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Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry

Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry Author Daniel Jacob
ISBN-10 9781400841547
Release 1999-12-21
Pages 280
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Atmospheric chemistry is one of the fastest growing fields in the earth sciences. Until now, however, there has been no book designed to help students capture the essence of the subject in a brief course of study. Daniel Jacob, a leading researcher and teacher in the field, addresses that problem by presenting the first textbook on atmospheric chemistry for a one-semester course. Based on the approach he developed in his class at Harvard, Jacob introduces students in clear and concise chapters to the fundamentals as well as the latest ideas and findings in the field. Jacob's aim is to show students how to use basic principles of physics and chemistry to describe a complex system such as the atmosphere. He also seeks to give students an overview of the current state of research and the work that led to this point. Jacob begins with atmospheric structure, design of simple models, atmospheric transport, and the continuity equation, and continues with geochemical cycles, the greenhouse effect, aerosols, stratospheric ozone, the oxidizing power of the atmosphere, smog, and acid rain. Each chapter concludes with a problem set based on recent scientific literature. This is a novel approach to problem-set writing, and one that successfully introduces students to the prevailing issues. This is a major contribution to a growing area of study and will be welcomed enthusiastically by students and teachers alike.

Advances In Atmospheric Chemistry

Advances In Atmospheric Chemistry Author Barker John R
ISBN-10 9789813147362
Release 2016-12-15
Pages 608
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The human race has altered the chemical composition of the atmosphere, as evidenced by the notorious London smog, photochemical air pollution, acid rain, stratospheric ozone depletion, and elevated greenhouse gas concentrations. The aim of this book series is to present invited summaries of important current research on atmospheric chemistry in a changing world. The summaries range from comprehensive scholarly reviews of major subject areas to more narrowly focused accounts of recent advances by individual research groups. The topics are tied to the important societal issues of air quality, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid deposition, the environmental fate of toxics, and climate change. By gathering these new Advances in one series, we aim to catalyze communication among the many researchers who are studying our changing, contemporary atmosphere.

Atmospheric Chemistry

Atmospheric Chemistry Author Julian Heicklen
ISBN-10 9780323151108
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 420
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Atmospheric Chemistry is a comprehensive treatment of atmospheric chemistry and covers topics ranging from the structure of the atmosphere to the chemistry of the upper atmosphere and the ionosphere. Atmospheric pollutants, hydrocarbon oxidation, and photochemical smog are also discussed, along with the reactions of O8 and singlet O2, the chemistry of SO2 and aerosols, and methods for controlling atmospheric pollution. This book is comprised of 10 chapters and begins with an overview of the composition and chemistry of the atmosphere as well as its physical characteristics and the chemistry of meteors. The next two chapters deal with the chemistry of the upper atmosphere and the ionosphere, with emphasis on neutral oxygen atmosphere, carbon-hydrogen-oxygen cycle, and the D region. The chemistry of atmospheric pollutants is also examined, along with hydrocarbon oxidation and photochemical smog. The remaining chapters focus on the reactions of O8 and singlet O2, the chemistry of SO2 and aerosols, and methods for controlling atmospheric pollution. This monograph should be useful to graduate students and scientists who wish to study atmospheric chemistry.

Atmospheric Chemistry

Atmospheric Chemistry Author Ann M. Holloway
ISBN-10 9781847558077
Release 2010
Pages 271
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Provides readers with a basic knowledge of the chemistry of Earth's atmosphere and the role that chemical transformations play in this environment.

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Author John H. Seinfeld
ISBN-10 9781119221173
Release 2016-03-30
Pages 1152
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Expanded and updated with new findings and new features New chapter on Global Climate providing a self-contained treatment of climate forcing, feedbacks, and climate sensitivity New chapter on Atmospheric Organic Aerosols and new treatment of the statistical method of Positive Matrix Factorization Updated treatments of physical meteorology, atmospheric nucleation, aerosol-cloud relationships, chemistry of biogenic hydrocarbons Each topic developed from the fundamental science to the point of application to real-world problems New problems at an introductory level to aid in classroom teaching

Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry

Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry Author Peter Victor Hobbs
ISBN-10 052177800X
Release 2000-09-25
Pages 262
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Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry is a concise, clear review of the fundamental aspects of atmospheric chemistry. In ten succinct chapters, it reviews our basic understanding of the chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere and discusses current environmental issues, including air pollution, acid rain, the ozone hole, and global change. Written by a well-known atmospheric science teacher, researcher, and author of several established textbooks, this book is an introductory textbook for beginning university courses in atmospheric chemistry. Also suitable for self instruction, numerous exercises and solutions make this textbook accessible to students covering atmospheric chemistry as a part of courses in atmospheric science, meteorology, environmental science, geophysics and chemistry. Together with its companion volume, Basic Physical Chemistry for the Atmospheric Sciences (second edition 2000; Cambridge University Press), Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry provides a solid introduction to atmospheric chemistry.

Modeling of Atmospheric Chemistry

Modeling of Atmospheric Chemistry Author Guy P. Brasseur
ISBN-10 9781107146969
Release 2017-06-30
Pages 632
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Mathematical modeling of atmospheric composition is a formidable scientific and computational challenge. This comprehensive presentation of the modeling methods used in atmospheric chemistry focuses on both theory and practice, from the fundamental principles behind models, through to their applications in interpreting observations. An encyclopaedic coverage of methods used in atmospheric modeling, including their advantages and disadvantages, makes this a one-stop resource with a large scope. Particular emphasis is given to the mathematical formulation of chemical, radiative, and aerosol processes; advection and turbulent transport; emission and deposition processes; as well as major chapters on model evaluation and inverse modeling. The modeling of atmospheric chemistry is an intrinsically interdisciplinary endeavour, bringing together meteorology, radiative transfer, physical chemistry and biogeochemistry, making the book of value to a broad readership. Introductory chapters and a review of the relevant mathematics make this book instantly accessible to graduate students and researchers in the atmospheric sciences.

Atmospheric chemistry and physics of air pollution

Atmospheric chemistry and physics of air pollution Author John H. Seinfeld
ISBN-10 UOM:39015011149674
Release 1986
Pages 738
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A fundamental treatment of all aspects of the physical and chemical behavior of air pollutants. Provides a clear analysis of the chemistry of atmospheric pollutants, an extensive treatment of the formation, thermodynamics and dynamics of atmospheric aerosols, and an elementary discussion of atmospheric diffusion with commonly used atmospheric diffusion formulas derived from first principles. Also contains comprehensive coverage of atmospheric removal processes, including wet and dry deposition; statistical distributions of atmospheric concentrations, and a discussion of acid rain. Numerous problems enable students to evaluate their understanding. All major chapters contain up-to-date bibliographies.

Atmospheric Chemistry

Atmospheric Chemistry Author E. Mészáros
ISBN-10 0080874703
Release 1981-10-01
Pages 199
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Atmospheric Chemistry

The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research

The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research Author National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN-10 9780309445658
Release 2017-01-29
Pages 226
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Our world is changing at an accelerating rate. The global human population has grown from 6.1 billion to 7.1 billion in the last 15 years and is projected to reach 11.2 billion by the end of the century. The distribution of humans across the globe has also shifted, with more than 50 percent of the global population now living in urban areas, compared to 29 percent in 1950. Along with these trends, increasing energy demands, expanding industrial activities, and intensification of agricultural activities worldwide have in turn led to changes in emissions that have altered the composition of the atmosphere. These changes have led to major challenges for society, including deleterious impacts on climate, human and ecosystem health. Climate change is one of the greatest environmental challenges facing society today. Air pollution is a major threat to human health, as one out of eight deaths globally is caused by air pollution. And, future food production and global food security are vulnerable to both global change and air pollution. Atmospheric chemistry research is a key part of understanding and responding to these challenges. The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research: Remembering Yesterday, Understanding Today, Anticipating Tomorrow summarizes the rationale and need for supporting a comprehensive U.S. research program in atmospheric chemistry; comments on the broad trends in laboratory, field, satellite, and modeling studies of atmospheric chemistry; determines the priority areas of research for advancing the basic science of atmospheric chemistry; and identifies the highest priority needs for improvements in the research infrastructure to address those priority research topics. This report describes the scientific advances over the past decade in six core areas of atmospheric chemistry: emissions, chemical transformation, oxidants, atmospheric dynamics and circulation, aerosol particles and clouds, and biogeochemical cycles and deposition. This material was developed for the NSF’s Atmospheric Chemistry Program; however, the findings will be of interest to other agencies and programs that support atmospheric chemistry research.

Progress and Problems in Atmospheric Chemistry

Progress and Problems in Atmospheric Chemistry Author John R Barker
ISBN-10 9789814501675
Release 1995-12-26
Pages 956
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Atmospheric chemistry is central to understanding global changes — ozone depletion, appearance of the polar ozone holes, and compositional changes which worsen the greenhouse effect. Because of its importance, work is progressing on many fronts. This volume emphasizes the troposhere and stratosphere and has chapters on gas phase, condensed phase, and heterogeneous chemistry. Present progress is emphasized, and important future directions are also described. This book fills a need not satisfied by any others and will be popular for some years to come. It informs students and newcomers to the field of the many facets of atmospheric chemistry and can be used as a text for advanced students. It is also a valuable desk reference summarizing activities by quite a number of the most active research groups. Chapter 18 by Kolb et al. on heterogeneous chemistry is especially noteworthy because it represents a unique joint effort by several groups working on a very timely subject; they describe a conceptual framework and establish conventions which will be standard in future papers on this subject. Contents:A Brief Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry (J R Barker)Chemistry of Ozone in the Urban and Regional Atmosphere (J H Seinfeld)Depletion of Tropospheric Ozone during Arctic Spring: Field and Laboratory Studies of the Role of Hydrocarbons (H Niki)Inverse Methods in Atmospheric Chemistry (R Prinn & D Hartley)NOx in the Non-Urban Troposphere (M A Carroll & A M Thompson)Laser Fluorescence Detection of Atmospheric Hydroxyl Radicals (D R Crosley)Photooxidation of Selected Carbonyl Compounds in Air: Methyl Ethyl Ketone, Methyl Vinyl Ketone, Methacrolein and Methylglyoxal (W H Raber & G K Moortgat)Free Radical Chemistry of the Atmospheric Aqueous Phase (R E Huie)Energy Transfer, Spectroscopy, and Atmospheric Significance of Excited O2, NO, and OH (T G Slanger & R A Copeland)Polar Processes in Ozone Depletion (J G Anderson)Laboratory Studies of Atmospheric Heterogeneous Chemistry (C E Kolb, D R Worsnop, M S Zahniser, P Davidovits, D R Hanson, A R Ravishankara, L F Keyser, M-T Leu, L R Williams, M J Molina & M A Tolbert)Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Atmospheric Inorganic Chlorine Chemistry (S P Sander et al.)and other papers Readership: Physical chemists and atmospheric scientists. keywords: “There are a number of excellent chapters included in this compilation; among them are the editor's own introduction which gives an excellent summary and overview of the field … those interested in entering the field have an excellent starting point for their studies, and I recommend the text for that group.” J. Am. Chem. Soc.

Fluorine and the Environment Atmospheric Chemistry Emissions Lithosphere

Fluorine and the Environment  Atmospheric Chemistry  Emissions   Lithosphere Author Alain Tressaud
ISBN-10 0080463754
Release 2006-08-17
Pages 318
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Advances in Fluorine Science presents critical multidisciplinary overviews for areas in which fluorine and fluoride compounds have a decisive impact. The individual volumes of Advances in Fluorine Science are thematic, addressing comprehensively both the science and applications on topics including the Environment, Green chemistry, Medicine, Health & Life Sciences, New Technologies & Materials Science, Energy and the Earth Sciences. For each subject the contributors will clearly inform the reader on the nature of the problem (if any) and on the solutions, combining knowledge from different scientific disciplines, that have been proposed to solve each issue. This volume covers a wide scope of important issues about our atmospheric environment and contains contributions from both chemists and environmental scientists. Articles review the origin of fluorine-emissions either from natural or anthropogenic origin; the chemistry of fluorine- and halogen-based species in the atmosphere; the monitoring and characterization of atmospheric pollutants; new generations of halocarbons and improved destruction procedures of banned CFCs; the role of fluorides within both our geosphere: volcanic magmas and natural fluorine emissions, and effects on our biosphere: life cycle, plants and animals. * Examines the role of fluorine and fluoride products in our environment: from the geosphere to the atmosphere through the biosphere * Discusses the efforts of scientists and industry groups towards the improvement of environmental and sustainability issues * Multidisciplinary contributions from chemists, geologists, biologists, environmentalists and industry staffs

Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World

Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World Author Guy P. Brasseur
ISBN-10 3540430504
Release 2003-05-14
Pages 300
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Praise for Guy P. Brasseur's Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World American Meteorological Society "This volume summarizes and integrates more than a decade of atmospheric chemistry research. During the period under consideration, great progress has been made in computing, modeling, and observational techniques, and methods have also improved. Here, suggestions for the highest priority research for the next decade are made, and important information is related regarding impacts on the environment."

Atmospheric Chemistry

Atmospheric Chemistry Author E. D. Goldberg
ISBN-10 9783642686382
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 388
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Atmospheric Chemistry has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Atmospheric Chemistry also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Atmospheric Chemistry book for free.

Paul J Crutzen A Pioneer on Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Change in the Anthropocene

Paul J  Crutzen  A Pioneer on Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Change in the Anthropocene Author Paul J. Crutzen
ISBN-10 9783319274607
Release 2016-04-15
Pages 248
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This book contains texts by the Nobel laureate Paul J. Crutzen who is best known for his research on ozone depletion. It comprises Crutzen’s autobiography, several pictures documenting important stages of his life, and his most important scientific publications. The Dutch atmospheric chemist is one of the world’s most cited scientists in geosciences. His political engagement makes him a tireless ambassador for environmental issues such as climate change. He popularized the term ‘Anthropocene’ for the current geological era acknowledging the enduring influence of humankind on planet Earth. This concept conceives humans to be a geologic factor, influencing the evolution of our globe and the living beings populating it. The selection of texts is representing Paul Crutzen ́s scientific oeuvre as his research interests span from ozone depletion to the climatic impacts of biomass burning, the consequences of a worldwide atomic war – the Nuclear Winter - to geoengineering and the Anthropocene.

The Department of Energy s Atmospheric Chemistry Program

The Department of Energy s Atmospheric Chemistry Program Author National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry
ISBN-10 NAP:12734
Release 1991
Pages 34
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The Department of Energy s Atmospheric Chemistry Program has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Department of Energy s Atmospheric Chemistry Program also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Department of Energy s Atmospheric Chemistry Program book for free.

Atmospheric Chemistry

Atmospheric Chemistry Author Grant Ritchie
ISBN-10 178634176X
Release 2017
Pages 199
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Understanding the composition and chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere is essential to global ecological and environmental policy making and research. Atmospheric changes as a result of both natural and anthropogenic activity have affected many of the Earth's natural systems throughout history, some more seriously than others, and such changes are ever more evident with increases in both global warming and extreme weather events. Atmospheric Chemistry: from the Surface to the Stratosphere considers in detail the physics and chemistry of our contemporary planet, and in particular its atmosphere, explaining the chemistry and physics of the air that we breathe, that gives rise to our weather systems and climate, soaks up our pollutants and protects us from solar UV radiation. The development of the complex chemistry occurring on Earth can be explained through application of basic principles of physical chemistry, as is discussed in this book. It is therefore accessible to intermediate and advanced undergraduates of chemistry, with an interdisciplinary approach relevant to meteorologists, oceanographists, and climatologists. It also provides an ideal opportunity to bring together many different aspects of physical chemistry and demonstrate their relevance to the world we live in. This book was written in conjunction with Astrochemistry: From the Big Bang to the Present Day, Claire Vallance (2017) Grant Ritchie, @World Scientific Publishing.