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Ancient Sedimentary Environments

Ancient Sedimentary Environments Author Selley, Richard C.
ISBN-10 9781135075729
Release 2013-05-13
Pages 318
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This edition retains the case history approach to emphasize the subsurface diagnosis of environments using seismic and geophysical well logs and their application to petroleum exploration and production. This book should be of interest to undergraduates in sedimentology and petroleum geology.



Sedimentary Dynamics of Windfield Source Basin System

Sedimentary Dynamics of Windfield Source Basin System Author Zaixing Jiang
ISBN-10 9789811074073
Release 2018-03-06
Pages 328
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This book introduces the geological concept of the “windfield-source-basin system,” based on integrated modern and ancient sedimentology studies. It identifies wind field as a main sedimentation-controlling factor that combines with provenance and basin dynamics to determine the formation and distribution of depositional systems. Using the unary properties of facies, sedimentary models and the duality properties of source-to-sink approaches, the concept of a “wind-source-basin system” introduces the “sedimentary system trinity”: wind field, provenance and basin properties. “Wind-source-basin systems” provide more plausible genetic interpretations of depositional systems (including both continental and marine facies, and clastic and carbonate systems), as well as more comprehensive and precise predictions of depositional systems (hydrocarbon reservoirs) in unknown regions. Further, the book proposes a series of methods on paleowind field reconstruction, which fill the gaps in paleo-atmospheric field studies in paleoclimatology, and shows that allocating relationships among source-reservoir-cap in petroliferous basins are limited by the “wind-source-basin system”. This trinity system also provides a new perspective on petroleum geology assessment. The book appeals to all those engaged in sedimentology, petroleum geology and climatology studies.



Principles of Stratigraphy

Principles of Stratigraphy Author Michael E. Brookfield
ISBN-10 9780470693223
Release 2008-04-15
Pages 340
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Principles of Stratigraphy reafferms the vital importance of stratigraphy to the earth sciences, and introduces the undergraduate to its key elements in a lively and interesting fashion. First recent text devoted to stratigraphic principles and applications. Contains details of the latest stratigraphic techniques. Includes numerous case studies and real-world examples. An Instructor manual CD-ROM for this title is available. Please contact our Higher Education team at [email protected] for more information.



Applied Sedimentology

Applied Sedimentology Author Richard C. Selley
ISBN-10 0080527477
Release 2000-05-24
Pages 523
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There are three types of rock—igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary. Sedimentary rocks form from the weathering, erosion, transportation and deposition of older rocks. Applied Sedimentology describes the formation, transportation and deposition of sediment, and the post-depositional processes that change soft sediment into sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rocks include sandstones, limestones and mudstones. All the world's coal, most of its water and fossil fuels, and many mineral deposits occur in sedimentary rocks. Applied Sedimentology shows how the study of sediments aids the exploration for and exploitation of natural resources, including water, ores and hydrocarbons. * Completely revised edition; Like its precursor, it describes sediments from sand grains to sedimentary basins; Features up-to date account and critique of sequence and cyclostratigraphy * Extensively illustrated with photos and remotely sensed sea bed images describing sedimentary processes, products and depositional systems; Color plates illustrate sediment textures, lithologies, pore types, diagenetic textures, and carbonate and clastic sequence stratigraphic models * Emphasises the applications of sedimentology to the exploration for and exploitation of natural resources, including water, ores and hydrocarbons * Extensive references and up-to-date bibliography for further study



Introduction to Earth Sciences

Introduction to Earth Sciences Author Luc Thomas Ikelle
ISBN-10 9789813148444
Release 2017-03-17
Pages 516
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Geophysics is concerned with the physical processes and properties of the Earth and its surrounding environment, and with the use of quantitative methods for their analysis. This book provides the general public, including students, faculties, and universities with a comprehensive presentation of geophysics suitable for first year undergraduate classes. The key focus is to familiarize readers with the concepts of elastic and electromagnetic wave propagation, which are central to geophysical studies. Elastic waves and electromagnetic waves are two important ways that energy is transported in the world around us. These important concepts are presented through examples giving readers a more comprehensive understanding of geophysics and what geophysicists do. Special focus is on earthquakes, volcanoes, energy resources, and climate which are the present and future challenges of our times. Request Inspection Copy



Carbonate Depositional Environments

Carbonate Depositional Environments Author Peter A. Scholle
ISBN-10 9780891813101
Release 1983-01
Pages 708
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Carbonate Depositional Environments has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Carbonate Depositional Environments also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Carbonate Depositional Environments book for free.



Nature and Origin of Cretaceous Carbon Rich Facies

Nature and Origin of Cretaceous Carbon Rich Facies Author Seymour Oscar Schlanger
ISBN-10 UCAL:B4331306
Release 1982
Pages 229
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Nature and Origin of Cretaceous Carbon Rich Facies has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Nature and Origin of Cretaceous Carbon Rich Facies also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Nature and Origin of Cretaceous Carbon Rich Facies book for free.



Introduction to Oceanography

Introduction to Oceanography Author David A. Ross
ISBN-10 UOM:39015004560978
Release 1977
Pages 438
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Introduction to Oceanography has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Introduction to Oceanography also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Introduction to Oceanography book for free.



Deep Sea Sediments

Deep Sea Sediments Author Anton Inderbitzen
ISBN-10 UVA:35007006896264
Release 1974-06
Pages 497
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As part of its continuing program to stimulate superior basic research in the marine environment, the Office of Naval Research, Ocean Science and Technology Division, sponsored a series of closed seminar-workshops in 1972-1973. Each seminar focused upon one re search area of marine geology which is relatively new and in need of a critical evaluation and accelerated support. The subjects areas chosen for the seminars were: 1. natural gases in marine sediments and their mode of distribution, 2. nephelometry and the optical properties of ocean waters, 3. physical and engineering properties of deep-sea sediments, and 4. physics of sound in marine sediments. The objectives of each seminar-workshop were to bring into sharper focus the state-of-the-science within each subject area, to effect some degree of coordination among the investigators working within each of these areas and to provide the Ocean Science and Technology Division guidance for national program support. This volume.contains most of the papers presented at the semi nar on the physical and engineering properties of deep-sea sediments. The seminar was held at Airlie House, Airlie, Virginia on April 24- 27, 1973 and was organized and chaired by A. Inderbitzen. The at tendees were invited from among the leading investigators in this field from both the engineering and scientific disciplines. Each attendee was requested to prepare a paper within his area of spe ciality.



Underwater minerals

Underwater minerals Author David S. Cronan
ISBN-10 UVA:35007004712182
Release 1980
Pages 362
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Underwater minerals has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Underwater minerals also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Underwater minerals book for free.



Volcanic Successions Modern and Ancient

Volcanic Successions Modern and Ancient Author R. Cas
ISBN-10 9789400931671
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 528
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from volcanological and sedimentological perspec The idea for this book carne into being between 1981 and 1982 when J. V. W. came to Monash tives. One of our aims in the book is to provide geologists with a sound basis for making their own University to take up a Monash Postdoctoral Fellowship. During this period a short course on well founded interpretations. For that reason we facies analysis in modern and ancient successions cover not only concepts about processes, and the was put together, integrating J. V. W. 's extensive nature of the products, but also methods and volcanological experience in numerous modern approaches that may be useful in analysing both modern and ancient successions. Most importantly, volcanic terrains with R. A. F. C. 's extensive sedi mentological and volcanological experience in we treat the diversity of products in volcanic older volcanic and associated sedimentary succes terrains as facies, and we use the method of facies sions in the Palaeozoic and Precambrian of analysis and interpretation as a means of construct Australia. The enthusiastic response from the ing facies models for different volcanic settings. participants to the first short course, taught in May These models will, we hope, be useful as norms 1982, and to subsequent annual re-runs, encour for comparison for workers in ancient terrains. aged us to develop the short course notes into this The only publication which overlaps with this one book.



Carbonate Sedimentology

Carbonate Sedimentology Author Maurice E. Tucker
ISBN-10 9781444314168
Release 2009-07-17
Pages 496
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Carbonate rocks (limestones and dolomites) constitute a major part of the geological column and contain not only 60% of the world's known hydrocarbons but also host extensive mineral deposits. This book represents the first major review of carbonate sedimentology since the mid 1970's. It is aimed at the advanced undergraduate - postgraduate level and will also be of major interest to geologists working in the oil industry. Carbonate Sedimentology is designed to take the reader from the basic aspects of limestone recognition and classification through to an appreciation of the most recent developments such as large scale facies modelling and isotope geochemistry. Novel aspects of the book include a detailed review of carbonate mineralogy, non-marine carbonate depositional environments and an in-depth look at carbonate deposition and diagenesis through geologic time. In addition, the reviews of individual depositional systems stress a process-based approach rather than one centered on simple comparative sedimentology. The unique quality of this book is that it contains integrated reviews of carbonate sedimentology and diagenesis, within one volume.



Fluvial Tidal Sedimentology

Fluvial Tidal Sedimentology Author
ISBN-10 9780444635396
Release 2015-11-26
Pages 656
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Fluvial-Tidal Sedimentology provides information on the ‘Tidal-Fluvial Transition', the transition zone between river and tidal environments, and includes contributions that address some of the most fundamental research questions, including how the morphology of the tidal-fluvial transition zone evolves over short (days) and long (decadal) time periods and for different tidal and fluvial regimes, the structure of the river flow as it varies in its magnitude over tidal currents and how this changes at the mixing interface between fresh and saline water and at the turbidity maximum, the role of suspended sediment in controlling bathymetric change and bar growth and the role of fine-grained sediment (muds and flocs), whether it is possible to differentiate between ‘fluvial’ and ‘tidally’ influenced bedforms as preserved in bars and within the adjacent floodplain and what are the diagnostic sedimentary facies of tidal-fluvial deposits and how are these different from ‘pure’ fluvial and tidal deposits, amongst other topics. The book presents the latest research on the processes and deposits of the tidal-fluvial transition, documenting recent major field programs that have quantified the flow, sediment transport, and bed morphology in tidal-fluvial zones. It uses description of contemporary environments and ancient outcrop analogues to characterize the facies change through the tidal-fluvial transition. Presents the latest outcomes from recent, large, integrated field programs in estuaries around the world Gives detailed field descriptions (outcrop, borehole, core, contemporary sediments) of tidal-fluvial deposits Accesses new models and validation datasets for estuarine processes and deposits Presents descriptions of contemporary environments and ancient outcrop analogues to characterize the facies change through the tidal-fluvial transition



Non Hydrocarbon Methods of Geophysical Formation

Non Hydrocarbon Methods of Geophysical Formation Author James K. Hallenburg
ISBN-10 1566702623
Release 1997-11-20
Pages 288
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These three works cover the entire field of formation evaluation, from basic concepts and theories, through standard methods used by the petroleum industry, on to new and exciting applications in environmental science and engineering, hydrogeology, and other fields. Designed to be used individually or as a set, these volumes represent the first comprehensive assessment of all exploration methodologies. No other books offer the breadth of information and range of applications available in this set. The first volume, Introduction to Geophysical Formation Evaluation, is the perfect introductory reference for environmental professionals without previous training in the field. It explains the fundamentals of geophysical exploration and analysis, illuminates the underlying theories, and offers practical guidance on how to use the available methodologies. General information on material behavior, porosity, tortuosity, permeability, cores, resistivity, radioactivity, and more provides a solid foundation for more advanced studies. The second volume, Standard Methods of Geophysical Formation Evaluation builds on the basic precepts presented in the first work but can be used alone as a self-contained reference. It covers all the petroleum-oriented standard methods which, until recently, have comprised the majority of applications of geophysical formation evaluation. It also points out non-hydrocarbon uses of petroleum methods. This volume provides complete practical information and instructions on using the standard exploration and evaluation methods. It presents comprehensive, painstakingly detailed instructions for resistivity, radiation, and acoustic methods. The third volume, Non-Hydrocarbon Methods of Geophysical Formation Evaluation, discusses uses of formation evaluation in environmental science and engineering, hydrogeology, and other fields outside the petroleum industry, and demonstrates how the standard methods can be adapted to these non-hydrocarbon purposes. It presents step-by-step instructions for photon, magnetic, nuclear, and acoustic methods of exploration, and gives special attention to the analytical techniques used in non-hydrocarbon exploration. Individually, each book is a complete, stand-alone reference on an important area of this changing field. Together, the three volumes provide the most complete practical compendium available on all aspects of formation evaluation.



Marine Clastic Sedimentology

Marine Clastic Sedimentology Author Jeremy K. Leggett
ISBN-10 9789400932418
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 212
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Tarquin Teale, a sedimentology/stratigraphy postgraduate student at the Royal School of Mines, was killed in a road accident south of Rome on 17 October 1985. Premature death is a form of tragedy which can make havoc of the ordered progress which we try to impose on our lives. As parents, relatives and friends, we all know this, and yet somehow when it touches our own world there is no consolation to be found anywhere. In Tarquin's case the enormity of the loss felt by those of us who knew him can barely be expressed in words. Tarquin had everything which we aspire to. His fellow graduate students envied his dramatic progress in research. We his advisors, in appreciating this progress, marvelled at how refreshingly rare it was to see such precocious talent combined with such a caring, modest and well-balanced personality. He was des tined for the highest honours in geoscience and there is no doubt that he would have lived a life, had he been granted the chance, which would have spread colour, intellectual insight and goodness.



Terrestrial Ecosystems Through Time

Terrestrial Ecosystems Through Time Author Anna K. Behrensmeyer
ISBN-10 0226041557
Release 1992-08-15
Pages 568
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Breathtaking in scope, this is the first survey of the entire ecological history of life on land—from the earliest traces of terrestrial organisms over 400 million years ago to the beginning of human agriculture. By providing myriad insights into the unique ecological information contained in the fossil record, it establishes a new and ambitious basis for the study of evolutionary paleoecology of land ecosystems. A joint undertaking of the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems Consortium at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, and twenty-six additional researchers, this book begins with four chapters that lay out the theoretical background and methodology of the science of evolutionary paleoecology. Included are a comprehensive review of the taphonomy and paleoenvironmental settings of fossil deposits as well as guidelines for developing ecological characterizations of extinct organisms and the communities in which they lived. The remaining three chapters treat the history of terrestrial ecosystems through geological time, emphasizing how ecological interactions have changed, the rate and tempo of ecosystem change, the role of exogenous "forcing factors" in generating ecological change, and the effect of ecological factors on the evolution of biological diversity. The six principal authors of this volume are all associated with the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems program at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.



Soils of the Past

Soils of the Past Author Gregory J. Retallack
ISBN-10 9789401179027
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 520
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Landscapes viewed from afar have a timeless quality that is soothing to the human spirit. Yet a tranquil wilderness scene is but a snapshot in the steady stream of surficial change. Wind, water and human activities reshape the landscape by means of gradual to catastrophic and usually irreversible events. Much of this change destroys past landscapes, but at some times and places, landscapes are buried in the rock record. This work is dedicated to the discovery of past landscapes and their life through the fossil record of soils. A long history of surficial changes extending back almost to the origin of our planet can be deciphered from the study of these buried soils, or paleosols. Some rudiments of this history, and our place in it, are outlined in a final section of this book. But first it is necessary to learn something of the language of soils, of what happens to them when buried in the rock record and which of the forces of nature can be confidently reconstructed from their remains. Much of this preliminary material is borrowed from soil science, but throughout emphasis is laid on features that provide most reliable evidence of landscapes during the distant geological past. This book has evolved primarily as a text for senior level university courses in paleopedology: the study of fossil soils.