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Bayesian Logical Data Analysis for the Physical Sciences

Bayesian Logical Data Analysis for the Physical Sciences Author Phil Gregory
ISBN-10 9781139444286
Release 2005-04-14
Pages
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Bayesian inference provides a simple and unified approach to data analysis, allowing experimenters to assign probabilities to competing hypotheses of interest, on the basis of the current state of knowledge. By incorporating relevant prior information, it can sometimes improve model parameter estimates by many orders of magnitude. This book provides a clear exposition of the underlying concepts with many worked examples and problem sets. It also discusses implementation, including an introduction to Markov chain Monte-Carlo integration and linear and nonlinear model fitting. Particularly extensive coverage of spectral analysis (detecting and measuring periodic signals) includes a self-contained introduction to Fourier and discrete Fourier methods. There is a chapter devoted to Bayesian inference with Poisson sampling, and three chapters on frequentist methods help to bridge the gap between the frequentist and Bayesian approaches. Supporting Mathematica® notebooks with solutions to selected problems, additional worked examples, and a Mathematica tutorial are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521150125.



Bayesian Logical Data Analysis for the Physical Sciences

Bayesian Logical Data Analysis for the Physical Sciences Author Phil Gregory
ISBN-10 052184150X
Release 2005-04-14
Pages 468
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Increasingly, researchers in many branches of science are coming into contact with Bayesian statistics or Bayesian probability theory. This book provides a clear exposition of the underlying concepts with large numbers of worked examples and problem sets. The book also discusses numerical techniques for implementing the Bayesian calculations, including Markov Chain Monte-Carlo integration and linear and nonlinear least-squares analysis seen from a Bayesian pe rspective. Background material is provided in appendices and supporting Mathematica notebooks are available. Suitable for upper-undergraduates, graduate students, or any serious researcher in physical sciences or engineering.



Data Analysis Techniques for Physical Scientists

Data Analysis Techniques for Physical Scientists Author Claude A. Pruneau
ISBN-10 9781108267885
Release 2017-10-05
Pages
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A comprehensive guide to data analysis techniques for physical scientists, providing a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as seasoned researchers. The book begins with an extensive discussion of the foundational concepts and methods of probability and statistics under both the frequentist and Bayesian interpretations of probability. It next presents basic concepts and techniques used for measurements of particle production cross-sections, correlation functions, and particle identification. Much attention is devoted to notions of statistical and systematic errors, beginning with intuitive discussions and progressively introducing the more formal concepts of confidence intervals, credible range, and hypothesis testing. The book also includes an in-depth discussion of the methods used to unfold or correct data for instrumental effects associated with measurement and process noise as well as particle and event losses, before ending with a presentation of elementary Monte Carlo techniques.



Nonlinear and Nonstationary Signal Processing

Nonlinear and Nonstationary Signal Processing Author W. J. Fitzgerald
ISBN-10 0521800447
Release 2000
Pages 471
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Signal processing, nonlinear data analysis, nonlinear time series, nonstationary processes.



Bayesian Probability Theory

Bayesian Probability Theory Author Wolfgang von der Linden
ISBN-10 9781107035904
Release 2014-06-12
Pages 649
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Covering all aspects of probability theory, statistics and data analysis from a Bayesian perspective for graduate students and researchers.



Numerical Analysis Using R

Numerical Analysis Using R Author Graham W. Griffiths
ISBN-10 9781316654156
Release 2016-04-26
Pages
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This book presents the latest numerical solutions to initial value problems and boundary value problems described by ODEs and PDEs. The author offers practical methods that can be adapted to solve wide ranges of problems and illustrates them in the increasingly popular open source computer language R, allowing integration with more statistically based methods. The book begins with standard techniques, followed by an overview of 'high resolution' flux limiters and WENO to solve problems with solutions exhibiting high gradient phenomena. Meshless methods using radial basis functions are then discussed in the context of scattered data interpolation and the solution of PDEs on irregular grids. Three detailed case studies demonstrate how numerical methods can be used to tackle very different complex problems. With its focus on practical solutions to real-world problems, this book will be useful to students and practitioners in all areas of science and engineering, especially those using R.



Bayesian Statistics

Bayesian Statistics Author Peter M. Lee
ISBN-10 9781118359778
Release 2012-06-25
Pages 488
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Bayesian Statistics is the school of thought that combines prior beliefs with the likelihood of a hypothesis to arrive at posterior beliefs. The first edition of Peter Lee’s book appeared in 1989, but the subject has moved ever onwards, with increasing emphasis on Monte Carlo based techniques. This new fourth edition looks at recent techniques such as variational methods, Bayesian importance sampling, approximate Bayesian computation and Reversible Jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo (RJMCMC), providing a concise account of the way in which the Bayesian approach to statistics develops as well as how it contrasts with the conventional approach. The theory is built up step by step, and important notions such as sufficiency are brought out of a discussion of the salient features of specific examples. This edition: Includes expanded coverage of Gibbs sampling, including more numerical examples and treatments of OpenBUGS, R2WinBUGS and R2OpenBUGS. Presents significant new material on recent techniques such as Bayesian importance sampling, variational Bayes, Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) and Reversible Jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo (RJMCMC). Provides extensive examples throughout the book to complement the theory presented. Accompanied by a supporting website featuring new material and solutions. More and more students are realizing that they need to learn Bayesian statistics to meet their academic and professional goals. This book is best suited for use as a main text in courses on Bayesian statistics for third and fourth year undergraduates and postgraduate students.



Modern Statistical Methods for Astronomy

Modern Statistical Methods for Astronomy Author Eric D. Feigelson
ISBN-10 9780521767279
Release 2012-07-12
Pages 476
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"Modern astronomical research is beset with a vast range of statistical challenges, ranging from reducing data from megadatasets to characterizing an amazing variety of variable celestial objects or testing astrophysical theory. Yet most astronomers still use a narrow suite of traditional statistical methods. Linking astronomy to the world of modern statistics, this volume is a unique resource, introducing astronomers to advanced statistics through ready-to-use code in the public-domain R statistical software environment"--



Data Analysis

Data Analysis Author Devinderjit Sivia
ISBN-10 9780191546709
Release 2006-06-01
Pages 264
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Data Analysis has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Data Analysis also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Data Analysis book for free.



Celestial Objects for Modern Telescopes

Celestial Objects for Modern Telescopes Author Michael A. Covington
ISBN-10 0521524199
Release 2002-09-26
Pages 268
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A unique guide introducing the latest modern resources available to amateur observers.



Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis Author Roxy Peck
ISBN-10 9781305445963
Release 2015-01-01
Pages 844
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Roxy Peck, Chris Olsen, and Jay Devore's new edition uses real data and attention-grabbing examples to introduce students to the study of statistics and data analysis. Traditional in structure yet modern in approach, this text guides students through an intuition-based learning process that stresses interpretation and communication of statistical information. Simple notation--including frequent substitution of words for symbols--helps students grasp concepts and cement their comprehension. Hands-on activities and interactive applets allow students to practice statistics firsthand. INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS includes updated coverage of most major technologies, as well as expanded coverage of probability. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.



Handbook of Cardiac Anatomy Physiology and Devices

Handbook of Cardiac Anatomy  Physiology  and Devices Author Paul A. Iaizzo
ISBN-10 9783319194646
Release 2015-11-13
Pages 817
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This book covers the latest information on the anatomic features, underlying physiologic mechanisms, and treatments for diseases of the heart. Key chapters address animal models for cardiac research, cardiac mapping systems, heart-valve disease and genomics-based tools and technology. Once again, a companion of supplementary videos offer unique insights into the working heart that enhance the understanding of key points within the text. Comprehensive and state-of-the art, the Handbook of Cardiac Anatomy, Physiology and Devices, Third Edition provides clinicians and biomedical engineers alike with the authoritative information and background they need to work on and implement tomorrow’s generation of life-saving cardiac devices.



Unit Operations

Unit Operations Author Ian Bogost
ISBN-10 9780262261890
Release 2008-01-25
Pages 264
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In Unit Operations, Ian Bogost argues that similar principles underlie both literary theory and computation, proposing a literary-technical theory that can be used to analyze particular videogames. Moreover, this approach can be applied beyond videogames: Bogost suggests that any medium -- from videogames to poetry, literature, cinema, or art -- can be read as a configurative system of discrete, interlocking units of meaning, and he illustrates this method of analysis with examples from all these fields. The marriage of literary theory and information technology, he argues, will help humanists take technology more seriously and hep technologists better understand software and videogames as cultural artifacts. This approach is especially useful for the comparative analysis of digital and nondigital artifacts and allows scholars from other fields who are interested in studying videogames to avoid the esoteric isolation of "game studies."The richness of Bogost's comparative approach can be seen in his discussions of works by such philosophers and theorists as Plato, Badiou, Zizek, and McLuhan, and in his analysis of numerous videogames including Pong, Half-Life, and Star Wars Galaxies. Bogost draws on object technology and complex adaptive systems theory for his method of unit analysis, underscoring the configurative aspects of a wide variety of human processes. His extended analysis of freedom in large virtual spaces examines Grand Theft Auto 3, The Legend of Zelda, Flaubert's Madame Bovary, and Joyce's Ulysses. In Unit Operations, Bogost not only offers a new methodology for videogame criticism but argues for the possibility of real collaboration between the humanities and information technology.



Innovations in Federal Statistics

Innovations in Federal Statistics Author National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN-10 9780309454285
Release 2017-04-21
Pages 150
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Federal government statistics provide critical information to the country and serve a key role in a democracy. For decades, sample surveys with instruments carefully designed for particular data needs have been one of the primary methods for collecting data for federal statistics. However, the costs of conducting such surveys have been increasing while response rates have been declining, and many surveys are not able to fulfill growing demands for more timely information and for more detailed information at state and local levels. Innovations in Federal Statistics examines the opportunities and risks of using government administrative and private sector data sources to foster a paradigm shift in federal statistical programs that would combine diverse data sources in a secure manner to enhance federal statistics. This first publication of a two-part series discusses the challenges faced by the federal statistical system and the foundational elements needed for a new paradigm.



Practical Statistics for Astronomers

Practical Statistics for Astronomers Author J. V. Wall
ISBN-10 0521456169
Release 2003-11-13
Pages 277
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Presents the most relevant statistical and probabilistic machinery for use in observational astronomy.



Recent Advances in Modeling and Simulation Tools for Communication Networks and Services

Recent Advances in Modeling and Simulation Tools for Communication Networks and Services Author Nejat Ince
ISBN-10 9780387739083
Release 2007-09-20
Pages 466
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This book contains a selection of papers presented at a symposium organized under the aegis of COST Telecommunications Action 285. COST (European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research) is a framework for scientific and technical cooperation, allowing the coordination of national research on a European level. Action 285 sought to enhance existing tools and develop new modeling and simulation tools.



Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy

Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy Author Center for Education
ISBN-10 9780309261616
Release 2012-10-31
Pages 122
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Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy encourages scientists to think differently about the use of scientific evidence in policy making. This report investigates why scientific evidence is important to policy making and argues that an extensive body of research on knowledge utilization has not led to any widely accepted explanation of what it means to use science in public policy. Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy identifies the gaps in our understanding and develops a framework for a new field of research to fill those gaps. For social scientists in a number of specialized fields, whether established scholars or Ph.D. students, Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy shows how to bring their expertise to bear on the study of using science to inform public policy. More generally, this report will be of special interest to scientists who want to see their research used in policy making, offering guidance on what is required beyond producing quality research, beyond translating results into more understandable terms, and beyond brokering the results through intermediaries, such as think tanks, lobbyists, and advocacy groups. For administrators and faculty in public policy programs and schools, Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy identifies critical elements of instruction that will better equip graduates to promote the use of science in policy making.