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Anthocyanins

Anthocyanins Author Kevin Gould
ISBN-10 0387773355
Release 2008-12-19
Pages 336
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In recent years there has been an unprecedented expansion of knowledge about anthocyanins pigments. Indeed, the molecular genetic control of anthocyanins biosynthesis is now one of the best understood of all secondary metabolic pathways. There have also been substantial improvements in analytical technology that have led to the discovery of novel anthocyanin compounds. Armed with this knowledge and the tools for genetic engineering, plant breeders are now introducing vibrant new colors into horticultural crops. The food industry has also benefited from the resurgence of interest in anthocyanins. A greater understanding of the chemistry of these pigments has led to improved methods for stabilizing the color of anthocyanins extracts, so that they are more useful as food colorings. Methods for the bulk production of anthocyanins from cell cultures have been optimized for this purpose. Possible benefits to human health from the ingestion of anthocyanin-rich foods have also been a major feature of the recent scientific literature. Anthocyanins are remarkably potent antioxidants, and their ingestion has been postulated to stave off the effects of oxidative stress. These pigments, especially in conjunction with other flavonoids, have been associated with reductions in the incidence and severity of many other non-infectious diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease and certain cancers. An industry is developing around anthocyanins as nutritional supplements. Finally, there has been significant progress in our understanding of the benefits of anthocyanins to plants themselves. Originally considered an extravagance without a purpose, anthocyanins are now implicated in multifarious vital functions. These include the attraction of pollinators and frugivores, aposematic defense from herbivores, and protection from environmental stressors such as strong light, UVB, drought, and free radical attacks. Anthocyanins are evidently highly versatile, and enormously useful to plants. This book covers all aspects of the biosynthesis and function of anthocyanins (and related compounds such as proanthocyanidins) in plants, and their applications in agriculture, food products, and human health. Featured areas include their relevance to: * Plant stress * Flower and fruit color * Human health * Wine quality and health attributes * Food colorants and ingredients * Cell culture production systems * The pastoral sector



Structure Chemical Analysis Biosynthesis Metabolism Molecular Engineering and Biological Functions of Phytoalexins

Structure  Chemical Analysis  Biosynthesis  Metabolism  Molecular Engineering and Biological Functions of Phytoalexins Author Philippe Jeandet
ISBN-10 9783038427551
Release 2018-02-26
Pages 206
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Structure, Chemical Analysis, Biosynthesis, Metabolism, Molecular Engineering and Biological Functions of Phytoalexins" that was published in Molecules



Phenolic Compounds in Fruit Beverages

Phenolic Compounds in Fruit Beverages Author António Manuel Jordão
ISBN-10 9783038429852
Release 2018-07-02
Pages 142
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Phenolic Compounds in Fruit Beverages" that was published in Beverages



Biotechnology of Natural Products

Biotechnology of Natural Products Author Wilfried Schwab
ISBN-10 9783319679037
Release 2017-11-16
Pages 316
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This text comprehensively covers the analysis, enzymology, physiology and genetics of valuable natural products used in the food industry that are attractive targets for biotechnological production. The focus is on the recent advances made to achieve this goal. This unique work is the first book to focus on biotechnological production of important natural products in food additives, fragrances and flavorings, and other bioactive compounds in food. The chapters offer a deep insight into modern research and the development of low molecular weight natural products. Biotechnology of Natural Products covers products in the Phenolic, Terpenoid, and Alkaloid categories, providing a full overview of the biotechnology of food additives and other low molecular weight natural products. Gene clustering and the evolution of pathways are covered, as well as future perspectives on the topic. Due to limited oil resources and increasing consumer demand for naturalness, bioprocesses are increasingly needed to meet these requirements. Novel sophisticated technologies have facilitated the elucidation of new chemical molecules, their biosynthetic pathways and biological functions. This book provides researchers with a full overview of the technologies and processes involved in the biotechnology of natural products.



Melatonin in Plants

Melatonin in Plants Author Haitao Shi
ISBN-10 9782889453115
Release 2017-11-03
Pages
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This topic focuses on distribution, synthesis, metabolism, and the in vivo roles of melatonin in plants, with 1 editorial, 3 reviews, 21 original research studies and 1 corrigendum.



Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Brassicas and Eighteenth Crucifer Genetics Workshop

Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Brassicas and Eighteenth Crucifer Genetics Workshop Author Alessandro Tribulato
ISBN-10 UCR:31210023869330
Release 2013
Pages 640
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Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Brassicas and Eighteenth Crucifer Genetics Workshop has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Brassicas and Eighteenth Crucifer Genetics Workshop also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Brassicas and Eighteenth Crucifer Genetics Workshop book for free.



Proceedings of the 23rd International EUCARPIA Symposium

Proceedings of the 23rd International EUCARPIA Symposium Author Eucarpia
ISBN-10 9066055324
Release 2009
Pages 288
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Proceedings of the 23rd International EUCARPIA Symposium has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Proceedings of the 23rd International EUCARPIA Symposium also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Proceedings of the 23rd International EUCARPIA Symposium book for free.



Plant derived Natural Products

Plant derived Natural Products Author Anne E. Osbourn
ISBN-10 0387854983
Release 2009-07-07
Pages 597
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Plants produce a huge array of natural products (secondary metabolites). These compounds have important ecological functions, providing protection against attack by herbivores and microbes and serving as attractants for pollinators and seed-dispersing agents. They may also contribute to competition and invasiveness by suppressing the growth of neighboring plant species (a phenomenon known as allelopathy). Humans exploit natural products as sources of drugs, flavoring agents, fragrances and for a wide range of other applications. Rapid progress has been made in recent years in understanding natural product synthesis, regulation and function and the evolution of metabolic diversity. It is timely to bring this information together with contemporary advances in chemistry, plant biology, ecology, agronomy and human health to provide a comprehensive guide to plant-derived natural products. Plant-derived natural products: synthesis, function and application provides an informative and accessible overview of the different facets of the field, ranging from an introduction to the different classes of natural products through developments in natural product chemistry and biology to ecological interactions and the significance of plant-derived natural products for humans. In the final section of the book a series of chapters on new trends covers metabolic engineering, genome-wide approaches, the metabolic consequences of genetic modification, developments in traditional medicines and nutraceuticals, natural products as leads for drug discovery and novel non-food crops.



Biological Pigments Advances in Research and Application 2012 Edition

Biological Pigments   Advances in Research and Application  2012 Edition Author
ISBN-10 9781464991356
Release 2012-12-26
Pages 836
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Biological Pigments—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological Pigments. The editors have built Biological Pigments—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological Pigments in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Biological Pigments—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.



Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Israel Journal of Plant Sciences Author
ISBN-10 UCLA:L0098931116
Release 2009
Pages
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Israel Journal of Plant Sciences has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Israel Journal of Plant Sciences also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Israel Journal of Plant Sciences book for free.



The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography Author Arthur James Wells
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105211722686
Release 2009
Pages
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The British National Bibliography has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The British National Bibliography also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The British National Bibliography book for free.



Hexosyltransferases Advances in Research and Application 2011 Edition

Hexosyltransferases  Advances in Research and Application  2011 Edition Author
ISBN-10 9781464935480
Release 2012-01-09
Pages 66
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Hexosyltransferases: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Hexosyltransferases in a concise format. The editors have built Hexosyltransferases: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Hexosyltransferases in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Hexosyltransferases: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.



Advances in Solanum Research and Application 2013 Edition

Advances in Solanum Research and Application  2013 Edition Author
ISBN-10 9781481684132
Release 2013-06-21
Pages 40
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Advances in Solanum Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about ZZZAdditional Research in a compact format. The editors have built Advances in Solanum Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Solanum Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.



Anthocyanins

Anthocyanins Author Noboru Motohashi
ISBN-10 1622573560
Release 2014-01-01
Pages 317
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Driven by rapid developments in protein and DNA sequencing technologies, systems biology has become an important research paradigm. It is marked by an emphasis on integrating data on multiple scales and creating a framework for developing predictive models that are valid across the spectrum of structural hierarchies found in biological systems. This book consists of fourteen original chapters and an introduction that together provide a comprehensive introduction to the subject starting from discussions of its definition and scope and ending in detailed reviews of how the systems approach is affecting clinical research and practice. Most chapters are written to be accessible to a wide readership and contain references to the latest research. Altogether, this is a state-of-the-art description of the present and future of systems biology.



Plant Metabolism and Biotechnology

Plant Metabolism and Biotechnology Author Hiroshi Ashihara
ISBN-10 9781119993223
Release 2010-03-11
Pages 424
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Various plant metabolites are useful for human life, and the induction and reduction of these metabolites using modern biotechnical technique is of enormous potential important especially in the fields of agriculture and health. Plant Metabolism and Biotechnology describes the biosynthetic pathways of plant metabolites, their function in plants, and some applications for biotechnology. Topics covered include: biosynthesis and metabolism of starch and sugars lipid biosynthesis symbiotic nitrogen fixation sulfur metabolism nucleotide metabolism purine alkaloid metabolism nicotine biosynthesis terpenoid biosynthesis benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis monoterpenoid indole alkaloid biosynthesis flavonoid biosynthesis pigment biosynthesis: anthocyanins, betacyanins and carotenoids metabolomics in biotechnology Plant Metabolism and Biotechnology is an essential guide to this important field for researchers and students of biochemistry, plant biology, metabolic engineering, biotechnology, food science, agriculture, and medicine.



Food Colorants

Food Colorants Author Carmen Socaciu
ISBN-10 1420009281
Release 2007-10-24
Pages 648
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Drawing on the expertise of internationally known, interdisciplinary scientists and researchers, Food Colorants: Chemical and Functional Properties provides an integrative image of the scientific characteristics, functionality, and applications of color molecules as pigments in food science and technology, as well as their impact on health. The book emphasizes the structure-function relationships of pigment molecules to explain biosynthesis, modifications and degradation during storage and processing, and the effect of these changes on quality and safety. Understanding the rate and nature of degradation assists in selecting optimum processing parameters. Beginning with an overview of the physics and biochemistry of color, the book focuses on the mechanics of pigment stability and bioavailability, and antioxidant and pro-oxidant action. It reviews the influence of pigments on health and metabolism, incorporating results of in vivo and in vitro studies. It addresses the occurrence of pigment in food matrices and their stability during processing and storage. Conventional technologies as well as new, environmentally friendly methods are presented along with recent advances in biotechnology to produce colorants. There is also a chapter on novel approaches to the biosynthesis of colorants by microalgae, microorganisms, and genetic engineering. Contributions give significant attention to analytical methods and recent advances in detecting both natural and synthetic colorants, their quality, quantity, and degradation during processing and storage. The book rounds out its comprehensive coverage with a look at quality and safety risk assessments and international regulations, as well as lists of formerly and newly approved colorants and additives. Peer reviewed contributions and critical evaluations ensure a concise, systematic presentation of the relationships between the chemical nature and functional properties of various natural and synthetic pigments used to color food.



Flavonoids

Flavonoids Author Oyvind M. Andersen
ISBN-10 9781420039443
Release 2005-12-09
Pages 1256
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Advances in the flavonoid field have been nothing short of spectacular over the last 20 years. While the medical field has noticed flavonoids for their potential antioxidant, anticancer and cardioprotectant characteristics, growers and processors in plant sciences have utilized flavonoid biosynthesis and the genetic manipulation of the flavonoid pathway in plants to improve the nutritional and ornamental value of crops. Flavonoids: Chemistry, Biochemistry and Applications covers each class of flavonoid and presents the historic advances made in flavonoid research since the 1994 publication of an earlier text, Flavonoids Advances in Research Since 1986. This book details the analytical techniques scientists have used to achieve an improved understanding of flavonoid structures and functions as well as advances in the genetic manipulation of the flavonoid pathway, and the discovery of many new flavonoids. It indicates which techniques are best suited for the isolation and structure determination of flavonoids and whether the structures are novel. While explaining how to evaluate the flavonoid content in food and beverages, the book reveals the biotechnological advances that have allowed nutritionists and plant physiologists to assess the possible effects of flavonoids. As interest regarding the impact and health benefits of flavonoids continues to grow, Flavonoids: Chemistry, Biochemistry and Applications reflects the continuing commitment of flavonoid researchers to the improvement of human health and provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date source of information for all known flavonoids.