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Arctic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate

Arctic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate Author F. Stuart Chapin III
ISBN-10 9780323138420
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 469
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The arctic region is predicted to experience the earliest and most pronounced global warming response to human-induced climatic change. This book synthesizes information on the physiological ecology of arctic plants, discusses how physiological processes influence ecosystem processes, and explores how climate warming will affect arctic plants, plant communities, and ecosystem processes. Key Features * Reviews the physiological ecology of arctic plants * Explores biotic controls over community and ecosystems processes * Provides physiological bases for predicting how the Arctic will respond to global climate change



Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity Patterns Causes and Ecosystem Consequences

Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity  Patterns  Causes and Ecosystem Consequences Author F.Stuart III Chapin
ISBN-10 9783642789663
Release 2013-03-08
Pages 332
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As human populations expand and have increasing access to technol ogy, two general environmental concerns have arisen. First, human pop ulations are having increasing impact on the earth system, such that we are altering the biospheric carbon pools, basic processes of elemental cycling and the climate system of the earth. Because of time lags and feedbacks, these processes are not easily reversed. These alterations are occurring now more rapidly than at any time in the last several million years. Secondly, human activities are causing changes in the earth's biota that lead to species extinctions at a rate and magnitude rivaling those of past geologic extinction events. Although environmental change is potentially reversible at some time scales, the loss of species is irrevo cable. Changes in diversity at other scales are also cause for concern. Habitat fragmentation and declines in population sizes alter genetic di versity. Loss or introduction of new functional groups, such as nitro gen fixers or rodents onto islands can strongly alter ecosystem processes. Changes in landscape diversity through habitat modification and frag mentation alter the nature of processes within and among vegetation patches. Although both ecological changes altering the earth system and the loss of biotic diversity have been major sources of concern in recent years, these concerns have been largely independent, with little concern for the environmental causes the ecosystem consequences of changes in biodiversity. These two processes are clearly interrelated. Changes in ecological systems cause changes in diversity.



Plant Functional Types

Plant Functional Types Author H. H. Shugart
ISBN-10 0521566436
Release 1997-05-13
Pages 369
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Attempts to model the effects of global change are inhibited by a lack of information about how individual plant and animal species will respond. One way of reducing the problem is to develop models treating a smaller number of groups or 'functional types' with similar characteristics. This 1977 book describes approaches and methods for defining these functional types in ways which maximize our potential to predict accurately the responses of real vegetation with real species diversity.



Human Ecology and Climate Change

Human Ecology and Climate Change Author David Lawrence Peterson
ISBN-10 156032404X
Release 1995
Pages 337
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The Far North, a land of extreme weather and intense beauty, is the only region of North America whose ecosystems have remained reasonably intact. Humans are newcomers there and nature predominates. As is widely known, recent changes in the Earth's atmosphere have the potential to create rapid climatic shifts in our lifetime and well into the future. These changes, a product of southern industrial society, will have the greatest impact on ecosystems at northern latitudes, which until now have remained largely undisturbed. In this fragile balance, as terrestrial and aquatic habitats change, animal and human populations will be irrevocably altered. The first of its kind, this book explores how global change might affect the ecosystems and cultures of the Far North during the next century. It brings together biologists, anthropologists, sociologists, and resource managers to contribute their diverse knowledge and insight in a uniquely interdisciplinary approach to this important topic. The book takes an objective look into the future and offers suggestions for further research. It is meant to be a positive step toward sound future managerial policy in this region. Some of the areas covered include demography and socioeconomics, wildlife biology, ethnography and archeology, global warming, meteorology and climatic modeling, environmental values, and resource use and management. As is true everywhere, human populations in the Far North are undergoing profound change, and the challenges faced are spiritual as well as social and behavioral. A careful look at this region's human ecology, the study of humanity in relation to environment and other living things, is more critical now than ever before. To anyone who cares about the future and what is happening to the land in which we live, the ideas presented here are exciting as well as sobering, and will stimulate further interest and concern for the northern third of our planet.



Global Change and Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems

Global Change and Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems Author Walter C. Oechel
ISBN-10 9781461222408
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 493
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Global warming is likely to have the greatest impact at high latitudes, making the Arctic an important region both for detecting global climate change and for studying its effects on terrestrial ecosystems. The chapters in this volume address current and anticipated impacts of global climate change on Arctic organisms, populations, ecosystem structure and function, biological diversity, and the atmosphere.



Growth Control in Woody Plants

Growth Control in Woody Plants Author Theodore T. Kozlowski
ISBN-10 0080532683
Release 1997-01-21
Pages 641
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The processes and mechanisms that control the growth of woody plants are of crucial importance for both economic and biological reasons. The comprehensive coverage of Growth Control in Woody Plants includes discussion of the growth controlling factors in both reproductive structures (flowers, fruit, seeds, pollen, etc.) and vegetative organs (stems, branches, leaves, and roots). Other major topics covered include seed germination, seedling growth, physiological and environmental regulation of growth, cultural practices, and biotechnology. This comprehensive treatment of the many factors that control the growth of woody plants can serve both as a valuable text and as a frequently used reference. * Includes comprehensive representation of a broad subject * Provides thorough bibliographic coverage * Well illustrated * Serves as a vital companion to Physiology of Woody Plants, Second Edition



Ecophysiology of Coniferous Forests

Ecophysiology of Coniferous Forests Author William K. Smith
ISBN-10 9780080925936
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 338
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Conifers--pine, fir, and spruce trees--are dominant species in forests around the world. This book focuses on the physiology of conifers and how these physiological systems operate. Special consideration is devoted to the means by which ecophysiological processes influence organismal function and distribution. Chapters focus on the genetics of conifers, their geographic distribution and the factors that influence this distribution, the impact of insect herbivory on ecophysiological parameters, the effects of air pollution, and the potential impact that global climatic changes will have upon conifers. Because of the growing realization that forests have a crucial role to play in global environmental health, this book will appeal to a developing union of ecologists, physiologists and more theoretically minded foresters.



Bryophyte Ecology and Climate Change

Bryophyte Ecology and Climate Change Author Zoltán Tuba
ISBN-10 9781139493208
Release 2011-01-06
Pages
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Bryophytes, especially mosses, represent a largely untapped resource for monitoring and indicating effects of climate change on the living environment. They are tied very closely to the external environment and have been likened to 'canaries in the coal mine'. Bryophyte Ecology and Climate Change is the first book to bring together a diverse array of research in bryophyte ecology, including physiology, desiccation tolerance, photosynthesis, temperature and UV responses, under the umbrella of climate change. It covers a great variety of ecosystems in which bryophytes are important, including aquatic, desert, tropical, boreal, alpine, Antarctic, and Sphagnum-dominated wetlands, and considers the effects of climate change on the distribution of common and rare species as well as the computer modeling of future changes. This book should be of particular value to individuals, libraries, and research institutions interested in global climate change.



C4 Plant Biology

C4 Plant Biology Author
ISBN-10 0080528392
Release 1998-12-21
Pages 596
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Due to many issues related to long-term carbon dynamics, an improved understanding of the biology of C4 photosynthesis is required by more than the traditional audience of crop scientists, plant physiologists, and plant ecologists. This work synthesizes the latest developments in C4 biochemistry, physiology, systematics, and ecology. The book concludes with chapters discussing the role of C4 plants in the future development of the biosphere, particularly their interactive effects on soil, hydrological, and atmospheric processes.



National Cross cutting Issues Volume

National Cross cutting Issues Volume Author G. Koshida
ISBN-10 UIUC:30112096199168
Release 1998
Pages 226
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National Cross cutting Issues Volume has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from National Cross cutting Issues Volume also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full National Cross cutting Issues Volume book for free.



Temporal and spatial analysis of the patterns and controls

Temporal and spatial analysis of the patterns and controls Author
ISBN-10 UCAL:X72610
Release 2005
Pages
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Temporal and spatial analysis of the patterns and controls has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Temporal and spatial analysis of the patterns and controls also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Temporal and spatial analysis of the patterns and controls book for free.



Antarctic Ecosystems

Antarctic Ecosystems Author Alex D. Rogers
ISBN-10 9781444347227
Release 2012-02-28
Pages 756
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Since its discovery Antarctica has held a deep fascination for biologists. Extreme environmental conditions, seasonality and isolation have lead to some of the most striking examples of natural selection and adaptation on Earth. Paradoxically, some of these adaptations may pose constraints on the ability of the Antarctic biota to respond to climate change. Parts of Antarctica are showing some of the largest changes in temperature and other environmental conditions in the world. In this volume, published in association with the Royal Society, leading polar scientists present a synthesis of the latest research on the biological systems in Antarctica, covering organisms from microbes to vertebrate higher predators. This book comes at a time when new technologies and approaches allow the implications of climate change and other direct human impacts on Antarctica to be viewed at a range of scales; across entire regions, whole ecosystems and down to the level of species and variation within their genomes. Chapters address both Antarctic terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and the scientific and management challenges of the future are explored.



Ecology

Ecology Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015037937425
Release 1998
Pages
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Ecology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Ecology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Ecology book for free.



coscience

  coscience Author
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924097770766
Release 2004
Pages
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coscience has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from coscience also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full coscience book for free.



Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research

Arctic  Antarctic and Alpine Research Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105123120979
Release 2009
Pages
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Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research book for free.



Philosophical Transactions

Philosophical Transactions Author
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924058967500
Release 1992
Pages
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Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.



Arctic and Alpine Research

Arctic and Alpine Research Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822009126772
Release 1998
Pages
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Arctic and Alpine Research has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Arctic and Alpine Research also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Arctic and Alpine Research book for free.