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Beyond Einstein

Beyond Einstein Author Michio Kaku
ISBN-10 0192861964
Release 1997
Pages 230
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What is superstring theory and why is it important? Can superstrings offer the fulfilment of Einstein's lifelong dream of a Theory of Everything? Co-authored by Michio Kaku, one of the leading pioneers of superstrings, this is a thrilling account of the discoveries that have led scientists to the brightest new prospect in theoretical physics today. With all the excitement of a detective story, this book contains the newest ground-breaking research in physics, and offers a fascinating lookat the scientific research that may make the impossible possible.

Reinventing Gravity

Reinventing Gravity Author John W. Moffat
ISBN-10 9780061982187
Release 2009-10-06
Pages 288
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Einstein's gravity theory—his general theory of relativity—has served as the basis for a series of astonishing cosmological discoveries. But what if, nonetheless, Einstein got it wrong? Since the 1930s, physicists have noticed an alarming discrepancy between the universe as we see it and the universe that Einstein's theory of relativity predicts. There just doesn't seem to be enough stuff out there for everything to hang together. Galaxies spin so fast that, based on the amount of visible matter in them, they ought to be flung to pieces, the same way a spinning yo-yo can break its string. Cosmologists tried to solve the problem by positing dark matter—a mysterious, invisible substance that surrounds galaxies, holding the visible matter in place—and particle physicists, attempting to identify the nature of the stuff, have undertaken a slew of experiments to detect it. So far, none have. Now, John W. Moffat, a physicist at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Canada, offers a different solution to the problem. The cap­stone to a storybook career—one that began with a correspondence with Einstein and a conversation with Niels Bohr—Moffat's modified gravity theory, or MOG, can model the movements of the universe without recourse to dark matter, and his work chal­lenging the constancy of the speed of light raises a stark challenge to the usual models of the first half-million years of the universe's existence. This bold new work, presenting the entirety of Moffat's hypothesis to a general readership for the first time, promises to overturn everything we thought we knew about the origins and evolution of the universe.

Beyond Einstein

Beyond Einstein Author Lenard Metzger
ISBN-10 9781435714618
Release 2008-03-01
Pages 112
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The author points out what he considers to be some erroneous assumptions in Einstein's theories of relativity. This allowed going beyond these theories in the development of a non-relativistic, unified theory of gravitation and electromagnetism. What causes gravity and establishes the speed of light is described. The possibility of faster than light travel is discussed. Included are new ideas about the structure of atoms, the emission of photons and the interaction of gravity with atoms and photons. Also presented is the part played by gravity in the formation of black holes, the Big Bang, the expanding Universe and dark matter. A structure of the Cosmos is described that could lead to future Big Bangs.

Beyond Einstein Gravity

Beyond Einstein Gravity Author Salvatore Capozziello
ISBN-10 9400701659
Release 2010-10-27
Pages 428
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Beyond Einstein’s Gravity is a graduate level introduction to extended theories of gravity and cosmology, including variational principles, the weak-field limit, gravitational waves, mathematical tools, exact solutions, as well as cosmological and astrophysical applications. The book provides a critical overview of the research in this area and unifies the existing literature using a consistent notation. Although the results apply in principle to all alternative gravities, a special emphasis is on scalar-tensor and f(R) theories. They were studied by theoretical physicists from early on, and in the 1980s they appeared in attempts to renormalize General Relativity and in models of the early universe. Recently, these theories have seen a new lease of life, in both their metric and metric-affine versions, as models of the present acceleration of the universe without introducing the mysterious and exotic dark energy. The dark matter problem can also be addressed in extended gravity. These applications are contributing to a deeper understanding of the gravitational interaction from both the theoretical and the experimental point of view. An extensive bibliography guides the reader into more detailed literature on particular topics.

Beyond Einstein and E Mc2

Beyond Einstein and E   Mc2 Author A. M. Fridman
ISBN-10 1907343318
Release 2015-01-30
Pages 546
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The origin of E = mc2 may be understood since days of Newton but qualitatively. If Einstein's September 1905 paper is critically analyzed (with different values of variables) then the feasible result is 'when light energy is emitted by a luminous body its mass must increase', which is a contradiction. The perpetual energy machine is not possible. The reason is that Einstein derived light energy-mass interconversion equation (L = mc2) under special conditions of variables only.

Cosmology Beyond Einstein

Cosmology Beyond Einstein Author Adam R. Solomon
ISBN-10 9783319466217
Release 2016-12-02
Pages 231
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This work investigates the theoretical and cosmological implications of modifying Einstein's theory of general relativity. It explores two classes of modifications to gravity: those in which the graviton is given a small mass, and those in which Lorentz invariance is spontaneously broken. It elucidates the nature of cosmological perturbations in theories of massive bimetric gravity, including a potentially deadly instability. Theories of gravity beyond general relativity could explain why the expansion of the Universe is accelerating, obviating the need for a dark energy, and can also affect the evolution of the early Universe. Next, it investigates the nature of spacetime in massive gravity theories that contain two different spacetime metrics. Lastly, the strongest constraints to date are placed on the size of Lorentz-violating effects in the gravity sector during inflation.

Beyond Einstein

Beyond Einstein Author
ISBN-10 OCLC:55224399
Release 2003
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Beyond Einstein has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Beyond Einstein also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Beyond Einstein book for free.

Beyond Einstein s Unified Field

Beyond Einstein s Unified Field Author John Brandenburg
ISBN-10 9781935487722
Release 2013-12-23
Pages 350
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Veteran plasma physicist John Brandenburg reveals the new theory that finally accomplishes what Einstein failed to do: the GEM Unification Theory proves the mathematical and physical interrelation of the forces of gravity and electromagnetism! This theory vindicates Einstein's dedication to unifying the fields in the final labor of his life. His quest became legendary, then mythic, until the whole idea was dismissed as myth by other physicists; the gravity-electromagnetism problem pursued by Einstein until his death became regarded like the ancient Greek problem of squaring the circle-an epic puzzle with no solution. But the other physicists were wrong, as Brandenburg shows. It turns out the fields can be unified-the circle can be squared-and this has vast implications for the future of humankind. Brandenburg starts out by tracing the evolution of thought on the two long-term forces of nature, gravity and electromagnetism, from ancient times to the modern day. He shows the intricate interweaving of Einstein's work with that of other physicists, including Sarkharov and his "zero point" theory of gravity and the hidden fifth dimension of Kaluza and Klein. He also traces the surprising, hidden influence of Nikola Tesla on Einstein's life. This book shows how, despite Einstein's errors in the details, the successful GEM Unification Theory is built on his basic hypothesis that gravity and electromagnetic forces could be unified, and that both controlled gravity and a new view of the cosmos follow: hydrogen, the basic building block of the universe, can be unified with the vacuum itself! The universe is self-renewing, a sort of "evergreen cosmos." Brandenburg describes control of space-time geometry through electromagnetism, and states that faster-than-light travel will be possible in the future. Anti-gravity through electromagnetism is possible, which upholds the basic "flying saucer" design utilizing "The Tesla Vortex." A must read for any person interested in UFOs and leading-edge physics. See the physics used at Area 51 explained!

Beyond Einstein

Beyond Einstein Author David E. Rowe
ISBN-10 1493977067
Release 2018-07-17
Pages 493
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Beyond Einstein: Perspectives on Geometry, Gravitation, and Cosmology explores the rich interplay between mathematical and physical ideas by studying the interactions of major actors and the roles of important research communities over the course of the last century.

Big Bang

Big Bang Author Simon Singh
ISBN-10 9780007162208
Release 2005-01-04
Pages 544
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We've all heard of the Big Bang, and yet few of us truly know what it is. Renowned for making difficult ideas much less difficult than they might first appear, Simon Singh is our perfect guide to explaining why cosmologists believe that the Big Bang is an accurate description of the origin and evolution of the universe. This highly readable and entertaining book tells the story of the many brilliant, often eccentric scientists who fought against the establishment idea of an eternal and unchanging cosmos. From such early Greek cosmologists as Anaximander to recent satellite measurements taken deep in space, Big Bang is a narrative full of anecdotes and personal histories. With characteristic clarity, Simon Singh tells the centuries-long story of mankind's attempt to understand how the universe came to be, a story which itself begins some 14 billion years ago (give or take a billion years). Simon Singh shows us that it is within the capability of all of us -- in his expert hands -- to understand the Big Bang: the fundamental theory in all of science, and a high point -- perhaps the high point -- of human achievement.

Beyond Einstein s Universe

Beyond Einstein s Universe Author Joseph Zammit
ISBN-10 9781622090853
Release 2013
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Beyond Einstein s Universe has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Beyond Einstein s Universe also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Beyond Einstein s Universe book for free.

Concepts of Simultaneity

Concepts of Simultaneity Author Max Jammer
ISBN-10 0801884225
Release 2006-09-12
Pages 308
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Max Jammer's Simultaneity offers a comprehensive and fully documented account of how the concept of simultaneity evolved throughout the centuries, from its use in ancient Egypt and the Bible, to its presence in Pre-Socratic, Aristotelian, Hellenistic and medieval philosophy, to its significance in Newtonian physics and in the philosophies of Leibniz and Kant. He discusses its function in the special and general theories of relativity and quantum mechanics, and provides insight into the ongoing present-day discourse on the conventionality thesis of distant simultaneity.

NASA s Beyond Einstein Program

NASA s Beyond Einstein Program Author Committee on NASA's Einstein Program: An Architecture for Implementation
ISBN-10 9780309111621
Release 2007-12-19
Pages 186
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The Beyond Einstein (BE) program is a set of five space missions designed to address important questions about physics and astrophysics. In 2003, NASA prepared a research roadmap proposing these five missions in order to study dark energy, black holes, gravitational radiation, inflation of the early universe, and Einstein’s theory of gravitation. In FY2007, congressional language prompted NASA and DOE to request the NRC to assess these missions and recommend which to develop and launch first using a funding wedge that will start in 2009. This report provides, for each mission, an analysis of its scientific impact, an examination of technical risk and a cost assessment, and a review of related policy and programmatic issues. The report concludes with recommendations to guide the programs development.

Beyond Geometry

Beyond Geometry Author Peter Pesic
ISBN-10 9780486453507
Release 2007
Pages 209
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Eight essays trace seminal ideas about the foundations of geometry that led to the development of Einstein's general theory of relativity. This is the only English-language collection of these important papers, some of which are extremely hard to find. Contributors include Helmholtz, Klein, Clifford, Poincaré, and Cartan.

Beyond Einstein

Beyond Einstein Author Gary Warren
ISBN-10 0991269705
Release 2013-11-25
Pages 194
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This book presents a new unified theory for physics. It uses hyperfluid, hyperspace, and hypervortices to unify electromagnetism, gravity, quantum mechanics and more. It builds on Einstein's original directions and that of his predecessors. The chapter on mathematical analysis provides the unifying equation along with proofs of some of the key challenges of unification. Also provided are methods to enable others to complete additional proofs and derivations. The book challenges the reader to visualize our universe as one of an infinite set of universes filling a hyperverse. It also challenges the reader to make a conceptual switch from a universe of particles to a universe of hyperfluid in which each particle is our observation of a hypervortex in the fluid. The new theory expands the scope of physics to begin explaining the nature of life and free will. The book includes discussion of technologies that may be enabled by the new physics.


Hyperspace Author Michio Kaku
ISBN-10 0199857768
Release 1994-03-24
Pages 384
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Are there other dimensions beyond our own? Is time travel possible? Can we change the past? Are there gateways to parallel universes? All of us have pondered such questions, but there was a time when scientists dismissed these notions as outlandish speculations. Not any more. Today, they are the focus of the most intense scientific activity in recent memory. In Hyperspace, Michio Kaku, author of the widely acclaimed Beyond Einstein and a leading theoretical physicist, offers the first book-length tour of the most exciting (and perhaps most bizarre) work in modern physics, work which includes research on the tenth dimension, time warps, black holes, and multiple universes. The theory of hyperspace (or higher dimensional space)--and its newest wrinkle, superstring theory--stand at the center of this revolution, with adherents in every major research laboratory in the world, including several Nobel laureates. Beginning where Hawking's Brief History of Time left off, Kaku paints a vivid portrayal of the breakthroughs now rocking the physics establishment. Why all the excitement? As the author points out, for over half a century, scientists have puzzled over why the basic forces of the cosmos--gravity, electromagnetism, and the strong and weak nuclear forces--require markedly different mathematical descriptions. But if we see these forces as vibrations in a higher dimensional space, their field equations suddenly fit together like pieces in a jigsaw puzzle, perfectly snug, in an elegant, astonishingly simple form. This may thus be our leading candidate for the Theory of Everything. If so, it would be the crowning achievement of 2,000 years of scientific investigation into matter and its forces. Already, the theory has inspired several thousand research papers, and has been the focus of over 200 international conferences. Michio Kaku is one of the leading pioneers in superstring theory and has been at the forefront of this revolution in modern physics. With Hyperspace, he has produced a book for general readers which conveys the vitality of the field and the excitement as scientists grapple with the meaning of space and time. It is an exhilarating look at physics today and an eye-opening glimpse into the ultimate nature of the universe.

BEYOND EINSTEIN from the Big Bang to Black Holes

BEYOND EINSTEIN   from the Big Bang to Black Holes Author Independently Published
ISBN-10 1549994557
Release 2017-10-18
Pages 111
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AbstractHow did the Universe begin? Does time have a beginning and an end? Does space have edges? Einstein's theory of relativity replied to these ancient questions with three startling predictions: that the Universe is expanding from a Big Bang; that black holes so distort space and time that time stops at their edges; and that a dark energy could be pulling space apart, sending galaxies forever beyond the edge of the visible Universe. Observations confirm these remarkable predictions, the last finding only four years ago. Yet Einstein's legacy is incomplete. His theory raises - but cannot answer - three profound questions: What powered the Big Bang? What happens to space, time and matter at the edge of a black hole? and, What is the mysterious dark energy pulling the Universe apart? The Beyond Einstein program within NASA's office of space science aims to answer these questions, employing a series of missions linked by powerful new technologies and complementary approaches to shared science goals. The program also serves as a potent force with which to enhance science education and science literacy.