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Aha That Is Interesting John Holland 85 Years Young

Aha      That Is Interesting   John Holland  85 Years Young Author Vasbinder Jan Wouter
ISBN-10 9789814619882
Release 2014-09-12
Pages 164
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John Holland is one of the few scientists, who all by themselves and by their pursuits, helped change the course of science and the wealth of human knowledge. There is hardly a field of science or problems, that is not affected by John's work on complexity and in particular, complex adaptive systems. On the occasion of his 85th birthday, many of his friends wrote about John, about facets of this remarkable man that only people close to him can know and tell.This book collects those stories highlighting aspects of the creation of complexity science that will most likely not be found in the books on John's works.The stories and anecdotes about his quests, his collaborators, and his friends, show his incredible mind, his boyish curiosity and explorative energy, his philosophy of life, his enormous hospitality and natural inclination to make friends.



Cultural Patterns And Neurocognitive Circuits Ii East west Connections

Cultural Patterns And Neurocognitive Circuits Ii  East west Connections Author Gulyas Balazs
ISBN-10 9789813230491
Release 2017-12-26
Pages 224
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The contents of this book continues the theme as in the previous volume on cultural patterns and cognitive patterns in the East and West, with special regard to those patterns which are determined by our natural-genetic endownments in contrast to those patterns which are influenced by our cultural ("East-West") influences, and within this context a unique flavour is given to the "good life" aspects of adapting to this global community. The chapters written by leading neuroscientists, give an overarching picture from the elementary organisational principles of the human brain through the basic perceptual and motor functions of the brain to the highest levels of cognition, including aesthetical or moral judgments, with an eye on what can be called "good life" in both Eastern and Western cultures. A unique compilation of state-of-the-art overviews of how the human brain is organised and functions in order to achieve high level of social, moral or aesthetic thoughts across cultures. Contents: Preface (J Vasbinder and B Gulyás)Introduction (Sydney Brenner)Neuronal Circuits: Action Observation as a Visual Process: Different Classes of Actions Engage Distinct Regions of Human PPC (Guy A Orban)The Power of Single Cases: Examples from the Early Visual Pathway and from Visual Art (Ernst Pöppel and Yan Bao)Emergence of Higher Cognitive Functions: Imitation: Mechanisms and Importance for Human Culture (Giacomo Rizzolatti)Brain Mechanisms of Tool-Use that Advance Our Knowledge Beyond the Border Neural Correlates of "Proto-Language" in the Monkey Brain (Atsushi Iriki and Kevin W McCairn)Conscious Processing: Unity in Time Rather Than in Space (Wolf Singer)Highest Cognitive Functions: Overcoming "Monocausalitis" by Complementarity as a Generative Principle and a Thought Pattern Exemplified with Aesthetic Appreciations and the Arts (Yan Bao and Ernst Pöppel)Modelling Levels of Consciousness for Language Development in Infants: A Feature-based Approach (Helena Hong Gao)Individual Differences in Math Achievement: Finland and Singapore (Kerry Lee and Pirjo Aunio)Moral Progress Requires a Coupling Between Empathy and Reason — A Social Neuroscience Perspective (Jean Decety)Appendix: The Video and Presentation Links Readership: Students and researchers interested in following cultural and behavioral patterns, with respect to their neurobiological foundations. Keywords: Cultures;Cognitive Patterns;Cultural Patterns;Behavioral PatternsReview: Key Features: Contributions from world renowned neuroscientistsFocus on highest level neurocognitive functions, including perception, action, learningJudgements on aesthetics, morals and good life



Selected Papers of John H Holland

Selected Papers of John H Holland Author Jan Wouter Vasbinder
ISBN-10 9789813234765
Release 2017-11-24
Pages
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With his work on computer logic, John H Holland became one of the most important founders of modern computer science. People who knew John H Holland were all amazed and deeply influenced by his incredibly imaginative and creative mind. He produced many more ideas than he could follow up in his life time. This selection of his papers in the field of computer logic entails many of his explored and unexplored ideas. Revisiting the explored ideas and exploring the unexplored ones should be of great interest to scientists of all ages, and of great value to the current research not only in computer science but in many other fields as well.



Reverse Mathematics

Reverse Mathematics Author John Stillwell
ISBN-10 9781400889037
Release 2018-01-02
Pages 200
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This book presents reverse mathematics to a general mathematical audience for the first time. Reverse mathematics is a new field that answers some old questions. In the two thousand years that mathematicians have been deriving theorems from axioms, it has often been asked: which axioms are needed to prove a given theorem? Only in the last two hundred years have some of these questions been answered, and only in the last forty years has a systematic approach been developed. In Reverse Mathematics, John Stillwell gives a representative view of this field, emphasizing basic analysis—finding the “right axioms” to prove fundamental theorems—and giving a novel approach to logic. Stillwell introduces reverse mathematics historically, describing the two developments that made reverse mathematics possible, both involving the idea of arithmetization. The first was the nineteenth-century project of arithmetizing analysis, which aimed to define all concepts of analysis in terms of natural numbers and sets of natural numbers. The second was the twentieth-century arithmetization of logic and computation. Thus arithmetic in some sense underlies analysis, logic, and computation. Reverse mathematics exploits this insight by viewing analysis as arithmetic extended by axioms about the existence of infinite sets. Remarkably, only a small number of axioms are needed for reverse mathematics, and, for each basic theorem of analysis, Stillwell finds the “right axiom” to prove it. By using a minimum of mathematical logic in a well-motivated way, Reverse Mathematics will engage advanced undergraduates and all mathematicians interested in the foundations of mathematics.



Cultural Patterns and Neurocognitive Circuits

Cultural Patterns and Neurocognitive Circuits Author Jan W Vasbinder
ISBN-10 9789813147508
Release 2016-09-16
Pages 212
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Our age is characterized by global access to information, places and cultures: we can gain more and more knowledge about "the others": other people and their cultures by "indirect knowledge" — learning about them via the global information net assisted by electronic and other high-tech communication channels, as well as by "direct knowledge": personally visiting various parts of the world and meeting local people in their own natural and social environments. East and West, two major worlds of aspirations, cultures, world-views, theoretical and practical approaches to life and death, have come closer by personal experiences of both Westerners and Easterners. But do we really understand the similarities and differences between the cultural-cognitive-behavioural-emotional patterns of the East and the West, with special regard to their neurobiological underpinnings in the human brain? The contents of this book focus on cultural patterns and cognitive patterns in the East and West, with special regard to those patterns which are determined by our natural-genetic endownments in contrast to those patterns which are influenced by our cultural ("East–West") influences, and within this context a unique flavour is given to the "good life" aspects of adapting to this global community.



An Introduction to the Language of Category Theory

An Introduction to the Language of Category Theory Author Steven Roman
ISBN-10 9783319419176
Release 2017-02-20
Pages 169
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This textbook provides an introduction to elementary category theory, with the aim of making what can be a confusing and sometimes overwhelming subject more accessible. In writing about this challenging subject, the author has brought to bear all of the experience he has gained in authoring over 30 books in university-level mathematics. The goal of this book is to present the five major ideas of category theory: categories, functors, natural transformations, universality, and adjoints in as friendly and relaxed a manner as possible while at the same time not sacrificing rigor. These topics are developed in a straightforward, step-by-step manner and are accompanied by numerous examples and exercises, most of which are drawn from abstract algebra. The first chapter of the book introduces the definitions of category and functor and discusses diagrams,duality, initial and terminal objects, special types of morphisms, and some special types of categories,particularly comma categories and hom-set categories. Chapter 2 is devoted to functors and naturaltransformations, concluding with Yoneda's lemma. Chapter 3 presents the concept of universality and Chapter 4 continues this discussion by exploring cones, limits, and the most common categorical constructions – products, equalizers, pullbacks and exponentials (along with their dual constructions). The chapter concludes with a theorem on the existence of limits. Finally, Chapter 5 covers adjoints and adjunctions. Graduate and advanced undergraduates students in mathematics, computer science, physics, or related fields who need to know or use category theory in their work will find An Introduction to Category Theory to be a concise and accessible resource. It will be particularly useful for those looking for a more elementary treatment of the topic before tackling more advanced texts.



Interaction Design

Interaction Design Author Jenny Preece
ISBN-10 9781119020752
Release 2015-05-26
Pages 584
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This is an ideal resource for learning the interdisciplinary skills needed for interaction design, human computer interaction, information design, web design and ubiquitous computing. This text offers a cross-disciplinary, practical and process-oriented introduction to the field, showing not just what principles ought to apply to interaction design, but crucially how they can be applied.



43 Visions for Complexity

43 Visions for Complexity Author Stefan Thurner
ISBN-10 9789813206861
Release 2016-11-11
Pages 92
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Coping with the complexities of the social world in the 21st century requires deeper quantitative and predictive understanding. Forty-three internationally acclaimed scientists and thinkers share their vision for complexity science in the next decade in this invaluable book. Topics cover how complexity and big data science could help society to tackle the great challenges ahead, and how the newly established Complexity Science Hub Vienna might be a facilitator on this path.



The Diary of a Young Girl

The Diary of a Young Girl Author Anne Frank
ISBN-10 9789352782390
Release 2017-12-29
Pages 240
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Inorganic Chemical Biology

Inorganic Chemical Biology Author Gilles Gasser
ISBN-10 9781118684153
Release 2014-04-14
Pages 432
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Understanding, identifying and influencing the biological systems are the primary objectives of chemical biology. From this perspective, metal complexes have always been of great assistance to chemical biologists, for example, in structural identification and purification of essential biomolecules, for visualizing cellular organelles or to inhibit specific enzymes. This inorganic side of chemical biology, which continues to receive considerable attention, is referred to as inorganic chemical biology. Inorganic Chemical Biology: Principles, Techniques and Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the current and emerging role of metal complexes in chemical biology. Throughout all of the chapters there is a strong emphasis on fundamental theoretical chemistry and experiments that have been carried out in living cells or organisms. Outlooks for the future applications of metal complexes in chemical biology are also discussed. Topics covered include: • Metal complexes as tools for structural biology • IMAC, AAS, XRF and MS as detection techniques for metals in chemical biology • Cell and organism imaging and probing DNA using metal and metal carbonyl complexes • Detection of metal ions, anions and small molecules using metal complexes • Photo-release of metal ions in living cells • Metal complexes as enzyme inhibitors and catalysts in living cells Written by a team of international experts, Inorganic Chemical Biology: Principles, Techniques and Applications is a must-have for bioinorganic, bioorganometallic and medicinal chemists as well as chemical biologists working in both academia and industry.



Swimming and Water Safety

Swimming and Water Safety Author Canadian Red Cross Society
ISBN-10 0815114982
Release 1995
Pages 308
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Swimming and Water Safety has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Swimming and Water Safety also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Swimming and Water Safety book for free.



Population Health Behavioral and Social Science Insights

Population Health  Behavioral and Social Science Insights Author Robert M. Kaplan
ISBN-10 9781587634451
Release 2015-07-24
Pages 1806
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The purpose of this book is to gain a better understanding of the multitude of factors that determine longer life and improved quality of life in the years a person is alive. While the emphasis is primarily on the social and behavioral determinants that have an effect on the health and well-being of individuals, this publication also addresses quality of life factors and determinants more broadly. Each chapter in this book considers an area of investigation and ends with suggestions for future research and implications of current research for policy and practice. The introductory chapter summarizes the state of Americans’ health and well-being in comparison to our international peers and presents background information concerning the limitations of current approaches to improving health and well-being. Following the introduction, there are 21 chapters that examine the effects of various behavioral risk factors on population health, identify trends in life expectancy and quality of life, and suggest avenues for research in the behavioral and social science arenas to address problems affecting the U.S. population and populations in other developed and developing countries around the world. Undergraduate and graduate students pursuing coursework in health statistics, health population demographics, behavioral and social science, and heatlh policy may be interested in this content. Additionally, policymakers, legislators, heatlh educators, and scientific organizations around the world may also have an interest in this resource.



Handbook on Impact Evaluation

Handbook on Impact Evaluation Author Shahidur R. Khandker
ISBN-10 082138029X
Release 2009-10-13
Pages 260
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Public programs are designed to reach certain goals and beneficiaries. Methods to understand whether such programs actually work, as well as the level and nature of impacts on intended beneficiaries, are main themes of this book.



Higher Superstition

Higher Superstition Author Paul R. Gross
ISBN-10 9781421404875
Release 2011-08-01
Pages 348
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This paperback edition of Higher Superstition includes a new afterword by the authors.



Aging Technology and Health

Aging  Technology and Health Author Richard Pak
ISBN-10 9780128112731
Release 2018-03-15
Pages 318
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Aging, Health and Technology takes a problem-centered approach to examine how older adults use technology for health. It examines the many ways in which technology is being used by older adults, focusing on challenges, solutions and perspectives of the older user. Using aging-health technology as a lens, the book examines issues of technology adoption, basic human factors, cognitive aging, mental health, aging and usability, privacy, trust and automation. Each chapter takes a case study approach to summarize lessons learned from unique examples that can be applied to similar projects, while also providing general information about older adults and technology. Discusses human factors design challenges specific to older adults Covers the wide range of health-related uses for technology—from fitness to leading a more engaged life Utilizes a case study approach for practical application Envisions what the future will hold for technology and older adults Employs a roster of interdisciplinary contributors



The Chemical History of Color

The Chemical History of Color Author Mary Virginia Orna
ISBN-10 9783642326424
Release 2012-10-05
Pages 153
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In this brief, Mary Virginia Orna details the history of color from the chemical point of view. Beginning with the first recorded uses of color and ending in the development of our modern chemical industry, this rich, yet concise exposition shows us how color pervades every aspect of our lives. Our consciousness, our perceptions, our useful appliances and tools, our playthings, our entertainment, our health, and our diagnostic apparatus – all involve color and are based in no small part on chemistry.



Case Studies in Gerontological Nursing for the Advanced Practice Nurse

Case Studies in Gerontological Nursing for the Advanced Practice Nurse Author Meredith Wallace Kazer
ISBN-10 9781118277843
Release 2012-02-08
Pages 424
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As the fastest growing population sector worldwide, older adults are seen in almost every care setting in which clinicians practice. Developed as a resource for advanced practice nurses in any setting, Case Studies in Gerontological Nursing for the Advanced Practice Nurse presents readers with a range of both typical and atypical cases from real clinical scenarios. The book is organized into six units covering cases related to ageism, common health challenges, health promotion, environments of care, cognitive and psychological issues, and issues relating to aging and independence. Each case follows a similar format including the patient's presentation, critical thinking questions, and a thorough discussion of the case resolution through which students and clinicians can enhance their clinical reasoning skills. Designed to promote geriatric clinical education through self-assessment or classroom use, Case Studies in Gerontological Nursing for the Advanced Practice Nurse is a key resource for all those dedicated to improving care for older adults.