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After the Green Revolution

After the Green Revolution Author Gordon R. Conway
ISBN-10 9781134063024
Release 2013-11-05
Pages 210
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'The Green Revolution' of the 60's and 70's produced immense gains in food cereal production in the Third World. But there are huge problems in the 'post-revolutionary' era: farmers with small or marginal holdings have benefited less than wealthier farmers; intensive mono-cropping has made production more susceptible to environmental stresses and shocks. Now there is evidence of diminishing returns from intensive and intensively chemical agricultural production. What is needed is a new approach, equally revolutionary, but different in its ideas and style. The authors set out what they mean by 'sustainable' agriculture in the new era and look at the effects of international economic restraints and of national policies on the kind of development they see as necessary. They chart a path for sustainable livelihoods for Third World farmers enmeshed by forces outside their control. They describe methods of evaluating and resolving the tough trade-offs all levels of intervention, from international trade down to the individual farm. This book cannot provide all the answers, but it does indicate what international conditions we need to be aware of, what national policies we need to advocate and what approaches at the local level we need to adopt to ensure the goal of agricultural sustainability. Originally published in 1990



Participatory Research and Development for Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management Understanding participatory research and development

Participatory Research and Development for Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management  Understanding participatory research and development Author Julian F. Gonsalves
ISBN-10 9781552501818
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 273
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Research and development can no longer be the exclusive domain of scientists. To find sustainable solutions to development problems, a wider range of actors must be involved. It is crucial, for example, that local stakeholders provide input to the process. Participatory research and development (PR&D) offers such an inclusive model. This three-volume sourcebook provides easy access to field-tested PR&D concepts and practices for practitioners, researchers, and academic. As well, it presents a comprehensive overview of PR&D and will serve as a general reference for trainers, policymakers, donors, and development professionals. The sourcebook captures and examines PR&D experiences from over 30 countries, illustrating applications in sustainable crop and animal production, forest and watershed management, soil and water conservation, and postharvest and utilization.



Seeds of Sustainability

Seeds of Sustainability Author Pamela A. Matson
ISBN-10 9781610911771
Release 2012-09-26
Pages 312
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Seeds of Sustainability is a groundbreaking analysis of agricultural development and transitions toward more sustainable management in one region. An invaluable resource for researchers, policymakers, and students alike, it examines new approaches to make agricultural landscapes healthier for both the environment and people. The Yaqui Valley is the birthplace of the Green Revolution and one of the most intensive agricultural regions of the world, using irrigation, fertilizers, and other technologies to produce some of the highest yields of wheat anywhere. It also faces resource limitations, threats to human health, and rapidly changing economic conditions. In short, the Yaqui Valley represents the challenge of modern agriculture: how to maintain livelihoods and increase food production while protecting the environment. Renowned scientist Pamela Matson and colleagues from leading institutions in the U.S. and Mexico spent fifteen years in the Yaqui Valley in Sonora, Mexico addressing this challenge. Seeds of Sustainability represents the culmination of their research, providing unparalleled information about the causes and consequences of current agricultural methods. Even more importantly, it shows how knowledge can translate into better practices, not just in the Yaqui Valley, but throughout the world.



Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century

Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century Author Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources
ISBN-10 9780309148962
Release 2010-06-25
Pages 598
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In the last 20 years, there has been a remarkable emergence of innovations and technological advances that are generating promising changes and opportunities for sustainable agriculture, yet at the same time the agricultural sector worldwide faces numerous daunting challenges. Not only is the agricultural sector expected to produce adequate food, fiber, and feed, and contribute to biofuels to meet the needs of a rising global population, it is expected to do so under increasingly scarce natural resources and climate change. Growing awareness of the unintended impacts associated with some agricultural production practices has led to heightened societal expectations for improved environmental, community, labor, and animal welfare standards in agriculture. Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century assesses the scientific evidence for the strengths and weaknesses of different production, marketing, and policy approaches for improving and reducing the costs and unintended consequences of agricultural production. It discusses the principles underlying farming systems and practices that could improve the sustainability. It also explores how those lessons learned could be applied to agriculture in different regional and international settings, with an emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa. By focusing on a systems approach to improving the sustainability of U.S. agriculture, this book can have a profound impact on the development and implementation of sustainable farming systems. Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century serves as a valuable resource for policy makers, farmers, experts in food production and agribusiness, and federal regulatory agencies.



Building a Common Vision for Sustainable Food and Agriculture

Building a Common Vision for Sustainable Food and Agriculture Author Food and Agriculture Organization (Fao)
ISBN-10 9251084718
Release 2015-01-31
Pages 50
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Over the coming 35 years, agriculture will face an unprecedented confluence of pressures, including a 30 percent increase in the global population, intensifying competition for increasingly scarce land, water and energy resources, and the existential threat of climate change. To provide for a population projected to reach 9.3 billion in 2050 and support changing dietary patterns, estimates are that food production will need to increase from the current 8.4 billion tonnes to almost 13.5 billion tonnes a year. Achieving that level of production from an already seriously depleted natural resource base will be impossible without profound changes in our food and agriculture systems. We need to expand and accelerate the transition to sustainable food and agriculture which ensures world food security, provides economic and social opportunities, and protects the ecosystem services on which agriculture depends. This report is aimed primarily at policy makers and others who make or influence national and institutional decisions and actions. It is the outcome of intensive consultations and discussions aimed at developing a common approach to FAO's work on sustainability. That process was conducted in a climate of cross-sectoral collaboration that drew on the contributions of leading specialists in crops, livestock, forestry, fisheries, aquaculture, and natural resources. It builds on the Organization's long experience in developing sustainability concepts, approaches and tools, and offers a common vision of the agriculture sector and of the inter-sectoral synergies aiming at making agriculture more productive and sustainable.



Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development

Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development Author Rob Vos
ISBN-10 9781472580771
Release 2015-12-17
Pages 256
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Continuation along current development pathways is not sustainable. Available technology and production practices and the consumption patterns of modern societies are leading to global warming and ecological destruction. Business as usual is not an option. There is an urgent need to find a new development paradigm that ensures environmental sustainability while managing to provide, now and in the future, a decent livelihood for all of humankind. In Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development, experts in the area provide a variety of insights about the technical transformation needed for sustainable development. It spells out the behavioural and policy changes that would need to accompany the next technological transformation, taking into account the complexity of inducing technological change in the energy and agricultural sectors. The assessment suggests that this will require major, but doable improvements in national innovation systems and major, but affordable shifts in investment patterns and related macroeconomic adjustments.



Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Agriculture Author Eric Lichtfouse
ISBN-10 9400703945
Release 2011-02-09
Pages 992
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This book gathers review articles that analyze current agricultural issues and knowledge, then propose alternative solutions. It will therefore help all scientists, decision-makers, professors, farmers and politicians who wish to build a safe agriculture, energy and food system for future generations.



CSAT Paper 1 General Studies 101 Speed Tests with 10 Practice Sets 3rd Edition

CSAT Paper 1 General Studies 101 Speed Tests with 10 Practice Sets   3rd Edition Author Disha Experts
ISBN-10 9789386323507
Release 2017-08-19
Pages 500
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The thoroughly revised and updated 3rd edition of the book CSAT Paper 1 General Studies 101 Speed Tests with 10 Practice Sets has been updated with the latest questions in all the sections. No matter where you PREPARE from – a coaching or any textbook/ Guide - 101 SPEED TESTS provides you the right ASSESSMENT on each topic. Your performance provides you the right cues to IMPROVE your knowledge in the various topics so as to perform better in the final examination. It is to be noted here that these are not mere tests but act as a checklist of student’s learning and ability to apply concepts to different problems. The book contains 82 Topical Tests + 9 sectional tests + 10 Full length Practice Tests. The complete CSAT paper 1 syllabus has been divided into 7 broad sections which are further divided into 82 topics. The book aims at improving your SPEED followed by STRIKE RATE which will eventually lead to improving your SCORE. • Each test is based on small topics and contains around 20 MCQs on the latest pattern of the exam. • The various types of questions covered are Statement based, Matching based, Sequencing of events and Feature based MCQs. • The whole syllabus has been divided into 9 sections which are further distributed into 82 topics. • In the end of each section a Sectional Test is provided so as to sum up the whole section. • Finally at the end 10 FULL TESTS are provided so as to give the candidates the real feel of the final exam. The Full Test contains 100 questions as per the latest pattern. • In all, the book contains 2800+ Quality MCQ’s in the form of 101 tests. • Solutions to each of the 101 tests are provided at the end of the book. • Separate Time Limit, Maximum Marks, Cut-off, Qualifying Score is provided for each test. • The book also provides a separate sheet, SCORE TRACKER where you can keep a record of your scores and performance.



New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture

New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture Author Peter B. R. Hazell
ISBN-10 9780199689347
Release 2014
Pages 574
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There are about 450 million small farms today and they are getting more numerous and smaller by the day. Many have become too small to provide adequate livelihoods or to compete successfully in today's globalised markets. This has led to considerable debate about the future role of small farms and whether it still makes sense for governments to invest in them. This book reviews the current status of small farms around the developing world, and the challenges thatthey face. It finds that policy makers need to differentiate more sharply than in the past between different types of small farms and the types of assistance they need, and discusses strategies appropriate for each type. The book draws on a wealth of recent experience at IFAD and elsewhere to helpidentify best practice approaches.



Economic Growth and Sustainable Development

Economic Growth and Sustainable Development Author Peter Neal Hess
ISBN-10 9781135091798
Release 2013-04-26
Pages 536
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Economic growth, reflected in increases in national output per capita, makes possible an improved material standard of living. Sustainable development, popularly and concisely defined as ‘meeting the needs of the present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs,' directly addresses the utilization of natural resources, the state of the environment, and intergenerational equity. Fundamental questions addressed in this textbook include: What causes economic growth? Why do some countries grow faster than others? What accounts for the extraordinary growth in the world’s population over the past two centuries? What are the current trends in population and will these trends continue? Are there limits to economic growth and population growth due to resource constraints and environmental thresholds? Is sustainable development compatible with economic growth? Can sustainable development be attained without addressing the extreme poverty that afflicts over a billion of the world’s population? This interdisciplinary textbook uses a blend of formal models, empirical evidence, history and statistics to provide a coherent and comprehensive treatment of economic growth and sustainable development.



Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 14

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 14 Author Harry Ozier-Lafontaine
ISBN-10 9783319060163
Release 2014-09-03
Pages 511
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Sustainable agriculture is a rapidly growing field aiming at producing food and energy in a sustainable way for humans and their children. Sustainable agriculture is a discipline that addresses current issues such as climate change, increasing food and fuel prices, poor-nation starvation, rich-nation obesity, water pollution, soil erosion, fertility loss, pest control, and biodiversity depletion. Novel, environmentally-friendly solutions are proposed based on integrated knowledge from sciences as diverse as agronomy, soil science, molecular biology, chemistry, toxicology, ecology, economy, and social sciences. Indeed, sustainable agriculture decipher mechanisms of processes that occur from the molecular level to the farming system to the global level at time scales ranging from seconds to centuries. For that, scientists use the system approach that involves studying components and interactions of a whole system to address scientific, economic and social issues. In that respect, sustainable agriculture is not a classical, narrow science. Instead of solving problems using the classical painkiller approach that treats only negative impacts, sustainable agriculture treats problem sources. Because most actual society issues are now intertwined, global, and fast-developing, sustainable agriculture will bring solutions to build a safer world.



Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Agriculture Author
ISBN-10 8172111843
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 326
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This book covers some of the crucial issues of sustainability in agriculture, which are presented in five sections viz., Concepts and Status, Sustainable Technologies in Crop Production & Management, Sustainability of Crops in Agro-ecosystems, Agro-forestry, and Spatial Informatics in Sustainable Agriculture. The sub-themes covered in the papers are: land use planning, sustainable livelihood, shifting cultivation, wetlands, weed management, technologies in crop production, traditional knowledge and management of agriculture, sustainability of crops in different agro-ecosystems, methods and policies, digital opportunities; use of remote sensing and GIS in agro-ecological zoning and agricultural resources information technology. The Contributions by scientists, planners, technocrats, researchers and practitioners, address both the conceptual and policy related issues with important empirical research findings.



Natural Resources Management in African Agriculture

Natural Resources Management in African Agriculture Author Christopher B. Barrett
ISBN-10 0851998828
Release 2002-05-31
Pages 368
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This book consists of selected, edited and revised papers from a workshop held at ICRAF (International Centre for Research in Agroforestry) in July 2000.



Climate Change and Agricultural Development

Climate Change and Agricultural Development Author Udaya Sekhar Nagothu
ISBN-10 9781317413691
Release 2016-07-15
Pages 322
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Two of the greatest current challenges are climate change (and variability) and food security. Feeding nine billion people by 2050 will require major efforts aimed at climate change adaptation and mitigation. One approach to agriculture has recently been captured by the widely adopted term of "Climate Smart Agriculture" (CSA). This book not only explains what this entails, but also presents practical on-the-ground studies of practices and innovations in agriculture across a broader spectrum, including agroecology and conservation agriculture, in less developed countries. It is shown that CSA is not a completely new science and a number of its recommended technologies have been used for some time by local farmers all over the world. What is relevant and new is ‘the approach’ to exploit their adaptation and mitigation potential. However, a major limitation is the lack of evidence-based knowledge that is necessary for policy makers to prepare strategies for adaptation and mitigation. This book assembles knowledge of CSA, agroecology and conservation agriculture, and perspectives from different regions of the world, to build resilient food systems. The first part analyzes the concept, opportunities and challenges, and provides a global perspective, drawing particularly on studies from Africa and Asia. The second part of the book showcases results from various studies linked to soil, water and crop management measures from an ongoing program in India as well as experiences from other regions. The third section assesses the needs for an enabling policy environment, mainstreaming gender and sime final recommendations for up-scaling and/or out-scaling innovations.



Toward a Working Agenda for Sustainable Agricultural Development

Toward a Working Agenda for Sustainable Agricultural Development Author
ISBN-10
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Toward a Working Agenda for Sustainable Agricultural Development has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Toward a Working Agenda for Sustainable Agricultural Development also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Toward a Working Agenda for Sustainable Agricultural Development book for free.



World in Transition 4

World in Transition 4 Author German Advisory Council On Global Change (Wbgu)
ISBN-10 9781134207503
Release 2013-09-13
Pages 314
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At the start of the 21st century, fighting poverty and protecting the environment are two of the most urgent challenges facing the international community. Environmental changes will jeopardize people's survival to an even greater extent in the future, and will hit the poor hardest. To meet these challenges, it will be essential to breathe new life into the partnership between industrialized and developing countries. It will be equally essential to combine poverty reduction with environmental protection in an integrated policy structure spanning all levels from local to global. In this report, the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) shows that global environmental policy is a prerequisite for global poverty reduction. WBGU analyses the relevant policy processes and delivers recommendations charting the way forward. 'With its interdisciplinary approach, providing a complex and systematic analysis of the poverty-environment nexus, WBGU's latest report breaks new ground. Indira Gandhi's old, convenient maxim was 'Poverty is the biggest polluter'. Put forward at the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, it has been sorely misused ever since to override environmental precaution and prioritize economic development strategies instead. The new WBGU report maps out a way to shape a coherent environment and development policy. This report revitalizes the Rio spirit and gives it a robust scientific base'. Prof Dr Ernst Ulrich von Weizscker, Member of the German Bundestag (MdB)



Management of Agricultural Forestry Fisheries and Rural Enterprise Volume II

Management of Agricultural  Forestry  Fisheries and Rural Enterprise   Volume II Author Robert J. Hudson
ISBN-10 9781848262003
Release 2009-12-10
Pages 388
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Management of Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries Enterprises theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Growing populations and expectations have placed extreme pressure on agricultural, forestry and fisheries resources. Sustainability of resources and resource industries will be achieved only with commitment, ingenuity and cooperation at unprecedented scale. The theme on Management of Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries Enterprises begins with an assessment of the organization of agricultural, forestry, fisheries and rural enterprises introducing community-based management, traditional small farms, cooperatives and marketing boards, collective and state enterprises, and integrated global corporate systems. This is followed by thorough assessments of management systems for plants, livestock, forests and fisheries. Plant management systems are based on genetic resources, water management, nutrient management and agronomic systems. Livestock production systems are considered from the standpoints of genetic resources, range and pasture-based systems, landless systems, and options for diversification. Trends in the forest industry are revealed in terms of demand for a variety of products from forests, evolving policy regimens and sylvicultural developments. The final topic addresses the complex issues surrounding sustainability of the world's fisheries. This theme assess the evolving state of the main resource industries interpreting trends and identifying challenges and opportunities. Contributors have attempted to project these developments and raise questions about their impact and role in a changing world. Clearly, they are part of an unfolding story of adaptation of the resource industries in an increasingly global society. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.