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Analysis of Residual Stress by Diffraction using Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation

Analysis of Residual Stress by Diffraction using Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation Author M.E. Fitzpatrick
ISBN-10 0203608992
Release 2003-02-06
Pages 320
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While residual stress can be a problem in many industries and lead to early failure of component, it can also be introduced deliberately to improve lifetimes. Knowledge of the residual stress state in a component can be critical for quality control of surface engineering processes or vital to performing an accurate assessment of component life under fatigue loading. Neutron and synchrotron X-ray diffraction have emerged as leading techniques for stress analysis, as they can penetrate many millimetres or centimetres into components, allowing nondestructive measurement of the internal strains. Both methods require the use of costly facility-based equipment, but great advantages are obtained from the ability to probe the stress state deep below a specimen's surface. Analysis of Residual Stress by Diffraction Using Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation gives an overview of the principles of these techniques and examples of their applications to a range of materials and engineering problems. It contains 20 chapter contributed by leading international experts in residual stress analysis, who explore the theoretical basis of stress analysis by diffraction methods, the practical implementation of the methods, and examples of key applications. The applications discussed include the determination of internal stresses in weldments, in composite materials, following shot peening, and in ceramics. This book will be useful for engineers and scientists who work in any field where residual stresses are of importance, and for anyone involved with the application of neutron or synchrotron radiation for stress management. As the techniques become a basic component of the measurement toolkit for stress analysis, an appreciation of the practicalities and limitations of these methods in practice will be important throughout a range of engineering and scientific fields.



Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science

Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science Author Peter Staron
ISBN-10 9783527684502
Release 2017-01-03
Pages 488
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Retaining its proven concept, the second edition of this ready reference specifically addresses the need of materials engineers for reliable, detailed information on modern material characterization methods. As such, it provides a systematic overview of the increasingly important field of characterization of engineering materials with the help of neutrons and synchrotron radiation. The first part introduces readers to the fundamentals of structure-property relationships in materials and the radiation sources suitable for materials characterization. The second part then focuses on such characterization techniques as diffraction and scattering methods, as well as direct imaging and tomography. The third part presents new and emerging methods of materials characterization in the field of 3D characterization techniques like three-dimensional X-ray diffraction microscopy. The fourth and final part is a collection of examples that demonstrate the application of the methods introduced in the first parts to problems in materials science. With thoroughly revised and updated chapters and now containing about 20% new material, this is the must-have, in-depth resource on this highly relevant topic.



Introduction to the Characterization of Residual Stress by Neutron Diffraction

Introduction to the Characterization of Residual Stress by Neutron Diffraction Author M.T. Hutchings
ISBN-10 9780203402818
Release 2005-02-28
Pages 420
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Over the past 25 years the field of neutron diffraction for residual stress characterization has grown tremendously, and has matured from the stage of trial demonstrations to provide a practical tool with widespread applications in materials science and engineering. While the literature on the subject has grown commensurately, it has also remained fragmented and scattered across various journals and conference proceedings. For the first time, this volume presents a comprehensive introduction to stress measurement using neutron diffraction. It discusses all aspects of the technique, from the basic physics, the different neutron sources and instrumentation, to the various strategies for lattice strain measurement and data interpretation. These are illustrated by practical examples. This book represents a coherent unified treatment of the subject, written by well-known experts. It will prepare students, engineers, and other newcomers for their first neutron diffraction experiments and provide experts with a definitive reference work.



Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science

Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation in Engineering Materials Science Author Peter Staron
ISBN-10 9783527684519
Release 2017-01-03
Pages 488
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Retaining its proven concept, the second edition of this ready reference specifically addresses the need of materials engineers for reliable, detailed information on modern material characterization methods. As such, it provides a systematic overview of the increasingly important field of characterization of engineering materials with the help of neutrons and synchrotron radiation. The first part introduces readers to the fundamentals of structure-property relationships in materials and the radiation sources suitable for materials characterization. The second part then focuses on such characterization techniques as diffraction and scattering methods, as well as direct imaging and tomography. The third part presents new and emerging methods of materials characterization in the field of 3D characterization techniques like three-dimensional X-ray diffraction microscopy. The fourth and final part is a collection of examples that demonstrate the application of the methods introduced in the first parts to problems in materials science. With thoroughly revised and updated chapters and now containing about 20% new material, this is the must-have, in-depth resource on this highly relevant topic.



The Nano Micro Interface

The Nano Micro Interface Author Marcel Van de Voorde
ISBN-10 9783527679218
Release 2015-01-12
Pages 756
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Controlling the properties of materials by modifying their composition and by manipulating the arrangement of atoms and molecules is a dream that can be achieved by nanotechnology. As one of the fastest developing and innovative -- as well as well-funded -- fields in science, nanotechnology has already significantly changed the research landscape in chemistry, materials science, and physics, with numerous applications in consumer products, such as sunscreens and water-repellent clothes. It is also thanks to this multidisciplinary field that flat panel displays, highly efficient solar cells, and new biological imaging techniques have become reality. This second, enlarged edition has been fully updated to address the rapid progress made within this field in recent years. Internationally recognized experts provide comprehensive, first-hand information, resulting in an overview of the entire nano-micro world. In so doing, they cover aspects of funding and commercialization, the manufacture and future applications of nanomaterials, the fundamentals of nanostructures leading to macroscale objects as well as the ongoing miniaturization toward the nanoscale domain. Along the way, the authors explain the effects occurring at the nanoscale and the nanotechnological characterization techniques. An additional topic on the role of nanotechnology in energy and mobility covers the challenge of developing materials and devices, such as electrodes and membrane materials for fuel cells and catalysts for sustainable transportation. Also new to this edition are the latest figures for funding, investments, and commercialization prospects, as well as recent research programs and organizations.



In situ Studies with Photons Neutrons and Electrons Scattering

In situ Studies with Photons  Neutrons and Electrons Scattering Author Thomas Kannengiesser
ISBN-10 3642147941
Release 2010-10-23
Pages 204
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In-situ scattering and diffraction measurements using synchrotron and neutron beam lines have become a viable tool to look at the non-equilibrium processing of advanced materials. This volume presents the subject from the theoretical and experimental standpoint, in order to provide a closer insight into the different synchrotron and neutron diffraction techniques as well as innovative microscopy techniques. It addresses the following items: - Phase detection and quantification - In-situ welding experiments - Stress/strain build-up - Model development and Simulation - Analysis tools and programming



Modern Diffraction Methods

Modern Diffraction Methods Author E. J. Mittemeijer
ISBN-10 9783527649907
Release 2013-02-04
Pages 554
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The role of diffraction methods for the solid-state sciences has been pivotal to determining the (micro)structure of a material. Particularly, the expanding activities in materials science have led to the development of new methods for analysis by diffraction. This book offers an authoritative overview of the new developments in the field of analysis of matter by (in particular X-ray, electron and neutron) diffraction. It is composed of chapters written by leading experts on 'modern diffraction methods'. The focus in the various chapters of this book is on the current forefront of research on and applications for diffraction methods. This unique book provides descriptions of the 'state of the art' and, at the same time, identifies avenues for future research. The book assumes only a basic knowledge of solid-state physics and allows the application of the described methods by the readers of the book (either graduate students or mature scientists).



Structural and Residual Stress Analysis by Nondestructive Methods

Structural and Residual Stress Analysis by Nondestructive Methods Author V. Hauk
ISBN-10 008054195X
Release 1997-11-10
Pages 640
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The field of stress analysis has gained its momentum from the widespread applications in industry and technology and has now become an important part of materials science. Various destructive as well as nondestructive methods have been developed for the determination of stresses. This timely book provides a comprehensive review of the nondestructive techniques for strain evaluation written by experts in their respective fields. The main part of the book deals with X-ray stress analysis (XSA), focussing on measurement and evaluation methods which can help to solve the problems of today, the numerous applications of metallic, polymeric and ceramic materials as well as of thin-film-substrate composites and of advanced microcomponents. Furthermore it contains data, results, hints and recommendations that are valuable to laboratories for the certification and accreditation of their stress analysis. Stress analysis is an active field in which many questions remain unsettled. Accordingly, unsolved problems and conflicting results are discussed as well. The assessment of the experimentally determined residual and structural stress states on the static and dynamic behavior of materials and components is handled in a separate chapter. Students and engineers of materials science and scientists working in laboratories and industries will find this book invaluable.



Innovative Technological Materials

Innovative Technological Materials Author Jacek Skrzypek
ISBN-10 3642120598
Release 2010-06-16
Pages 279
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This book provides new insight into material science and technology. In particular, non-conventional, unusual or innovative neutron and x-ray scattering experiments (from both the scientific and the instrumental point of view) are described.



Practical Residual Stress Measurement Methods

Practical Residual Stress Measurement Methods Author Gary S. Schajer
ISBN-10 9781118402825
Release 2013-08-01
Pages 328
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An introductory and intermediate level handbook written in pragmatic style to explain residual stresses and to provide straightforward guidance about practical measurement methods. Residual stresses play major roles in engineering structures, with highly beneficial effects when designed well, and catastrophic effects when ignored. With ever-increasing concern for product performance and reliability, there is an urgent need for a renewed assessment of traditional and modern measurement techniques. Success critically depends on being able to make the most practical and effective choice of measurement method for a given application. Practical Residual Stress Measurement Methods provides the reader with the information needed to understand key residual stress concepts and to make informed technical decisions about optimal choice of measurement technique. Each chapter, written by invited specialists, follows a focused and pragmatic format, with subsections describing the measurement principle, residual stress evaluation, practical measurement procedures, example applications, references and further reading. The chapter authors represent both international academia and industry. Each of them brings to their writing substantial hands-on experience and expertise in their chosen field. Fully illustrated throughout, the book provides a much-needed practical approach to residual stress measurements. The material presented is essential reading for industrial practitioners, academic researchers and interested students. Key features: • Presents an overview of the principal residual stress measurement methods, both destructive and non-destructive, with coverage of new techniques and modern enhancements of established techniques • Includes stand-alone chapters, each with its own figures, tables and list of references, and written by an invited team of international specialists



Advanced Materials and Structures for Extreme Operating Conditions

Advanced Materials and Structures for Extreme Operating Conditions Author Jacek Skrzypek
ISBN-10 3540743006
Release 2008-01-23
Pages 238
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In the pages of this present monograph readers will find virtually everything they need to know about the latest advanced materials. The authors have covered almost every angle, including composites, functionally graded materials, and materials for high temperature service. They also examine advanced approaches to local and non-local analysis of localized damage, and provide a new description of crack deactivation. This highly informative volume also tackles the material properties for high temperature applications.



Measurement of Residual Stress in Materials Using Neutrons

Measurement of Residual Stress in Materials Using Neutrons Author International Atomic Energy Agency
ISBN-10 UOM:39015062426666
Release 2005
Pages 92
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Measurement of Residual Stress in Materials Using Neutrons has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Measurement of Residual Stress in Materials Using Neutrons also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Measurement of Residual Stress in Materials Using Neutrons book for free.



Mechanical Stress Evaluation by Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation

Mechanical Stress Evaluation by Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation Author Deon Marais
ISBN-10 9781945291678
Release 2018-04-20
Pages 186
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This book presents the proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Mechanical Stress Evaluation by Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation which was hosted by the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa) SOC Limited in cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The conference topics included deformation & modeling, processing & welding, techniques & instruments, mechanical methods vs. diffraction, microstructure & characterization, surface modification & coatings, 3D/4D characterization and fatigue, creep & plasticity.



JSME International Journal

JSME International Journal Author
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924092829740
Release 2004
Pages
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JSME International Journal has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from JSME International Journal also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full JSME International Journal book for free.



Residual Stresses 2016

Residual Stresses 2016 Author Thomas M. Holden
ISBN-10 9781945291173
Release 2017-03-15
Pages 630
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This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Residual Stresses 10 and is devoted to the prediction/modelling, evaluation, control, and application of residual stresses in engineering materials. New developments, on stress-measurement techniques, on modelling and prediction of residual stresses and on progress made in the fundamental understanding of the relation between the state of residual stress and the material properties, are highlighted. The proceedings offer an overview of the current understanding of the role of residual stresses in materials used in wide ranging application areas.



Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly

Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly Author
ISBN-10 NYPL:33433082965793
Release 2008
Pages
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Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly book for free.



Concise Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization

Concise Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization Author R.W. Cahn
ISBN-10 9781483287515
Release 2016-01-22
Pages 670
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To use materials effectively, their composition, degree of perfection, physical and mechanical characteristics, and microstructure must be accurately determined. This concise encyclopledia covers the wide range of characterization techniques necessary to achieve this. Articles included are not only concerned with the characterization techniques of specific materials such as polymers, metals, ceramics and semiconductors but also techniques which can be applied to materials in general. The techniques described cover bulk methods, and also a number of specific methods to study the topography and composition of surface and near-surface regions. These techniques range from the well-established and traditional to the very latest including: atomic force microscopy; confocal optical microscopy; gamma ray diffractometry; thermal wave imaging; x-ray diffraction and time-resolved techniques. This unique concise encyclopedia comprises 116 articles by leading experts in the field from around the world to create the ideal guide for materials scientists, chemists and engineers involved with any aspect of materials characterization. With over 540 illustrations, extensive cross-referencing, approximately 900 references, and a detailed index, this concise encyclopedia will be a valuable asset to any materials science collection.