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Anadenanthera

Anadenanthera Author Constantino M Torres
ISBN-10 9781317955160
Release 2014-06-11
Pages 340
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A multidisciplinary study of pre-Columbian South America—centering on the psychoactive plant genus Anadenanthera As cultures formed and evolved in pre-Columbian South America, Anadenanthera became one of the most widely used shamanic inebriants. Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America is more than a comprehensive reference on shamanic visionary substances; it is a useful tool for archeologists and pre-Columbian art historians. This thorough book examines the ritual and cultural use of Anadenanthera from prehistory to the present, along with its botany, chemistry, pharmacology, anthropology, and archeology. The earliest evidence for the use of psychoactive plants in South America is provided by remains of seeds and pods recovered from archeological sites four millennia old. Various preparations were derived from it with the intent of being a shamanic inebriant. Inhaled through the nose, smoked in pipes or as cigars, and prepared in fermented drinks, Anadenanthera served a central role in the cultural development of indigenous societies in South America. Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America explores the full spectrum of information gleaned from research, covering numerous archeological sites in the Andean region, as well as discussing Amazonian shamanic rituals and lore. Analyses of the artistic expressions within the decorations of associated ceremonial paraphernalia such as ritual snuffing tubes and snuff trays are included. The text is richly illustrated with photographs and images of decorated ritual implements, and provides a comprehensive bibliography. Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America explores: botanical aspects, taxonomy, and geographical distribution of Anadenanthera ethnographical, historical, and traditional aspects of Anadenanthera use chemical and pharmacological investigations of the genus and the various visionary preparations derived from it—with emphasis on the biologically active constituents theories of the mechanisms of action of the active tryptamines and carboline alkaloids comparisons of wood anatomy, morphology, and percentage of alkaloid content evaluation of stylistic and iconographic traits Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America is a thorough, useful resource for archeologists, anthropologists, chemists, researchers, pre-Columbian art historians, and any layperson interested in pre-Columbian art, archeology, or visionary plants.



A Prehistory of South America

A Prehistory of South America Author Jerry D. Moore
ISBN-10 9781607323334
Release 2014-07-15
Pages 529
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A Prehistory of South America is an overview of the ancient and historic native cultures of the entire continent of South America based on the most recent archaeological investigations. This accessible, clearly written text is designed to engage undergraduate and beginning graduate students in anthropology. For more than 12,000 years, South American cultures ranged from mobile hunters and gatherers to rulers and residents of colossal cities. In the process, native South American societies made advancements in agriculture and economic systems and created great works of art—in pottery, textiles, precious metals, and stone—that still awe the modern eye. Organized in broad chronological periods, A Prehistory of South America explores these diverse human achievements, emphasizing the many adaptations of peoples from a continent-wide perspective. Moore examines the archaeologies of societies across South America, from the arid deserts of the Pacific coast and the frigid Andean highlands to the humid lowlands of the Amazon Basin and the fjords of Patagonia and beyond. Illustrated in full color and suitable for an educated general reader interested in the Precolumbian peoples of South America, A Prehistory of South America is a long overdue addition to the literature on South American archaeology.



Shamanism the Sacred Cactus

Shamanism   the Sacred Cactus Author Douglas Sharon
ISBN-10 0937808741
Release 2000
Pages 76
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Shamanism the Sacred Cactus has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Shamanism the Sacred Cactus also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Shamanism the Sacred Cactus book for free.



Tales of a Shaman s Apprentice

Tales of a Shaman s Apprentice Author Mark J. Plotkin
ISBN-10 9781101644690
Release 1994-08-01
Pages 352
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For thousands of years, healers have used plants to cure illness. Aspirin, the world's most widely used drug, is based on compounds originally extracted from the bark of a willow tree, and more than a quarter of medicines found on pharmacy shelves contain plant compounds. Now Western medicine, faced with health crises such as AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, and cancer, has begun to look to the healing plants used by indigenous peoples to develop powerful new medicines. Nowhere is the search more promising than in the Amazon, the world's largest tropical forest, home to a quarter of all botanical species on this planet—as well as hundreds of Indian tribes whose medicinal plants have never been studied by Western scientists. In Tales of a Shaman's Apprentice, ethnobotanist Mark J. Plotkin recounts his travels and studies with some of the most powerful Amazonian shamans, who taught him the plant lore their tribes have spent thousands of years gleaning from the rain forest. For more than a decade, Dr. Plotkin has raced against time to harvest and record new plants before the rain forests' fragile ecosystems succumb to overdevelopment—and before the Indians abandon their own culture and learning for the seductive appeal of Western material culture. Tales of a Shaman's Apprentice relates nine of the author's quests, taking the reader along on a wild odyssey as he participates in healing rituals; discovers the secret of curare, the lethal arrow poison that kills in minutes; tries the hallucinogenic snuff epena that enables the Indians to speak with their spirit world; and earns the respect and fellowship of the mysterious shamans as he proves that he shares both their endurance and their reverence for the rain forest. Mark Plotkin combines the Darwinian spirit of the great writer-explorers of the nineteenth century—curious, discursive, and rigorously scientific—with a very modern concern for the erosion of our environment and the vanishing culture of native peoples.



Tiwanaku

Tiwanaku Author Margaret Young-Sánchez
ISBN-10 UTEXAS:059173022081747
Release 2009
Pages 272
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Papers originally presented at a symposium sponsored by the Frederick and Jan Mayer Center for pre-Columbian and Spanish Colonial Art, held Jan. 14-15, 2005 at the Denver Art Museum, in conjuction with the exhibition entitled Tiwanaku: ancestors of the Inca.



Botanical Medicines

Botanical Medicines Author Dennis J Mckenna
ISBN-10 9781136393631
Release 2012-11-12
Pages 1168
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Answer patients’questions about botanical supplements quickly and easily! This informative book is a compendium of detailed scientific research on 34 of the most popular dietary supplements used in North America and Europe. Its coverage of pharmacological studies on the main medicinal plants used in clinical practice and sold in pharmacies in the Western world is more extensive than any other publication of monographic reviews available. The way Botanical Medicines: The Desk Reference for Major Herbal Supplements, Second Edition. is organized (standardized topic formats are used in each monograph) makes it easy for you to locate relevant information quickly and to compare corresponding sections between different entries. This book is an invaluable tool for pharmacists, physicians, and other health care professionals who need detailed, scientifically accurate information on appropriate use, safety, dosages, and similar issues related to botanical dietary supplements. Each entry in Botanical Medicines: The Desk Reference for Major Herbal Supplements, Second Edition. covers botanical data (classification and nomenclature, common names, geographic occurrence, and botanical characteristics), plus: history and traditional uses chemistry therapeutic applications pre-clinical studies clinical studies recommended dosages safety profiles (including toxicology) side effects and contraindications drug interactions and special precautions safety recommendations during pregnancy and lactation This extensively referenced volume includes appendixes with information on the major provisions of DSHEA (the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994) and on the criteria and procedures for assessing the quality of botanical products.



Entheogens and the Development of Culture

Entheogens and the Development of Culture Author John A. Rush
ISBN-10 9781583946244
Release 2013-07-30
Pages 672
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Entheogens and the Development of Culture makes the radical proposition that mind-altering substances have played a major part not only in cultural development but also in human brain development. Researchers suggest that we have purposely enhanced receptor sites in the brain, especially those for dopamine and serotonin, through the use of plants and fungi over a long period of time. The trade-off for lowered functioning and potential drug abuse has been more creative thinking--or a leap in consciousness. Experiments in entheogen use led to the development of primitive medicine, in which certain mind-altering plants and fungi were imbibed to still fatigue, pain, or depression, while others were taken to promote hunger and libido. Our ancestors selected for our neural hardware, and our propensity for seeking altered forms of consciousness as a survival strategy may be intimately bound to our decision-making processes going back to the dawn of time. Fourteen essays by a wide range of contributors—including founding president of the American Anthropological Association’s Anthropology of Religion section Michael Winkelman, PhD; Carl A. P. Ruck, PhD, Boston University professor of classics and an authority on the ecstatic rituals of the god Dionysus; and world-renowned botanist Dr. Gaston Guzma, member of the Colombian National Academy of Sciences and expert on hallucinogenic mushrooms—demonstrate that altering consciousness continues to be an important part of human experience today. Anthropologists, cultural historians, and anyone interested in the effects of mind-altering substances on the human mind and soul will find this book deeply informative and inspiring. From the Trade Paperback edition.



Colonial Latin American Historical Review

Colonial Latin American Historical Review Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105131538949
Release 2006
Pages
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Colonial Latin American Historical Review has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Colonial Latin American Historical Review also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Colonial Latin American Historical Review book for free.



Intrasite spatial organization at Chav n de Huantar during the andean formative

Intrasite spatial organization at Chav  n de Huantar during the andean formative Author Christian Mesia
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105129646712
Release 2007
Pages 596
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Intrasite spatial organization at Chav n de Huantar during the andean formative has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Intrasite spatial organization at Chav n de Huantar during the andean formative also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Intrasite spatial organization at Chav n de Huantar during the andean formative book for free.



DMT The Spirit Molecule

DMT  The Spirit Molecule Author Rick Strassman
ISBN-10 9781594779732
Release 2000-12-01
Pages 384
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A clinical psychiatrist explores the effects of DMT, one of the most powerful psychedelics known. • A behind-the-scenes look at the cutting edge of psychedelic research. • Provides a unique scientific explanation for the phenomenon of alien abduction experiences. From 1990 to 1995 Dr. Rick Strassman conducted U.S. Government-approved and funded clinical research at the University of New Mexico in which he injected sixty volunteers with DMT, one of the most powerful psychedelics known. His detailed account of those sessions is an extraordinarily riveting inquiry into the nature of the human mind and the therapeutic potential of psychedelics. DMT, a plant-derived chemical found in the psychedelic Amazon brew, ayahuasca, is also manufactured by the human brain. In Strassman's volunteers, it consistently produced near-death and mystical experiences. Many reported convincing encounters with intelligent nonhuman presences, aliens, angels, and spirits. Nearly all felt that the sessions were among the most profound experiences of their lives. Strassman's research connects DMT with the pineal gland, considered by Hindus to be the site of the seventh chakra and by Rene Descartes to be the seat of the soul. DMT: The Spirit Molecule makes the bold case that DMT, naturally released by the pineal gland, facilitates the soul's movement in and out of the body and is an integral part of the birth and death experiences, as well as the highest states of meditation and even sexual transcendence. Strassman also believes that "alien abduction experiences" are brought on by accidental releases of DMT. If used wisely, DMT could trigger a period of remarkable progress in the scientific exploration of the most mystical regions of the human mind and soul.



The Cultural History of Plants

The Cultural History of Plants Author Sir Ghillean Prance
ISBN-10 9781135958107
Release 2012-10-12
Pages 460
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This valuable reference will be useful for both scholars and general readers. It is both botanical and cultural, describing the role of plant in social life, regional customs, the arts, natural and covers all aspects of plant cultivation and migration and covers all aspects of plant cultivation and migration. The text includes an explanation of plant names and a list of general references on the history of useful plants.



Hensing 1719

Hensing  1719 Author Donald Bayley Tower
ISBN-10 UOM:39015008071063
Release 1983
Pages 407
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Hensing, Johann Thomas.



Hallucinogenic Plants

Hallucinogenic Plants Author Richard Evans Schultes
ISBN-10 0307243621
Release 1976-01-01
Pages 160
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Provides information on the native habitat, appearance, characteristics, and past and present uses of numerous plants whose chemical composition causes sensory distortion and hallucinations.



The Iconography of South American Snuff Trays and Related Paraphernalia

The Iconography of South American Snuff Trays and Related Paraphernalia Author Constantino Manuel Torres
ISBN-10 UOM:39015053141811
Release 1987
Pages 134
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The Iconography of South American Snuff Trays and Related Paraphernalia has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Iconography of South American Snuff Trays and Related Paraphernalia also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Iconography of South American Snuff Trays and Related Paraphernalia book for free.



Pharmacotheon

Pharmacotheon Author Jonathan Ott
ISBN-10 UOM:39015054380632
Release 1997-02-01
Pages 640
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Pharmacotheon has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Pharmacotheon also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Pharmacotheon book for free.



ARCHAEOLOGIES OF ART

ARCHAEOLOGIES OF ART Author Inés Domingo Sanz
ISBN-10 1598742647
Release 2008
Pages 279
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This international volume draws together key research that examines visual arts of the past and contemporary indigenous societies. Placing each art style in its temporal and geographic context, the contributors show how depictions represent social mechanisms of identity construction, and how stylistic differences in product and process serve to reinforce cultural identity. Examples stretch from the Paleolithic to contemporary world and include rock art, body art, and portable arts. Ethnographic studies of contemporary art production and use, such as among contemporary Aboriginal groups, are included to help illuminate artistic practices and meanings in the past. The volume reflects the diversity of approaches used by archaeologists to incorporate visual arts into their analysis of past cultures and should be of great value to archaeologists, anthropologists, and art historians. Sponsored by the World Archaeological Congress.



Ethylene Action in Plants

Ethylene Action in Plants Author Nafees A. Khan
ISBN-10 9783540328469
Release 2007-05-10
Pages 206
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The plant hormone ethylene plays a prominent role among several intrinsic and extrinsic factors that control growth and physiology of plants. Its biological activity was discovered over a century ago. However, extensive studies on its mode of action came later. This book brings into focus the recent developments on the biochemical, physiological, and molecular basis for ethylene action in plants.