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Bildungskontexte

Bildungskontexte Author Rolf Becker
ISBN-10 9783531189857
Release 2013-10-01
Pages 606
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Gemäß dem meritokratischen Prinzip sollte alleine die Leistung eines Schülers, gemessen u.a. durch Schulnoten, dessen Bildungschancen bestimmen. Jedoch weist die umfangreiche empirische Bildungsforschung darauf hin, dass das deutsche Bildungssystem diesem Anspruch bei weitem und bis heute nicht gerecht wird. So belegen zahlreiche Studien ausgeprägte Ungleichheiten der Bildungschancenzwischen verschiedenen Sozialschichten und im Hinblick auf die ethnische Herkunft sowie das Geschlecht. Dabei gehen die angesprochenen empirischen Analysen (und die jeweils zugrunde liegenden theoretischen Konzepte) jedoch implizit häufig davon aus, dass alleine individuelle Determinanten für die festgestellten Bildungsungleichheiten ursächlich sind und es somit für die Bildungschancen vernachlässigbar ist, in welchem Klassen- und Schulkontext bzw. regionalem Umfeld oder sozialem Netzwerk sich eine Schülerin bzw. ein Schüler befindet. Neuere Untersuchungen auf Basis von Mehrebenenanalysen zeigen allerdings, dass auch die Bedingungen in den Klassen, Schulen und Regionen sowie die Lehrkräfte und die Zusammensetzung des Freundeskreises der Schüler einen erheblichen Einfluss auf den individuellen Bildungserfolg haben.



Private Schools and School Choice in Compulsory Education

Private Schools and School Choice in Compulsory Education Author Thomas Koinzer
ISBN-10 9783658171049
Release 2017-08-03
Pages 233
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Marketization and privatization in compulsory education have spread around the globe. School choice is seen by many to be the panacea to develop the quality of schools and improve school systems worldwide. Additionally in many countries several types of private schools expand and change the school landscapes. The articles of the anthology analyse and discuss these changes in several countries and ask to what extent and in which ways school choice and the growth of private school play a role for education policies and education systems. Which political and civil society actors are active in formulating and promoting school choice and private schooling? And to what extent does the expansion of private schools and school choice address questions of educational inequality and social segregation.



Effektivit t des Schulsystems beim Abbau sozialer Ungleichheit

Effektivit  t des Schulsystems beim Abbau sozialer Ungleichheit Author Agnes Simona Stancel-Piatak
ISBN-10 9783830984801
Release 2016
Pages 357
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Mit dieser Arbeit legt Frau Dr. Agnes Stancel-Pi?tak eine Untersuchung im Überschneidungsbereich von der Schuleffektivitätsforschung und der Forschung zur Perpetuierung sozialer Ungleichheit im Schulsystem vor. Sie nimmt individuelle und schulische Bedingungen sozialer Reproduktion am Übergang von der Grundschule in die Sekundarstufe in den Blick und zeigt, wie diese beiden bisher in der Regel getrennt betrachteten Konzepte analytisch gemeinsam verankert werden können. Hierzu entwirft sie eine Rahmenkonzeption, anhand derer sich die verschiedenen Effekte in einem Mehrebenen-Strukturgleichungsmodell simultan modellieren und damit auch in ihren Relationen bestimmen und interpretieren lassen. Der Autorin ist es damit gelungen, einen wichtigen Beitrag zur differenzierten Analyse der Perpetuierung von Bildungsungleichheiten vorzustellen. Neben der inhaltlichen Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema ergänzt sie in ihrer Arbeit auch Überlegungen zur Modellierung von Kausalitätsannahmen und der Generalisierbarkeit von Befunden aus Sekundäranalysen von großangelegten Schulleistungsuntersuchungen, um so methodologische Grenzen und Möglichkeiten solcher Analysen zu beleuchten. Zusammenfassend kann festgestellt werden, dass die Arbeit einen vielschichtigen Einblick in Untersuchungen über Bedingungen, Perspektiven und auch Grenzen gesellschaftlicher Bemühungen, soziale Ungleichheiten zu reduzieren, bietet. Prof. Dr. Knut Schwippert Im Anschluss an eine mehrjährige Forschungstätigkeit an der Universität Hamburg arbeitet Frau Dr. Agnes Stancel-Pi?tak gegenwärtig als stellvertretende Leiterin der Forschungsabteilung (Research and Analysis Unit) am Data Processing and Research Center (DPC) der International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). Als Konsortialmitglied ist sie involviert in die theoretische Fundierung, Entwicklung und Analyse im Rahmen von internationalen großangelegten Untersuchungen (Teaching and Learning International Survey 2018; TALIS Starting Strong Survey 2018). Ihre Forschungstätigkeit umfasst neben den inhaltlichen Analysen zur Schuleffektivität sowie zur Reproduktion sozialer Ungleichheit im Schulsystem ebenso forschungsmethodische Schwerpunkte im Bereich von Datenanalyse großangelegter Untersuchungen, unter anderem anhand von Mehrebenen-Strukturgleichungsmodellen, Invarianzanalysen und Analysen im Rahmen der Item-Response-Theorie.



Lehrbuch der Bildungssoziologie

Lehrbuch der Bildungssoziologie Author Rolf Becker
ISBN-10 9783658152727
Release 2017-06-26
Pages 560
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Das Buch ist eine umfassende Darstellung von Theorien, Methoden, zentralen Befunden der Bildungssoziologie und eine kritische Würdigung des Erkenntnisstandes in dieser Disziplin. Es bietet eine weit gefasste Abhandlung zentraler Themen, Fragestellungen und Forschungsergebnisse der gegenwärtigen Bildungssoziologie. Im Vordergrund stehen dabei Wechselwirkungen zwischen gesellschaftlichen Verhältnissen, Bildungsverhalten, Bildungssystem und Arbeitsmarkt. Zugleich wird eine soziologische Einführung in Struktur, Funktion und Entwicklungen der Bildung und Bildungssysteme im historischen und internationalen Vergleich gegeben. Mit dem Lehrbuch sollen Studierende und Sozialwissenschaftler einen einführenden Überblick über Bildung, Bildungsprozesse, Bildungssysteme, Bildungsexpansion, Bildungspolitik und Folgen von Bildung für Individuen und Gesellschaft aus soziologischer Perspektive vermittelt bekommen.



Bildung als Privileg

Bildung als Privileg Author Rolf Becker
ISBN-10 9783658119522
Release 2016-03-04
Pages 492
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Im Anschluss an kontroverse Diskussionen über dauerhafte Bildungsungleichheiten stellt das vorliegende Buch detailliert aus sozialwissenschaftlicher Perspektive zentrale Ursachen für sozial ungleiche Bildungschancen in den Mittelpunkt der Betrachtung. In diesem Band werden daher der aktuelle Stand empirischer Bildungsforschung diskutiert sowie neue Analysen und Befunde vorgelegt. Ziel ist es, in systematischer Weise soziale Mechanismen und Prozesse aufzuzeigen, die zur Entstehung und Reproduktion von Bildungsungleichheiten beitragen. Für die fünfte Auflage wurden die meisten Beiträge aktualisiert und teilweise neu verfasst.



Chancenungleichheiten im Bildungsverlauf

Chancenungleichheiten im Bildungsverlauf Author Eileen Böhner-Taute
ISBN-10 9783658191849
Release 2017-08-19
Pages 248
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Eileen Böhner-Taute zeigt, dass signifikante Anstiege der sozialen Ungleichheiten und tendenzielle Reduktionen ethnischer Ungleichheiten über den Bildungsverlauf hinweg auch nach der Öffnung der Bildungswege zum Abitur durch alternative Wege zur Hochschulreife identifizierbar sind. Ferner variieren Übergangs- und Bestandsungleichheiten wie auch deren Entwicklung bildungssystemspezifisch. Die Autorin zeigt, dass besonders restriktiv-strikte Varianten von Schulsystemen und ebenso ausgestaltete einzelne administrative Vorgaben den Bildungserfolg reduzieren.



Childlessness in Europe Contexts Causes and Consequences

Childlessness in Europe  Contexts  Causes  and Consequences Author Michaela Kreyenfeld
ISBN-10 9783319446677
Release 2017-01-11
Pages 370
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This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This open access book provides an overview of childlessness throughout Europe. It offers a collection of papers written by leading demographers and sociologists that examine contexts, causes, and consequences of childlessness in countries throughout the region.The book features data from all over Europe. It specifically highlights patterns of childlessness in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Finland, Sweden, Austria and Switzerland. An additional chapter on childlessness in the United States puts the European experience in perspective. The book offers readers such insights as the determinants of lifelong childlessness, whether governments can and should counteract increasing childlessness, how the phenomenon differs across social strata and the role economic uncertainties play. In addition, the book also examines life course dynamics and biographical patterns, assisted reproduction as well as the consequences of childlessness. Childlessness has been increasing rapidly in most European countries in recent decades. This book offers readers expert analysis into this issue from leading experts in the field of family behavior. From causes to consequences, it explores the many facets of childlessness throughout Europe to present a comprehensive portrait of this important demographic and sociological trend.



Methodological Issues of Longitudinal Surveys

Methodological Issues of Longitudinal Surveys Author Hans-Peter Blossfeld
ISBN-10 9783658119942
Release 2016-04-01
Pages 741
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This book addresses a broad array of pressing challenges of longitudinal surveys and provides innovative solutions to methodological problems based on the example of the NEPS. It covers longitudinal issues such as sampling, weighting, recruiting and fieldwork management, the design of longitudinal surveys and the implementation of constructs, conducting competence tests over the life course, effective methods to improve and to maintain the highest level of data quality, data management tools for large-scale longitudinal surveys, the dissemination of research data to heterogeneous scientific communities, as well as establishing a long-term public relations and communications unit integrating a study’s stakeholder community over time.



School Choice and Ethnic School Segregation

School Choice and Ethnic School Segregation Author Cornelia Kristen
ISBN-10 3830964471
Release 2003
Pages 398
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School Choice and Ethnic School Segregation has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from School Choice and Ethnic School Segregation also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full School Choice and Ethnic School Segregation book for free.



Education Training and Employment Dynamics

Education  Training and Employment Dynamics Author Klaus Schömann
ISBN-10 1840642785
Release 2002-01-01
Pages 388
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'. . . this is an interesting and valuable book. . . a genuinely useful contribution to the literature. . . It will help all those who are engaged in exploring the relationship between education and training on the one hand and obtaining and maintaining employment on the other hand.' - Stephen Drodge, International Journal of Educational Development Education and training are of critical importance to individual employment prospects. This book questions whether the policies that govern education, training and employment actually facilitate or inhibit social integration. the authors analyse initial entry into the labour market and subsequent movements between employers, and explore links between education, training and the labour market. the book argues that although education is a good predictor of labour market integration and employment potential, and despite political efforts, social background nevertheless remains influential. the importance of continued training to improve opportunities for promotion is also demonstrated.



Gender and Educational Achievement

Gender and Educational Achievement Author Andreas Hadjar
ISBN-10 9781317224075
Release 2018-02-02
Pages 156
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Gender inequalities in education – in terms of systematic variations in access to educational institutions, in competencies, school marks, and educational certificates along the axis of gender – have tremendously changed over the course of the 20th century. Although this does not apply to all stages and areas of the educational career, it is particularly obvious looking at upper secondary education. Before the major boost of educational expansion in the 1960s, women’s participation in upper secondary general education, and their chances to successfully finish this educational pathway, have been lower than men’s. However, towards the end of the 20th century, women were outperforming men in many European countries and beyond. The international contributions to this book attempt to shed light on the mechanisms behind gender inequalities and the changes made to reduce this inequality. Topics explored by the contributors include gender in science education in the UK; women’s education in Luxembourg in the 19th and 20th century; the ‘gender gap’ debates and their rhetoric in the UK and Finland; sociological perspectives on the gender-equality discourse in Finland; changing gender differences in West Germany in the 20th century; the interplay of subjective well-being and educational attainment in Switzerland; and a psychological perspective on gender identities, gender-related perceptions, students’ motivation, intelligence, personality, and the interaction between student and teacher gender. This book was originally published as a special issue of Educational Research.



Komparative empirische Sozialforschung

Komparative empirische Sozialforschung Author Tilo Beckers
ISBN-10 9783531924724
Release 2010-08-12
Pages 527
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Komparative empirische Sozialforschung has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Komparative empirische Sozialforschung also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Komparative empirische Sozialforschung book for free.



Can Education be Equalized

Can Education be Equalized Author Robert Erikson
ISBN-10 UOM:39015037344093
Release 1996
Pages 293
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Examines relationship between social origin, gender, and educational attainment, and examines why class differences in educational opportunities have decreased in Sweden over time in comparison to experiences of the US, Great Britain, Germany and other European nations.



From Parents to Children

From Parents to Children Author John Ermisch
ISBN-10 9781610447805
Release 2012-05-01
Pages 524
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Does economic inequality in one generation lead to inequality of opportunity in the next? In From Parents to Children, an esteemed international group of scholars investigates this question using data from ten countries with differing levels of inequality. The book compares whether and how parents' resources transmit advantage to their children at different stages of development and sheds light on the structural differences among countries that may influence intergenerational mobility. How and why is economic mobility higher in some countries than in others? The contributors find that inequality in mobility-relevant skills emerges early in childhood in all of the countries studied. Bruce Bradbury and his coauthors focus on learning readiness among young children and show that as early as age five, large disparities in cognitive and other mobility-relevant skills develop between low- and high-income kids, particularly in the United States and the United Kingdom. Such disparities may be mitigated by investments in early childhood education, as Christelle Dumas and Arnaud Lefranc demonstrate. They find that universal pre-school education in France lessens the negative effect of low parental SES and gives low-income children a greater shot at social mobility. Katherine Magnuson, Jane Waldfogel, and Elizabeth Washbrook find that income-based gaps in cognitive achievement in the United States and the United Kingdom widen as children reach adolescence. Robert Haveman and his coauthors show that the effect of parental income on test scores increases as children age; and in both the United States and Canada, having parents with a higher income betters the chances that a child will enroll in college. As economic inequality in the United States continues to rise, the national policy conversation will not only need to address the devastating effects of rising inequality in this generation but also the potential consequences of the decline in mobility from one generation to the next. Drawing on unparalleled international datasets, From Parents to Children provides an important first step.



Patterns of Parliamentary Behavior

Patterns of Parliamentary Behavior Author Herbert Döring
ISBN-10 9781351912525
Release 2017-03-02
Pages 264
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This volume begins where the first Döring book of 1995 finished by considering what effects the rules had on legislative output during the same period. It addresses four distinct yet complementary research topics: - the connection between a number of veto players and law production in West European parliamentary democracies - the impact of closed versus open rules - the effects of committee structure and organization on the degree of conflict or consensus on the procedure of passing legislation - the importance of agenda setting and agenda control for the prevention of cycling across issues and the distribution of particular benefits of shifting and transient majorities. Fundamental to this volume is the ability of the project group to fashion an original data set. As a consequence, this volume is able to ascertain the extent to which parliamentary procedures contributed to shaping policy output in this field during the 1980s.



Methods of Life Course Research

Methods of Life Course Research Author Janet Z. Giele
ISBN-10 9781506320441
Release 1998-03-10
Pages 360
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What are the most effective methods for doing life-course research? In this volume, the field's founders and leaders answer this question, giving readers tips on: the art and method of the appropriate research design; the collection of life-history data; and the search for meaningful patterns to be found in the results.



Education Systems and Inequalities

Education Systems and Inequalities Author Hadjar, Andreas
ISBN-10 9781447326106
Release 2016-06-08
Pages 304
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Education systems and inequalities compares different education systems and their impact on creating and sustaining social inequalities.