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Artificial Intelligence in Behavioral and Mental Health Care

Artificial Intelligence in Behavioral and Mental Health Care Author David D. Luxton
ISBN-10 9780128007921
Release 2015-09-10
Pages 308
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Artificial Intelligence in Behavioral and Mental Health Care summarizes recent advances in artificial intelligence as it applies to mental health clinical practice. Each chapter provides a technical description of the advance, review of application in clinical practice, and empirical data on clinical efficacy. In addition, each chapter includes a discussion of practical issues in clinical settings, ethical considerations, and limitations of use. The book encompasses AI based advances in decision-making, in assessment and treatment, in providing education to clients, robot assisted task completion, and the use of AI for research and data gathering. This book will be of use to mental health practitioners interested in learning about, or incorporating AI advances into their practice and for researchers interested in a comprehensive review of these advances in one source. Summarizes AI advances for use in mental health practice Includes advances in AI based decision-making and consultation Describes AI applications for assessment and treatment Details AI advances in robots for clinical settings Provides empirical data on clinical efficacy Explores practical issues of use in clinical settings



Medical Applications of Artificial Intelligence

Medical Applications of Artificial Intelligence Author Arvin Agah
ISBN-10 9781439884348
Release 2013-11-06
Pages 526
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Enhanced, more reliable, and better understood than in the past, artificial intelligence (AI) systems can make providing healthcare more accurate, affordable, accessible, consistent, and efficient. However, AI technologies have not been as well integrated into medicine as predicted. In order to succeed, medical and computational scientists must develop hybrid systems that can effectively and efficiently integrate the experience of medical care professionals with capabilities of AI systems. After providing a general overview of artificial intelligence concepts, tools, and techniques, Medical Applications of Artificial Intelligence reviews the research, focusing on state-of-the-art projects in the field. The book captures the breadth and depth of the medical applications of artificial intelligence, exploring new developments and persistent challenges.



Mental Health Informatics

Mental Health Informatics Author Margaret Lech
ISBN-10 9783642385506
Release 2013-11-19
Pages 253
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This book introduces approaches that have the potential to transform the daily practice of psychiatrists and psychologists. This includes the asynchronous communication between mental health care providers and clients as well as the automation of assessment and therapy. Speech and language are particularly interesting from the viewpoint of psychological assessment. For instance, depression may change the characteristics of voice in individuals and these changes can be detected by a special form of speech analysis. Computational screening methods that utilize speech and language can detect subtle changes and alert clinicians as well as individuals and caregivers. The use of online technologies in mental health, however, poses ethical problems that will occupy concerned individuals, governments and the wider public for some time. Assuming that these ethical problems can be solved, it should be possible to diagnose and treat mental health disorders online (excluding the use of medication). Speech and language are particularly interesting from the viewpoint of psychological assessment. For instance, depression may change the characteristics of voice in individuals and these changes can be detected by a special form of speech analysis. Computational screening methods that utilize speech and language can detect subtle changes and alert clinicians as well as individuals and caregivers. The use of online technologies in mental health, however, poses ethical problems that will occupy concerned individuals, governments and the wider public for some time. Assuming that these ethical problems can be solved, it should be possible to diagnose and treat mental health disorders online (excluding the use of medication).



Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Author Annette ten Teije
ISBN-10 9783319597584
Release 2017-06-12
Pages 369
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2017, held in Vienna, Austria, in June 2017. The 21 revised full and 23 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 113 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: ontologies and knowledge representation; Bayesian methods; temporal methods; natural language processing; health care processes; and machine learning, and a section with demo papers.



Old and Sick in America

Old and Sick in America Author Muriel R. Gillick, M.D.
ISBN-10 9781469635255
Release 2017-10-06
Pages 326
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Since the introduction of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965, the American health care system has steadily grown in size and complexity. Muriel R. Gillick takes readers on a narrative tour of American health care, incorporating the stories of older patients as they travel from the doctor's office to the hospital to the skilled nursing facility, and examining the influence of forces as diverse as pharmaceutical corporations, device manufacturers, and health insurance companies on their experience. A scholar who has practiced medicine for over thirty years, Gillick offers readers an informed and straightforward view of health care from the ground up, revealing that many crucial medical decisions are based not on what is best for the patient but rather on outside forces, sometimes to the detriment of patient health and quality of life. Gillick suggests a broadly imagined patient-centered reform of the health care system with Medicare as the engine of change, a transformation that would be mediated through accountability, cost-effectiveness, and culture change.



Views Into the Chinese Room

Views Into the Chinese Room Author John Preston
ISBN-10 0199252777
Release 2002
Pages 410
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The most famous challenge to the aims of cognitive science and artificial intelligence is the philosopher John Searle's 1980 'Chinese Room' argument. Searle argued that the fact that machines can be devised to respond to input with the same output that a mind would give does not mean that mind and machine are doing the same thing: for the latter lacks understanding. Nineteen specially written essays by leading scientists and philosophers assess, renew, and respond to this crucial challenge - fascinating reading for anyone interested in minds and computers.



Life 3 0

Life 3 0 Author Max Tegmark
ISBN-10 9781101946602
Release 2017-08-29
Pages 384
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New York Times Best Seller How will Artificial Intelligence affect crime, war, justice, jobs, society and our very sense of being human? The rise of AI has the potential to transform our future more than any other technology—and there’s nobody better qualified or situated to explore that future than Max Tegmark, an MIT professor who’s helped mainstream research on how to keep AI beneficial. How can we grow our prosperity through automation without leaving people lacking income or purpose? What career advice should we give today’s kids? How can we make future AI systems more robust, so that they do what we want without crashing, malfunctioning or getting hacked? Should we fear an arms race in lethal autonomous weapons? Will machines eventually outsmart us at all tasks, replacing humans on the job market and perhaps altogether? Will AI help life flourish like never before or give us more power than we can handle? What sort of future do you want? This book empowers you to join what may be the most important conversation of our time. It doesn’t shy away from the full range of viewpoints or from the most controversial issues—from superintelligence to meaning, consciousness and the ultimate physical limits on life in the cosmos.



State of the Art in AI Applied to Ambient Intelligence

State of the Art in AI Applied to Ambient Intelligence Author A. Aztiria
ISBN-10 9781614998044
Release 2017-10-12
Pages 184
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We are moving towards a future where environments respond to human preferences and needs. In this world, smart devices equipped with intelligent features and the capability to sense, communicate with and support humans in daily activities will be unremarkable. We already expect our cars to warn us of hazards, track our location and provide timely route advice, and in future we will speak to simple machines and hold conversations with more complex systems, such as intelligent homes, which will help us to monitor conditions, track routine tasks, and program the heating, lighting, garden watering and entertainment centre. But questions have been raised in recent years as to how intelligent these so called smart systems or ambient intelligence environments really are. This book, State of the Art in AI Applied to Ambient Intelligence, part of the outcome of the Workshop on Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Ambient Intelligence (AITAmI) which has now run for 10 consecutive editions, aims to provide a clear picture of what has been achieved after a decade of discussion. It is representative of the diversity of approaches and issues which are currently being considered, and also indicates those avenues which are the most promising for exploration in the next decade. The book provides all those working in the field with an up-to-date reference where they will find inspiration to create better systems for the society of tomorrow.



Emotions Technology and Health

Emotions  Technology  and Health Author
ISBN-10 9780128018392
Release 2016-01-04
Pages 250
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Emotions, Technology, and Health examines how healthcare consumers interact with health technology, how this technology mediates interpersonal interactions, and the effectiveness of technology in gathering health-related information in various situations. The first section discusses the use of technology to monitor patients’ emotional responses to illness and its treatment, as well as the role of technology in meeting the fundamental human need for information. Section Two describes the use of technology in mediating emotions within and between individuals, and addresses the implications for the design and use of devices that gather behavioral health data and contribute to healthcare interventions. The final section assesses different situations in which technology is a key component of the health intervention—such as tablet use in educating elementary school students with social skills difficulty, physical activity monitoring for children at risk for obesity, and teleconferencing for older adults at risk of social isolation. Shows how information on the internet significantly affects the medical decision-making process for many consumers Describes current applications of social computing and quick access to mental health information on portable electronic devices Discusses how cyber-communication may both impair and enhance one’s sense of humanity Details the role of visual media in mediating emotion and memory of time



A Practitioner s Guide to Telemental Health

A Practitioner s Guide to Telemental Health Author David D. Luxton
ISBN-10 143382227X
Release 2016-06-01
Pages 176
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A Practitioner s Guide to Telemental Health has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A Practitioner s Guide to Telemental Health also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A Practitioner s Guide to Telemental Health book for free.



Mind Brain Body and Behavior

Mind  Brain  Body  and Behavior Author Ingrid G. Farreras
ISBN-10 1586034715
Release 2004
Pages 366
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Provides insights not only into the work of the National Institutes of Health, but the relationship between institutional and governmental structures and the manner in which they influenced the direction taken by individual scientists. The recollections of the individuals in the intramural program juxtaposed alongside whatever primary sources have survived also provide an equally fascinating contrast. It provides a perspective that can illuminate contemporary policy debates about the nature and direction of biomedical and social science research as well as the relationships between government and science.



Issues and Challenges in Artificial Intelligence

Issues and Challenges in Artificial Intelligence Author Zdzisław S. Hippe
ISBN-10 9783319068831
Release 2014-06-03
Pages 182
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The importance of human-computer system interaction problems is increasing due to the growing expectations of users on general computer systems capabilities in human work and life facilitation. Users expect system which is not only a passive tool in human hands but rather an active partner equipped with a sort of artificial intelligence, having access to large information resources, being able to adapt its behavior to the human requirements and to collaborate with the human users. This book collects examples of recent human-computer system solutions. The content of the book is divided into three parts. Part I is devoted to detection, recognition and reasoning in different circumstances and applications. Problems associated with data modeling, acquisition and mining are presented by papers collected in part II and part III is devoted to Optimization.



The Hidden Brain

The Hidden Brain Author Shankar Vedantam
ISBN-10 1588369390
Release 2010-01-19
Pages 288
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The hidden brain is the voice in our ear when we make the most important decisions in our lives—but we’re never aware of it. The hidden brain decides whom we fall in love with and whom we hate. It tells us to vote for the white candidate and convict the dark-skinned defendant, to hire the thin woman but pay her less than the man doing the same job. It can direct us to safety when disaster strikes and move us to extraordinary acts of altruism. But it can also be manipulated to turn an ordinary person into a suicide terrorist or a group of bystanders into a mob. In a series of compulsively readable narratives, Shankar Vedantam journeys through the latest discoveries in neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral science to uncover the darkest corner of our minds and its decisive impact on the choices we make as individuals and as a society. Filled with fascinating characters, dramatic storytelling, and cutting-edge science, this is an engrossing exploration of the secrets our brains keep from us—and how they are revealed.



Robot Ethics 2 0

Robot Ethics 2  0 Author Keith Abney
ISBN-10 9780190652951
Release 2017
Pages 440
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The robot population is rising on Earth and other planets. (Mars is inhabited entirely by robots.) As robots slip into more domains of human life--from the operating room to the bedroom--they take on our morally important tasks and decisions, as well as create new risks from psychological to physical. This makes it all the more urgent to study their ethical, legal, and policy impacts. To help the robotics industry and broader society, we need to not only press ahead on a wide range of issues, but also identify new ones emerging as quickly as the field is evolving. For instance, where military robots had received much attention in the past (and are still controversial today), this volume looks toward autonomous cars here as an important case study that cuts across diverse issues, from liability to psychology to trust and more. And because robotics feeds into and is fed by AI, the Internet of Things, and other cognate fields, robot ethics must also reach into those domains, too. Expanding these discussions also means listening to new voices; robot ethics is no longer the concern of a handful of scholars. Experts from different academic disciplines and geographical areas are now playing vital roles in shaping ethical, legal, and policy discussions worldwide. So, for a more complete study, the editors of this volume look beyond the usual suspects for the latest thinking. Many of the views as represented in this cutting-edge volume are provocative--but also what we need to push forward in unfamiliar territory.



Ways of Thinking

Ways of Thinking Author L Mérö
ISBN-10 9789814506847
Release 1990-11-14
Pages 260
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This book goes right into the the causes and reasons of the diversity of ways of thinking. It is about the tricks of how our thinking works and about the efforts and failures of artificial intelligence. It discusses what can and cannot be expected of `intelligent' computers, and provides an insight into the deeper layers of the mechanism of our thinking.-An enjoyable piece of reading, this thought-provoking book is also an exciting mental adventure for those with little or no computer competence at all. Contents:The Diversity of Thinking:Logical ThinkingCommon SensePuzzles and ScienceWays of Thinking in Different CulturesLevels of ThinkingThe Building Blocks of Thinking:Cognitive SchemataThe Magic Number SevenSome Tens of Thousands of SchemataSome Tens of Thousands of What?A Challenge for ProgrammersFrom Beginners to GrandmastersProfession — Language — Way of ThinkingArtificial Intelligence at Candidate Master LevelThe Strength of Diversity:The Limits of RationalityHigh-Level Cognitive SchemataMystical ThinkingThe Trick of EvolutionAlternating the Reference SystemsBibliographySourcesIndex Readership: Computer scientists, psychologists, mathematicians and general. Review: “This is a recommended reading for everybody who is interested in basic problems and relations of computer science and human cognition.” T Vámos (Hungarian Acad. Sci.) “This very readable and highly enjoyable book explores the arguments and issues underlying the debate about the efficacy of artificial intelligence. The book will be of great interest, not only to computer scientists, mathematicians, engineers, psychologists, philosophers, biologists, and other experts in the field, but also the person without any background in computer science ... I only hope that I have conveyed, a little of the flavour of his truly enjoyable and thought-provoking book.” Eugene Clark Journal of Law and Information Science (Australia) “… this book provides some very enjoyable and thought provoking reading …”Tommy Dreyfus Educational Studies in Mathematics



Mental Health in the Digital Age

Mental Health in the Digital Age Author Sheri Bauman
ISBN-10 9781137333179
Release 2015-07-28
Pages 184
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This book examines the intersection of mental health and digital technology to make informed decisions about the new options provided by digital technology. It highlights the rise in online therapy and social media and examines the ethical dilemmas involved in online research to suggest that the benefits created far outweigh the possible risks.



Diderot on Art The salon of 1767

Diderot on Art  The salon of 1767 Author Denis Diderot
ISBN-10 0300059655
Release 1995
Pages 344
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The 18th-century French philosopher Denis Diderot - the principal intelligence behind the Encyclopedie and the author of idiosyncratic fictional works such as Jacques the Fatalist and Rameau's Nephew - is also considered by many to have been the first great art critic. Until now, however, Diderot's treatises on the visual arts have been available only in French. This two-volume edition makes his art-critical texts available in English. Diderot's works are among the most provocative and engaging products of the French Enlightenment. Moreover, their ruminations on many issues of perennial interest (invention versus convention, nature versus culture, and technique versus imagination; the complex relations) between economic reality and artistic achievement give them a rare pertinence to current debates on the nature and function of representation.