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Arctic Autumn

Arctic Autumn Author Pete Dunne
ISBN-10 9780618822218
Release 2011
Pages 258
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The New Jersey Audubon Society president and author of Prairie Spring and Bayshore Summer turns his attention to the North American wilderness while sharing observations about threatened species and the ongoing struggle to balance oil demands with ecological needs. 10,000 first printing.



An Arctic Boat Journey in the Autumn of 1854

An Arctic Boat Journey in the Autumn of 1854 Author Isaac Israel Hayes
ISBN-10 OXFORD:N10591180
Release 1860
Pages 379
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Account of attempt to reach Upernavik in the autumn of 1854 by eight members from the officers and crew of the brig Advance, part of Kane's expedition.



The Arctic Boat journey in the Autumn of 1854 Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Dr Norton Shaw

The Arctic Boat journey in the Autumn of 1854  Edited  with an Introduction and Notes  by Dr  Norton Shaw Author Isaac Israel HAYES
ISBN-10 BL:A0018005407
Release 1860
Pages 379
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The Arctic Boat journey in the Autumn of 1854 Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Dr Norton Shaw has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Arctic Boat journey in the Autumn of 1854 Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Dr Norton Shaw also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Arctic Boat journey in the Autumn of 1854 Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Dr Norton Shaw book for free.



Decadal Shifts in Autumn Migration Timing by Pacific Arctic Beluga Whales are Related to Delayed Annual Sea Ice Formation

Decadal Shifts in Autumn Migration Timing by Pacific Arctic Beluga Whales are Related to Delayed Annual Sea Ice Formation Author
ISBN-10 OCLC:1028192158
Release 2016
Pages
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Abstract: Migrations are often influenced by seasonal environmental gradients that are increasingly being altered by climate change. The consequences of rapid changes in Arctic sea ice have the potential to affect migrations of a number of marine species whose timing is temporally matched to seasonal sea ice cover. This topic has not been investigated for Pacific Arctic beluga whales ( Delphinapterus leucas ) that follow matrilineally maintained autumn migrations in the waters around Alaska and Russia. For the sympatric Eastern Chukchi Sea ('Chukchi') and Eastern Beaufort Sea ('Beaufort') beluga populations, we examined changes in autumn migration timing as related to delayed regional sea ice freeze‐up since the 1990s, using two independent data sources (satellite telemetry data and passive acoustics) for both populations. We compared dates of migration between 'early' (1993–2002) and 'late' (2004–2012) tagging periods. During the late tagging period, Chukchi belugas had significantly delayed migrations (by 2 to >4 weeks, depending on location) from the Beaufort and Chukchi seas. Spatial analyses also revealed that departure from Beaufort Sea foraging regions by Chukchi whales was postponed in the late period. Chukchi beluga autumn migration timing occurred significantly later as regional sea ice freeze‐up timing became later in the Beaufort, Chukchi, and Bering seas. In contrast, Beaufort belugas did not shift migration timing between periods, nor was migration timing related to freeze‐up timing, other than for southward migration at the Bering Strait. Passive acoustic data from 2008 to 2014 provided independent and supplementary support for delayed migration from the Beaufort Sea (4 day yr −1 ) by Chukchi belugas. Here, we report the first phenological study examining beluga whale migrations within the context of their rapidly transforming Pacific Arctic ecosystem, suggesting flexible responses that may enable their persistence yet also complicate predictions of how belugas may fare in the future. Abstract : The consequences of rapid changes in Arctic sea ice have the potential to affect the migrations of a number of marine species that are temporally matched to seasonal sea ice cover. We quantified changes in autumn migration timing for sympatric 'Chukchi' and 'Beaufort' beluga whale populations relative to delayed regional sea ice freeze‐up since the 1990s, using two independent data sources (satellite telemetry and passive acoustics). During the late tagging period, Chukchi belugas had significantly delayed autumn migrations (2 to >4 weeks) as regional sea ice freeze‐up timing occurred later. In contrast, Beaufort belugas did not shift migration timing between periods, nor was migration timing related to freeze‐up timing. This first phenological study examining beluga whale migrations within the context of their rapidly transforming Pacific Arctic ecosystem suggests flexible responses that may enable their persistence yet also complicate predictions of how belugas may fare in the future.



Islands of the Arctic

Islands of the Arctic Author Julian Dowdeswell
ISBN-10 9780521813334
Release 2002-11-25
Pages 280
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A visually stunning exploration of the Arctic islands, which includes Greenland, Svalbard, and the Russian Arctic, traces the various processes that have formed these frozen landscapes; examines the impact of wildlife and human involvement on these environments; and discusses the future of the islands. (Ecology & Environment)



Climate Change and Globalization in the Arctic

Climate Change and Globalization in the Arctic Author E. C. H. Keskitalo
ISBN-10 9781849770798
Release 2012
Pages 273
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Climate change vulnerability assessment is a rapidly developing field. However, despite the fact that such major trends as globalization and the changing characteristics of the political and economic governance systems are crucial in shaping a community�s capacity to adapt to climate change, these trends are seldom included in assessments. This book addresses this shortcoming by developing a framework for qualitative vulnerability assessment in �multiple impact� studies (of climate change and globalization) and applying this framework to several cases of renewable natural resource use.The book draws upon case studies of forestry and fishing - two of the largest sectors that rely on renewable natural resources - and reindeer herding in the European North. The study represents a bottom-up view, originating with the stakeholders themselves, of the degree to which stakeholders find adaptation to climate change possible and how they evaluate it in relation to their other concerns, notably economic and political ones. Moreover, the approach and research results include features that could be broadly generalized to other geographic areas or sectors characterized by renewable natural resource use.



An Arctic Voyage to Baffin s Bay and Lancaster Sound

An Arctic Voyage to Baffin s Bay and Lancaster Sound Author Robert Anstruther Goodsir
ISBN-10 9781108071659
Release 2014-02-13
Pages 168
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First published in 1850, this short first-hand account of an Arctic rescue mission reveals the dangers encountered in forbidding conditions.



An African in Greenland

An African in Greenland Author Tété-Michel Kpomassie
ISBN-10 0940322889
Release 2001
Pages 300
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A native of Africa, the author recounts how a picture book about Greenland inspired him to embark on a life-changing journey that would last for ten years, leading him to the Ivory Coast, Senegal, Mauritania, Paris, Copenhagen, and, ultimately, to Greenland. Translated from French. Photos.



Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid Latitude Weather Patterns

Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid Latitude Weather Patterns Author National Research Council
ISBN-10 9780309301916
Release 2014-05-29
Pages 83
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The Arctic has been undergoing significant changes in recent years. Average temperatures are rising twice as fast as they are elsewhere in the world. The extent and thickness of sea ice is rapidly declining. Such changes may have an impact on atmospheric conditions outside the region. Several hypotheses for how Arctic warming may be influencing mid-latitude weather patterns have been proposed recently. For example, Arctic warming could lead to a weakened jet stream resulting in more persistent weather patterns in the mid-latitudes. Or Arctic sea ice loss could lead to an increase of snow on high-latitude land, which in turn impacts the jet stream resulting in cold Eurasian and North American winters. These and other potential connections between a warming Arctic and mid-latitude weather are the subject of active research. Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid-Latitude Weather Patterns is the summary of a workshop convened in September 2013 by the National Research Council to review our current understanding and to discuss research needed to better understand proposed linkages. A diverse array of experts examined linkages between a warming Arctic and mid-latitude weather patterns. The workshop included presentations from leading researchers representing a range of views on this topic. The workshop was organized to allow participants to take a global perspective and consider the influence of the Arctic in the context of forcing from other components of the climate system, such as changes in the tropics, ocean circulation, and mid-latitude sea surface temperature. This report discusses our current understanding of the mechanisms that link declines in Arctic sea ice cover, loss of high-latitude snow cover, changes in Arctic-region energy fluxes, atmospheric circulation patterns, and the occurrence of extreme weather events; possible implications of more severe loss of summer Arctic sea ice upon weather patterns at lower latitudes; major gaps in our understanding, and observational and/or modeling efforts that are needed to fill those gaps; and current opportunities and limitations for using Arctic sea ice predictions to assess the risk of temperature/precipitation anomalies and extreme weather events over northern continents.



Polar Bears

Polar Bears Author Jon Aars
ISBN-10 2831709598
Release 2006-01-01
Pages 189
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These proceedings provide an overview of the ongoing research and management activities on polar bears in the circumpolar arctic. Together with the previous 13 proceedings, they provide an historic record of international efforts in protecting, studying and managing polar bears. With recent documentation of how warmer arctic climate might affect the sea ice habitat of polar bears, the predictions of even warmer climate in the next decades, and documentation of effects on polar bears subpopulations, an evaluation of the red list status of polar bear subpopulations was followed by an increased conservation designation of vulnerable. In the complexity of possible interactions between climate change, local harvest, and in some areas high levels of pollutants, an increased level of international cooperation was advocated.



Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment

Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment Author Jon Børre Ørbaek
ISBN-10 9783540485148
Release 2007-01-10
Pages 434
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The European Arctic and Alpine regions are experiencing large environmental changes. These changes may have socio-economic effects if the changes affect the bioproduction, which form the basis for the marine and terrestrial food chains. This uniquely multidisciplinary book presents the various aspects of contemporary environmental changes in Arctic and Alpine Regions.



The Last Polar Bear

The Last Polar Bear Author Steven Kazlowski
ISBN-10 1594850593
Release 2008
Pages 207
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Scientists agree that by the end of this century the polar bear will be the first mammal threatened with extinction due to climate change. "The Last Polar Bear" is the first book to fully document that story.The continued survival of these magnificent white bears in their warming, and melting, Arctic world is uncertain, yet their fate is also a wake-up call compelling us to act now to stem global warming. Through Steven Kazlowski's unparalleled imagery, the most critical environmental issue of our time is brought to life."The Last Polar Bear" places the reality of climate change in our hands. We see the plight of the polar bear, an animal already feeling the detrimental effects of our reliance on fossil fuels, as its icy habitat melts.Over the course of the last six years, wildlife photographer Steven Kazlowski has photographed the polar bear in its wild habitat, from Hershel Island in Canada to Point Hope in Alaska. "The Last Polar Bear" pairs his intimate images with anecdotes about his Arctic adventures, as well as authoritative essays about the polar bear in the context of climate change.Alaska based writers Richard Nelson, Charles Wohlforth, Nick Jans, and leading USGS polar bear biologist Steven C. Amstrup draw on decades of experience in the Arctic to cover the biological, cultural, and anthropological aspects of climate change. Dan Glick, long-time correspondent for "Newsweek", addresses the history of climate change while Frances Beinecke, president of the Natural Resources Defence Council, and Theodore Roosevelt IV offer perspectives on activism and politics.



Polar Wives

Polar Wives Author Kari Herbert
ISBN-10 9781926812632
Release 2012-03-09
Pages 368
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Polar explorers were the superstars of the “heroic age” of exploration, a period spanning the Victorian and Edwardian eras. In this engaging book, author Kari Herbert explores the unpredictable, often heartbreaking lives of seven remarkable women who married world-famous polar explorers. As the daughter of a pioneering polar explorer, Herbert brings a unique perspective to these stories of polar exploration. In her portraits of the gifted sculptor Kathleen Scott; eccentric traveller Jane Franklin; spirited poet Eleanor Anne Franklin; Jo Peary, the first white woman to travel and give birth in the High Arctic; talented and determined Emily Shackleton; Norwegian singer Eva Nansen; and her own mother, adventurer Marie Herbert, Karie Herbert blends deeply personal accounts of longing, betrayal, and hope with stories of peril and adventure. Herbert illuminates the essential role the women played in supporting, publicizing, defending, and even financing their husbands’ expeditions. She follows these “polar wives” not only to the polar wastelands but through war­torn Macedonia, the lawless outback of Australia, and the plague­-riddled ancient cities of the Holy Land. With extracts from previously unpublished historic journals and letters, Polar Wives brings together for the first time, the compelling stories of seven adventurous women.



Oceanographic Observations Arctic Waters

Oceanographic Observations  Arctic Waters Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822016490062
Release 1960
Pages 89
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Oceanographic Observations Arctic Waters has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Oceanographic Observations Arctic Waters also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Oceanographic Observations Arctic Waters book for free.



Influence of Climate Change on the Changing Arctic and Sub Arctic Conditions

Influence of Climate Change on the Changing Arctic and Sub Arctic Conditions Author Jacques Nihoul
ISBN-10 9781402094583
Release 2009-01-29
Pages 232
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The current warming trends in the Arctic may shove the Arctic system into a seasonally ice-free state not seen for more than one million years. The melting is accelerating, and researchers were unable to identify natural processes that might slow the deicing of the Arctic. Such substantial additional melting of Arctic and Antarctic glaciers and ice sheets would raise the sea level worldwide, flooding the coastal areas where many of the world's population lives. Studies, led by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and the University of Arizona, show that greenhouse gas increases over the next century could warm the Arctic by 3-5°C in summertime. Thus, Arctic summers by 2100 may be as warm as they were nearly 130,000 years ago, when sea levels eventually rose up to 6 m higher than today.



Variability of Air Temperature and Atmospheric Precipitation in the Arctic

Variability of Air Temperature and Atmospheric Precipitation in the Arctic Author Rajmund Przybylak
ISBN-10 9780306482229
Release 2006-04-11
Pages 332
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It has been known at least since the end of the century that the polar areas play a very important role in the formation of the Earth’s climates. It is also known today that they are the most sensitive regions to climatic change, and are thus perfect case studies for the detection of such changes. The most serious obstacle to the study of climatic and other geographical elements of the polar areas (including the Arctic) has always been the severe climatic conditions which prevail in these regions. Because of these extreme con- tions, research into particular elements of the climatic system (including the atmosphere) began here much later than it did in lower latitudes. For instance, the whole area of the Arctic was not sufficiently covered with a network of meteorological stations until the late 1940s (and even then there were large areas of the central Arctic and the Greenland interior for which no data were available). This is probably why it was not until the start of the 1990s that a body of work began to appear which analysed in any depth climatic variability for the Arctic as a whole. While a considerable number of papers had been p- lished before this period, most of them were local studies presenting highly localised information, providing air temperature measurements but often little else.



The Arctic Climate System

The Arctic Climate System Author Mark C. Serreze
ISBN-10 0521814189
Release 2005-10-13
Pages 385
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The Arctic can be viewed as an integrated system, characterised by intimate couplings between its atmosphere, ocean and land, linked in turn to the larger global system. This comprehensive, up-to-date assessment begins with an outline of early Arctic exploration and the growth of modern research. Using an integrated systems approach, subsequent chapters examine the atmospheric heat budget and circulation, the surface energy budget, the hydrologic cycle and interactions between the ocean, atmosphere and sea ice cover. Reviews of recent directions in numerical modelling and the characteristics of past Arctic climates set the stage for detailed discussion of recent climate variability and trends, and projected future states. Throughout, satellite remote sensing data and results from recent major field programs are used to illustrate key processes. The Arctic Climate System provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of the subject for researchers and advanced students in a wide range of disciplines.