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Alternative Uses for Sewage Sludge

Alternative Uses for Sewage Sludge Author J. E. Hall
ISBN-10 9781483287331
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 398
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The treatment and disposal of sewage sludge is an expensive and environmentally sensitive problem that is growing worldwide. Sludge production is increasing whilst previously accepted methods for disposal are coming under pressure or even being phased out altogether so there is now an urgency to find cost-effective and innovative solutions that appease environmental and public pressures. The purpose of the conference recorded in these proceedings was to review the range of alternative disposal/recycling options for sewage sludge. The alternative uses considered are in land reclamation, forestry, compost and soil production, landfill, incineration, and energy and resource recovery. The papers presented include recent research findings and technological developments, as well as operational implementation of schemes, showing that beneficial re-use of sludge can be entirely compatible with a cost-effective and environmentally sensitive approach to sludge disposal.

Water Research

Water Research Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015023316642
Release 1991
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Water Research has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Water Research also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Water Research book for free.

Report on Forest Research

Report on Forest Research Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015025090500
Release 1991
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Report on Forest Research has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Report on Forest Research also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Report on Forest Research book for free.

The Cumulative Book Index

The Cumulative Book Index Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015058373997
Release 1992
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The Cumulative Book Index has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Cumulative Book Index also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Cumulative Book Index book for free.

American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015016313598
Release 1991
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American Book Publishing Record has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from American Book Publishing Record also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full American Book Publishing Record book for free.

Research Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation

Research Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822008919391
Release 1991
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Research Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Research Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Research Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation book for free.

Agricultural Recycling of Sewage Sludge and the Environment

Agricultural Recycling of Sewage Sludge and the Environment Author Stephen Russel Smith
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105019229249
Release 1996
Pages 382
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Sewage sludge application to land is the principal way of deriving a beneficial use for sludge by recycling plant nutrients and organic matter for crop production. It is becoming ever more important as other options for the disposal of sewage sludge are diminishing. Agricultural application also provides a cost-effective method of sludge disposal, but it is essential that sludge recycling in agriculture is regulated to minimize potential environmental problems. This book, based on work funded by the Foundation for Water Research, provides an overview of the environmental impact of sludge application to agricultural land and relates it to other accepted agricultural practices. It puts the potential environmental effects into perspective and distinguishes between perceived and real risk. It is a significant contribution to thinking on this increasingly important topic and is relevant to students and researchers in soil, crop and environmental science. It will also be vital for all those involved in the waste and water industries.

Nitrate Contamination

Nitrate Contamination Author istvan Bogardi
ISBN-10 9783642760402
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 520
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The nitrate content of drinking water is rising at an alarming rate in several regions of NATO countries and elsewhere in the world. The increase is due to lack of proper sewage treatment, and primarily to excess fertilizer application. Also, eutrophication in several coastal areas is triggered by high nitrate concentrations. The main purpose of this book is to integrate scientific knowledge related to exposure assessment, health consequences and control of nitrate contamination in water. The motivation is related to the magnitude, the possible adverse health effects, and the high cost of control ling nitrate contamination. Future research tasks are defined by an interaction among hydro logists, toxicologists and environmental engineers in an integrated framework for nitrate risk management. The target readership of this book is a mix of university colleagues, practitioners from both the private and public sectors and advanced graduate students working with the hydrological, health science or environmental engineering aspects of nitrate contamination. The main conclusions include: 1. For risk assessment purposes, knowledge and sufficiently accurate models are available to predict nitrate load and its fate in water under changes in land use. 2. Once agricultural exposure controls are implemented, the response times in ground water may be so long as to make controls unrealistic. 3. It is still unknown whether agricultural best management practice is a compromise between nitrate risk reduction and agricultural revenue. 4. The current drinking water guidelines of 10 mg/L NOrN need not be changed.

Safe Piped Water

Safe Piped Water Author R. G. Ainsworth
ISBN-10 1843390396
Release 2004-08-31
Pages 168
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The factors affecting the presence and growth of micro-organisms in piped networks are reviewed in this book, as are the practices of water supply organisations that can directly or indirectly influence their presence and growth. The information and conclusions are intended for policy makers and those responsible for formulating "Water Safety Plans" for the supply of drinking-water. It is also relevant to engineers and scientists who are responsible for water supply planning, operations and monitoring. The review shows that there are often public health reasons for adopting a more proactive approach to many of the traditional practices used in designing, operating and maintaining distribution networks, and to modifying the composition of the water that is fed into the network. Contents include the following topics: The microbiology of piped distribution systems and public health Composition of treated waters to minimise potential for microbiological changes Design and operation of distribution networks. Planned maintenance and survey of distribution systems Precautions during construction and repairs Small animals in drinking water distribution systems Risk management for distribution systems

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics Author Sina Ebnesajjad
ISBN-10 9781455730032
Release 2012-12-31
Pages 472
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Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics are a hot issue across the Plastics industry, and for many of the industry sectors that use plastic, from packaging to medical devices and from the construction indusry to the automotive sector. This book brings together a number of key biopolymer and biodegradable plastics topics in one place for a broad audience of engineers and scientists, especially those designing with biopolymers and biodegradable plastics, or evaluating the options for switching from traditional plastics to biopolymers. Topics covered include preparation, fabrication, applications and recycling (including biodegradability and compostability). Applications in key areas such as films, coatings controlled release and tissue engineering are discussed. Dr Ebnesajjad provides readers with an in-depth reference for the plastics industry – material suppliers and processors, bio-polymer producers, bio-polymer processors and fabricators – and for industry sectors utilizing biopolymers – automotive, packaging, construction, wind turbine manufacturers, film manufacturers, adhesive and coating industries, medical device manufacturers, biomedical engineers, and the recycling industry. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with bioplastics, or evaluating a migration to bioplastics. Includes key published material on biopolymers, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material including coverage of PLA and Tissue Engineering Scaffolds. Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design decisions.

Water Quality Monitoring

Water Quality Monitoring Author Jamie Bartram
ISBN-10 9780419217305
Release 1996-07-25
Pages 400
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Water quality monitoring is an essential tool in the management of water resources and this book comprehensively covers the entire monitoring operation. This important text is the outcome of a collborative programme of activity between UNEP and WHO with inputs from WMO and UNESCO and draws on the international standards of the International Organization of Standardization.

Nutrient Management in Agricultural Watersheds

Nutrient Management in Agricultural Watersheds Author E. J. Dunne
ISBN-10 9789076998619
Release 2005
Pages 284
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Nutrient enrichment of water resources by inputs of nitrogen and phosphorus, which can lead to eutrophication is still a water quality problem in agriculturally dominated watersheds around the world. Internationally, wetlands both constructed and natural are increasingly being used to help reduce both point and non-point source nutrient and contaminant loss from agricultural practices. This publication contains papers presented at the international symposium on "Nutrient Management in Agricultural Watersheds: A Wetlands Solution," which was held during May, 2004 in Wexford, Ireland. The symposium was the result of an international collaboration between the Teagasc Research Centre, Johnstown Castle, Ireland, National Parks and Wildlife, Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Ireland and the Soil and Water Science Department at the University of Florida, Gainesville, USA. These proceedings cover aspects of water quality within agricultural watersheds; management practices to mitigate contaminant and nutrient loss from agriculture; wetland biogeochemistry; wetland functions and values within agricultural dominated landscapes; case studies of wetlands used to retain nutrient and contaminant loss from agriculture; and finally some management and policy issues concerning wetlands are presented. This book provides a good interdisciplinary synthesis of international experiences both in Europe and the USA on the use of wetlands within agricultural watersheds.

New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring

New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring Author Guido Persoone
ISBN-10 9781461542896
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 550
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The determination of the hazards resulting from the accidental or deli berate contamination of terrestrial and aquatic environments is in most countries still lirnited to the detection and quantification of the suspected pollutants by chemical analyses. Such an approach is unfortunately hampered by the following constraints : the costs as weil as the technical difficulties of analyzing every individual chemical which may be present in the sampies, and the difficulty of assessing the hazards and risks of environmental contaminations from a set of chemical data. During the last decades the scientific and regulatory community has gradually realized that biological methodologies have to be taken into consideration for an ecologically meaningful assessment of the toxicological hazards of contaminants. Effect evaluations obtained with biological techniques indeed integrate the impact of all the contaminants to which living biota are exposed. Bioassays with selected test species representative for the biological commumtles of the environments under consideration, are now applied more or less regularly to determine toxic and genotoxic effects. Taking into account the species specific and chemical specific character of toxicity to biota, the necessity of a «battery of tests» approach with species of different trophic levels is currently also generally accepted and implemented. It is dear that a balanced partnership between chemical, biological, toxicological and microbiological analyses is always the best strategy for generating the broadest information base on environmental hazards.

The Restoration of Land

The Restoration of Land Author Anthony David Bradshaw
ISBN-10 0520039610
Release 1980
Pages 317
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The Restoration of Land has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Restoration of Land also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Restoration of Land book for free.

Water and Nutrient Management in Natural and Constructed Wetlands

Water and Nutrient Management in Natural and Constructed Wetlands Author Jan Vymazal
ISBN-10 9048195853
Release 2010-09-23
Pages 330
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Natural and constructed wetlands play a very important role within the landscape and their ecological services are highly valuable. Water management, including flood water retention, biomass production, carbon sequestration, wastewater treatment and as a biodiversity source are among the most important ecological services of wetlands. In order to provide these services, wetlands need to be properly evaluated, protected and maintained. This book provides results of the latest research in wetland science around the world. Chapters deal with such topics as the use of constructed wetlands for treatment of various types of wastewater, use of constructed wetlands in agroforestry, wetland hydrology and evapotranspiration, the effect of wetlands on landscape temperature, and chemical properties of wetland soils.

Plants for Environmental Studies

Plants for Environmental Studies Author Wuncheng (Woodr Wang
ISBN-10 1420048716
Release 1997-05-30
Pages 576
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One of the problems of using plants in environmental studies is finding current information. Because plants play a key role in environmental studies, from the greenhouse effect to environmental toxicological studies, information is widely scattered over many different fields and in many different sources. Plants for Environmental Studies solves that problem with a single, comprehensive source of information on the many ways plants are used in environmental studies. Written by experts from around the world and edited by a team of prominent environmental specialists, this book is the only source of complete information on environmental impacts, mutation, statistical analyses, relationships between plants and water, algae, plants in ecological risk assessment, compound accumulations, and more. Encompassing algae and vascular plants in both aquatic and terrestrial environments, this book contains a diverse collection of laboratory and in situ studies, methods, and procedures using plants to evaluate air, water, wastewater, sediment, and soil.

Urban and Highway Stormwater Pollution

Urban and Highway Stormwater Pollution Author Thorkild Hvitved-Jacobsen
ISBN-10 9781439858431
Release 2011-06-03
Pages 367
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As the world population grows, already burgeoning cities are becoming taxed in every conceivable way. One topic that receives few headlines, but significantly impacts an area’s quality of health and economic development is the challenge to maintain sustainable urban drainage (SUD). Poor drainage can hamper transportation, add to problems of pollution, and compromise essential clean water resources. While a number of references concentrate on the hydrology, hydraulics, and transport phenomena relevant for urban drainage, we must recognize that any solution requires a more comprehensive consideration of the problem. Urban and Highway Stormwater Pollution: Concepts and Engineering offers a comprehensive text on wet weather pollution originating from urban drainage and road runoff. Bringing together the empirical and theoretical approaches needed to mitigate the problem, this volume: Provides a basic understanding of sources, pathways, and impacts of pollutants associated with wet weather hydrologic cycles occurring in areas with impervious or semi-impervious surfaces Examines wet weather pollutant discharges into streams, lakes, and coastal waters, as well as soil systems Details tools to quantify physical, chemical, and biological characteristics associated with wet weather pollution and methodologies for pollution abatement, control, and monitoring runoff Offers general methodologies and site-specific approaches to deal with stormwater runoff, road runoff, and sewer overflows Supplies reliable predictive tools and modeling methods SUD is rapidly becoming a problem of crisis proportions; but while we must act quickly, any solution must be based on sound principles, accurate data, and proven methods. Written by top researchers with years of experience, this book offers those working at the front line with an accessible resource that helps ameliorate problem situations and prevent others from developing.