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Ancient African Metallurgy

Ancient African Metallurgy Author Michael S. Bisson
ISBN-10 0742502619
Release 2000-01-01
Pages 294
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Gold. Copper. Iron. Metal working in Africa has been the subject of both popular lore and extensive archaeological investigation. In this volume, four leading archaeologists attempt to provide a complete synthesis of current debates and understandings: When, how and where was metal first introduced to the continent? How were iron and copper tools, implements, and objects used in everyday life, in trade, in political and cultural contexts? What role did metals play in the ideological systems of precolonial African peoples? Substantive chapters address the origins of African metal working and analyze the specific uses, technology, and ideology of both copper and iron. An ethnoarchaeological account in the words of a contemporary iron worker enriches the archaeological explanations. The volume will be of great value to scholars and students of archaeology, African history, and the history of technology.



Archaeology Language and the African Past

Archaeology  Language  and the African Past Author Roger Blench
ISBN-10 9780759114210
Release 2006-06-22
Pages 388
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Scholarly work that attempts to match linguistic and archaeological evidence in precolonial Africa



The Evolution of Modern Humans in Africa

The Evolution of Modern Humans in Africa Author Pamela R. Willoughby
ISBN-10 0759101191
Release 2007
Pages 439
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A fascinating, detailed study of the origins of modern humans. Includes material from Willoughby's own research in Tanzania.



The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology Author Peter Mitchell
ISBN-10 9780191626159
Release 2013-07-04
Pages 1080
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Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.



Metals in Past Societies

Metals in Past Societies Author Shadreck Chirikure
ISBN-10 9783319116419
Release 2015-03-18
Pages 166
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This book seeks to communicate to both a global and local audience, the key attributes of pre-industrial African metallurgy such as technological variation across space and time, methods of mining and extractive metallurgy and the fabrication of metal objects. These processes were transformative in a physical and metaphoric sense, which made them total social facts. Because the production and use of metals was an accretion of various categories of practice, a chaine operatoire conceptual and theoretical framework that simultaneously considers the embedded technological and anthropological factors was used. The book focuses on Africa’s different regions as roughly defined by cultural geography. On the one hand there is North Africa, Egypt, the Egyptian Sudan, and the Horn of Africa which share cultural inheritances with the Middle East and on the other is Africa south of the Sahara and the Sudan which despite interacting with the former is remarkably different in terms of technological practice. For example, not only is the timing of metallurgy different but so is the infrastructure for working metals and the associated symbolic and sociological factors. The cultural valuation of metals and the social positions of metal workers were different too although there is evidence of some values transfer and multi-directional technological cross borrowing. The multitude of permutations associated with metals production and use amply demonstrates that metals participated in the production and reproduction of society. Despite huge temporal and spatial differences there are so many common factors between African metallurgy and that of other regions of the world. For example, the role of magic and ritual in metal working is almost universal be it in Bolivia, Nepal, Malawi, Timna, Togo or Zimbabwe. Similarly, techniques of mining were constrained by the underlying geology but this should not in any way suggest that Africa’s metallurgy was derivative or that the continent had no initiative. Rather it demonstrates that when confronted with similar challenges, humanity in different regions of the world responded to identical challenges in predictable ways mediated as mediated by the prevailing cultural context. The success of the use of historical and ethnographic data in understanding variation and improvisation in African metallurgical practices flags the potential utility of these sources in Asia, Latin America and Europe. Some nuance is however needed because it is simply naïve to assume that everything depicted in the history or ethnography has a parallel in the past and vice versa. Rather, the confluence of archaeology, history and ethnography becomes a pedestal for dialogue between different sources, subjects and ideas that is important for broadening our knowledge of global categories of metallurgical practice.



Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna

Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna Author Stephen A. Dueppen
ISBN-10 9781317543657
Release 2014-09-11
Pages 368
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Many West African societies have egalitarian political systems, with non-centralised distributions of power. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' analyses a wide range of archaeological data to explore the development of such societies. The volume offers a detailed case study of the village settlement of Kirikongo in western Burkina Faso. Over the course of the first millennium, this single homestead extended control over a growing community. The book argues that the decentralization of power in the twelfth century BCE radically transformed this society, changing gender roles, public activities, pottery making and iron-working. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' will be of interest to students of political science, anthropology, archaeology and the history of West Africa.



Historical archaeology in Africa

Historical archaeology in Africa Author Peter Ridgway Schmidt
ISBN-10 0759109648
Release 2006
Pages 316
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Historical Archaeology in Africa is an inquiry into the questions that count, proposing different ways of thinking about historical archaeology. Peter Schmidt challenges readers to expand their horizons beyond the ethnocentrism of archaeology, as it is defined and practiced in North America. Confronting topics of oral traditions, our orientation to archaeology, and the misrepresentation of various cultures, Schmidt calls for a new pathway to an enriched, more nuanced, and more inclusive historical archaeology.



The South African Archaeological Bulletin

The South African Archaeological Bulletin Author
ISBN-10 IND:30000100381072
Release 2003
Pages
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The South African Archaeological Bulletin has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The South African Archaeological Bulletin also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The South African Archaeological Bulletin book for free.



African herders

African herders Author Andrew Brown Smith
ISBN-10 0759107475
Release 2005
Pages 251
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Utilizing almost 40 years' work, Andrew Smith presents a detailed portrait of modern herdsmen and their historical antecedents. Following the assumption that Africa has never been isolated from the rest of the world, Smith illuminates key topics ranging from material culture and rituals, to future prospects for pastoralists. Visit our website for sample chapters!



The African Archaeology Network

The African Archaeology Network Author Felix Chami
ISBN-10 9976604084
Release 2004
Pages 187
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Investigating how ancient African societies exploited resources, developed settlements, and established trade networks, this Pan-African project aims to develop new models to understand how ancient communities adjusted and responded to political and environmental upheavals.



Cloth in West African history

Cloth in West African history Author Colleen E. Kriger
ISBN-10 IND:30000109148738
Release 2006
Pages 214
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In this holistic approach to the study of textiles and their makers, Colleen Kriger charts the role cotton has played in commercial, community, and labor settings. She pays close attention the details of how people made, exchanged, and wore cotton cloth from before industrialization in Europe to the twentieth century. Closely tracing this history in Nigeria,Cloth in West African History offers a fresh perspective on the history of the region and on the local, regional, and global processes that shaped it.



African foragers

African foragers Author Sibel Barut Kusimba
ISBN-10 UOM:39015056261533
Release 2003
Pages 285
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Study of the development of foraging strategies in Africa from the Middle Stone Age to the present.



Journal of African Archaeology

Journal of African Archaeology Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105213166577
Release 2008
Pages
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Journal of African Archaeology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Journal of African Archaeology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Journal of African Archaeology book for free.



Ethnoarchaeology of Shuwa Arab Settlements

Ethnoarchaeology of Shuwa Arab Settlements Author Augustin Holl
ISBN-10 0739104071
Release 2003
Pages 422
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Ethnoarchaeology of Shuwa-Arab Settlements demonstrates the imperative need for ethnoarchaeology to include a deep sense of the history of the specific social group under analysis for its findings to truly impact archaeological thinking. Based on research from a long-term archaeological and ethnoarchaeological project conducted in the northernmost part of Cameroon, Augustin Holl's new work probes the ethnic survival of the Shuwa-Arab descendants of generations of pastoralists who migrated from Arabia to the Chad basin. The book robustly engages macro issues connected to processes of sedentarization, ethnic interaction in a multi-ethnic setting, and relations of power and dominion. On the micro level the work deciphers clues for the cultural survival and later prosperity of the Shuwa-Arab hidden in the material record of their daily settlement life. This book will be of great interest to students of African history, African studies, archaeology, ethnoarchaeology, and ethnic and cultural studies seeking to understand how to successfully integrate history into the interpretation of the archaeological record.



Ikenga

Ikenga Author
ISBN-10 UCLA:L0104348495
Release 2011
Pages
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Ikenga has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Ikenga also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Ikenga book for free.



Iron furnaces and future kings

Iron furnaces and future kings Author Sigrid Carrie Gabler
ISBN-10 UOM:39015062469955
Release 2005
Pages
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Iron furnaces and future kings has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Iron furnaces and future kings also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Iron furnaces and future kings book for free.



Handbook of material culture

Handbook of material culture Author Christopher Y. Tilley
ISBN-10 IND:30000077957763
Release 2006
Pages 556
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The study of material culture is concerned with the relationship between persons and things in the past and in the present, in urban and industrialized and in small-scale societies across the globe. The Handbook of Material Culture provides a critical survey of the theories, concepts, intellectual debates, substantive domains, and traditions of study characterizing the analysis of "things." This cutting-edge work examines the current state of material culture as well as how this field of study may be extended and developed in the future. The Handbook of Material Culture is divided into five sections: Section I maps material culture studies as a theoretical and conceptual field. Section II examines the relationship between material forms, the human body and the senses. Section III focuses on subject-object relations. Section IV considers things in terms of processes and transformations in terms of production, exchange and consumption, performance and the significance of things over the long-term. Section V considers the contemporary politics and poetics of displaying, representing and conserving material and the manner in which this impacts on notions of heritage, tradition and identity. The Handbook charts an interdisciplinary field of studies that makes a unique and fundamental contribution to an understanding of what it means to be human. It will be of interest to all who work in the social and historical sciences, from anthropologists and archaeologists to human geographers to scholars working in heritage, design and cultural studies.