made, and how these prediction schemes were derived from the available observations are also considered. The results of this investigation have important consequences for how we understand the relationship between observation and theory in early science and the role of astronomy in early cultures, and will be of interest to historians of science, astronomers, and ancient and medieval historians.



An Introduction to Chemoinformatics

An Introduction to Chemoinformatics Author Andrew R. Leach
ISBN-10 9781402062919
Release 2007-09-04
Pages 255
Download Link Click Here

This book aims to provide an introduction to the major techniques of chemoinformatics. It is the first text written specifically for this field. The first part of the book deals with the representation of 2D and 3D molecular structures, the calculation of molecular descriptors and the construction of mathematical models. The second part describes other important topics including molecular similarity and diversity, the analysis of large data sets, virtual screening, and library design. Simple illustrative examples are used throughout to illustrate key concepts, supplemented with case studies from the literature.



The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

The Structure of Evolutionary Theory Author Stephen Jay Gould
ISBN-10 9780674417922
Release 2002-03-21
Pages 1464
Download Link Click Here

The world’s most revered and eloquent interpreter of evolutionary ideas offers here a work of explanatory force unprecedented in our time—a landmark publication, both for its historical sweep and for its scientific vision. With characteristic attention to detail, Stephen Jay Gould first describes the content and discusses the history and origins of the three core commitments of classical Darwinism: that natural selection works on organisms, not genes or species; that it is almost exclusively the mechanism of adaptive evolutionary change; and that these changes are incremental, not drastic. Next, he examines the three critiques that currently challenge this classic Darwinian edifice: that selection operates on multiple levels, from the gene to the group; that evolution proceeds by a variety of mechanisms, not just natural selection; and that causes operating at broader scales, including catastrophes, have figured prominently in the course of evolution. Then, in a stunning tour de force that will likely stimulate discussion and debate for decades, Gould proposes his own system for integrating these classical commitments and contemporary critiques into a new structure of evolutionary thought. In 2001 the Library of Congress named Stephen Jay Gould one of America’s eighty-three Living Legends—people who embody the “quintessentially American ideal of individual creativity, conviction, dedication, and exuberance.” Each of these qualities finds full expression in this peerless work, the likes of which the scientific world has not seen—and may not see again—for well over a century.