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Beyond Nature Nurture

Beyond Nature Nurture Author Michael Tomasello
ISBN-10 9781135611125
Release 2004-09-22
Pages 392
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Beyond Nature-Nurture: Essays in Honor of Elizabeth Bates is a very special tribute to the University of California at San Diego psycholinguist, developmental psychologist, and cognitive scientist Elizabeth Ann Bates, who died on December 14, 2003 from pancreatic cancer. Liz was a force of nature; she was also a nurturing force, as is evidenced by this collaborative collection of chapters written by many of her closest colleagues and former students. The book covers a brilliant career of wide-ranging interdisciplinary interests, such as the brain bases of language in children and adults; language and cognitive development in normal and neurologically impaired populations of children; real-time language processing in monolinguals and bilinguals; and crosslinguistic comparisons of language development, language use, and language loss. In this volume the contributors provide up-to-date reviews of these and other areas of research in an attempt to continue in the directions in which she has pointed us. The genius of Bates is founded on a deep dedication to science, supported by an enduring sense of humor. The volume is introduced by the editors' collection of "Bates's aphorisms," the wisdom of which guide much of the field today: "[T]he human capacity for language could be both innate and species-specific, and yet involve no mechanisms that evolved specifically and uniquely for language itself. Language could be viewed as a new machine constructed entirely out of old parts." (Bates & MacWhinney, 1989) The volume also contains a list of her many important publications, as well as some personal reflections of some of the contributors, noting ways in which she made a difference in their lives. Beyond Nature-Nurture: Essays in Honor of Elizabeth Bates appeals to international scholars in the fields of developmental psycholinguistics, cognitive science, crosslinguistic research, and both child and adult language disorders. It is a state-of-the-art overview of many areas of cognitive science, and can be used in a graduate-level classroom in courses designed as seminars in any of these topics.

The Meaning Makers

The Meaning Makers Author Gordon Wells
ISBN-10 9781847691989
Release 2009
Pages 332
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The Meaning Makers traces the language and literacy development of a large, representative sample of children from age 1 to 10, quoting liberally from observations made at home and at school. Setting the findings of the study in the context of recent research, it offers suggestions for improving children's opportunities for learning.

Expository Discourse in Children Adolescents and Adults

Expository Discourse in Children  Adolescents  and Adults Author Marilyn A. Nippold
ISBN-10 9781136951053
Release 2013-03-07
Pages 336
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School success in the 21st century requires proficiency with expository discourse -- the use and understanding of informative language in spoken and written modalities. This occurs, for example, when high school students read their textbooks and listen to their teachers' lectures, and later are asked to demonstrate their knowledge of this complex topic through oral reports and essay examinations. Although many students are proficient with the expository genre, others struggle to meet these expectations. This book is designed to provide information on the use and understanding of expository discourse in school-age children, adolescents, and young adults. Recently, researchers from around the world have been investigating the development of this genre in typical students and in those with language disorders. Although many books have addressed the development of conversational and narrative discourse, by comparison, books devoted to the topic of expository discourse are sparse. This crossdisciplinary volume fills that gap in the literature and makes a unique contribution to the study of language development and disorders. It will be of interest to a range of professionals, including speech-language pathologists, teachers, linguists, and psychologists who are concerned with language development and disorders.

The Future of the Brain

The Future of the Brain Author Steven Rose
ISBN-10 0198035098
Release 2005-04-01
Pages 352
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Brain repair, smart pills, mind-reading machines--modern neuroscience promises to soon deliver a remarkable array of wonders as well as profound insight into the nature of the brain. But these exciting new breakthroughs, warns Steven Rose, will also raise troubling questions about what it means to be human. In The Future of the Brain, Rose explores just how far neuroscience may help us understand the human brain--including consciousness--and to what extent cutting edge technologies should have the power to mend or manipulate the mind. Rose first offers a panoramic look at what we now know about the brain, from its three-billion-year evolution, to its astonishingly rapid development in the embryo, to the miraculous process of infant development. More important, he shows what all this science can--and cannot--tell us about the human condition. He examines questions that still baffle scientists and he explores the potential threats and promises of new technologies and their ethical, legal, and social implications, wondering how far we should go in eliminating unwanted behavior or enhancing desired characteristics, focusing on the new "brain steroids" and on the use of Ritalin to control young children. The Future of the Brain is a remarkable look at what the brain sciences are telling us about who we are and where we came from--and where we may be headed in years to come.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning

Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning Author Michael Byram
ISBN-10 9781136235535
Release 2013-06-26
Pages 856
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The Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an authoritative reference dealing with all aspects of this increasingly important field of study. Offering a comprehensive range of articles on contemporary language teaching and its history, it has been produced specifically for language teaching professionals and as a reference work for academic studies at postgraduate level. In this new edition, every single entry has been reviewed and updated with reference to new developments and publications. Coverage has been expanded to reflect new technological, global and academic developments, with particular attention to areas such as online and distance learning, teacher and learner cognition, testing, assessment and evaluation, global English and teacher education. Themes and disciplines covered include: Methods and materials, including new technologies and materials development Contexts and concepts, such as mediation, risk-taking in language learning and intercomprehension Influential figures from the early days of language teaching to the contemporary Related disciplines, such as psychology, anthropology and corpus linguistics? It covers the teaching of specific languages, including Japanese, Chinese, Arabic and African languages, as well as English, French, German and Spanish. There are thirty five overview articles dealing with issues such as communicative language teaching, early language learning, teacher education and syllabus and curriculum design. A further 160 entries focus on topics such as bilingualism, language laboratories and study abroad. Numerous shorter items examine language and cultural institutions, professional associations and acronyms. Multiple cross-references enable the user to browse from one entry to another, and there are suggestions for further reading. Written by an international team of specialists, the Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an invaluable resource and reference manual for anyone with a professional or academic interest in the subject.

The Handbook of Language Emergence

The Handbook of Language Emergence Author Brian MacWhinney
ISBN-10 9781118346099
Release 2014-12-23
Pages 656
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This authoritative handbook explores the latest integrated theory for understanding human language, offering the most inclusive text yet published on the rapidly evolving emergentist paradigm. Brings together an international team of contributors, including the most prominent advocates of linguistic emergentism Focuses on the ways in which the learning, processing, and structure of language emerge from a competing set of cognitive, communicative, and biological constraints Examines forces on widely divergent timescales, from instantaneous neurolinguistic processing to historical changes and language evolution Addresses key theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues, making this handbook the most rigorous examination of emergentist linguistic theory ever

Language in Action

Language in Action Author Riikka Alanen
ISBN-10 PSU:000064881225
Release 2007
Pages 468
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The Russian psychologist L. S. Vygotsky (1896-1934) has been one of the central figures in the recent shift from the cognitive to the social and the cultural in educational and psychological research. A. N. Leontiev's (1903-1979) activity theory has had a similar impact in the West. A. A. Leontiev's (1936-2004) psycholinguistic theories have also started to attract increasing attention. The ideas of these scholars have also made their mark on second and foreign language learning research outside Russia. However, there is no one widely accepted, monolithic Vygotskian or Leontievian theory. Furthermore, the nature and role of language in action and activity remain open for debate. This edited volume presents 19 chapters bringing together different views from a number of disciplines for a critical analysis and reappraisal of the relationship between language and action. The topics range from theoretical and methodological issues related to sociocultural and activity theoretical views of language to empirical research reports on classroom interaction, identity, language assessment, teacher education and second and foreign language learning. The overall aim of Language in Action: Vygotsky and Leontievian Legacy Today is to shed light on the nature of human action and activity and the role that language has in mediating and shaping what we think, do, and learn. At the same time, the book serves as a showcase of different socially oriented approaches to the study of what we as human beings are and what we do with language.

The Nature and Nurture of Giftedness

The Nature and Nurture of Giftedness Author David Yun Dai
ISBN-10 0807750875
Release 2010
Pages 303
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With unprecedented scope and vision, Dr. Dai systematically redefines giftedness and proposes a new framework for the field of gifted education. He identifies nine essential tensions, revolving around three core questions: What do we know about the respective roles of natural ability, environment and experiences, and personal effort in talent development? How do we identify the gifted and talented, and study the process of gifted and talent development? And finally, how do we define the aims of gifted education and promote excellence? Sure to be a milestone in the field, this book: scrutinizes some of the deeply held assumptions about the nature of giftedness and explains why a contextual, developmental approach is a more viable alternative to the traditional psychometric approach; takes stock of the past, defines the present, and looks into the future in terms of understanding high potential and educating youths; tackles tensions between the gifted-child and talent development movements, and between excellence and equity, and responds to the "elitism" criticisms in a constructive and comprehensive way.

Neuroimaging studies of the role of speech motor areas in speech perception

Neuroimaging studies of the role of speech motor areas in speech perception Author Stephen Murray Wilson
ISBN-10 UCLA:L0096929633
Release 2006
Pages 314
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The role of superior temporal cortex in speech perception is well established, but there is also much evidence suggestive of an ancillary role for frontal speech motor areas in the perceptual process. In this dissertation, three functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies are presented which support a role for speech motor areas in speech perception. In the first study, subjects listened passively to monosyllables, and produced the same speech sounds. Listening to speech activated bilaterally a premotor cortical region largely overlapping a speech production motor area centered just posteriorly. These findings support the view that the motor system is recruited in mapping the acoustic signal to a phonetic code. The next study examined neural responses to unfamiliar non-native phonemes varying in the extent to which they can be articulated. Both superior temporal (auditory) and precentral (motor) areas were activated by passive speech perception, and both distinguished non-native from native phonemes. Furthermore, speech-responsive motor regions and superior temporal sites were functionally connected. However, only in auditory areas did activity covary with the producibility of non-native phonemes. These data suggest that auditory areas are crucial for the transformation from acoustic signal to phonetic code, but the motor system also plays an active role, perhaps in generating candidate phonemic categorizations. In the final study, subjects were presented with auditory and audiovisual narratives, and model-free intersubject correlational analyses were employed to reveal areas that were modulated in a consistent way across subjects during narrative comprehension. The intersubject correlational analyses revealed an extended network of areas not typically reported in previous studies of narrative speech comprehension, including extensive bilateral inferior frontal and premotor regions. These results support a role for frontal areas in speech perception and higher level linguistic processes. In sum, at least two ventral premotor regions appear to be important for speech perception: one located in Brodmann Area 6 which is argued to be involved in attention to phonetic form, and a region in dorsal Brodmann Area 44 which may code articulatory representations. Motor areas may be especially important for speech perception under perceptually challenging conditions such as comprehending speech in background noise.

The 21st century Brain

The 21st century Brain Author Steven Peter Russell Rose
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822034495085
Release 2005
Pages 344
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This is a compelling and authoritative study of the brain - its past, present and future. The human brain is the most complex structure in the known universe. How it works, the relationship between mind and brain, is one of the most important of scientific questions. Researchers now claim to be able to explain the roots of human personality and behaviour and this new knowledge brings potential new powers; to cure mental illnesses, to control behaviour through tailor-made drugs, to develop human-machine hybrids. But just how seriously should we take these new threats and promises? In order to tackle these issues Steven Rose explores the evolutionary route by which brains emerged, from the origin of life to today's complex societies. He also investigates how brains develop from a single fertilised egg to the incredibly complex organ that each human possesses. Against this background he asks the challenging question: what does the future hold for the human brain?

ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105132132809
Release 2008
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An interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal dealing with the different languages spoken in Israel from a social and cultural aspect. Includes articles on linguistics, sociology, anthropology, communication, education, and translation. Articles may deal with these topics from a theoretical, empirical, descriptive or practical aspect.

Studies in language and language education

Studies in language and language education Author Elite Olshtain
ISBN-10 UOM:39015077608639
Release 2008-02-06
Pages 479
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Studies in language and language education has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Studies in language and language education also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Studies in language and language education book for free.

A Mind for Language

A Mind for Language Author Harry Van Der Hulst
ISBN-10 0757549888
Release 2008
Pages 382
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A Mind for Language has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A Mind for Language also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A Mind for Language book for free.

What You Know is what You Parse

What You Know is what You Parse Author Nina Versteeg
ISBN-10 907832886X
Release 2009
Pages 283
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What You Know is what You Parse has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from What You Know is what You Parse also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full What You Know is what You Parse book for free.

Phonological influences on choice of syntactic structure

Phonological influences on choice of syntactic structure Author David S. Race
ISBN-10 WISC:89094422045
Release 2006
Pages 95
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Phonological influences on choice of syntactic structure has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Phonological influences on choice of syntactic structure also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Phonological influences on choice of syntactic structure book for free.

Speech Accompanying Gesture

Speech Accompanying Gesture Author Sotaro Kita
ISBN-10 1848727062
Release 2009-02-28
Pages 190
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When we speak, we often spontaneously produce gestures. Such gestures are an integral part of face-to-face verbal communication. The relationship between speech and gesture is the theme of this Special Issue. The articles cover a wide range of issues: cultural differences, language and gesture development, cognitive development, bilingualism, foreign language learning, persuasion, and "common grounds" between the speaker and the addressee. The Special Issue is of interest not only to those who study the multimodal nature of communication, but also to those who seek new insights into psycholinguistic issues, using gesture as the "window" into the speaker's mind.

Speech and Language Development and Intervention in Down Syndrome and Fragile X Syndrome

Speech and Language Development and Intervention in Down Syndrome and Fragile X Syndrome Author Joanne Erwick Roberts
ISBN-10 1557668744
Release 2008
Pages 305
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Written by leading experts, this is the most up-to-date resource on speech and language assessment and intervention for professionals working with infants to adults with Down Syndrome and Fragile X Syndrome.