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Biomaterials Fabrication and Processing Handbook

Biomaterials Fabrication and Processing Handbook Author Paul K. Chu
ISBN-10 0849379741
Release 2008-03-27
Pages 720
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Focusing on a lucrative and increasingly important area of biomedicine, the Biomaterials Fabrication and Processing Handbook brings together various biomaterials production and processing aspects, including tissue engineering scaffold materials, drug delivery systems, nanobiomaterials, and biosensors. With contributions from renowned international experts and extensive reference lists in each chapter, the volume provides detailed, practical information to produce and use biomaterials. The different facets of biomaterials technology are split into four sections in the book— Part I The development of new materials and devices capable of interacting specifically with biological tissues and the preparation of scaffolds using materials with appropriate composition and structure Part II The necessary materials to create a drug delivery system capable of controlled release and the incorporation of drug reservoirs into implantable devices for sustained controlled release Part III The significant role nanotechnology plays in the biomedical and biotechnology fields Part IV More biomaterials, including synthetic and natural degradable polymeric biomaterials, electroactive polymers as smart materials, and biomaterials for gastrointestinal and cartilage repair and reconstruction



Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics Author Sina Ebnesajjad
ISBN-10 9781455730032
Release 2012-12-31
Pages 472
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Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics are a hot issue across the Plastics industry, and for many of the industry sectors that use plastic, from packaging to medical devices and from the construction indusry to the automotive sector. This book brings together a number of key biopolymer and biodegradable plastics topics in one place for a broad audience of engineers and scientists, especially those designing with biopolymers and biodegradable plastics, or evaluating the options for switching from traditional plastics to biopolymers. Topics covered include preparation, fabrication, applications and recycling (including biodegradability and compostability). Applications in key areas such as films, coatings controlled release and tissue engineering are discussed. Dr Ebnesajjad provides readers with an in-depth reference for the plastics industry – material suppliers and processors, bio-polymer producers, bio-polymer processors and fabricators – and for industry sectors utilizing biopolymers – automotive, packaging, construction, wind turbine manufacturers, film manufacturers, adhesive and coating industries, medical device manufacturers, biomedical engineers, and the recycling industry. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with bioplastics, or evaluating a migration to bioplastics. Includes key published material on biopolymers, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material including coverage of PLA and Tissue Engineering Scaffolds. Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design decisions.



Nanobiomaterials Handbook

Nanobiomaterials Handbook Author Balaji Sitharaman
ISBN-10 9781420094671
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 737
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Nanobiomaterials exhibit distinctive characteristics, including mechanical, electrical, and optical properties, which make them suitable for a variety of biological applications. Because of their versatility, they are poised to play a central role in nanobiotechnology and make significant contributions to biomedical research and healthcare. Nanobiomaterials Handbook offers a broad introduction for those new to the subject and serves as a useful reference for advanced professionals. Analyzing major topics and disciplines in this arena, this volume: Defines scope, current status, and future prospects of nanobiomaterials Surveys nanobiomaterials and examines various synthesis and processing techniques important for developing nanobiomaterials Explores the unique nanoscopic physicochemical properties of nanobiomaterials Discusses potential applications, emphasizing unique challenges in the design, fabrication, and evaluation of biomaterials for a particular application or field Provides a detailed overview of the interactions between bionanomaterials/biological systems and the biocompatibility issues associated with bionanomaterials Advances in nanobiomaterials requires a multidisciplinary approach spanning major fields in physical and biological sciences, engineering, and medicine with considerable collaboration between ethicists, regulatory bodies, and industry. This volume brings together the work of a team of world-renowned experts from various fields who discuss the vast potential for nanobiomaterials in a myriad of applications.



Stereolithography

Stereolithography Author Paulo Jorge Bártolo
ISBN-10 0387929045
Release 2011-03-18
Pages 340
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Stereolithography: Materials, Processes and Applications will focus on recent advances in stereolithography covering aspects related to the most recent advances in the field, in terms of fabrication processes (two-photon polymerization, micro-stereolithography, infrared stereolithography and stereo-thermal-lithography), materials (novel resins, hydrogels for medical applications and highly reinforced resins with ceramics and metals), computer simulation and applications.



Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials

Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials Author Munmaya Mishra
ISBN-10 9781351651202
Release 2017-08-16
Pages 1800
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The Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials presents new and selected content from the 11-volume Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials Encyclopedia. The carefully culled content includes groundbreaking work from the earlier published work as well as exclusive online material added since its publication in print. A diverse and global team of renowned scientists provide cutting edge information concerning polymers and polymeric biomaterials. Acknowledging the evolving nature of the field, the encyclopedia also features newly added content in areas such as tissue engineering, tissue repair and reconstruction, and biomimetic materials.



Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook Author Myer Kutz
ISBN-10 9781437735154
Release 2011-07-20
Pages 574
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A practical reference for all plastics engineers who are seeking to answer a question, solve a problem, reduce a cost, improve a design or fabrication process, or even venture into a new market. Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook covers both polymer basics – helpful to bring readers quickly up to speed if they are not familiar with a particular area of plastics processing – and recent developments – enabling practitioners to discover which options best fit their requirements. Each chapter is an authoritative source of practical advice for engineers, providing authoritative guidance from experts that will lead to cost savings and process improvements. Throughout the book, the focus is on the engineering aspects of producing and using plastics. The properties of plastics are explained along with techniques for testing, measuring, enhancing and analyzing them. Practical introductions to both core topics and new developments make this work equally valuable for newly qualified plastics engineers seeking the practical rules-of-thumb they don’t teach you in school, and experienced practitioners evaluating new technologies or getting up to speed on a new field The depth and detail of the coverage of new developments enables engineers and managers to gain knowledge of, and evaluate, new technologies and materials in key growth areas such as biomaterials and nanotechnology This highly practical handbook is set apart from other references in the field, being written by engineers for an audience of engineers and providing a wealth of real-world examples, best practice guidance and rules-of-thumb



Biological and Biomedical Coatings Handbook

Biological and Biomedical Coatings Handbook Author Sam Zhang
ISBN-10 9781439849989
Release 2011-05-24
Pages 456
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Written in a versatile, contemporary style that will benefit both novice and expert alike, Biological and Biomedical Coatings Handbook, Two-Volume Set covers the state of the art in the development and implementation of advanced thin films and coatings in the biological field. Consisting of two volumes—Processing and Characterization and Applications—this handbook details the latest understanding of advances in the design and performance of biological and biomedical coatings, covering a vast array of material types, including bio-ceramics, polymers, glass, chitosan, and nanomaterials. Contributors delve into a wide range of novel techniques used in the manufacture and testing of clinical applications for coatings in the medical field, particularly in the emerging area of regenerative medicine. An exploration of the fundamentals elements of biological and biomedical coatings, the first volume, Processing and Characterization, addresses: Synthesis, fabrication, and characterization of nanocoatings The sol-gel method and electrophoretic deposition Thermal and plasma spraying Hydroxyapatite and organically modified coatings Bioceramics and bioactive glass-based coatings Hydrothermal crystallization and self-healing effects Physical and chemical vapor deposition Layered assembled polyelectrolyte films With chapters authored by world experts at the forefront of research in their respective areas, this timely set provides searing insights and practical information to explore a subject that is fundamental to the success of biotechnological pursuits.



A Manual for Biomaterials Scaffold Fabrication Technology

A Manual for Biomaterials Scaffold Fabrication Technology Author Gilson Khang
ISBN-10 9789813101609
Release 2007-07-03
Pages 288
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Tissue engineering has been recognized as offering an alternative technique to whole-organ and tissue transplantation for diseased, failed, or malfunctioned organs. To reconstruct a new tissue via tissue engineering, the following triad components are needed: (1) cells which are harvested and dissociated from the donor tissue; (2) biomaterials as scaffold substrates in which cells are attached and cultured, resulting in implantation at the desired site of the functioning tissue; and (3) growth factors which promote and/or prevent cell adhesion, proliferation, migration, and differentiation. Of these three key components, scaffolds play a critical role in tissue engineering. This timely book focuses on the preparation and characterization of scaffold biomaterials for the application of tissue-engineered scaffolds. More importantly, it serves as an experimental guidebook on the standardization of the fabrication process and characterization of scaffolding technology.



Handbook of Biomaterial Properties

Handbook of Biomaterial Properties Author Jonathan Black
ISBN-10 0412603306
Release 1998-02-28
Pages 590
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Progress in the development of surgical implant materials has been hindered by the lack of basic information on the nature of the tissues, organs and systems being repaired or replaced. Materials' properties of living systems, whose study has been conducted largely under the rubric of tissue mechanics, has tended to be more descriptive than quantitative. In the early days of the modern surgical implant era, this deficiency was not critical. However, as implants continue to improve and both longer service life and higher reliability are sought, the inability to predict the behavior of implanted manufactured materials has revealed the relative lack of knowledge of the materials properties of the supporting or host system, either in health or disease. Such a situation is unacceptable in more conventional engineering practice: the success of new designs for aeronautical and marine applications depends exquisitely upon a detailed, disciplined and quantitative knowledge of service environments, including the properties of materials which will be encountered and interacted with. Thus the knowledge of the myriad physical properties of ocean ice makes possible the design and development of icebreakers without the need for trial and error. In contrast, the development period for a new surgical implant, incorporating new materials, may well exceed a decade and even then only short term performance predictions can be made.



UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook

UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook Author Steven M. Kurtz
ISBN-10 9780323354356
Release 2015-09-16
Pages 840
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UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook, Third Edition, describes the science, development, properties, and application of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) used in artificial joints. UHMWPE is now the material of choice for joint replacements, and is increasingly being used in fibers for sutures. This book is a one-stop reference for information on this advanced material, covering both introductory topics and the most advanced developments. The third edition adds six new chapters on a range of topics, including the latest in anti-oxidant technologies for stabilizing HXLPE and up-to-date systematic reviews of the clinical literature for HXLPE in hips and knees. The book chronicles the rise and fall of all-metal hip implants, as well as the increased use of ceramic biomaterials and UHMWPE for this application. This book also brings orthopedic researchers and practitioners up to date on the stabilization of UHMWPE with antioxidants, as well as the choices of antioxidant available for practitioners. The book also thoroughly assesses the clinical performance of HXLPE, as well as alternative bearings in knee replacement and UHMWPE articulations with polyether ether ketone (PEEK). Written and edited by the top experts in the field of UHMWPE, this is the only state-of-the-art reference for professionals, researchers, and clinicians working with this material. The only complete reference for professionals, researchers, and clinicians working with ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene biomaterials technologies for joint replacement and implants New edition includes six new chapters on a wide range of topics, including the clinical performance of highly crosslinked polyethylene (HXLPE) in hip and knee replacement, an overview of antioxidant stabilization for UHMWPE, and the medical applications of UHMWPE fibers State-of-the-art coverage of the latest UHMWPE technology, orthopedic applications, biomaterial characterization, and engineering aspects from recognized leaders in the field



Encyclopedic Handbook of Biomaterials and Bioengineering v 1 2 Applications

Encyclopedic Handbook of Biomaterials and Bioengineering  v  1 2  Applications Author Donald Lee Wise
ISBN-10 0824795962
Release 1995
Pages 1832
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This book provides exhaustive treatment of materials used in or on the human body - ranging from biopolymers for controlled release drug delivery systems to metal plates used in bone repair and absorbable devices such as sutures.



Handbook of Intelligent Scaffold for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Handbook of Intelligent Scaffold for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Author Gilson Khang
ISBN-10 9789814267854
Release 2012-02-17
Pages 974
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Providing detailed knowledge about fullerene nanowhiskers and the related low-dimensional fullerene nanomaterials, this book introduces tubular nanofibers made of fullerenes, "fullerene nanotubes," as well as the single crystalline thin film made of C60, called "fullerene nanosheet." It is the first publication featuring the fullerene nanowhiskers made of C60, C70, and C60 derivatives and so forth. It demonstrates the synthetic method (liquid–liquid interfacial precipitation method) and the physical and chemical properties such as electrical, mechanical, optical, magnetic, thermodynamic, and surface properties for the fullerene nanowhiskers, including their electronic device application.



Basics of Polymers

Basics of Polymers Author Muralisrinivasan Subramanian
ISBN-10 9781606505830
Release 2015-05-11
Pages 70
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Basics of Polymers: Fabrication and Processing Technology constitutes one of the most important aspects of polymer science and technology. The performance of polymers is evolving into the most rapidly increasing volume of production. Polymers are an important commodity in the modern lifestyle. They are undoubtedly superior materials in terms of their costs, processability, and functional properties. The fabrication and processing technology are showing higher growth than that of the number of polymer grades in the market. This book is a noteworthy text in the increasingly important field of plastics processing and should be of great interest, particularly to those in processing. It is a practical handbook, intended for students, engineers, and those involved in plastics processing. Education and training of personnel are of para- mount importance throughout the book which brings to light a whole host of career opportunities not usually considered for engineers and processors. This book is particularly valuable to all processors/educators as a resource that answers frequently asked questions.



Nanobiomaterials in Soft Tissue Engineering

Nanobiomaterials in Soft Tissue Engineering Author Alexandru Grumezescu
ISBN-10 9780323428880
Release 2016-02-23
Pages 528
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Nanobiomaterials in Soft Tissue Engineering brings together recent developments and the latest approaches in the field of soft tissue engineering at the nanoscale, offering a new perspective on the evolution of current and future applications. Leading researchers from around the world present the latest research and share new insights. This book covers the major conventional and unconventional fabrication methods of typical three-dimensional scaffolds used in regenerative medicine. Surface modification and spatial properties are included in an up-to-date overview, with the latest in vivo applications of engineered 3D scaffolds discussed. The book also considers the impact, advantages and future scope of the various methods. This book will be of interest to postdoctoral researchers, professors and students engaged in the fields of materials science, biotechnology and applied chemistry. It will also be highly valuable to those working in industry, including pharmaceutics and biotechnology companies, medical researchers, biomedical engineers and advanced clinicians. An informative handbook for researchers, practitioners and students working in biomedical, biotechnological and engineering fields. A detailed and invaluable overview of soft tissue engineering, including the most recent scientific developments. Proposes novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies in nanomedicine and nanobiology.



Biologically responsive Hybrid Biomaterials

Biologically responsive Hybrid Biomaterials Author Esmaiel Jabbari
ISBN-10 9789814295680
Release 2010
Pages 423
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Conjugation of synthetic materials with cell-responsive biologically-active molecules, in addition to providing structural support and release of biomolecules in the regenerating region, can provide the signaling factors required to initiate the cascade of cell migration, adhesion, differentiation, maturation, growth factor modulation, maintenance of matrix integrity, and tissue morphogenesis. Nanoparticles conjugated with ligands that preferentially interact with cell surface receptors in the tumor environment have the potential to drastically improve bioavailability, selectivity and residence time of the chemotherapeutic agent in the tumor microenvironment, while limiting their peripheral toxicity. Multivalent presentation of tumor-associated antigens on a targeted delivery system containing T and B cell epitopes can result in strong, long-lasting, self-adjuvant immunity against cancer and other diseases in vaccination. These examples demonstrate that cell-responsive conjugate biomaterials have profoundly impacted the medical field. This book is divided into three sections. In the first section, synthesis and characterization, conformation, structure-activity, self-assembly, and host response of conjugate hybrid biomaterials are covered. The second section is dedicated to the applications of conjugate biomaterials in drug delivery and vaccination while the last section is devoted to tissue engineering applications including cell adhesion, control of the stem cell niche, cartilage regeneration, neural and vascular tissue engineering, and dynamic cell culture systems for functionalized biomaterials. There is no doubt that biologically-responsive conjugate biomaterials play a key role in the design of biologics and medical devices, and this pioneering reference book provides a comprehensive review on synthesis, characterization, structure-activity, 3D assembly/fabrication, host response and the emerging applications of conjugate hybrid biomaterials.



Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science Author Yitzhak Rosen
ISBN-10 9781439804049
Release 2012-06-06
Pages 310
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"This book is essential when designing, developing and studying biomedical materials.... provides an excellent review—from a patient, disease, and even genetic point of view—of materials engineering for the biomedical field. ... This well presented book strongly insists on how the materials can influence patients’ needs, the ultimate drive for biomedical engineering. ...[presents an] Interesting and innovative review from a patient focus perspective—the book emphasizes the importance of the patients, which is not often covered in other biomedical material’s books." —Fanny Raisin-Dadre, BioInteractions Ltd., Berkshire, England Going far beyond the coverage in most standard books on the subject, Biomaterials Science: An Integrated Clinical and Engineering Approach offers a solid overview of the use of biomaterials in medical devices, drug delivery, and tissue engineering. Combining discussion of materials science and engineering perspectives with clinical aspects, this book emphasizes integration of clinical and engineering approaches. In particular, it explores various applications of biomaterials in fields including tissue engineering, neurosurgery, hemocompatibility, BioMEMS, nanoparticle-based drug delivery, dental implants, and obstetrics/gynecology. The book engages those engineers and physicians who are applying biomaterials at various levels to: Increase the rate of successful deployment of biomaterials in humans Lower the side-effects of such a deployment in humans Accumulate knowledge and experience for improving current methodologies Incorporate information and understanding relevant to future challenges, such as permanent artificial organ transplants Using a variety of contributors from both the clinical and engineering sides of the fields mentioned above, this book stands apart by emphasizing a need for the often lacking approach that integrates these two equally important aspects.



PEEK Biomaterials Handbook

PEEK Biomaterials Handbook Author Steven M. Kurtz
ISBN-10 9781437744637
Release 2011
Pages 298
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PEEK biomaterials are currently used in thousands of spinal fusion patients around the world every year. Durability, biocompatibility and excellent resistance to aggressive sterilization procedures make PEEK a polymer of choice replacing metal in orthopedic implants, from spinal implants and hip replacements to finger joints and dental implants. This Handbook brings together experts in many different facets related to PEEK clinical performance as well as in the areas of materials science, tribology, and biology to provide a complete reference for specialists in the field of plastics, biomaterials, medical device design and surgical applications. Steven Kurtz, author of the well respected UHMWPE Biomaterials Handbook and Director of the Implant Research Center at Drexel University, has developed a one-stop reference covering the processing and blending of PEEK, its properties and biotribology, and the expanding range of medical implants using PEEK: spinal implants, hip and knee replacement, etc. Full coverage of the properties and applications of PEEK, the leading polymer for spinal implants. PEEK is being used in a wider range of new applications in biomedical engineering, such as hip and knee replacements, and finger joints. These new application areas are explored in detail. Essential reference for plastics enginers, biomedical engineers and orthopedic professionals involved in the use of the PEEK polymer, and medical implants made from PEEK.