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Animals As Biotechnology

Animals As Biotechnology Author Richard Twine
ISBN-10 9781849776356
Release 2010
Pages 232
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In Animals as Biotechnology sociologist Richard Twine places the question of human/animal relations at the heart of sustainability and climate change debates. The book is shaped by the emergence of two contradictory trends within our approach to nonhuman animals: the biotechnological turn in animal sciences, which aims to increase the efficiency and profitability of meat and dairy production; and the emerging field of critical animal studies - mostly in the humanities and social sciences - which works to question the nature of our relations with other animals. The first part of the book focuses on ethics, examining critically the dominant paradigms of bioethics and power relations between human and non-human. The second part considers animal biotechnology and political economy, examining commercialisation and regulation. The final part of the book centres on discussions of sustainability, limits and an examination of the prospects for animal ethics if biotechnology becomes part of the dominant agricultural paradigm. Twine concludes by considering whether growing calls to reduce our consumption of meat/dairy products in the face of climate change threats are in fact complicit with an anthropocentric understanding of sustainability and that what is needed is a more fundamental ethical and political questioning of relations and distinctions between humans, animals and nature.



The Social Dynamics of Carbon Capture and Storage

The Social Dynamics of Carbon Capture and Storage Author Nils Markusson
ISBN-10 9781849713153
Release 2012
Pages 318
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Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has emerged rapidly as a crucial technological option for decarbonising electricity supply and mitigating climate change. Great hopes are being pinned on this new technology but it is also facing growing scepticism and criticism. This book is the first to bring together the full range of social and policy issues surrounding CCS shedding new light on this potentially vital technology and its future. The book covers many crucial topics including the roles and positions that different publics, NGOs, industry, political parties and media are taking up; the way CCS is organised, supported and regulated; how CCS is being debated and judged; how innovation, demonstration and learning are occurring and being conceptualised and promoted; and the role of CCS in the transition to a low carbon energy future. The authors draw on a variety of approaches, concepts, methods and themes and provide a new understanding of innovation in the energy and climate change fields. It tackles the many issues in a way that speaks to those concerned not only to understand these developments, but to those who are involved in the scientific and technological work itself, as well as those charged with evaluating and making decisions relevant to the future of the technology.



Reconstructing Sustainability Science

Reconstructing Sustainability Science Author Thaddeus R. Miller
ISBN-10 9781135960179
Release 2014-12-05
Pages 130
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The growing urgency, complexity and "wickedness" of sustainability problems—from climate change and biodiversity loss to ecosystem degradation and persistent poverty and inequality—present fundamental challenges to scientific knowledge production and its use. While there is little doubt that science has a crucial role to play in our ability to pursue sustainability goals, critical questions remain as to how to most effectively organize research and connect it to actions that advance social and natural wellbeing. Drawing on interviews with leading sustainability scientists, this book examines how researchers in the emerging, interdisciplinary field of sustainability science are attempting to define sustainability, establish research agendas, and link the knowledge they produce to societal action. Pairing these insights with case studies of innovative sustainability research centres, the book reformulates the sustainability science research agenda and its relationship to decision-making and social action. It repositions the field as a "science of design" that aims to enrich public reasoning and deliberation while also working to generate social and technological innovations for a more sustainable future. This timely book gives students, researchers and practitioners a valuable and unique analysis of the emergence of sustainability science, and both the opportunities and barriers faced by scientific efforts to contribute to social action.



Science and Public Reason

Science and Public Reason Author Sheila Jasanoff
ISBN-10 9780415524865
Release 2012
Pages 286
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"This collection of essays explores how democratic governments construct public reason--that is, the forms of evidence and argument used in making state decisions accountable to citizens. The objective is to investigate what societies do in practice when they claim to be reasoning in the public interest. Methodologically, the book is grounded in the field of science and technology studies (STS). It uses in-depth qualitative studies of legal and political practices to shed light on the cultural construction of public reason and the reasoning political subject"--



Systems Thinking for Geoengineering Policy

Systems Thinking for Geoengineering Policy Author Robert Chris
ISBN-10 9781317554882
Release 2015-11-19
Pages 212
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Even by the scientists most closely associated with it, geoengineering – the deliberate intervention in the climate at global scale to mitigate the effects of climate change – is perceived to be risky. For all its potential benefits, there are robust differences of opinion over the wisdom of such an intervention. Systems Thinking for Geoengineering Policy is the first book to theorise geoengineering in terms of complex adaptive systems theory and to argue for the theoretical imperative of adaptive management as the default methodology for an effective low risk means of confronting the inescapable uncertainty and surprise that characterise potential climate futures. The book illustrates how a shift from the conventional Enlightenment paradigm of linear reductionist thinking, in favour of systems thinking, would promote policies that are robust against the widest range of plausible futures rather than optimal only for the most likely, and also unlock the policy paralysis caused by making long term predictions of policy outcomes a prior condition for policy formulation. It also offers some systems driven reflections on a global governance network for geoengineering. This book is a valuable resource for all those with an interest in climate change policy, geoengineering, and CAS theory, including academics, under- and postgraduate students and policymakers.



Critical Animal Studies

Critical Animal Studies Author Dawne McCance
ISBN-10 9781438445342
Release 2013-01-01
Pages 190
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Comprehensive overview of key theoretical approaches and issues in the field.



Animal Studies

Animal Studies Author Paul Waldau
ISBN-10 9780199827039
Release 2013-03-28
Pages 362
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Animal studies is a growing interdisciplinary field which seeks to understand how humans study and conceive of other-than-human animals, and how these conceptions have changed over time, across cultures, and among various scholarly modes of inquiry. Until now, this growing field has lacked a comprehensive introductory text appropriate for new scholars. Animal Studies: An Introduction fills this deficiency, providing the first holistic survey of the field.



Climate Change and Sustainable Development

Climate Change and Sustainable Development Author European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics. Congress
ISBN-10 9789086867530
Release 2012
Pages 526
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Climate change is a major framing condition for sustainable development of agriculture and food. Global food production is a major contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions and at the same time it is among the sectors worst affected by climate change.This book brings together a multidisciplinary group of authors exploring the ethical dimensions of climate change and food. Conceptual clarifications provide a necessary basis for putting sustainable development into practice. Adaptation and mitigation demand altering both agricultural and consumption practices. Intensive vs. extensive production is reassessed with regard to animal welfare, efficiency and environmental implications. Property rights pay an ever-increasing role, as do shifting land-use practices, agro-energy, biotechnology, food policy to green consumerism. And, last but not least, tools are suggested for teaching agricultural and food ethics.Notwithstanding the plurality of ethical analyses and their outcome, it becomes apparent that governance of agri-food is faced by new needs and new approaches of bringing in the value dimension much more explicitly. This book is intended to serve as a stimulating collection that will contribute to debate and reflection on the sustainable future of agriculture and food production in the face of global change.



The Case for Animal Experimentation

The Case for Animal Experimentation Author Michael Allen Fox
ISBN-10 0520055012
Release 1986
Pages 262
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Discusses animal rights and the morality of animal experiments, suggests ethical guidelines for the use of animals as test subjects, and identifies irrational attitudes towards animals



Animal Machines

Animal Machines Author Ruth Harrison
ISBN-10 9781780642840
Release 2013
Pages 211
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First published in 1964, Ruth Harrison's book Animal Machines had a profound and lasting impact on world agriculture, public opinion and the quality of life of millions of farmed animals. Concerned with welfare standards at a time when animal production was increasing in scale and mechanization, Ruth Harrison set about investigating the situation in a fair and even-handed way. Reporting her findings in this book, Harrison alerted the public to the undeniable suffering of calves living in veal crates and birds in battery cages. Written at the beginning of the intensive farming movement, which promised progress but in reality worsened conditions for domesticated animals, Animal Machines provides a fascinating insight into the system we are living with today and must continue with as the global population increases. Harrison's work brought about legal reforms, a greater understanding of farm conditions for animals and increased public awareness. Animal Machines is reprinted here in its entirety, accompanied by new chapters by world-renowned experts in animal welfare discussing the legacy and impact of Animal Machines 50 years on.



Critical Animal and Media Studies

Critical Animal and Media Studies Author Núria Almiron
ISBN-10 9781317552697
Release 2015-10-14
Pages 296
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This book aims to put the speciesism debate and the treatment of non-human animals on the agenda of critical media studies and to put media studies on the agenda of animal ethics researchers. Contributors examine the convergence of media and animal ethics from theoretical, philosophical, discursive, social constructionist, and political economic perspectives. The book is divided into three sections: foundations, representation, and responsibility, outlining the different disciplinary approaches’ application to media studies and covering how non-human animals, and the relationship between humans and non-humans, are represented by the mass media, concluding with suggestions for how the media, as a major producer of cultural norms and values related to non-human animals and how we treat them, might improve such representations.



The War against Animals

The War against Animals Author Dinesh Wadiwel
ISBN-10 9789004300422
Release 2015-06-22
Pages 316
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In The War against Animals, Dinesh Wadiwel draws on critical political theory to provide a provocative account of how our mainstay relationships with animals are founded upon systemic hostility and bio-political sovereign violence.



Improving Farm Animal Welfare

Improving Farm Animal Welfare Author Harry Blokhuis
ISBN-10 9789086862160
Release 2013
Pages 232
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How do you define the quality of life of a farmed animal? This timely book addresses the complex and often controversial issues surrounding the assessment and improvement of farm animal welfare. Based on a large, multi-disciplinary EU funded research project called Welfare Quality, it discusses the relevance of science based welfare assessments and the importance of establishing a fruitful dialogue between science and society. An outline is given of the development of a workable welfare assessment system for cattle, pigs and chickens as well as practical ways of improving the animals' quality of life.This book synthesises the huge body of work carried out by the largest ever international network of scientists and stakeholders in Welfare Quality. It describes some of the obstacles encountered and their solution and why particular paths were chosen. It also clearly sets out what still needs to be done and presents selected strategies and technologies (automation, proxy indicators, targeting of risk factors, etc.) designed to ensure the continued improvement of welfare and its assessment.The book provides a valuable source of knowledge on farm animal welfare for social and animal scientists, students, teachers, policy makers, lobby groups and the animal industry.



The Rise of Critical Animal Studies

The Rise of Critical Animal Studies Author Nik Taylor
ISBN-10 9781135100872
Release 2014-04-16
Pages 286
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As the scholarly and interdisciplinary study of human/animal relations becomes crucial to the urgent questions of our time, notably in relation to environmental crisis, this collection explores the inner tensions within the relatively new and broad field of animal studies. This provides a platform for the latest critical thinking on the condition and experience of animals. The volume is structured around four sections: engaging theory doing critical animal studies critical animal studies and anti-capitalism contesting the human, liberating the animal: veganism and activism. The Rise of Critical Animal Studies demonstrates the centrality of the contribution of critical animal studies to vitally important contemporary debates and considers future directions for the field. This edited collection will be useful for students and scholars of sociology, gender studies, psychology, geography, and social work.



Fundamentals and Application of New Bioproduction Systems

Fundamentals and Application of New Bioproduction Systems Author An-Ping Zeng
ISBN-10 9783642415210
Release 2014-07-08
Pages 238
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Printing Peptide Arrays with a Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Chip, by Felix F. Loeffler, Yun-Chien Cheng, Bastian Muenster, Jakob Striffler, Fanny C. Liu, F. Ralf Bischoff, Edgar Doersam, Frank Breitling, Alexander Nesterov-Mueller. Protein Engineering as a Tool for the Development of Novel Bio production Systems, by Uwe T. Bornscheuer. Compartmentalization and Metabolic Channeling for Multienzymatic Biosynthesis: Practical Strategies and Modeling Approaches, by U. Jandt, C. You, Y. H.-P. Zhang, A.-P. Zeng. Cell-Free Systems: Functional Modules for Synthetic and Chemical Biology, by Marlitt Stech, Andreas K. Brödel, Robert B. Quast, Rita Sachse, Stefan Kubick. New Bio production Systems: From Molecular Circuits to Novel Reactor Concepts in Cell-Free Biotechnology, by Steffen Rupp. Cell-free Biosystems in the Production of Electricity and Bioenergy, by Zhiguang Zhu, Tsz Kin Tam, Y.-H. Percival Zhang. In Vitro Multi enzymatic Reaction Systems for Biosynthesis, by Inés Ardao, Ee Taek Hwang, An-Ping Zeng. Directed Multistep Biocatalysis Using Tailored Permeabilized Cells, by Steffen Krauser, Christian Weyler, Lisa Katharina Blaß, Elmar Heinzle.



Dynamic Sustainabilities

Dynamic Sustainabilities Author Melissa Leach
ISBN-10 9781849710930
Release 2010
Pages 212
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Introducing a new pathways approach for understanding and responding to sustainability challenges, this title explores practical ways forward for building pathways to sustainability.



Environmental Effects of Transgenic Plants

Environmental Effects of Transgenic Plants Author Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources
ISBN-10 9780309082631
Release 2002-02-22
Pages 342
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Transgenic crops offer the promise of increased agricultural productivity and better quality foods. But they also raise the specter of harmful environmental effects. In this new book, a panel of experts examines: • Similarities and differences between crops developed by conventional and transgenic methods • Potential for commercialized transgenic crops to change both agricultural and nonagricultural landscapes • How well the U.S. government is regulating transgenic crops to avoid any negative effects. Environmental Effects of Transgenic Plants provides a wealth of information about transgenic processes, previous experience with the introduction of novel crops, principles of risk assessment and management, the science behind current regulatory schemes, issues in monitoring transgenic products already on the market, and more. The book discusses public involvement-and public confidence-in biotechnology regulation. And it looks to the future, exploring the potential of genetic engineering and the prospects for environmental effects.