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Atmospheric Oxidation and Antioxidants

Atmospheric Oxidation and Antioxidants Author Gerard Meurant
ISBN-10 9780444597014
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 246
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Volume I reviews current understanding of autoxidation, largely on the basis of the reactions of oxygen with characterised chemicals. From this flows the modern mechanism of antioxidant actions and their application in stabilisation technology.



Atmospheric Oxidation and Antioxidants

Atmospheric Oxidation and Antioxidants Author Gerald Scott
ISBN-10 044489618X
Release 1992-12-01
Pages 3
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Volume III addresses our present understanding of how oxidation is involved both positively and negatively in life processes. This is a more recent and rapidly developing aspect of oxidation chemistry and many of the concepts still have to be proved by rigorous scientific investigation. Nevertheless, the mechanistic principles developed as a result of studies in vitro over the years now provide the basis for understanding the complex oxidation chemistry of life processes and its control by biological antioxidants.



Antioxidants in Science Technology Medicine and Nutrition

Antioxidants in Science  Technology  Medicine and Nutrition Author G. Scott
ISBN-10 9780857099938
Release 1997-05-01
Pages 348
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The use of antioxidants is widespread throughout the rubber, plastics, food, oil and pharmaceutical industries. This book brings together information generated from research in quite separate fields of biochemical science and technology, and integrates it on a basis of the common mechanisms of peroxidation and antioxidant action. It applies present knowledge of antioxidants to our understanding of their role in preventing and treating common diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, ischemia, pancreatitis, hemochromatosis, kwashiorkor, disorders of prematurity and disease of old age. Antioxidants deactivate certain harmful effects of free radicals in the human body due to biological peroxidation, and thus prevent protection against cell damage. The book is of considerable interest to scientists working in the materials and foodstuff industries, and to researchers seeking information on the connection between diet and health, and to those developing new drugs to combat diseases associated with oxidative stress. It is important also throughout the non-medical world, especially to the work force within the affected industries. Examines research in separate fields of biochemical science and technology and integrates it on a basis of the common mechanisms of peroxidation and antioxidant action Applies present knowledge of antioxidants to our understanding of their role in preventing and treating common diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and others



Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics

Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics Author Emo Chiellini
ISBN-10 9781441992406
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 395
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Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics book for free.



Oxidation and Antioxidants in Organic Chemistry and Biology

Oxidation and Antioxidants in Organic Chemistry and Biology Author Evgeny T. Denisov
ISBN-10 9781420030853
Release 2005-03-29
Pages 1024
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Providing a comprehensive review of reactions of oxidation for different classes of organic compounds and polymers, and biological processes mediated by free radicals, Oxidation and Antioxidants in Organic Chemistry and Biology puts the data and bibliographical information you need into one easy-to-use resource. You will find up-to-date information about mechanisms of action of antioxidants, their reactivity, reactions of intermediates, synergism, and antioxidants with cyclic mechanism action. Supplying useful, quantitative data in tables that make the information easy to find, the authors highlight the peculiarities of mechanisms involved in the oxidation of hydrocarbons, polymers, and different organic compounds. The book provides tabulated values of strengths of C-H bonds of oxygen-containing compounds; of O-H bonds of hydroperoxides, alcohols, and acids; and of attacked antioxidant bonds. The authors collect and discuss over 3000 rate constants of different reactions of peroxyl radicals in oxidation and co-oxidation. They describe a new semiempiric theory of reactivity of reactants in elementary oxidative steps and the algorithm of calculation of activation energies, rate constants, and geometrical parameters of the transition states of free radical reactions. After elucidating the chemistry and kinetics of antioxidant action, the book covers oxidative processes that occur in biological systems.



Food Antioxidants

Food Antioxidants Author B. J. Hudson
ISBN-10 9789400907539
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 317
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Antioxidants are present naturally in virtually all food commodities, providing them with a valuable degree of protection against oxidative attack. When food commodities are subjected to processing, such natural antioxidants are often depleted, whether physically, from the nature of the process itself, or by chemical degradation. In conse quence, processed food products usually keep less well than do the commodities from which they originated. Ideally, food producers would like them to keep better. This objective can often be achieved by blending natural products rich in antioxidants with processed foods, or by using well recognised antioxidants as food additives. In order to understand their action, and hence to apply antioxidants intelligently in food product formulation, some knowledge of the mechanisms by which they function is necessary. This is complex and of antioxidative may rely on one or more of several alternative forms intervention. Accordingly, the various mechanisms that may be relevant are discussed in Chapter 1, in each case including the 'intervention' mechanism. When present in, or added to, foods antioxidants are functional in very small quantities, typically, perhaps, at levels of 0·01 % or less.



Oxidative Stability and Shelf Life of Foods Containing Oils and Fats

Oxidative Stability and Shelf Life of Foods Containing Oils and Fats Author Min Hu
ISBN-10 9781630670573
Release 2016-01-19
Pages 564
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Oxidative Stability and Shelf Life of Foods Containing Oils and Fats focuses on food stability and shelf life, both important factors in the improvement and development of food products. This book, relevant for professionals in the food and pet food industries, presents an evaluation of methods for studies on the oxidative stability and shelf life of bulk oils/fats, fried oils and foods, food emulsions, dried foods, meat and meat products, and seafood in food and pet food. Focuses on the application of various evaluation methods to studies of oxidative stability and shelf life in oils and fats and oils and fats-containing foods in the food and pet food industries Discusses oxidative stability and shelf life of low-moisture (dry) food, including dry pet food Discusses lipid co-oxidation with protein because a number of food products contain both lipids and proteins Directed mainly toward readers working in the food and pet food industries



Oxidation and Antioxidants in Organic Chemistry and Biology

Oxidation and Antioxidants in Organic Chemistry and Biology Author Evgeny T. Denisov
ISBN-10 9781420030853
Release 2005-03-29
Pages 1024
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Providing a comprehensive review of reactions of oxidation for different classes of organic compounds and polymers, and biological processes mediated by free radicals, Oxidation and Antioxidants in Organic Chemistry and Biology puts the data and bibliographical information you need into one easy-to-use resource. You will find up-to-date information about mechanisms of action of antioxidants, their reactivity, reactions of intermediates, synergism, and antioxidants with cyclic mechanism action. Supplying useful, quantitative data in tables that make the information easy to find, the authors highlight the peculiarities of mechanisms involved in the oxidation of hydrocarbons, polymers, and different organic compounds. The book provides tabulated values of strengths of C-H bonds of oxygen-containing compounds; of O-H bonds of hydroperoxides, alcohols, and acids; and of attacked antioxidant bonds. The authors collect and discuss over 3000 rate constants of different reactions of peroxyl radicals in oxidation and co-oxidation. They describe a new semiempiric theory of reactivity of reactants in elementary oxidative steps and the algorithm of calculation of activation energies, rate constants, and geometrical parameters of the transition states of free radical reactions. After elucidating the chemistry and kinetics of antioxidant action, the book covers oxidative processes that occur in biological systems.



Inhibition of Chain Reactions

Inhibition of Chain Reactions Author V V Azatyan
ISBN-10 9069940027
Release 2000-07-06
Pages 352
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This text explores nonbranching reactions, including in-depth information on the inhibitors of free radical polymerisation and the mechanisms of antioxidants on oxidationprocesses. Auto-initiated chain reactions are also explored, with detailed descriptions on the kinetics, mechanisms, and inhibition of the autoxidation of organic compounds, A special chapter deals with the synergism of antioxidant actions. The theory of chain-branching reactions is investigated, and a large amount of new experimental data concerning the use of chemical additives to regulate combustion processes is also presented, including the mode of chain thermal explosion.



Iodine Chemistry and Applications

Iodine Chemistry and Applications Author Tatsuo Kaiho
ISBN-10 9781118878651
Release 2014-10-09
Pages 512
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This book comprehensively covers iodine, its chemistry, and its role in functional materials, reagents, and compounds. • Provides an up-to-date, detailed overview of iodine chemistry with discussion on elemental aspects: characteristics, properties, iodides, and halogen bonding • Acts as a useful guide for readers to learn how to synthesize complex compounds using iodine reagents or intermediates • Describes traditional and modern processing techniques, such as starch, cupper, blowing out, and ion exchange resin methods • Includes seven detailed sections devoted to the applications of iodine: Characteristics, Production, Synthesis, Biological Applications, Industrial Applications, Bioorganic Chemistry and Environmental Chemistry, and Radioisotopes • Features hot topics in the field, such as hypervalent iodine-mediated cross coupling reactions, agrochemicals, dye sensitized solar cells, and therapeutic agents



Natural Extracts Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Natural Extracts Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Author Mamata Mukhopadhyay
ISBN-10 142004169X
Release 2000-06-27
Pages 360
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Synthesizing research from a wide variety of sources, this work offers a convenient guide to a clean, safe, inexpensive, non-toxic, non-polluting solvent that performs better than most conventional solvents. Natural Extracts Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide reviews recent development in the technology and its applications to the food, flavor, fragrance, and pharmaceutical industries. It outlines the many advantages the method has over traditional methods like steam distillation, solvent extraction, and molecular distillation and it supports the popular trend toward the use of natural products in these industries.



Lipid Oxidation

Lipid Oxidation Author Edwin N. Frankel
ISBN-10 9780857097927
Release 2014-01-23
Pages 488
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In this second edition, Edwin Frankel has updated and extended his now well-known book Lipid oxidation which has come to be regarded as the standard work on the subject since the publication of the first edition seven years previously. His main objective is to develop the background necessary for a better understanding of what factors should be considered, and what methods and lipid systems should be employed, to achieve suitable evaluation and control of lipid oxidation in complex foods and biological systems. The oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids is one of the most fundamental reactions in lipid chemistry. When unsaturated lipids are exposed to air, the complex, volatile oxidation compounds that are formed cause rancidity. This decreases the quality of foods that contain natural lipid components as well as foods in which oils are used as ingredients. Furthermore, products of lipid oxidation have been implicated in many vital biological reactions, and evidence has accumulated to show that free radicals and reactive oxygen species participate in tissue injuries and in degenerative disease. Although there have been many significant advances in this challenging field, many important problems remain unsolved. This second edition of Lipid oxidation follows the example of the first edition in offering a summary of the many unsolved problems that need further research. The need to understand lipid oxidation is greater than ever with the increased interest in long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, the reformulation of oils to avoid hydrogenation and trans fatty acids, and the enormous attention given to natural phenolic antioxidants, including flavonoids and other phytochemicals.



Oxidation in Foods and Beverages and Antioxidant Applications

Oxidation in Foods and Beverages and Antioxidant Applications Author Eric A Decker
ISBN-10 9780857090331
Release 2010-09-22
Pages 552
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Oxidative rancidity is a major cause of food quality deterioration, leading to the formation of undesirable off-flavours as well as unhealthy compounds. Antioxidants are widely employed to inhibit oxidation, and with current consumer concerns about synthetic additives and natural antioxidants are of much interest. The two volumes of Oxidation in foods and beverages and antioxidant applications review food quality deterioration due to oxidation and methods for its control. The second volume reviews problems associated with oxidation and its management in different industry sectors. Part one focuses on animal products, with chapters on the oxidation and protection of red meat, poultry, fish and dairy products. The oxidation of fish oils and foods enriched with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is also covered. Part two reviews oxidation in plant-based foods and beverages, including edible oils, fruit and vegetables, beer and wine. Oxidation of fried products and emulsion-based foods is also discussed. Final chapters examine encapsulation to inhibit lipid oxidation and antioxidant active packaging and edible films. With its distinguished international team of editors and contributors, the two volumes of Oxidation in foods and beverages and antioxidant applications is standard references for R&D and QA professionals in the food industry, as well as academic researchers interested in food quality. Reviews problems associated with oxidation and its management in different industry sectors Examines animal products, with chapters on the oxidation and protection of red meat, poultry and fish Discusses oxidation of fish oils and foods enriched with omega-3 and polyunsaturated fatty acids



Processing and Impact on Active Components in Food

Processing and Impact on Active Components in Food Author Victor R. Preedy
ISBN-10 9780124047099
Release 2014-05-27
Pages 724
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From beef to baked goods, fish to flour, antioxidants are added to preserve the shelf life of foods and ensure consumer acceptability. These production-added components may also contribute to the overall availability of essential nutrients for intake as well as the prevention of the development of unwelcome product characteristics such as off-flavours or colours. However, there are processes that reduce the amount of naturally occurring antioxidants and awareness of that potential is just as important for those in product research and development. There is a practical need to understand not only the physiological importance of antioxidants in terms of consumer health benefit, but how they may be damaged or enhanced through the processing and packaging phases. This book presents information key to understanding how antioxidants change during production of a wide variety of food products, with a focus toward how this understanding may be translated effectively to other foods as well. Addresses how the composition of food is altered, the analytical techniques used, and the applications to other foods Presents in-chapter summary points and other translational insights into concepts, techniques, findings and approaches to processing of other foods Explores advances in analytical and methodological science within each chapter



Antioxidants and Functional Components in Aquatic Foods

Antioxidants and Functional Components in Aquatic Foods Author Hordur G. Kristinsson
ISBN-10 9781118855126
Release 2014-04-15
Pages 376
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Antioxidants and Functional Components in Aquatic Foods compiles for the first time the past and present research done on pro and antioxidants in aquatic animals. The book addresses an area of extreme importance for aquatic foods, since lipid oxidation leads to such a large number of quality problems. Many of these problems are also seen in other muscle based foods, but are exaggerated in aquatic foods, so the book’s contents will be of great use and interest to other fields. Written by top researchers in the field, the book offers not only general overviews of lipid oxidation in aquatic foods and aquatic food pro and antioxidant systems, but also covers specifics and gives the latest information on the key pro and anti-oxidants derived from aquatic foods as well as some of the most recent and innovative means to control lipid oxidations in aquatic foods and food systems with fish oils. Coverage includes the latest research on the effects aquatic foods have on oxidative stress in the human body, an area of great interest recently. Additionally, a chapter is devoted to the latest techniques to measure antioxidative potential of aquatic foods, an area still in development and one very important to the antioxidant research community. Antioxidants and Functional Components in Aquatic Foods will be of great interest to the food science, medical, biochemical and pharmaceutical fields for professionals who deal with aquatic food products, muscle foods products (beef, pork, poultry etc), lipid oxidation, and pro-oxidant and antioxidant systems.



Chemical Analysis of Additives in Plastics

Chemical Analysis of Additives in Plastics Author T. R. Crompton
ISBN-10 9781483278797
Release 2016-07-29
Pages 380
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International Series in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 46: Chemical Analysis of Additives in Plastics, Second Edition brings together numerous investigations on the characterization, identification, and determination of various types of additives in plastics. This book is divided into five chapters. Chapters 1 and 2 describe first the methods for examining additives present in polymers based on either direct spectroscopy of a cast polymer film or on solvent extraction of total additives from the polymer followed by quantitative chemical or physical analysis for various components in the extract. Chapter 3 discusses the application of thin-layer and column chromatography to the separation and determination of known additives. Chapters 4 and 5 examine the application of combined chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques for the separation and determination of unknown plastics additives. This book will prove useful to plastics manufacturers, researchers, institutions, and universities.



Autoxidation in Food and Biological Systems

Autoxidation in Food and Biological Systems Author M.G. Simic
ISBN-10 9781475793512
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 659
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The material presented in this book deals with basic mechanisms of free radical reactions in autoxidation processes and anitoxidant suppression of autoxidation of foods, biochemical models and biologi cal systems. Autoxidation in foods and corresponding biological effects are usually approached separately although recent mechanistic developments in the biochemistry and free radical chemistry of per oxides and their precursors tend to bring these two fields closer. Apparent ability of antioxidants in diets to reduce the inci dence of cancer has resulted in scrutiny of autoxidized products and their precursors as possibly toxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic agents. Mechanisms of any of these effects have been barely ad dressed. Yet we know now that free radicals, as esoteric as they were only a few decades ago, are being discovered in foods, biochem ical and biological systems and do play a role in the above-mentioned causalities. The purpose of the Workshop and the resulting book was to give a unifying approach towards study of beneficial and deleterious effects of autoxidation, based on rigorous scientific considerations. It is our hope that the material presented in this book will not only provide a review of the "state of the art" of autoxidation and anti oxidants, but also reflect the interaction which occurred during the Workshop between workers using model sytems, and food and biological systems.