Download or read online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

B Cell Receptor Signaling

B Cell Receptor Signaling Author Tomohiro Kurosaki
ISBN-10 9783319261331
Release 2015-12-26
Pages 231
Download Link Click Here

This volume details our current understanding of the architecture and signaling capabilities of the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) in health and disease. The first chapters review new insights into the assembly of BCR components and their organization on the cell surface. Subsequent contributions focus on the molecular interactions that connect the BCR with major intracellular signaling pathways such as Ca2+ mobilization, membrane phospholipid metabolism, nuclear translocation of NF-kB or the activation of Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase and MAP kinases. These elements orchestrate cytoplasmic and nuclear responses as well as cytoskeleton dynamics for antigen internalization. Furthermore, a key mechanism of how B cells remember their cognate antigen is discussed in detail. Altogether, the discoveries presented provide a better understanding of B cell biology and help to explain some B cell-mediated pathogenicities, like autoimmune phenomena or the formation of B cell tumors, while also paving the way for eventually combating these diseases.



Toll like Receptors Roles in Infection and Neuropathology

Toll like Receptors  Roles in Infection and Neuropathology Author Tammy Kielian
ISBN-10 3642005489
Release 2009-08-28
Pages 191
Download Link Click Here

Mammalian Toll-like receptors (TLRs) were first identified in 1997 based on their homology with Drosophila Toll, which mediates innate immunity in the fly. In recent years, the number of studies describing TLR expression and function in the nervous system has been increasing steadily and expanding beyond their traditional roles in infectious diseases to neurodegenerative disorders and injury. Interest in the field serves as the impetus for this volume in the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology series entitled "Toll-like receptors: Roles in Infection and Neuropathology". The first five chapters highlight more traditional roles for TLRs in infectious diseases of the CNS. The second half of the volume discusses recently emerging roles for TLRs in non-infectious neurodegenerative diseases and the challenges faced in these models with identifying endogenous ligands. Several conceptual theories are introduced in various chapters that deal with the dual nature of TLR engagement and whether these signals favor neuroprotective versus neurodegenerative outcomes. This volume should be informative for both experts as well as newcomers to the field of TLRs in the nervous system based on its coverage of basic TLR biology as well as specialization to discuss specific diseases of the nervous system where TLR function has been implicated. A must read for researchers interested in the dual role of these receptors in neuroinfection and neurodegeneration.



Issues in Allied Fields of Medicine 2011 Edition

Issues in Allied Fields of Medicine  2011 Edition Author
ISBN-10 9781464965838
Release 2012-01-09
Pages 647
Download Link Click Here

Issues in Allied Fields of Medicine / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Allied Fields of Medicine. The editors have built Issues in Allied Fields of Medicine: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Allied Fields of Medicine in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Allied Fields of Medicine: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.



Cell Biology of the B Cell Receptor

Cell Biology of the B Cell Receptor Author Hidde Ploegh
ISBN-10 9780128003633
Release 2014-05-16
Pages 168
Download Link Click Here

Advances in Immunology, a long-established and highly respected publication, presents current developments as well as comprehensive reviews in immunology. Articles address the wide range of topics that comprise immunology, including molecular and cellular activation mechanisms, phylogeny and molecular evolution, and clinical modalities. Edited and authored by the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for the future. Contributions from leading authorities Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field



The Immune Response

The Immune Response Author Tak W. Mak
ISBN-10 9780080534480
Release 2005-11-11
Pages 1216
Download Link Click Here

The Immune Response is a unique reference work covering the basic and clinical principles of immunology in a modern and comprehensive fashion. Written in an engaging conversational style, the book conveys the broad scope and fascinating appeal of immunology. The book is beautifully illustrated with superb figures as well as many full color plates. This extraordinary work will be an invaluable resource for lecturers and graduate students in immunology, as well as a vital reference for research scientists and clinicians studying related areas in the life and medical sciences. Current and thorough 30 chapter reference reviewed by luminaries in the field Unique ‘single voice' ensures consistency of definitions and concepts Comprehensive and elegant illustrations bring key concepts to life Provides historical context to allow fuller understanding of key issues Introductory chapters 1-4 serve as an ‘Immunology Primer' before topics are discussed in more detail



Encyclopedia of Cell Biology

Encyclopedia of Cell Biology Author
ISBN-10 9780123947963
Release 2015-08-07
Pages 3008
Download Link Click Here

The Encyclopedia of Cell Biology offers a broad overview of cell biology, offering reputable, foundational content for researchers and students across the biological and medical sciences. This important work includes 285 articles from domain experts covering every aspect of cell biology, with fully annotated figures, abundant illustrations, videos, and references for further reading. Each entry is built with a layered approach to the content, providing basic information for those new to the area and more detailed material for the more experienced researcher. With authored contributions by experts in the field, the Encyclopedia of Cell Biology provides a fully cross-referenced, one-stop resource for students, researchers, and teaching faculty across the biological and medical sciences. Fully annotated color images and videos for full comprehension of concepts, with layered content for readers from different levels of experience Includes information on cytokinesis, cell biology, cell mechanics, cytoskeleton dynamics, stem cells, prokaryotic cell biology, RNA biology, aging, cell growth, cell Injury, and more In-depth linking to Academic Press/Elsevier content and additional links to outside websites and resources for further reading A one-stop resource for students, researchers, and teaching faculty across the biological and medical sciences



Emerging Concepts Targeting Immune Checkpoints in Cancer and Autoimmunity

Emerging Concepts Targeting Immune Checkpoints in Cancer and Autoimmunity Author Akihiko Yoshimura
ISBN-10 9783319689296
Release 2017-11-25
Pages 267
Download Link Click Here

This volume reviews the current state of research on immune checkpoints and offers novel concepts. It discusses the two most important immune checkpoints: T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death-1 (PD-1). It shows that antagonistic antibodies against these two molecules are highly effective in the treatment of various cancers and that PD-1 and CTLA-4 have been linked to the suppression of T-cell receptor signaling and co-stimulatory molecules. Further, the volume examines other agents, a number of cells, receptors and signaling molecules, that are also involved in the regulation of T-cell activation and extends the concept of immune checkpoints to “molecules and cells that negatively regulate T-cell activation”. Playing essential roles in immune homeostasis, they could offer new targets for cancer immunotherapy, and for the therapy of autoimmune diseases. Written by internationally respected scientists, this book will appeal to basic scientists, clinicians, drug development researchers, and advanced students alike.



Immunoreceptor Tyrosine based Inhibition Motifs

Immunoreceptor Tyrosine based Inhibition Motifs Author Marc Daeron
ISBN-10 9783642585371
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 183
Download Link Click Here

Novel molecular motifs named Immunoreceptor Tyrosine-based Inhibition Motifs (ITIMs) have recently been recognized in the intracytoplasmic domains of a still-increasing number of receptors which control cell activation and proliferation. Research on ITIM-bearing molecules has developed exponentially during the last three years, generating new concepts with important consequences in basic research and with exciting potential clinical applications. The present volume contains 15 reviews written by authors who all made significant contributions to the identification of ITIM-bearing molecules and the study of their biological properties. It constitutes the first synthesis ever published that is specifically devoted to this emerging topic.



Current topics in microbiology and immunology 82

Current topics in microbiology and immunology  82 Author Astrid Fagraeus
ISBN-10 3540089810
Release 1978
Pages 138
Download Link Click Here

Current topics in microbiology and immunology 82 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Current topics in microbiology and immunology 82 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Current topics in microbiology and immunology 82 book for free.



Notch Regulation of the Immune System

Notch Regulation of the Immune System Author Freddy Radtke
ISBN-10 9783642242946
Release 2012-09-13
Pages 184
Download Link Click Here

Notch signaling regulates many cell fate decision and differentiation processes during embryonic development and tissue homeostasis. Moreover, disregulation of the pathway is associated with human disorders and cancer. In the last 15 years it became evident that Notch plays important roles in the hematopoietic system as well as in the regulation of immune responses. This special issue on Notch regulation of the immune system summarizes recent advances and covers multiple aspects of Notch signaling within the hematopoietic and the immune system. This issue covers subjects including Notch function in embryonic and adult hematopoietic stem cells, lymphocyte development and function as well as in T cell leukemia.



Human Cytomegalovirus

Human Cytomegalovirus Author Thomas E. Shenk
ISBN-10 3540773495
Release 2008-05-09
Pages 479
Download Link Click Here

This volume has gathered some of the experts in the field to review aspects of our understanding of CMV and to offer perspectives of the current problems associated with CMV. The editors and authors hope that the chapters will lead to a better understanding of the virus that will assist in the development of new and unique antivirals, a protective vaccine, and a full understanding of CMV's involvement in human disease.



Current Concepts in Autoimmunity and Chronic Inflammation

Current Concepts in Autoimmunity and Chronic Inflammation Author Andreas Radbruch
ISBN-10 9783540297147
Release 2006-09-08
Pages 282
Download Link Click Here

The immune system has been known to be capable of distinguishing self from non-self since the pioneering work of Paul Erhlich more than a century ago. Originally described in experiments studying blood transfusion comp- ibility, the principle of “horror autotoxicus” is still valid, although today the phenomenon is usually described in terms of tolerance or ignorance. A great deal has been learned about the various processes preventing self-reactivity normally. These include processes that operate during immune cell ontogeny and subsequently on reactivity of mature lymphocytes in the periphery. They encompass mechanisms that are intrinsic to potentially reactive lymphocytes and can result in central or peripheral deletion or the alteration of functional potential. In addition, there are in?uences that are extrinsic to potentially auto-reactive lymphocytes, including the function of regulatory cells, d- ferentiation state of antigen-presenting cells, availability of self-antigen, the cytokine and chemokine milieu, as well as the traf?cking patterns involved in generating productive immune interactions. It is clear that the immune system devotes a considerable effort to the avoidance of the development of potentially pathogenic self-reactivity. Despite this, the development of self-reactivity is relatively common. - though the development of autoimmune disease is less frequent, autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus e- thematosus, psoriasis, thyroiditis, and myasthenia gravis, are all too common, and can cause considerable morbidity and even mortality.



Sphingosine 1 Phosphate Signaling in Immunology and Infectious Diseases

Sphingosine 1 Phosphate Signaling in Immunology and Infectious Diseases Author Michael B. A. Oldstone
ISBN-10 9783319058795
Release 2014-04-11
Pages 184
Download Link Click Here

This volume focuses on the role of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and its analogs in the induced sequestration of lymphocytes in secondary lymphoid organs or in the microenvironment of tissues involved in infection or autoimmune disease. Initial chapters define the pathways to understand S1P signaling. They cover the organization of signaling systems, the structural biology of the S1P1 receptor, and the chemical and genetic tools that are available and useful to explore this area of research and therapeutics. The later chapters highlight S1P and endothelial integrity, lymphocyte migration in the spleen, and S1P agonist in controlling immunopathologic manifestations of acute respiratory influenza virus infection (in the lung), and its accompanying cytokine storm as well as immunopathologic disease of the central nervous system, including the beginning of treatments in multiple sclerosis. One chapter reveals the possible involvement of other lipid molecules, their use for better understanding lipid signaling, and their potential in the modulation of immune responses.



Epigenetic Regulation of Lymphocyte Development

Epigenetic Regulation of Lymphocyte Development Author Cornelis Murre
ISBN-10 9783642241031
Release 2012-02-07
Pages 194
Download Link Click Here

The studies described in this volume serve as a starting point to familiarize one self with the multifarious differences in epigenetic designs that orchestrate the progression of developing blood cells. They also may serve as a general paradigm for the mechanisms that underpin the control of eukaryotic gene expression.



Analysis of CD3 Molecules in Amphibian and Avian Representatives

Analysis of CD3 Molecules in Amphibian and Avian Representatives Author Robin Carolyn Dzialo
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924076527070
Release 1996
Pages 236
Download Link Click Here

Analysis of CD3 Molecules in Amphibian and Avian Representatives has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Analysis of CD3 Molecules in Amphibian and Avian Representatives also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Analysis of CD3 Molecules in Amphibian and Avian Representatives book for free.



Negative Co Receptors and Ligands

Negative Co Receptors and Ligands Author Rafi Ahmed
ISBN-10 3642195458
Release 2011-04-11
Pages 152
Download Link Click Here

Adaptive immune responses serve as a key defense mechanism for the control of infections in vertebrates. Immune responses must be of sufficient strength to contain invading pathogens, antigen specific responses require regulatory mechanisms to ensure termination or downmodulation to avoid excessive damage to the host tissue. For both branches of the adaptive immune system, regulatory molecules i.e. coreceptors and ligands have been identified that control the signaling cascades initiated by engagement of the T cell and B cell antigen receptors. This book describes biological functions as well as molecular mechanisms of these molecules.



IgE Antibodies Generation and Function

IgE Antibodies  Generation and Function Author Juan J. Lafaille
ISBN-10 9783319137254
Release 2015-01-02
Pages 152
Download Link Click Here

This volume examines all facets of the complex biology of Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies, which play an essential role in the pathophysiology of allergic diseases and immunity to parasites. It highlights the unique mechanisms involved in the regulation of IgE production at both the molecular and cellular level. Furthermore, it discusses in detail novel findings on how the affinity, specificity and cross-reactivity of IgE can fine-tune mast cell responses to allergens. The book also explores the beneficial roles of IgE antibodies in immunity to helminthes and protection against tumors, and how the properties of IgE-mediated immunity are employed in the development of IgE therapeutic antibodies. All chapters were written by respected experts in their fields and will appeal to scientists and clinicians alike.