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Analysis of Pretest Posttest Designs

Analysis of Pretest Posttest Designs Author Peter L. Bonate
ISBN-10 9781420035926
Release 2000-05-12
Pages 224
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How do you analyze pretest-posttest data? Difference scores? Percent change scores? ANOVA? In medical, psychological, sociological, and educational studies, researchers often design experiments in which they collect baseline (pretest) data prior to randomization. However, they often find it difficult to decide which method of statistical analysis is most appropriate to use. Until now, consulting the available literature would prove a long and arduous task, with papers sparsely scattered throughout journals and textbook references few and far between. Analysis of Pretest-Posttest Designs brings welcome relief from this conundrum. This one-stop reference - written specifically for researchers - answers the questions and helps clear the confusion about analyzing pretest-posttest data. Keeping derivations to a minimum and offering real life examples from a range of disciplines, the author gathers and elucidates the concepts and techniques most useful for studies incorporating baseline data. Understand the pros and cons of different methods - ANOVA, ANCOVA, percent change, difference scores, and more Learn to choose the most appropriate statistical test - Numerous Monte Carlo simulations compare the various tests and help you select the one best suited to your data Tackle more difficult analyses - The extensive SAS code included saves you programming time and effort Requiring just a basic background in statistics and experimental design, this book incorporates most, if not all of the reference material that deals with pretest-posttest data. If you use baseline data in your studies, Analysis of Pretest-Posttest Designs will save you time, increase your understanding, and ultimately improve the interpretation and analysis of your data.



Analysis of Pretest Posttest Designs

Analysis of Pretest Posttest Designs Author Peter L. Bonate
ISBN-10 1584881739
Release 2000-05-12
Pages 224
Download Link Click Here

How do you analyze pretest-posttest data? Difference scores? Percent change scores? ANOVA? In medical, psychological, sociological, and educational studies, researchers often design experiments in which they collect baseline (pretest) data prior to randomization. However, they often find it difficult to decide which method of statistical analysis is most appropriate to use. Until now, consulting the available literature would prove a long and arduous task, with papers sparsely scattered throughout journals and textbook references few and far between. Analysis of Pretest-Posttest Designs brings welcome relief from this conundrum. This one-stop reference - written specifically for researchers - answers the questions and helps clear the confusion about analyzing pretest-posttest data. Keeping derivations to a minimum and offering real life examples from a range of disciplines, the author gathers and elucidates the concepts and techniques most useful for studies incorporating baseline data. Understand the pros and cons of different methods - ANOVA, ANCOVA, percent change, difference scores, and more Learn to choose the most appropriate statistical test - Numerous Monte Carlo simulations compare the various tests and help you select the one best suited to your data Tackle more difficult analyses - The extensive SAS code included saves you programming time and effort Requiring just a basic background in statistics and experimental design, this book incorporates most, if not all of the reference material that deals with pretest-posttest data. If you use baseline data in your studies, Analysis of Pretest-Posttest Designs will save you time, increase your understanding, and ultimately improve the interpretation and analysis of your data.



Encyclopedia of Research Design

Encyclopedia of Research Design Author Neil J. Salkind
ISBN-10 9781412961271
Release 2010-06-22
Pages 1776
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"Comprising more than 500 entries, the Encyclopedia of Research Design explains how to make decisions about research design, undertake research projects in an ethical manner, interpret and draw valid inferences from data, and evaluate experiment design strategies and results. Two additional features carry this encyclopedia far above other works in the field: bibliographic entries devoted to significant articles in the history of research design and reviews of contemporary tools, such as software and statistical procedures, used to analyze results. It covers the spectrum of research design strategies, from material presented in introductory classes to topics necessary in graduate research; it addresses cross- and multidisciplinary research needs, with many examples drawn from the social and behavioral sciences, neurosciences, and biomedical and life sciences; it provides summaries of advantages and disadvantages of often-used strategies; and it uses hundreds of sample tables, figures, and equations based on real-life cases."--Publisher's description.



Research Designs

Research Designs Author Paul E. Spector
ISBN-10 0803917090
Release 1981-09
Pages 80
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Research Designs is a clear, compact introduction to the principles of experimental and non-experimental design especially written for social scientists and their students. Spector covers major designs including: single group designs; pre-test/post-test designs; factorial designs, hierarchical designs; multivariate designs; the Solomon four group design; panel designs; and designs with concomitant variables.



The Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives

The Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives Author Bradley Huitema
ISBN-10 1118067460
Release 2011-10-24
Pages 480
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A complete guide to cutting-edge techniques and best practices for applying covariance analysis methods The Second Edition of Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives sheds new light on its topic, offering in-depth discussions of underlying assumptions, comprehensive interpretations of results, and comparisons of distinct approaches. The book has been extensively revised and updated to feature an in-depth review of prerequisites and the latest developments in the field. The author begins with a discussion of essential topics relating to experimental design and analysis, including analysis of variance, multiple regression, effect size measures and newly developed methods of communicating statistical results. Subsequent chapters feature newly added methods for the analysis of experiments with ordered treatments, including two parametric and nonparametric monotone analyses as well as approaches based on the robust general linear model and reversed ordinal logistic regression. Four groundbreaking chapters on single-case designs introduce powerful new analyses for simple and complex single-case experiments. This Second Edition also features coverage of advanced methods including: Simple and multiple analysis of covariance using both the Fisher approach and the general linear model approach Methods to manage assumption departures, including heterogeneous slopes, nonlinear functions, dichotomous dependent variables, and covariates affected by treatments Power analysis and the application of covariance analysis to randomized-block designs, two-factor designs, pre- and post-test designs, and multiple dependent variable designs Measurement error correction and propensity score methods developed for quasi-experiments, observational studies, and uncontrolled clinical trials Thoroughly updated to reflect the growing nature of the field, Analysis of Covariance and Alternatives is a suitable book for behavioral and medical scineces courses on design of experiments and regression and the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as an authoritative reference work for researchers and academics in the fields of medicine, clinical trials, epidemiology, public health, sociology, and engineering.



Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Author Joel A. DeLisa
ISBN-10 0781741300
Release 2005
Pages 1926
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The gold-standard physical medicine and rehabilitation text is now in its Fourth Edition—with thoroughly updated content and a more clinical focus. More than 150 expert contributors—most of them new to this edition—address the full range of issues in contemporary physical medicine and rehabilitation and present state-of-the-art patient management strategies, emphasizing evidence-based recommendations. This edition has two separate volumes on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine. Each volume has sections on principles of evaluation and management, management methods, major problems, and specific disorders. Treatment algorithms and boxed lists of key clinical facts have been added to many chapters.



Structural Rasch Modeling

Structural Rasch Modeling Author Gerhard H. Fischer
ISBN-10 9051440510
Release 1998
Pages 183
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Structural Rasch Modeling has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Structural Rasch Modeling also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Structural Rasch Modeling book for free.



Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Research

Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Research Author Donald T. Campbell
ISBN-10
Release 2015-09-03
Pages 84
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We shall examine the validity of 16 experimental designs against 12 common threats to valid inference. By experiment we refer to that portion of research in which variables are manipulated and their effects upon other variables observed. It is well to distinguish the particular role of this chapter. It is not a chapter on experimental design in the Fisher (1925, 1935) tradition, in which an experimenter having complete mastery can schedule treatments and measurements for optimal statistical efficiency, with complexity of design emerging only from that goal of efficiency. Insofar as the designs discussed in the present chapter become complex, it is because of the intransigency of the environment: because, that is, of the experimenter’s lack of complete control.



The Design and Analysis of Research Studies

The Design and Analysis of Research Studies Author Bryan F. J. Manly
ISBN-10 0521425808
Release 1992-05-14
Pages 353
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This book provides graduate students and research workers in the biological, medical and social sciences with the statistical background needed to collect and analyse data in an intelligent and critical manner.



How to Use SPSS

How to Use SPSS  Author Brian C. Cronk
ISBN-10 9781351390002
Release 2017-11-10
Pages 166
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How to Use SPSS® is designed with the novice computer user in mind and for people who have no previous experience of using SPSS. Each chapter is divided into short sections that describe the statistic being used, important underlying assumptions, and how to interpret the results and express them in a research report. The book begins with the basics, such as starting SPSS, defining variables, and entering and saving data. It covers all major statistical techniques typically taught in beginning statistics classes, such as descriptive statistics, graphing data, prediction and association, parametric inferential statistics, nonparametric inferential statistics and statistics for test construction. More than 250 screenshots (including sample output) throughout the book show students exactly what to expect as they follow along using SPSS. The book includes a glossary of statistical terms and practice exercises. A complete set of online resources including video tutorials and output files for students, and PowerPoint slides and test bank questions for instructors, make How to Use SPSS® the definitive, field-tested resource for learning SPSS. New to this edition: Fully updated to SPSS 24 and IBM SPSS Statistics Cloud New chapter on ANOVA New material on inter-rater reliability New material on syntax Additional coverage of data entry and management



Quasi experimentation

Quasi experimentation Author Thomas D. Cook
ISBN-10 STANFORD:20500301451
Release 1979
Pages 405
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Quasi experimentation has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Quasi experimentation also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Quasi experimentation book for free.



JMP for Basic Univariate and Multivariate Statistics

JMP for Basic Univariate and Multivariate Statistics Author Ann Lehman
ISBN-10 9781612906034
Release 2013
Pages 558
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Learn how to manage JMP data and perform the statistical analyses most commonly used in research in the social sciences and other fields with JMP for Basic Univariate and Multivariate Statistics: Methods for Researchers and Social Scientists, Second Edition. Updated for JMP 10 and including new features on the statistical platforms, this book offers clearly written instructions to guide you through the basic concepts of research and data analysis, enabling you to easily perform statistical analyses and solve problems in real-world research. Step by step, you'll discover how to obtain descriptive and inferential statistics, summarize results clearly in a way that is suitable for publication, perform a wide range of JMP analyses, interpret the results, and more. Topics include screening data for errors selecting subsets computing the coefficient alpha reliability index (Cronbach's alpha) for a multiple-item scale performing bivariate analyses for all types of variables performing a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), multiple regression, and a one-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) Advanced topics include analyzing models with interactions and repeated measures. There is also comprehensive coverage of principle components with emphasis on graphical interpretation. This user-friendly book introduces researchers and students of the social sciences to JMP and to elementary statistical procedures, while the more advanced statistical procedures that are presented make it an invaluable reference guide for experienced researchers as well.



How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education

How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education Author Jack Fraenkel
ISBN-10 9780077831349
Release 2014-04-07
Pages 704
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How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education provides a comprehensive introduction to educational research. The text covers the most widely used research methodologies and discusses each step in the research process in detail. Step-by-step analysis of real research studies provides students with practical examples of how to prepare their work and read that of others. End-of-chapter problem sheets, comprehensive coverage of data analysis, and information on how to prepare research proposals and reports make it appropriate both for courses that focus on doing research and for those that stress how to read and understand research. An early focus on how to locate appropriate literature helps students make effective use of online search tools.



The Educator s Desk Reference EDR

The Educator s Desk Reference  EDR Author Melvyn N. Freed
ISBN-10 1573563595
Release 2002-01-01
Pages 570
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A guide for educators lists reference sources, journals, book publishers, educational research software, and educational organizations.



Research Methods Knowledge Base

Research Methods Knowledge Base Author William M. K. Trochim
ISBN-10 1592602916
Release 2008
Pages 361
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Research Methods Knowledge Base has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Research Methods Knowledge Base also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Research Methods Knowledge Base book for free.



Research Methods in Applied Settings

Research Methods in Applied Settings Author Jeffrey A. Gliner
ISBN-10 9781317526896
Release 2016-07-28
Pages 598
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This text teaches readers how to plan, conduct, and write a research project and select and interpret data through its integrated approach to quantitative research methods. Although not a statistics book, students learn to master which technique to use when and how to analyze and interpret results, making them better consumers of research. Organized around the steps of conducting a research project, this book is ideal for those who need to analyze journal articles. With teaching experience in various departments, the authors know how to address the research problems faced by behavioral and social sciences students. Independent sections and chapters can be read in any order allowing for flexibility in assigning topics. Adopters applaud the book’s clarity and applied interdependent approach to research. The book emphasizes five research approaches:? randomized experimental, quasi-experimental, comparative, associational, and descriptive. These five approaches lead to three kinds of research designs which lead to three groups of statistics with the same names. This consistent framework increases comprehension while avoiding confusion caused by inconsistent terminology. Numerous examples, diagrams, tables, key terms, key distinctions, summaries, applied problems, interpretation questions, and suggested readings further promote understanding. This extensively revised edition features: More examples from published research articles to help readers better understand the research process. New Research in the Real World boxes that highlight actual research projects from various disciplines. Defined key terms in the margins and interpretation questions that help readers review the material. More detailed explanations of key concepts including reliability, validity, estimation, ethical and bias concerns, data security and assumptions, power analysis , and multiple and logistic regression. New sections on mediation and moderation analysis to address the latest techniques. More coverage of quasi-experimental design and qualitative research to reflect changing practices. A new appendix on how to write about results using APA guidelines to help new researchers. Online resources available at www.routledge.com/9781138852976 that provide instructors with PowerPoints, test questions, critical thinking exercises, a conversion guide, and answers to all of the book’s problems and questions. Students will find learning objectives, annotated links to further readings and key concepts, and key terms with links to definitions. Intended for graduate research methods or design or quantitative/experimental research methods courses in psychology, education, human development, family studies, and other behavioral, social, and health sciences, some exposure to statistics and research methods is recommended.



The Analysis of Change

The Analysis of Change Author John Mordechai Gottman
ISBN-10 9781134778058
Release 2013-02-01
Pages 544
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Continuity and change have been major concerns of the social and behavioral sciences -- in the study of human development and in the study of processes that unfold in various ways across time. There has been a veritable explosion of techniques for studying change over time which have fundamentally changed how we need to think of and study change. Unfortunately, many of the old precepts and beliefs are still among us. The field of methodology for the study of change is itself ready to change. Recently, there have been many analytic and conceptual developments questioning our cherished beliefs about the study of change. As such, how are individuals to think about issues and correctly analyze change? The chapters in this volume address these issues. Divided into two sections, this book deals with designs that analyze change in multiple subjects, and with change in single subjects and an interacting system. Papers presented in this volume are accessible to scientists who are not methodologists. The character of the papers are more like primers than basic treatises on methodology, written for other methodologists. It is time that people stop thinking in rigid ways about how to study change and be introduced to a range of many possibilities. Change, stability, order and chaos are elusive concepts. The pursuit of the laws of change must be approached in as flexible and creative a fashion as possible. This book should help to lead the way.