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An Introduction to Lambda Calculi for Computer Scientists

An Introduction to Lambda Calculi for Computer Scientists Author Chris Hankin
ISBN-10 0954300653
Release 2004
Pages 164
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The lambda-calculus lies at the very foundations of computer science. Besides its historical role in computability theory it has had significant influence on programming language design and implementation, denotational semantics, and domain theory. The book emphasises the proof theory for the type-free lambda-calculus. The first six chapters concern this calculus and cover the basic theory, reduction, models, computability, and the relationship between the lambda-calculus and combinatory logic. Chapter 7 presents a variety of typed calculi; first the simply typed lambda-calculus, then Milner-style polymorphism and, finally, the polymorphic lambda-calculus. Chapter 8 concerns two variants of the type-free lambda-calculus that have appeared in the research literature: the lazy lambda-calculus, and the lambda sigma-calculus. The final chapter contains references and a guide to further reading. There are exercises throughout. In contrast to earlier books on these topics, which were written by logicians, this book is written from a computer science perspective and emphasises the practical relevance of many of the key theoretical ideas. The book is intended as a course text for final year undergraduates or first year graduate students in computer science. Research students should find it a useful introduction to more specialist literature.



Lambda Calculi

Lambda Calculi Author Chris Hankin
ISBN-10 0198538413
Release 1994
Pages 162
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The [lambda]-calculus lies at the very foundations of computer science. Besides its historical role in computability theory it has had significant influence on programming language design and implementation, denotational semantics, and domain theory. The book emphasizes the proof theory for the type-free [lambda]-calculus. The first six chapters concern this calculus and cover the basic theory, reduction, models, computability, and the relationship between the [lambda]-calculus and combinatory logic. Chapter 7 presents a variety of typed calculi; first the simply typed [lambda]-calculus, then Milner-style polymorphism and, finally, the polymorphic [lambda]-calculus. Chapter 8 concerns three variants of the type-free [lambda]-calculus that have recently appeared in the research literature: the lazy [lambda]-calculus, the concurrent [gamma]-calculus and the [lambda][sigma]-calculus. The final chapter contains references and a guide to further reading. There are exercises throughout.



Domains and Lambda Calculi

Domains and Lambda Calculi Author Roberto M. Amadio
ISBN-10 0521622778
Release 1998-07-02
Pages 484
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Graduate text on mathematical foundations of programming languages, and operational and denotational semantics.



Lambda Calculus with Types

Lambda Calculus with Types Author Henk Barendregt
ISBN-10 9781107276345
Release 2013-06-20
Pages
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This handbook with exercises reveals in formalisms, hitherto mainly used for hardware and software design and verification, unexpected mathematical beauty. The lambda calculus forms a prototype universal programming language, which in its untyped version is related to Lisp, and was treated in the first author's classic The Lambda Calculus (1984). The formalism has since been extended with types and used in functional programming (Haskell, Clean) and proof assistants (Coq, Isabelle, HOL), used in designing and verifying IT products and mathematical proofs. In this book, the authors focus on three classes of typing for lambda terms: simple types, recursive types and intersection types. It is in these three formalisms of terms and types that the unexpected mathematical beauty is revealed. The treatment is authoritative and comprehensive, complemented by an exhaustive bibliography, and numerous exercises are provided to deepen the readers' understanding and increase their confidence using types.



An Introduction to Functional Programming Through Lambda Calculus

An Introduction to Functional Programming Through Lambda Calculus Author Greg Michaelson
ISBN-10 9780486280295
Release 2013-04-10
Pages 336
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Well-respected text for computer science students provides an accessible introduction to functional programming. Cogent examples illuminate the central ideas, and numerous exercises offer reinforcement. Includes solutions. 1989 edition.



Introduction to Combinators and lambda Calculus

Introduction to Combinators and  lambda  Calculus Author J. R. Hindley
ISBN-10 0521268966
Release 1986-05-29
Pages 360
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Combinatory logic and lambda-conversion were originally devised in the 1920s for investigating the foundations of mathematics using the basic concept of 'operation' instead of 'set'. They have now developed into linguistic tools, useful in several branches of logic and computer science, especially in the study of programming languages. These notes form a simple introduction to the two topics, suitable for a reader who has no previous knowledge of combinatory logic, but has taken an undergraduate course in predicate calculus and recursive functions. The key ideas and basic results are presented, as well as a number of more specialised topics, and man), exercises are included to provide manipulative practice.



The Lambda Calculus

The Lambda Calculus Author H.P. Barendregt
ISBN-10 0080933750
Release 2013-07-10
Pages 654
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The revised edition contains a new chapter which provides an elegant description of the semantics. The various classes of lambda calculus models are described in a uniform manner. Some didactical improvements have been made to this edition. An example of a simple model is given and then the general theory (of categorical models) is developed. Indications are given of those parts of the book which can be used to form a coherent course.



Types and Programming Languages

Types and Programming Languages Author Benjamin C. Pierce
ISBN-10 0262162091
Release 2002
Pages 623
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A comprehensive introduction to type systems and programming languages.



Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications

Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications Author Marc Bezem
ISBN-10 3540565175
Release 1993-03-03
Pages 432
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The lambda calculus was developed in the 1930s by Alonzo Church. The calculus turned out to be an interesting model of computation and became theprototype for untyped functional programming languages. Operational and denotational semantics for the calculus served as examples for otherprogramming languages. In typed lambda calculi, lambda terms are classified according to their applicative behavior. In the 1960s it was discovered that the types of typed lambda calculi are in fact appearances of logical propositions. Thus there are two possible views of typed lambda calculi: - as models of computation, where terms are viewed as programs in a typed programming language; - as logical theories, where the types are viewed as propositions and the terms as proofs. The practical spin-off from these studies are: - functional programming languages which are mathematically more succinct than imperative programs; - systems for automated proof checking based on lambda caluli. This volume is the proceedings of TLCA '93, the first international conference on Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications,organized by the Department of Philosophy of Utrecht University. It includes29 papers selected from 51 submissions.



Introduction to Mathematical Logic PMS 13

Introduction to Mathematical Logic  PMS 13 Author Alonzo Church
ISBN-10 9781400881451
Release 2016-03-02
Pages 392
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Logic is sometimes called the foundation of mathematics: the logician studies the kinds of reasoning used in the individual steps of a proof. Alonzo Church was a pioneer in the field of mathematical logic, whose contributions to number theory and the theories of algorithms and computability laid the theoretical foundations of computer science. His first Princeton book, The Calculi of Lambda-Conversion (1941), established an invaluable tool that computer scientists still use today. Even beyond the accomplishment of that book, however, his second Princeton book, Introduction to Mathematical Logic, defined its subject for a generation. Originally published in Princeton's Annals of Mathematics Studies series, this book was revised in 1956 and reprinted a third time, in 1996, in the Princeton Landmarks in Mathematics series. Although new results in mathematical logic have been developed and other textbooks have been published, it remains, sixty years later, a basic source for understanding formal logic. Church was one of the principal founders of the Association for Symbolic Logic; he founded the Journal of Symbolic Logic in 1936 and remained an editor until 1979 At his death in 1995, Church was still regarded as the greatest mathematical logician in the world.



Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications

Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications Author Pawel Urzyczyn
ISBN-10 9783540255932
Release 2005-04-07
Pages 432
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications, TLCA 2005, held in Nara, Japan in April 2005. The 27 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 61 submissions. The volume reports research results on all current aspects of typed lambda calculi, ranging from theoretical and methodological issues to applications in various contexts.



The Formal Semantics of Programming Languages

The Formal Semantics of Programming Languages Author Glynn Winskel
ISBN-10 0262731037
Release 1993
Pages 361
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The Formal Semantics of Programming Languages provides the basic mathematical techniques necessary for those who are beginning a study of the semantics and logics of programming languages. These techniques will allow students to invent, formalize, and justify rules with which to reason about a variety of programming languages. Although the treatment is elementary, several of the topics covered are drawn from recent research, including the vital area of concurency. The book contains many exercises ranging from simple to miniprojects.Starting with basic set theory, structural operational semantics is introduced as a way to define the meaning of programming languages along with associated proof techniques. Denotational and axiomatic semantics are illustrated on a simple language of while-programs, and fall proofs are given of the equivalence of the operational and denotational semantics and soundness and relative completeness of the axiomatic semantics. A proof of Godel's incompleteness theorem, which emphasizes the impossibility of achieving a fully complete axiomatic semantics, is included. It is supported by an appendix providing an introduction to the theory of computability based on while-programs.Following a presentation of domain theory, the semantics and methods of proof for several functional languages are treated. The simplest language is that of recursion equations with both call-by-value and call-by-name evaluation. This work is extended to lan guages with higher and recursive types, including a treatment of the eager and lazy lambda-calculi. Throughout, the relationship between denotational and operational semantics is stressed, and the proofs of the correspondence between the operation and denotational semantics are provided. The treatment of recursive types - one of the more advanced parts of the book - relies on the use of information systems to represent domains. The book concludes with a chapter on parallel programming languages, accompanied by a discussion of methods for specifying and verifying nondeterministic and parallel programs.



Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications

Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications Author Martin Hofmann
ISBN-10 9783540403326
Release 2003-05-27
Pages 320
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The refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications, TLCA 2003, held in Valencia, Spain in June 2003. The 21 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. The volume reports research results on all current aspects of typed lambda calculi, ranging from theoretical and methodological issues to the application of proof assistants.



Combinatory Logic

Combinatory Logic Author Katalin Bimbó
ISBN-10 9781439800003
Release 2011-07-27
Pages 357
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Combinatory logic is one of the most versatile areas within logic that is tied to parts of philosophical, mathematical, and computational logic. Functioning as a comprehensive source for current developments of combinatory logic, this book is the only one of its kind to cover results of the last four decades. Using a reader-friendly style, the author presents the most up-to-date research studies. She includes an introduction to combinatory logic before progressing to its central theorems and proofs. The text makes intelligent and well-researched connections between combinatory logic and lambda calculi and presents models and applications to illustrate these connections.



Type Theory and Formal Proof

Type Theory and Formal Proof Author Rob Nederpelt
ISBN-10 9781316061084
Release 2014-11-06
Pages
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Type theory is a fast-evolving field at the crossroads of logic, computer science and mathematics. This gentle step-by-step introduction is ideal for graduate students and researchers who need to understand the ins and outs of the mathematical machinery, the role of logical rules therein, the essential contribution of definitions and the decisive nature of well-structured proofs. The authors begin with untyped lambda calculus and proceed to several fundamental type systems, including the well-known and powerful Calculus of Constructions. The book also covers the essence of proof checking and proof development, and the use of dependent type theory to formalise mathematics. The only prerequisite is a basic knowledge of undergraduate mathematics. Carefully chosen examples illustrate the theory throughout. Each chapter ends with a summary of the content, some historical context, suggestions for further reading and a selection of exercises to help readers familiarise themselves with the material.



The Parametric Lambda Calculus

The Parametric Lambda Calculus Author Simona Ronchi Della Rocca
ISBN-10 9783662103944
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 248
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The book contains a completely new presentation of classical results in the field of Lambda Calculus, together with new results. The text is unique in that it presents a new calculus (Parametric Lambda Calculus) which can be instantiated to obtain already known lambda-calculi. Some properties, which in the literature have been proved separately for different calculi, can be proved once for the Parametric one. The lambda calculi are presented from a Computer Science point of view, with a particular emphasis on their semantics, both operational and denotational.



Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications

Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications Author Philippe de Groote
ISBN-10 3540626883
Release 1997-03-12
Pages 404
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications, TLCA '97, held in Nancy, France, in April 1997. The 24 revised full papers presented in the book were carefully selected from a total of 54 submissions. The book reports the main research advances achieved in the area of typed lambda calculi since the predecessor conference, held in 1995, and competently reflects the state of the art in the area.