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Assessment Myths

Assessment Myths Author Lia Plakans
ISBN-10 9780472035816
Release 2015-03-16
Pages 183
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This volume was conceived as a "best practices" resource for assessment in the way that "Vocabulary Myths" by Keith S. Folse is one for reading and vocabulary teachers. Like others in the "Myths "series, this book combines research with good pedagogical practices. The book opens with an introduction that reviews many key assessment terms and concepts. The myths examined in this book are: Assessment is just writing tests and using statistics.A comprehensive final exam is the best way to evaluate students.Scores on performance assessments are preferable because of their accuracy and authenticity.Multiple choice tests are inaccurate measures of language but are easy to write.We should test only one skill at a time.A test's validity can be determined by looking at it.Issues of fairness are not a concern with standardized testing.Teachers should never be involved in preparing students for tests.Implications for teaching and an agenda for research are discussed in a conclusion.

Writing Myths

Writing Myths Author Joy M. Reid
ISBN-10 0472032577
Release 2008
Pages 207
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This volume was conceived as a "best practices" resource for writing teachers in the way that Vocabulary Myths by Keith S. Folse is one for reading and vocabulary teachers. It was written to help ensure that writing teachers are not perpetuating the myths of teaching writing. Each author is a practicing teacher who selected his or her "myth" based on classroom experience and expertise. Both the research and pedagogy in this book are based on the newest research in, for example, teacher preparation, EAP and ESP, and corpus linguistics. The myths discussed in this book are: § Teaching vocabulary is not the writing teacher's job. (Keith S. Folse) § Teaching citation is someone else's job. (Cynthia M. Schuemann) § Where grammar is concerned, one size fits all. (Pat Byrd and John Bunting) § Academic writing should be assertive and certain. (Ken Hyland) § Students must learn to correct all their writing errors. (Dana Ferris) § Corpus-based research is too complicated to be useful for writing teachers. (Susan Conrad) § Academic writing courses should focus on paragraph and essay development. (Sharon Cavausgil) § International and U.S. resident ESL writers cannot be taught in the same class. (Paul Kei Matsuda) The book concludes with a discussion of students' myths about academic writing and teaching written by Joy Reid.

Listening Myths

Listening Myths Author Steven Brown
ISBN-10 9780472034598
Release 2011-02-25
Pages 208
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This volume was conceived as a "best practices" resource for teachers of ESL listening courses in the way that Vocabulary Myths by Keith S. Folse (and Writing Myths by Joy Reid) is one for reading and vocabulary teachers. It was written to help ensure that teachers of listening are not perpetuating the myths of teaching listening. Both the research and pedagogy in this book are based on the newest research in the field of second language acquisition. Steven Brown is the author of the Active Listening textbook series and is a teacher trainer. The myths debunked in this book are: § Listening is the same as reading. § Listening is passive. § Listening equals comprehension. § Because L1 language ability is effortlessly acquired, L2 listening ability is too. § Listening means listening to conversations. § Listening is an individual, inside-the-head process. § Students should only listen to authentic materials. § Listening can’t be taught.

Second Language Acquisition Myths

Second Language Acquisition Myths Author Steven Brown
ISBN-10 0472034987
Release 2012
Pages 199
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This volume was conceived as a first book in SLA for advanced undergraduate or introductory master’s courses that include education majors, foreign language education majors, and English majors. It’s also an excellent resource for practicing teachers. Both the research and pedagogy in this book are based on the newest research in the field of second language acquisition. It is not the goal of this book to address every SLA theory or teach research methodology. It does however address the myths and questions that non-specialist teacher candidates have about language learning. Steven Brown is the co-author of the introductory applied linguistics textbook Understanding Language Structure, Interaction, and Variation textbook (and workbook). The myths challenged in this book are: § Children learn languages quickly and easily while adults are ineffective in comparison. § A true bilingual is someone who speaks two languages perfectly. § You can acquire a language simply through listening or reading. § Practice makes perfect. § Language students learn (and retain) what they are taught. § Language learners always benefit from correction. § Individual differences are a major, perhaps the major, factor in SLA. § Language acquisition is the individual acquisition of grammar.

Vocabulary Myths

Vocabulary Myths Author Keith S. Folse
ISBN-10 0472030299
Release 2004-03-10
Pages 185
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What every ESL teacher should know about teaching vocabulary

Authentic Materials Myths

Authentic Materials Myths Author Eve Zyzik
ISBN-10 0472036467
Release 2017-03-03
Pages 184
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The use of authentic materials in language classrooms is sometimes discussed as a reliable way to expose students to the target language, but there is also disagreement regarding what kinds of authentic materials should be used, when they should be used, and how much of the curriculum should revolve around them. This volume in the Myths series explores the research related to the use of authentic materials and the ways that authentic materials may be used successfully in the classroom. Like others in the Myths series, this book combines research with good pedagogical practices. The myths examined in this book are: Authentic texts are inaccessible to beginners. Authentic texts cannot be used to teach grammar. Shorter texts are more beneficial for language learners. Activating background knowledge or making a word list is sufficient to prepare students for authentic texts. Authentic texts can be used to teach only listening and reading. Modifying or simplifying authentic texts always helps language learners. For learners to benefit from using authentic texts, the associated tasks must also be authentic. The Epilogue explores the challenges of using authentic texts in the classroom and calls for more research.

Pronunciation Myths

Pronunciation Myths Author Linda Grant
ISBN-10 9780472035168
Release 2014-02-21
Pages 264
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This volume was conceived as a "best practices" resource for pronunciation and speaking teachers in the way that Vocabulary Myths by Keith S. Folse is one for reading and vocabulary teachers. Like others in the Myths series, this book combines research with good pedagogical practices. The book opens with a Prologue by Linda Grant (author of the Well Said textbook series), which reviews the last four decades of pronunciation teaching, the differences between accent and intelligibility, the rudiments of the English sound system, and other factors related to the ways that pronunciation is learned and taught. The myths challenged in this book are: § Once you’ve been speaking a second language for years, it’s too late to change your pronunciation. (Derwing and Munro) § Pronunciation instruction is not appropriate for beginning-level learners. (Zielinski and Yates) § Pronunciation teaching has to establish in the minds of language learners a set of distinct consonant and vowel sounds. (Field) § Intonation is hard to teach. (Gilbert) § Students would make better progress if they just practiced more. (Grant) § Accent reduction and pronunciation instruction are the same thing. (Thomson) § Teacher training programs provide adequate preparation in how to teach pronunciation (Murphy). The book concludes with an Epilogue by Donna M. Brinton, who synthesizes some of the best practices explored in the volume.

On Being a Language Teacher

On Being a Language Teacher Author Norma López-Burton
ISBN-10 9780300189582
Release 2014-03-11
Pages 384
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On Being a Language Teacher provides an innovative, personal approach to second-language teaching. Through illustrative personal anecdotes, this text guides new and aspiring language teachers through key pedagogical strategies while encouraging productive reflection by classroom veterans. An ancillary website provides online videos to complement the text by showing an experienced teacher applying the book’s lessons. In a market dominated by dense theoretical approaches to language pedagogy, this text provides an instantly accessible, practical set of teaching tools for educators at all levels. Its accessible style and affordability give it the flexibility to serve as either a primary or a supplemental text for teaching assistants, students in credential programs, or undergraduates in applied linguistics courses.

Understanding Second Language Acquisition

Understanding Second Language Acquisition Author Lourdes Ortega
ISBN-10 9781444117059
Release 2014-02-04
Pages 320
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Whether we grow up with one, two, or several languages during our early years of life, many of us will learn a second, foreign, or heritage language in later years. The field of Second language acquisition (SLA, for short) investigates the human capacity to learn additional languages in late childhood, adolescence, or adulthood, after the first language --in the case of monolinguals-- or languages --in the case of bilinguals-- have already been acquired. Understanding Second Language Acquisition offers a wide-encompassing survey of this burgeoning field, its accumulated findings and proposed theories, its developed research paradigms, and its pending questions for the future. The book zooms in and out of universal, individual, and social forces, in each case evaluating the research findings that have been generated across diverse naturalistic and formal contexts for second language acquisition. It assumes no background in SLA and provides helpful chapter-by-chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading. Ideal as a textbook for students of applied linguistics, foreign language education, TESOL, and education, it is also recommended for students of linguistics, developmental psycholinguistics, psychology, and cognitive science. Supporting resources for tutors are available free at

Listening in the Language Classroom

Listening in the Language Classroom Author John Field
ISBN-10 9781107377226
Release 2009-01-22
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This book challenges the orthodox approach to the teaching of second language listening, which is based upon the asking and answering of comprehension questions. The book's central argument is that a preoccupation with the notion of 'comprehension' has led teachers to focus upon the product of listening, in the form of answers to questions, ignoring the listening process itself. The author provides an informed account of the psychological processes which make up the skill of listening, and analyses the characteristics of the speech signal from which listeners have to construct a message. Drawing upon this information, the book proposes a radical alternative to the comprehension approach and provides for intensive small-scale practice in aspects of listening that are perceptually or cognitively demanding for the learner. Listening in the Language Classroom was winner of the Ben Warren International Trust House Prize in 2008.

Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition

Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition Author James Coady
ISBN-10 0521567645
Release 1997-01-01
Pages 299
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Among ordinary language learners, the acquisition of vocabulary has long been felt to be a crucial component of learning a foreign language. Second Language Vocabularly Acquisition has the goal of comparing the effectiveness of the direct learning of vocabulary (through memorization) and the indirect learning of vocabulary (through context); it encourages an appropriate balance between direct and indirect teaching of vocabulary in second language classrooms. The authors of these original articles present theoretical background, empirical research, and case studies focusing on a variety of modes of vocabulary acquisition. There is also an exploration of relevant pedagogical issues, including a description of practical strategies and techniques for teaching vocabulary.

Language Teaching Research and Language Pedagogy

Language Teaching Research and Language Pedagogy Author Rod Ellis
ISBN-10 9781444336108
Release 2012-03-27
Pages 387
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This book examines current research centered on the second language classroom and the implications of this research for both the teaching and learning of foreign languages. It offers illuminating insights into the important relationship between research and teaching, and the inherent complexities of the teaching and learning of foreign languages in classroom settings. Offers an accessible overview of a range of research on instruction and learning in the L2 classroom Bridges the relationship between research, teachers, and learners Helps evolve the practice of dedicated current language teachers with research findings that suggest best practices for language teaching

Vocabulary in Language Teaching

Vocabulary in Language Teaching Author Norbert Schmitt
ISBN-10 9780521669382
Release 2000-03-13
Pages 224
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This comprehensive introduction to vocabulary makes research and theory accessible to language teachers.

Classroom Writing Assessment and Feedback in L2 School Contexts

Classroom Writing Assessment and Feedback in L2 School Contexts Author Icy Lee
ISBN-10 9789811039249
Release 2017-03-28
Pages 157
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While assessment and feedback tend to be treated separately in the L2 writing literature, this book brings together these two essential topics and examines how effective classroom assessment and feedback can provide a solid foundation for the successful teaching and learning of writing. Drawing upon current educational and L2 writing theories and research, the book is the first to address writing assessment and feedback in L2 primary and secondary classrooms, providing a comprehensive, up-to-date review of key issues, such as assessment for learning, assessment as learning, teacher feedback, peer feedback, portfolio assessment, and technology enhanced classroom writing assessment and feedback. The book concludes with a chapter on classroom assessment literacy for L2 writing teachers, outlines its critical components and underscores the importance of teachers undertaking continuing professional development to enhance their classroom assessment literacy. Written in an accessible style, the book provides a practical and valuable resource for L2 writing teachers to promote student writing, and for teacher educators to deliver effective classroom writing assessment and feedback training. Though the target audience is school teachers, L2 writing instructors in any context will benefit from the thorough and useful treatment of classroom assessment and feedback in the book.

Exploring Language Assessment and Testing

Exploring Language Assessment and Testing Author Anthony Green
ISBN-10 9781134516629
Release 2013-10-01
Pages 288
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Routledge Introductions to Applied Linguistics is a series of introductory level textbooks covering the core topics in Applied Linguistics, primarily designed for those beginning postgraduate studies, or taking an introductory MA course as well as advanced undergraduates. Titles in the series are also ideal for language professionals returning to academic study. The books take an innovative 'practice to theory' approach, with a 'back-to-front' structure. This leads the reader from real-world problems and issues, through a discussion of intervention and how to engage with these concerns, before finally relating these practical issues to theoretical foundations. Additional features include tasks with commentaries, a glossary of key terms, and an annotated further reading section. Exploring Language Assessment and Testing is a straightforward introduction to the field that provides an inclusive and impartial survey of both classroom based assessment by teachers and larger scale testing, using concrete examples to guide students to the relevant literature. Ranging from theory to classroom based scenarios, the author provides practical guidance on designing, developing and using assessments, with flexible, step by step processes for improving the quality of tests and assessment systems to make them fairer and more accurate. This book is an indispensable introduction to the areas of language assessment and testing, and will be of interest to language teachers as well as postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students studying Language Education, Applied Linguistics and Language Assessment.

Teaching English Language Arts to English Language Learners

Teaching English Language Arts to English Language Learners Author Luciana de Oliveira
ISBN-10 9781137598585
Release 2016-09-13
Pages 244
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This book focuses on the ways in which English language arts (ELA) pre-service and in-service teachers have developed - or may develop - instructional effectiveness for working with English language learners (ELL) in the secondary English classroom.Chapter topics are grounded in both research and practice, addressing a range of timely topics including the current state of ELL education in the ELA classroom, and approaches to leveraging the talents and strengths of bilingual students in heterogeneous classrooms. Chapters also offer advice on best practices in teaching ELA to multilingual students and ways to infuse the secondary English teacher preparation curriculum with ELL pedagogy.Comprehensive in scope and content and examining topics relevant to all teachers of ELLs, teacher educators and researchers, this book appeals to an audience beyond ELA teachers and teacher educators.

Revisiting the Assessment of Second Language Abilities From Theory to Practice

Revisiting the Assessment of Second Language Abilities  From Theory to Practice Author Sahbi Hidri
ISBN-10 9783319628844
Release 2018-01-12
Pages 503
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This book presents an overview of revisiting the assessment of language abilities. It also showcases how the measurement of such constructs can result in negative or positive washback and how outcomes might be conducive to repercussions that decide on the future of many stakeholders. The 23 chapters were selected among tens of chapters received from different contexts that addressed the issue of revisiting the assessment of language abilities, such as Tunisia, Ukraine, Algeria, Russia, KSA, Sudan, Egypt, Canada, Kurdistan, UK, USA, Iran, Turkey, etc. These contexts have highlighted the necessity to revisit the different constructs which should be assessed with a clear and straightforward foundation on students’ learning objectives and their actual language ability. To do so, most of the chapters present hands-on use of relevant statistical tests that might serve in revisiting the construct definition both theoretically and operationally. Perhaps the sole and intricate question that the authors of these contributions ask is what it means to revisit the assessment of the construct of individualized language ability and how. In addition, the book accentuates the momentousness and significance of reflecting on test fairness and validation as the mainspring and backbone for democratization of assessment. This book appeals to a broad readership, such as English Language Teaching (ELT) practitioners, language teachers, students, testing organizations, policy-makers, test designers, writers of test specifications, testing experts, researchers, program evaluators, especially in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) as well as other international contexts.