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Biological Inorganic Chemistry

Biological Inorganic Chemistry Author Robert R. Crichton
ISBN-10 9780444537829
Release 2012-01-01
Pages 460
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The importance of metals in biology, the environment and medicine has become increasingly evident over the last twenty five years. The study of the multiple roles of metal ions in biological systems, the rapidly expanding interface between inorganic chemistry and biology constitutes the subject called Biological Inorganic Chemistry. This revised and expanded text, written by a biochemist, with a long career experience in the field (particularly iron and copper) presents an introduction to this exciting and dynamic field. The book begins with introductory chapters, which together constitute an overview of the concepts, both chemical and biological, which are required to equip the reader for the detailed analysis which follows. Pathways of metal assimilation, storage and transport, as well as metal homeostasis are dealt with next. Thereafter, individual chapters discuss the roles of sodium and potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, iron, copper, nickel and cobalt, manganese, and finally molybdenum, vanadium, tungsten, chromium and selected non-metals. The final five chapters provide a tantalising view of the roles of metals in brain function, biomineralization and a brief illustration of their importance in both medicine and the environment. Relaxed and agreeable writing style. The reader will not only fiind the book easy to read, the fascinating anecdotes and footnotes will give him pegs to hang important ideas on. Written by a biochemist. Will enable the reader to more readily grasp the biological and clinical relevance of the subject. Many colour illustrations. Enables easier visualization of molecular mechanisms Written by a single author. Ensures homgeneity of style and effective cross referencing between chapters



Biological Inorganic Chemistry

Biological Inorganic Chemistry Author Robert R. Crichton
ISBN-10 9780128117422
Release 2018-05-23
Pages 692
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Biological Inorganic Chemistry: A New Introduction to Molecular Structure and Function, Third Edition, provides a comprehensive discussion of the biochemical aspects of metals in living systems. The fascinating world of the role of metals in biology, medicine and the environment has progressed significantly since the very successful Second Edition of the book published in 2012. Beginning with an overview of metals and selected nonmetals in biology, the book supports the interdisciplinary nature of this vibrant area of research by providing an introduction to basic coordination chemistry for biologists and structural and molecular biology for chemists. Having built this accessible foundation, the book progresses to discuss biological ligands for metal ions, intermediary metabolism and bioenergetics, and methods to study metals in biological systems. The book also covers metal assimilation pathways; transport, storage, and homeostasis of metal ions; sodium and potassium channels and pumps; magnesium phosphate metabolism and photoreceptors; calcium and cellular signaling; the catalytic role of several classes of mononuclear zinc enzymes; the biological chemistry of iron; and copper chemistry and biochemistry. In addition, the book discusses nickel and cobalt enzymes; manganese chemistry and biochemistry; molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, and chromium; non-metals in biology; biomineralization; metals in the brain; metals and neurodegeneration; metals in medicine and metals as drugs; and metals in the environment. Now in its Third Edition, this popular and award-winning resource highlights recent exciting advances and provides a thorough introduction for both researchers approaching the field from a variety of backgrounds, as well as advanced students. Includes a thorough survey of metals in biological systems: in the human body, in medicine and in the environment Previous winner (Second Edition) of the 2013 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from the Text and Academic Authors Association Features new sections: an overview of the different functions of essential metal ions; toxic metals in diagnosis and therapeutics; crystal and ligand field theory and their limitations; molecular orbital theory; genetic and molecular biological approaches to study metals; more complex cofactors and their biosynthesis; photosynthetic oxidation of water; man-made environmental pollution; and metals as poisons



Biological Inorganic Chemistry

Biological Inorganic Chemistry Author Robert R. Crichton
ISBN-10 0080556221
Release 2007-12-11
Pages 381
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The importance of metals in biology, the environment and medicine has become increasingly evident over the last twenty five years. The study of the multiple roles of metal ions in biological systems, the rapidly expanding interface between inorganic chemistry and biology constitutes the subject called Biological Inorganic Chemistry. The present text, written by a biochemist, with a long career experience in the field (particularly iron and copper) presents an introduction to this exciting and dynamic field. The book begins with introductory chapters, which together constitute an overview of the concepts, both chemical and biological, which are required to equip the reader for the detailed analysis which follows. Pathways of metal assimilation, storage and transport, as well as metal homeostasis are dealt with next. Thereafter, individual chapters discuss the roles of sodium and potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, iron, copper, nickel and cobalt, manganese, and finally molybdenum, vanadium, tungsten and chromium. The final three chapters provide a tantalising view of the roles of metals in brain function, biomineralization and a brief illustration of their importance in both medicine and the environment. Relaxed and agreeable writing style. The reader will not only fiind the book easy to read, the fascinating anecdotes and footnotes will give him pegs to hang important ideas on. Written by a biochemist. Will enable the reader to more readily grasp the biological and clinical relevance of the subject. Many colour illustrations. Enables easier visualization of molecular mechanisms Written by a single author. Ensures homgeneity of style and effective cross referencing between chapters



Practical Approaches to Biological Inorganic Chemistry

Practical Approaches to Biological Inorganic Chemistry Author Robert R. Crichton
ISBN-10 9780444563590
Release 2012-12-31
Pages 336
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The book reviews the use of spectroscopic and related methods to investigate the complex structures and mechanisms of biological inorganic systems that contain metals. Each chapter presents an overview of the technique including relevant theory, clearly explains what it is and how it works and then presents how the technique is actually used to evaluate biological structures. Practical examples and problems are included to illustrate each technique and to aid understanding. Designed for students and researchers who want to learn both the basics, and more advanced aspects of bioinorganic chemistry. Many colour illustrations enable easier visualization of molecular mechanisms and structures Worked examples and problems are included to illustrate and test the reader’s understanding of each technique Written by a multi-author team who use and teach the most important techniques used today to analyse complex biological structures



Biological Inorganic Chemistry

Biological Inorganic Chemistry Author Ivano Bertini
ISBN-10 1891389432
Release 2007
Pages 739
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The long awaited text for 21st century courses in biological inorganic chemistry is now available. Organized and edited by Ivano Bertini, Harry Gray, Ed Stiefel, and Joan Valentine, with contributions from many other world leaders in the field, this all-new book is equally appropriate for graduate or senior undergraduate courses in bioinorganic chemistry. The book has been extensively class-tested at Princeton and UCLA, and it includes tutorials in biology and biochemistry and in inorganic chemistry to aid students of varying backgrounds. The main text is divided into two parts. Part A, 'Overviews of Biological Inorganic Chemistry', sets forth the unifying principles of the field. A full course in bioinorganic chemistry could be based entirely on this overview section, which is a really a book within a book! Part B, 'Metal-Ion Containing Biological Systems', describes specific classes of systems in detail. A special feature is the strong connection to the genomic revolution that has dramatically enhanced our ability to define the function of gene products in living organisms. Throughout the book, protein data bank codes are given for structures discussed in the text, and students are encouraged to learn to use the PDB in their courses and research.



Physical Methods in Bioinorganic Chemistry

Physical Methods in Bioinorganic Chemistry Author Lawrence Que
ISBN-10 1891389025
Release 2000
Pages 556
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This text offers a detailed coverage of the physical methods used in bioinorganic chemistry. It provides a fundamental understanding of each method and demonstrates how data obtained from a system of bioinorganic interest can be interpreted.



Genome Duplication

Genome Duplication Author Melvin DePamphilis
ISBN-10 9781136738234
Release 2010-10-06
Pages 450
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Genome Duplication provides a comprehensive and readable overview of the underlying principles that govern genome duplication in all forms of life, from the simplest cell to the most complex multicellular organism. Using examples from the three domains of life - bacteria, archaea, and eukarya - Genome Duplication shows how all living organisms store their genome as DNA and how they all use the same evolutionary-conserved mechanism to duplicate it: semi-conservative DNA replication by the replication fork. The text shows how the replication fork determines where organisms begin genome duplication, how they produce a complete copy of their genome each time a cell divides, and how they link genome duplication to cell division. Genome Duplication explains how mistakes in genome duplication are associated with genetic disorders and cancer, and how understanding genome duplication, its regulation, and how the mechanisms differ between different forms of life, is critical to the understanding and treatment of human disease.



Principles of Inorganic Chemistry

Principles of Inorganic Chemistry Author Brian W. Pfennig
ISBN-10 9781118859100
Release 2015-04-27
Pages 500
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This text is designed for upper-level undergraduates (who have already taken physical chemistry) and introductory-level graduate students taking an inorganic or advanced inorganic chemistry course. It would appeal to those instructors who are looking for a more physical inorganic chemistry course. It will cover: The Composition of Matter; Quantum Chemistry: A Primer; Nuclear Structure; Atomic Structure; Periodic Properties of the Elements; An Introduction to Chemical Bonding; Molecular Geometries; Molecular Symmetry; Vibrational Spectroscopy; Models of Chemical Bonding; Crystalline Lattices; The Solid State; Acid-Base Chemistry; Main Group Chemistry; Coordination Chemistry; Ligand Field Theory; Reactions of coordination compounds; Structure and Bonding in Organometallic Compounds; and Reactions of Organometallic Compounds



Inorganic Chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry Author J. E. House
ISBN-10 0080918794
Release 2010-07-26
Pages 864
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Inorganic Chemistry provides essential information in the major areas of inorganic chemistry. The author emphasizes fundamental principles—including molecular structure, acid-base chemistry, coordination chemistry, ligand field theory, and solid state chemistry — and presents topics in a clear, concise manner. Concise coverage maximizes student understanding and minimizes the inclusion of details students are unlikely to use. The discussion of elements begins with survey chapters focused on the main groups, while later chapters cover the elements in greater detail. Each chapter opens with narrative introductions and includes figures, tables, and end-of-chapter problem sets. This text is ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level students enrolled in the inorganic chemistry course. The text may also be suitable for biochemistry, medicinal chemistry, and other professionals who wish to learn more about this subject are. Concise coverage maximizes student understanding and minimizes the inclusion of details students are unlikely to use. Discussion of elements begins with survey chapters focused on the main groups, while later chapters cover the elements in greater detail. Each chapter opens with narrative introductions and includes figures, tables, and end-of-chapter problem sets.



The Weak Hydrogen Bond

The Weak Hydrogen Bond Author Gautam R. Desiraju
ISBN-10 0198509707
Release 2001
Pages 507
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Review from previous edition 'For crystallographers interested in future advances in the study of hydrogen bonding and their implications for crystal engineering and structural biology, this is a must-read book ' Acta Crystallographica'It is a real pleasure to read the book' Crystallography News'This book is an important monograph for those working on the related structural chemistry of the weak hydrogen bond' MoleculesThe weak or non-conventional hydrogen bond has been the subject of intense scrutiny over recent years. Now available in paperback, this highly acclaimed book provides a critical assessment on this interesting and occasionally controverstial interaction type.



Spin States in Biochemistry and Inorganic Chemistry

Spin States in Biochemistry and Inorganic Chemistry Author Marcel Swart
ISBN-10 9781118898314
Release 2015-12-14
Pages 472
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It has long been recognized that metal spin states play a central role in the reactivity of important biomolecules, in industrial catalysis and in spin crossover compounds. As the fields of inorganic chemistry and catalysis move towards the use of cheap, non-toxic first row transition metals, it is essential to understand the important role of spin states in influencing molecular structure, bonding and reactivity. Spin States in Biochemistry and Inorganic Chemistry provides a complete picture on the importance of spin states for reactivity in biochemistry and inorganic chemistry, presenting both theoretical and experimental perspectives. The successes and pitfalls of theoretical methods such as DFT, ligand-field theory and coupled cluster theory are discussed, and these methods are applied in studies throughout the book. Important spectroscopic techniques to determine spin states in transition metal complexes and proteins are explained, and the use of NMR for the analysis of spin densities is described. Topics covered include: DFT and ab initio wavefunction approaches to spin states Experimental techniques for determining spin states Molecular discovery in spin crossover Multiple spin state scenarios in organometallic reactivity and gas phase reactions Transition-metal complexes involving redox non-innocent ligands Polynuclear iron sulfur clusters Molecular magnetism NMR analysis of spin densities This book is a valuable reference for researchers working in bioinorganic and inorganic chemistry, computational chemistry, organometallic chemistry, catalysis, spin-crossover materials, materials science, biophysics and pharmaceutical chemistry.



Bioinorganic Chemistry

Bioinorganic Chemistry Author Rosette M. Roat-Malone
ISBN-10 0470191708
Release 2007-10-12
Pages 528
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An updated, practical guide to bioinorganic chemistry Bioinorganic Chemistry: A Short Course, Second Edition provides the fundamentals of inorganic chemistry and biochemistry relevant to understanding bioinorganic topics. Rather than striving to provide a broad overview of the whole, rapidly expanding field, this resource provides essential background material, followed by detailed information on selected topics. The goal is to give readers the background, tools, and skills to research and study bioinorganic topics of special interest to them. This extensively updated premier reference and text: Presents review chapters on the essentials of inorganic chemistry and biochemistry Includes up-to-date information on instrumental and analytical techniques and computer-aided modeling and visualization programs Familiarizes readers with the primary literature sources and online resources Includes detailed coverage of Group 1 and 2 metal ions, concentrating on biological molecules that feature sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium ions Describes proteins and enzymes with iron-containing porphyrin ligand systems-myoglobin, hemoglobin, and the ubiquitous cytochrome metalloenzymes-and the non-heme, iron-containing proteins aconitase and methane monooxygenase Appropriate for one-semester bioinorganic chemistry courses for chemistry, biochemistry, and biology majors, this text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and beginning graduate students. It is also a valuable reference for practitioners and researchers who need a general introduction to bioinorganic chemistry, as well as chemists who want an accessible desk reference.



The Biological Chemistry of the Elements

The Biological Chemistry of the Elements Author J. J. R. Frausto da Silva
ISBN-10 0198508484
Release 2001-08-16
Pages 575
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This text describes the functional role of the twenty inorganic elements essential to life in living organisms.



Metal Based Neurodegeneration

Metal Based Neurodegeneration Author Robert Crichton
ISBN-10 9781118553510
Release 2013-09-04
Pages 440
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Neurodegenerative diseases of the human brain appear in various forms, resulting in disorders of movement and coordination, cognitive deterioration and psychiatric disturbances. Many of the key factors leading to neurodegenerative diseases are similar, including the dysfunction of metal ion homeostasis, redox-active metal ions generating oxidative stress, and intracellular inclusion bodies. Metal-based Neurodegeneration presents a detailed survey of the molecular origins of neurodegenerative diseases. Each chapter is dedicated to a specific disease, presenting the latest scientific findings, including details of their biochemical actors (proteins or peptides), their normal and pathological conformations, and a description of the diseases characteristics, with an emphasis on the role of metal-induced oxidative stress, which can result in the production of intracellular aggregates of target proteins and peptides. Topics covered include: Brain function, physiology and the blood-brain barrier Immune system and neuroinflammation Aging and mild cognitive impairment, MCI Parkinson’s Disease Alzheimer’s Disease Creutzfelt-Jakob and related prion diseases Alcoholic Brain Damage Therapeutic strategies to combat the onset and progression of neurological diseases This extensively updated, full colour, second edition of Metal-based Neurodegeneration is an essential text for research scientists and clinicians working in gerontology, neuropathology, neurochemistry, and metalloprotein mechanisms.



The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl HNO

The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl  HNO Author Fabio Doctorovich
ISBN-10 9780128011645
Release 2016-09-01
Pages 424
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The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl (HNO) provides first-of-its-kind coverage of the intriguing biologically active molecule called nitroxyl, or azanone per IUPAC nomenclature, which has been traditionally elusive due to its intrinsically high reactivity. This useful resource provides the scientific basis to understand the chemistry, biology, and technical aspects needed to deal with HNO. Building on two decades of nitric oxide and nitroxyl research, the editors and authors have created an indispensable guide for investigators across a wide variety of areas of chemistry (inorganic, organic, organometallic, biochemistry, physical, and analytical); biology (molecular, cellular, physiological, and enzymology); pharmacy; and medicine. This book begins by exploring the unique molecule’s structure and reactivity, including important reactions with small molecules, thiols, porphyrins, and key proteins, before discussing chemical and biological sources of nitroxyl. Advanced chapters discuss methods for both trapping and detecting nitroxyl by spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and fluorescent inorganic cellular probing. Expanding on the compound’s foundational chemistry, this book then explores its molecular physiology to offer insight into its biological implications, pharmacological effects, and practical issues. Presents the first book on HNO (nitroxyl or azanone), an increasingly important molecule in biochemistry and pharmaceutical research Provides a valuable coverage of HNO’s chemical structure and significant reactions, including practical guidance on working with this highly reactive molecule Contains high quality content from recognized experts in both industry and academia



Bioenergetics

Bioenergetics Author David G. Nicholls
ISBN-10 9780123884312
Release 2013-05-20
Pages 434
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Extensively revised, the fourth edition of this highly successful book takes into account the many newly determined protein structures that provide molecular insight into chemiosmotic energy transduction, as well as reviewing the explosive advances in 'mitochondrial physiology'-the role of the mitochondria in the life and death of the cell. Covering mitochondria, bacteria and chloroplasts, the fourth edition of Bioenergetics provides a clear and comprehensive account of the chemiosmotic theory and its many applications. The figures have been carefully designed to be memorable and to convey the key functional and mechanistic information. Written for students and researchers alike, Bioenergetics is the most well-known, current and respected text on chemiosmotic theory and membrane bioenergetics available. BMA Medical Book Awards 2014-Highly Commended, Basic and Clinical Sciences,2014,British Medical Association Chapters are now divided between three interlocking sections: basic principles, structures and mechanisms, and mitochondrial physiology. Covers new advances in the structure and mechanism of key bioenergetic proteins, including complex I of the respiratory chain and transport proteins. Details cellular bioenergetics, mitochondrial cell biology and signal transduction, and the roles of mitochondria in physiology, disease and aging. Offers readers clear, visual representation of structural concepts through full colour figures throughout the book.



Binding Transport and Storage of Metal Ions in Biological Cells

Binding  Transport and Storage of Metal Ions in Biological Cells Author Wolfgang Maret
ISBN-10 9781849735995
Release 2014-07-30
Pages 911
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Metal ions play key roles in biology. Many are essential for catalysis, for electron transfer and for the fixation, sensing, and metabolism of gases. Others compete with those essential metal ions or have toxic or pharmacological effects. This book is structured around the periodic table and focuses on the control of metal ions in cells. It addresses the molecular aspects of binding, transport and storage that ensure balanced levels of the essential elements. Organisms have also developed mechanisms to deal with the non-essential metal ions. However, through new uses and manufacturing processes, organisms are increasingly exposed to changing levels of both essential and non-essential ions in new chemical forms. They may not have developed defenses against some of these forms (such as nanoparticles). Many diseases such as cancer, diabetes and neurodegeneration are associated with metal ion imbalance. There may be a deficiency of the essential metals, overload of either essential or non-essential metals or perturbation of the overall natural balance. This book is the first to comprehensively survey the molecular nature of the overall natural balance of metal ions in nutrition, toxicology and pharmacology. It is written as an introduction to research for students and researchers in academia and industry and begins with a chapter by Professor R J P Williams FRS.