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Association Between Lignin and Carbohydrates in Wood and Other Plant Tissues

Association Between Lignin and Carbohydrates in Wood and Other Plant Tissues Author Tetsuo Koshijima
ISBN-10 9783662051917
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 329
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Association Between Lignin and Carbohydrates in Wood and Other Plant Tissues has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Association Between Lignin and Carbohydrates in Wood and Other Plant Tissues also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Association Between Lignin and Carbohydrates in Wood and Other Plant Tissues book for free.



Wood Modification

Wood Modification Author Callum A. S. Hill
ISBN-10 9780470021736
Release 2007-02-06
Pages 260
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This book is exclusively concerned with wood modification, although many of these processes are generic and can be applied to other lignocellulosic materials. There have been many rapid developments in wood modification over the past decade and, in particular, there has been considerable progress made in the commercialisation of technologies. Topics covered include: The use of timber in the 21st century Modifying the properties of wood Chemical modification of wood: Acetic Anhydride Modification and reaction with other chemicals Thermal modification of wood Surface modification Impregnation modification Commercialisation of wood modification Environmental consideration and future developments This is the first time that a book has covered all wood modification technologies in one text. Although the book covers the main research developments in wood modification, it also puts wood modification into context and additionally deals with aspects of commercialisation and environmental impact. This book is very timely, because wood modification is undergoing huge developments at the present time, driven in part by environmental concerns regarding the use of wood treated with certain preservatives. There has been considerable commercial interest shown in wood modification over the past decade, with products based upon thermal modification, and furfurylation now being actively being marketed. The next few years will see the commercialisation of acetylation and impregnation modification. This is a new industry, but one that has enormous potential. This book will prove useful to all those with an interest in wood modification including researchers, technologists and professionals working in wood science and timber engineering, wood preservation, and well as professionals in the paper and pulp industries, and those with an interest in the development of renewable materials.



Nondestructive Characterization and Imaging of Wood

Nondestructive Characterization and Imaging of Wood Author Voichita Bucur
ISBN-10 9783662089866
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 354
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This book on the Nondestructive Characterization and Imaging of Wood by Professor Voichita Bucur is truly the most outstanding reference on the subject ever written. Since the origins of mankind, wood has played a key role in the history of humans and other living creatures, ranging from provision of life from trees giving air, heat, light, and food to nourish their bodies to structures to protect them from the elements. Wood has also played a key role in one of the world's primary religions. Nondestructive diagnostics methods have long found application in medi cal practice for examination of the human body in order to detect life threatening abnormalities and permit diagnosis to extend life. Nondestructive testing has been used for many years to insure the safety of machinery, air craft, railroads, tunnels, buildings and many other structures. Therefore, it is timely for a treatise, like the present one, to be written describing how wood can be characterized without employing destructive test methods. Since wood is so valuable to mankind, it is important to know the latest methods to nondestructively characterize wood for all practical applications.



Methods in Lignin Chemistry

Methods in Lignin Chemistry Author Stephen Y. Lin
ISBN-10 9783642740657
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 578
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An up-to-date compilation of the theoretical background and practical procedures involved in lignin characterization. Whenever possible, the procedures are presented in sufficient detail to enable the reader to perform the analysis solely by following the step-by-step description. The advantages and limitations of individual methods are discussed and, more importantly, illustrated by typical analytical data in comparison to results obtained from other methods. This handbook serves the need of researchers and other professionals in academia, the pulp and paper industry as well as allied industries. It is equally useful for those with no previous experience in lignin or lignocellulosics.



Ultrastructural and Physicochemical Modifications Within Ammonia Treated Lignocellulosic Cell Walls and Their Influence on Enzymatic Digestibility

Ultrastructural and Physicochemical Modifications Within Ammonia Treated Lignocellulosic Cell Walls and Their Influence on Enzymatic Digestibility Author Shishir Pratap Singh Chundawat
ISBN-10 MSU:31293030634673
Release 2009
Pages 876
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Ultrastructural and Physicochemical Modifications Within Ammonia Treated Lignocellulosic Cell Walls and Their Influence on Enzymatic Digestibility has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Ultrastructural and Physicochemical Modifications Within Ammonia Treated Lignocellulosic Cell Walls and Their Influence on Enzymatic Digestibility also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Ultrastructural and Physicochemical Modifications Within Ammonia Treated Lignocellulosic Cell Walls and Their Influence on Enzymatic Digestibility book for free.



Analytical Methods in Wood Chemistry Pulping and Papermaking

Analytical Methods in Wood Chemistry  Pulping  and Papermaking Author Eero Sjöström
ISBN-10 9783662038987
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 318
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In its broadest sense, and according to the traditional conception, wood chemistry is a comprehensive discipline, ranging from fundamental studies to practical applications. The manifold constituents, located in different morphological regions in the wood, results in an extreme complexity of wood chemistry. Ever more sophisticated endeavors needing fundamental studies and advanced analytical methods are necessary in order to delve deeper into various problems in pulping and papermaking. Gradually, new, improved ana lytical methods, originally developed for research purposes, are currently replacing many of the old "routine" methods in practical applications. Because of the expanse of the subject, an attempt to write a book of this size about analytical methods seems, perhaps, too ambitious. Of course, a whole book series of several volumes would be necessary to cover this topic completely. However, there is undoubtedly a need for a more condensed presentation which does not go into experimental details, but is limited to the basic principles of the analytical methods and illustrates their applica tions. The emphasis is on more advanced and potential methods, and partic ularly on those based on different types of spectroscopy and chromatography.



Wood Research

Wood Research Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951P00848258S
Release 1999
Pages
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Wood Research has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Wood Research also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Wood Research book for free.



Lignin and Lignans as Renewable Raw Materials

Lignin and Lignans as Renewable Raw Materials Author Calvo-flores
ISBN-10 9781118597866
Release 2015-09-28
Pages 520
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As naturally occurring and abundant sources of non–fossil carbon, lignin and lignans offer exciting possibilities as a source of commercially valuable products, moving away from petrochemical–based feedstocks in favour of renewable raw materials. Lignin can be used directly in fields such as agriculture, livestock, soil rehabilitation, bioremediation and the polymer industry, or it can be chemically modified for the fabrication of specialty and high–value chemicals such as resins, adhesives, fuels and greases. Lignin and Lignans as Renewable Raw Materials presents a multidisciplinary overview of the state–of–the–art and future prospects of lignin and lignans. The book discusses the origin, structure, function and applications of both types of compounds, describing the main resources and values of these products as carbon raw materials. Topics covered include: Structure and physicochemical properties Lignin detection methods Biosynthesis of lignin Isolation methods Characterization and modification of lignins Applications of modified and unmodified lignins Lignans: structure, chemical and biological properties Future perspectives This book is a comprehensive resource for researchers, scientists and engineers in academia and industry working on new possibilities for the application of renewable raw materials. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs



Principles of Wood Science and Technology

Principles of Wood Science and Technology Author Franz F.P. Kollmann
ISBN-10 9783642879289
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 592
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Modern forest products research had its start hardly fifty years ago. Today we are in a position to apply the title "wood science" to the field of wood technology that is based on scientific investigation, theoretical as well as experimental. It is this research that fosters new uses for wood as a raw material and that creates the foundation for new industries for the manufacture of wood-base materials such as plywood, laminated products, particle and fiber board and sand wich construction. Wood technology in its broadest sense combines the disciplines of wood anatomy, biology, chemistry, physics and mechanical technology. It is through this interdisciplinary approach that progress has been made in wood seasoning, wood preservation methods, wood machining, surfacing and gluing, and in the many other processes applied in its utilization. In 1936 the senior author published a book entitled, "Technologie des Holzes", which was a first approach to a universal reference book on wood technology. The first edition of Volume I of the Textbook of Wood Technology, co-authored by H. P. BROWN, A. J. P AN SHIN , and C. C. FORSAITH, was published in 1948. An indication of the rapid development of this field can be gained from the fact that the second edition of "Technologie des Holzes und der Holzwerkstoffe", completely revised, was needed by 1951. It contains 2233 pages compared with the 764 pages of the 1936 edition.



Characterization of lignocellulosic materials

Characterization of lignocellulosic materials Author Thomas Q. Hu
ISBN-10 1405158808
Release 2008
Pages 370
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Lignocellulosic materials are a natural, abundant and renewable resource essential to the functioning of industrial societies and critical to the development of a sustainable global economy. As wood and paper products, they have played an important role in the evolution of civilization. Improvement of the quality and manufacturing efficiency of such products has often been hampered by the lack of understanding of the complex structures and chemical compositions of the materials. Due to increasing economic and environmental issues concerning the use of petrochemicals, lignocellulosic materials will be relied upon as feedstock for the production of chemicals, fuels and biocompatible materials. Significant progress has been made to use lignocellulosic materials for the production of fuel ethanol and as a reinforcing component in polymer composites. Effective and economical methods for such uses, however, remain underdeveloped, partly due to the difficulties encountered in the characterization of the structures of native lignocelluloses and lignocelluloses-based materials. Improved methods for the characterization of lignocellulosic materials are needed. Characterization of Lignocellulosic Materials covers recent advances in the characterization of wood, pulp fibres and papers. It also describes the analyses of native and modified lignocellulosic fibres and materials using a range of advanced techniques such as time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry, 2D heteronuclear single quantum correlation NMR, and Raman microscopy. The book provides a survey of state-of-the-art characterization methods for lignocellulosic materials, for both academic and industrial researchers who work in the fields of wood and paper, lignocelluloses-based composites and polymer blends, and bio-based fuels and materials.



American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015066043145
Release 2003
Pages
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American Book Publishing Record has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from American Book Publishing Record also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full American Book Publishing Record book for free.



Methods to Study Litter Decomposition

Methods to Study Litter Decomposition Author Manuel A.S. Graça
ISBN-10 1402033486
Release 2005-04-05
Pages 329
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Decomposition of organic matter is a major ecosystem process involving an array of different organisms, including bacteria, fungi and invertebrates. The main objective of this book is to provide students and laboratory instructors at universities and professional ecologists with a broad range of established methods to study plant litter decomposition. Detailed protocols for direct use in the field or laboratory are presented in an easy to follow step-by-step format. A short introduction to each protocol reviews the ecological significance and principles of the technique and points to key references. Although most methods are described for freshwater ecosystems, many will work equally well in the presented or slightly modified form for studies in marine and terrestrial environments.



Wood Chemistry

Wood Chemistry Author Eero Sjostrom
ISBN-10 9780080925899
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 293
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Wood Chemistry, Fundamentals and Applications, Second Edition, examines the basic principles of wood chemistry and its potential applications to pulping and papermaking, wood and wood waste utilization, pulping by-products for production of chemicals and energy, and biomass conversion.



Biodegradation

Biodegradation Author W.B. Betts
ISBN-10 9781447134701
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 238
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Two major problems encountered as we approach a new century are the availability of resources for chemicals and energy, and environmental pollution. This book highlights the importance of biotransformation as a solution to these problems and considers traditionally separate areas as one interdependent discipline, in terms of the underlying mechanistic biochemistry and the research techniques employed. The provision of resources has largely centred around non-renewable materials, especially oil. Diminishing reserves of these, together with uncertainties of supply and cost have stimulated great interest in renewable resources. These are largely lignocellulosic materials (e.g. wood and straw) which are available through natural biomass turnover, farming and forestry and from wastes generated by industrial processes. An excellent example is that of kraft lignin, a by-product of pulp and paper production, amounting to 60 million tonnes per annum and which is largely wasted by burning or landfilling. This aromatic polymer has enormous potential as a feedstock to the chemical industry. Environmental pollution is no longer accepted as inevitable for a technological society. Over the past decade there has been a tremendous increase in awareness of the effects of pollution and public pressure has influenced both industry and government. However, to be realistic, it is not possible to replace all processes generating polluting wastes with clean alternatives. Instead, treatments of pollution, both at source and after an incident, are alternatives in many instances and a great deal of emphasis is currently being placed on these.



Physiology of Biodegradative Microorganisms

Physiology of Biodegradative Microorganisms Author Colin Ratledge
ISBN-10 9789401134521
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 144
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Physiology of Biodegradative Microorganisms has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Physiology of Biodegradative Microorganisms also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Physiology of Biodegradative Microorganisms book for free.



Acta forestalia fennica

Acta forestalia fennica Author
ISBN-10 CHI:40328385
Release 1992
Pages
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Acta forestalia fennica has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Acta forestalia fennica also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Acta forestalia fennica book for free.



Holzforschung

Holzforschung Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951P00453790N
Release 1996
Pages
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Holzforschung has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Holzforschung also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Holzforschung book for free.