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Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics To Developmental Process Modeling

Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics To Developmental Process Modeling Author Karl M. Newell
ISBN-10 9781317779124
Release 2014-03-05
Pages 336
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There has been an increasing interest in the application of dynamical systems to the study of development over the last decade. The explosion of the dynamical systems framework in the physical and biological sciences has opened the door to a new Zeitgeist for studying development. This appeal to dynamical systems by developmentalists is natural given the intuitive links between the established fundamental problems of development and the conceptual and operational scope of nonlinear dynamical systems. This promise of a new approach and framework within which to study development has led to some progress in recent years but also a growing appreciation of the difficulty of both fully examining the new metaphor and realizing its potential. Divided into 4 parts, this book is a result of a recent conference on dynamical systems and development held at Pennsylvania State University. The first 3 parts focus on the content domains of development that have given most theoretical and empirical attention to the potential applications of dynamical systems--physical growth and movement, cognition, and communication. These parts show that a range of nonlinear models have been applied to a host of developmental phenomena. Part 4 highlights two particular methodological issues that hold important implications for the modeling of developmental phenomena with dynamical systems techniques.



Brain Development and Cognition

Brain Development and Cognition Author Mark H. Johnson
ISBN-10 9780470752029
Release 2008-04-15
Pages 560
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The first edition of this successful reader brought together key readings in the area of developmental cognitive neuroscience for students. Now updated in order to keep up with this fast moving field, the volume includes new readings illustrating recent developments along with updated versions of previous contributions.



Developmental Psychopathology Theory and Method

Developmental Psychopathology  Theory and Method Author Dante Cicchetti
ISBN-10 9781118120873
Release 2016-02-29
Pages 1176
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The seminal reference for the latest research in developmental psychopathology Developmental Psychopathology is a four-volume compendium of the most complete and current research on every aspect of the field. Volume One: Theory and Method focuses on the theoretical and empirical work that has contributed to dramatic advancements in understanding of child and adult development, including findings in the areas of genetics and neurobiology, as well as social and contextual factors. Now in its third edition, this comprehensive reference has been fully updated to reflect the current state of the field and its increasingly multilevel and interdisciplinary nature and the increasing importance of translational research. Contributions from expert researchers and clinicians provide insight into how multiple levels of analysis may influence individual differences, the continuity or discontinuity of patterns, and the pathways by which the same developmental outcomes may be achieved. Advances in developmental psychopathology have burgeoned since the 2006 publication of the second edition ten years ago, and keeping up on the latest findings in multiple avenues of investigation can be burdensome to the busy professional and researcher from psychology and related fields. This reference solves the problem by collecting the best of the best, as edited by Dante Cicchetti, a recognized leader in the field, into one place, with a logical organization designed for easy reference. Get up to date on the latest research from the field Explore new models, emerging theory, and innovative approaches Learn new technical analysis and research design methods Understand the impact of life stage on mental health The complexity of a field as diverse as developmental psychopathology deepens with each emerging theory and new area of study, as made obvious by the exciting findings coming out of institutions and clinics around the world. Developmental Psychopathology Volume One: Theory and Method brings these findings together into a cohesive, broad-reaching reference.



Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science Theory and Method

Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science  Theory and Method Author
ISBN-10 9781118952962
Release 2015-03-31
Pages 883
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The essential reference for human development theory, updated and reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work to which all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now in its Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been considered the definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 1, Theory and Method, presents a rich mix of classic and contemporary theoretical perspectives, but the dominant views throughout are marked by an emphasis on the dynamic interplay of all facets of the developmental system across the life span, incorporating the range of biological, cognitive, emotional, social, cultural, and ecological levels of analysis. Examples of the theoretical approaches discussed in the volume include those pertinent to human evolution, self regulation, the development of dynamic skills, and positive youth development. The research, methodological, and applied implications of the theoretical models discussed in the volume are presented. Understand the contributions of biology, person, and context to development within the embodied ecological system Discover the relations among individual, the social world, culture, and history that constitute human development Examine the methods of dynamic, developmental research Learn person-oriented methodological approaches to assessing developmental change The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the four volumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science is in the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shift that involves increasingly greater understanding of how to describe, explain, and optimize the course of human life for diverse individuals living within diverse contexts. This Handbook is the definitive reference for educators, policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in human development, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neuroscience.



Dynamic Model Development Methods Theory and Applications

Dynamic Model Development  Methods  Theory and Applications Author S. Macchietto
ISBN-10 0080530575
Release 2003-08-04
Pages 266
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Detailed mathematical models are increasingly being used by companies to gain competitive advantage through such applications as model-based process design, control and optimization. Thus, building various types of high quality models for processing systems has become a key activity in Process Engineering. This activity involves the use of several methods and techniques including model solution techniques, nonlinear systems identification, model verification and validation, and optimal design of experiments just to name a few. In turn, several issues and open-ended problems arise within these methods, including, for instance, use of higher-order information in establishing parameter estimates, establishing metrics for model credibility, and extending experiment design to the dynamic situation. The material covered in this book is aimed at allowing easier development and full use of detailed and high fidelity models. Potential applications of these techniques in all engineering disciplines are abundant, including applications in chemical kinetics and reaction mechanism elucidation, polymer reaction engineering, and physical properties estimation. On the academic side, the book will serve to generate research ideas. Contains wide coverage of statistical methods applied to process modelling Serves as a recent compilation of dynamic model building tools Presents several examples of applying advanced statistical and modelling methods to real process systems problems



Dynamic Model Development Methods Theory and Applications

Dynamic Model Development  Methods  Theory and Applications Author S. Macchietto
ISBN-10 0080530575
Release 2003-08-04
Pages 266
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Detailed mathematical models are increasingly being used by companies to gain competitive advantage through such applications as model-based process design, control and optimization. Thus, building various types of high quality models for processing systems has become a key activity in Process Engineering. This activity involves the use of several methods and techniques including model solution techniques, nonlinear systems identification, model verification and validation, and optimal design of experiments just to name a few. In turn, several issues and open-ended problems arise within these methods, including, for instance, use of higher-order information in establishing parameter estimates, establishing metrics for model credibility, and extending experiment design to the dynamic situation. The material covered in this book is aimed at allowing easier development and full use of detailed and high fidelity models. Potential applications of these techniques in all engineering disciplines are abundant, including applications in chemical kinetics and reaction mechanism elucidation, polymer reaction engineering, and physical properties estimation. On the academic side, the book will serve to generate research ideas. Contains wide coverage of statistical methods applied to process modelling Serves as a recent compilation of dynamic model building tools Presents several examples of applying advanced statistical and modelling methods to real process systems problems



Non linear developmental processes

Non linear developmental processes Author Geert J. P. Savelsbergh
ISBN-10 UVA:X006078044
Release 1999
Pages 217
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Non linear developmental processes has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Non linear developmental processes also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Non linear developmental processes book for free.



Interceptive Actions in Sport

Interceptive Actions in Sport Author Simon Bennett
ISBN-10 9781134548972
Release 2004-03-01
Pages 368
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Dynamic interceptive actions are those actions for which the body, or an implement, must be moved into the right place at the right time in order to accomplish a task. These actions are particularly prevalent in sport, for example reaching to catch a ball or running towards a target to make a tackle. This book is the first to offer a comprehensive review of existing theoretical research on dynamic interceptive actions, as well as close examination of specific, practical applications. The book includes material on: * catching * wielding tennis rackets * putting in golf * controlling and kicking a soccer ball. It is essential reading for anybody with a close interest in motor learning and control or skill acquisition, and will be of interest to students of sport psychology, movement science and coaching science.



Product and Process Modelling

Product and Process Modelling Author I. T. Cameron
ISBN-10 9780444531612
Release 2011
Pages 558
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This book covers the area of product and process modelling via a case study approach. It addresses a wide range of modelling applications with emphasis on modelling methodology and the subsequent in-depth analysis of mathematical models to gain insight via structural aspects of the models. These approaches are put into the context of life cycle modelling, where multiscale and multiform modelling is increasingly prevalent in the 21st century. The book commences with a discussion of modern product and process modelling theory and practice followed by a series of case studies drawn from a variety of process industries. The book builds on the extensive modelling experience of the authors, who have developed models for both research and industrial purposes. It complements existing books by the authors in the modelling area. Those areas include the traditional petroleum and petrochemical industries to biotechnology applications, food, polymer and human health application areas. The book highlights to important nature of modern product and process modelling in the decision making processes across the life cycle. As such it provides an important resource for students, researchers and industrial practitioners. Ian Cameron is Professor in Chemical Engineering at the University of Queensland with teaching, research, and consulting activities in process systems engineering. He has a particular interest in process modelling, dynamic simulation, and the application of functional systems perspectives to risk management, having extensive industrial experience in these areas. He continues to work closely with industry and government on systems approaches to process and risk management issues. He received his BE from the University of New South Wales (Australia) and his PhD from imperial College London. He is a Fellow of IChemE. Rafiqul Gani is a Professor of Systems Design at the Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, and the director of the Computer Aided Product-Process Engineering Center (CAPEC). His research interests include the development of computer-aided methods and tools for modelling, property estimation and process-product synthesis and design. He received his BSc from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology in 1975, and his MSc in 1976 and PhD in 1980 from Imperial College London. He is the editor-in-chief of Computers and Chemical Engineering journal and Fellow of IChemE as well as AIChE. Product and process modelling; a wide range of case studies are covered Structural analysis of model systems; insights into structure and solvability Analysis of future developments; potential directions and significant research and development problems to be addressed



Process Modelling and Model Analysis

Process Modelling and Model Analysis Author Ian T. Cameron
ISBN-10 0080514928
Release 2001-05-23
Pages 543
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Process Modelling and Model Analysis describes the use of models in process engineering. Process engineering is all about manufacturing--of just about anything! To manage processing and manufacturing systematically, the engineer has to bring together many different techniques and analyses of the interaction between various aspects of the process. For example, process engineers would apply models to perform feasibility analyses of novel process designs, assess environmental impact, and detect potential hazards or accidents. To manage complex systems and enable process design, the behavior of systems is reduced to simple mathematical forms. This book provides a systematic approach to the mathematical development of process models and explains how to analyze those models. Additionally, there is a comprehensive bibliography for further reading, a question and answer section, and an accompanying Web site developed by the authors with additional data and exercises. Introduces a structured modeling methodology emphasizing the importance of the modeling goal and including key steps such as model verification, calibration, and validation Focuses on novel and advanced modeling techniques such as discrete, hybrid, hierarchical, and empirical modeling Illustrates the notions, tools, and techniques of process modeling with examples and advances applications



Nonlinear Model based Process Control

Nonlinear Model based Process Control Author Rashid M. Ansari
ISBN-10 9781447107392
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 232
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The series Advances in Industrial Control aims to report and encourage technology transfer in control engineering. The rapid development of control technology has an impact on all areas of the control discipline. New theory, new controllers, actuators, sensors, new industrial processes, computer methods, new applications, new philosophies ... , new challenges. Much of this development work resides in industrial reports, feasibility study papers and the reports of advanced collaborative projects. The series offers an opportunity for researchers to present an extended exposition of such new work in all aspects of industrial control for wider and rapid dissemination. The last decade has seen considerable interest in reviving the fortunes of non linear control. In contrast to the approaches of the 60S, 70S and 80S a very pragmatic agenda for non-linear control is being pursued using the model-based predictive control paradigm. This text by R. Ansari and M. Tade gives an excellent synthesis of this new direction. Two strengths emphasized by the text are: (i) four applications found in refinery processes are used to give the text a firm practical continuity; (ii) a non-linear model-based control architecture is used to give the method a coherent theoretical framework.



Modeling a Motor Skill in Children with and Without Cerebral Palsy

Modeling a Motor Skill in Children with and Without Cerebral Palsy Author Victoria Haehl
ISBN-10 UOM:39015055914611
Release 2002
Pages
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Modeling a Motor Skill in Children with and Without Cerebral Palsy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Modeling a Motor Skill in Children with and Without Cerebral Palsy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Modeling a Motor Skill in Children with and Without Cerebral Palsy book for free.



Philosophy of Complex Systems

Philosophy of Complex Systems Author
ISBN-10 0080931227
Release 2011-05-23
Pages 952
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The domain of nonlinear dynamical systems and its mathematical underpinnings has been developing exponentially for a century, the last 35 years seeing an outpouring of new ideas and applications and a concomitant confluence with ideas of complex systems and their applications from irreversible thermodynamics. A few examples are in meteorology, ecological dynamics, and social and economic dynamics. These new ideas have profound implications for our understanding and practice in domains involving complexity, predictability and determinism, equilibrium, control, planning, individuality, responsibility and so on. Our intention is to draw together in this volume, we believe for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the manifold philosophically interesting impacts of recent developments in understanding nonlinear systems and the unique aspects of their complexity. The book will focus specifically on the philosophical concepts, principles, judgments and problems distinctly raised by work in the domain of complex nonlinear dynamical systems, especially in recent years. -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of Complex Systems -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts -Definitive discussions by leading researchers in the field -Summaries of leading-edge research in related fields are also included



Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos with Applications to Hydrodynamics and Hydrological Modelling

Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos with Applications to Hydrodynamics and Hydrological Modelling Author Slavco Velickov
ISBN-10 9789058096913
Release 2004-11-23
Pages 336
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A hydroinformatics system represents an electronic knowledge encapsulator that models part of the real world and can be used for the simulation and analysis of physical, chemical and biological processes in water systems, in order to achieve a better management of the aquatic environment. Thus, modelling is at the heart of hydroinformatics. The theory of nonlinear dynamics and chaos, and the extent to which recent improvements in the understanding of inherently nonlinear natural processes present challenges to the use of mathematical models in the analysis of water and environmental systems, are elaborated in this work. In particular, it demonstrates that the deterministic chaos present in many nonlinear systems can impose fundamental limitations on our ability to predict behaviour, even when well-defined mathematical models exist. On the other hand, methodologies and tools from the theory of nonlinear dynamics and chaos can provide means for a better accuracy of short-term predictions as demonstrated through the practical applications in this work.



Development and Causality

Development and Causality Author Gerald Young
ISBN-10 144199422X
Release 2011-06-24
Pages 849
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This book sets forth a new model of development from a causal perspective. As this is an area vital to several disciplines. It has been written at multiple levels and for multiple audiences. It is based on the work of Piaget and Neo-Piagetians, but also covers other major models in development. It has elements that make it attractive as a teaching text, but it is especially research-focused. It has clinical applications. It presents many new ideas and models consistent with the existing literature, which is reviewed extensively. Students, researchers, and practitioners should find it useful. The models presented in the present work build on models introduced in prior publications (e.g., Young, 1990a, 1990b; 1997).



Modelling and Simulation of Integrated Systems in Engineering

Modelling and Simulation of Integrated Systems in Engineering Author D J Murray-Smith
ISBN-10 9780857096050
Release 2012-05-30
Pages 372
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This book places particular emphasis on issues of model quality and ideas of model testing and validation. Mathematical and computer-based models provide a foundation for explaining complex behaviour, decision-making, engineering design and for real-time simulators for research and training. Many engineering design techniques depend on suitable models, assessment of the adequacy of a given model for an intended application is therefore critically important. Generic model structures and dependable libraries of sub-models that can be applied repeatedly are increasingly important. Applications are drawn from the fields of mechanical, aeronautical and control engineering, and involve non-linear lumped-parameter models described by ordinary differential equations. Focuses on issues of model quality and the suitability of a given model for a specific application Multidisciplinary problems within engineering feature strongly in the applications The development and testing of nonlinear dynamic models is given very strong emphasis



Advanced Control of Industrial Processes

Advanced Control of Industrial Processes Author Piotr Tatjewski
ISBN-10 9781846286353
Release 2007-02-23
Pages 332
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This book presents the concepts and algorithms of advanced industrial process control and on-line optimization within the framework of a multilayer structure. It describes the interaction of three separate layers of process control: direct control, set-point control, and economic optimization. The book features illustrations of the methodologies and algorithms by worked examples and by results of simulations based on industrial process models.