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Biosecurity in the Global Age

Biosecurity in the Global Age Author David Fidler
ISBN-10 0804750297
Release 2008
Pages 306
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"The renewed threat of biological weapons highlights the importance of crafting policy responses informed by the rule of law. This book explores patterns in recent governance initiatives and advocates building a "global biosecurity concert" as a way to address the threats presented by biological weapons and infectious diseases in the early 21st century."--BOOK JACKET.



Global Biosecurity

Global Biosecurity Author Peter Katona
ISBN-10 9781135273026
Release 2010-01-21
Pages 352
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This book explores a range of biohealth and biosecurity threats, places them in context, and offers responses and solutions from global and local, networked and pyramidal, as well as specialized and interdisciplinary perspectives.



Biosecurity Interventions

Biosecurity Interventions Author Andrew Lakoff
ISBN-10 9780231511773
Release 2012-06-19
Pages 312
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In recent years, new disease threats& mdash;such as SARS, avian flu, mad cow disease, and drug-resistant strains of malaria and tuberculosis& mdash;have garnered media attention and galvanized political response. Proposals for new approaches to "securing health" against these threats have come not only from public health and medicine but also from such fields as emergency management, national security, and global humanitarianism. This volume provides a map of this complex and rapidly transforming terrain. The editors focus on how experts, public officials, and health practitioners work to define what it means to "secure health" through concrete practices such as global humanitarian logistics, pandemic preparedness measures, vaccination campaigns, and attempts to regulate potentially dangerous new biotechnologies. As the contributions show, despite impressive activity in these areas, the field of "biosecurity interventions" remains unstable. Many basic questions are only beginning to be addressed: Who decides what counts as a biosecurity problem? Who is responsible for taking action, and how is the efficacy of a given intervention to be evaluated? It is crucial to address such questions today, when responses to new problems of health and security are still taking shape. In this context, this volume offers a form of critical and reflexive knowledge that examines how technical efforts to increase biosecurity relate to the political and ethical challenges of living with risk.



Education and Ethics in the Life Sciences

Education and Ethics in the Life Sciences Author Brian Rappert
ISBN-10 9781921666391
Release 2010-06-01
Pages 222
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At the start of the twenty-first century, warnings have been raised in some quarters about how - by intent or by mishap - advances in biotechnology and related fields could aid the spread of disease. Science academics, medical organisations, governments, security analysts, and others are among those that have sought to raise concern. EDUCATION AND ETHICS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES examines a variety of attempts to bring greater awareness to security concerns associated with the life sciences. It identifies lessons from practical initiatives across a wide range of national contexts as well as more general reflections about education and ethics. The eighteen contributors bring together perspectives from a diverse range of fields - including politics, virology, sociology, ethics, security studies, microbiology, and medicine - as well as their experiences in universities, think tanks and government. In offering their assessment about what must be done and by whom, each chapter addresses a host of challenging practical and conceptual questions. EDUCATION AND ETHICS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES will be of interest to those planning and undertaking training activities in other areas. In asking how education and ethics are being made to matter in an emerging area of social unease, it will also be of interest to those with more general concerns about professional conduct.



Biosecurity

Biosecurity Author Brian Rappert
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105215274239
Release 2009-12-15
Pages 240
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This book explores the origins, interpretations and meanings of the term biosecurity. It brings together contributors on issues relating to the perceptions of the threat of biological weapons and how states are responding, or not, to the challenges posed by the potential of the products of the life sciences to be used for destructive purposes.



Biosecurity Dilemmas

Biosecurity Dilemmas Author Christian Enemark
ISBN-10 9781626164055
Release 2017-03-01
Pages 224
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Biosecurity Dilemmas examines conflicting values and interests in the practice of “biosecurity,” the safeguarding of populations against infectious diseases through security policies. Biosecurity encompasses both the natural occurrence of deadly disease outbreaks and the use of biological weapons. Christian Enemark focuses on six dreaded diseases that governments and international organizations give high priority for research, regulation, surveillance, and rapid response: pandemic influenza, drug-resistant tuberculosis, smallpox, Ebola, plague, and anthrax. The book is organized around four ethical dilemmas that arise when fear causes these diseases to be framed in terms of national or international security: protect or proliferate, secure or stifle, remedy or overkill, and attention or neglect. For instance, will prioritizing research into defending against a rare event such as a bioterrorist attack divert funds away from research into commonly occurring diseases? Or will securitizing a particular disease actually stifle research progress owing to security classification measures? Enemark provides a comprehensive analysis of the ethics of securitizing disease and explores ideas and policy recommendations about biological arms control, global health security, and public health ethics.



Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism

Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism Author Committee on Research Standards and Practices to Prevent the Destructive Application of Biotechnology
ISBN-10 9780309089777
Release 2004-02-02
Pages 164
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In recent years much has happened to justify an examination of biological research in light of national security concerns. The destructive application of biotechnology research includes activities such as spreading common pathogens or transforming them into even more lethal forms. Policymakers and the scientific community at large must put forth a vigorous and immediate response to this challenge. This new book by the National Research Council recommends that the government expand existing regulations and rely on self-governance by scientists rather than adopt intrusive new policies. One key recommendation of the report is that the government should not attempt to regulate scientific publishing but should trust scientists and journals to screen their papers for security risks, a task some journals have already taken up. With biological information and tools widely distributed, regulating only U.S. researchers would have little effect. A new International Forum on Biosecurity should encourage the adoption of similar measures around the world. Seven types of risky studies would require approval by the Institutional Biosafety Committees that already oversee recombinant DNA research at some 400 U.S. institutions. These "experiments of concern" include making an infectious agent more lethal and rendering vaccines powerless.



Ensuring National Biosecurity

Ensuring National Biosecurity Author Carole R Baskin
ISBN-10 9780128018606
Release 2016-02-03
Pages 270
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Ensuring National Biosecurity: Institutional Biosafety Committees reviews the various responsibilities and associated challenges Institutional Biosafety Committees (IBCs) face and proposes changes that may help improve this system and increase national biosecurity and worker safety. In recent years IBCs in academic and other institutions have been tasked with increasing levels of responsibility, overseeing work with recombinant genetic material and hazardous agents. IBC members often lack the training to effectively ensure that the work performed is truly safe for scientists and the general community, and so increasingly rely upon the expertise of the researchers themselves. With the proposed US dual-use research policies soon to be implemented, this strain may increase. This book provides readers with the necessary information to be able to enhance national biosecurity within the US, EU, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and more. Ensuring National Biosecurity is as an invaluable reference for biosafety professionals or for researchers who need to understand the regulatory landscape that impacts their research. Examines and assesses the current state of Institutional Biosafety Committees (IBCs) Collates contributions from world-renowned experts in fields as diverse as research compliance, law and astrobiology Reflects an international perspective on regulatory biosecurity and biosafety



Journal of the American Medical Association

Journal of the American Medical Association Author
ISBN-10 NWU:35558005743519
Release 2009-05
Pages
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Journal of the American Medical Association has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Journal of the American Medical Association also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Journal of the American Medical Association book for free.



Global Biosecurity

Global Biosecurity Author Nayef R.F. Al-Rodhan
ISBN-10 205102054X
Release 2008
Pages 248
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In the 21st century, biosecurity has become a central part of any global policy-making agenda. With the rapid advancement of the life sciences, nanotechnology and biotechnology comes certain challenges for the scientific community and policy makers. With the potential threat of biological weapons proliferation and bioterrorism, there is a critical need for constructing a solid global governance system that is capable of addressing the complexity and multiplicity of the topics related to various aspects of biosecurity. This book outlines a new biosecurity governance model that is integrative, network-based, flexible, open, cross-cultural, transparent, and multi-disciplinary. The model emphasises the need to engage a wide variety of actors ranging from governments and non-profit organisations to private industry, science, and academia. This publication adds an up-to-date perspective and comprehensive guide to any personal or institutional library.



Crop Biosecurity

Crop Biosecurity Author Maria Lodovica Gullino
ISBN-10 9781402084768
Release 2008-04-24
Pages 148
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Prevention and preparedness are the two basic approaches to maximize food security against any sort of tampering, whether natural, inadvertent or intentional. The NATO funded project “Tools for crop biosecurity” was designed to strengthen the cooperation among U.S., Europe and Israel in the field of crop biosecurity and to generate awareness on how the psychological, economic and cultural consequences of crop bioterrorism, especially attacks on soft targets such as crop seeds, could have a disproportionate adverse effect on Mediterranean agriculture and, more generally, on society. This book illustrates the achievements of the project originated from the workshops organized during the project itself taking in consideration main microbiological threads posed to crops, the tools to recognize and to control them, the needs for international cooperation and research funds to create networks which can face emerging risks for agriculture.



Biosecurity and Bioterrorism

Biosecurity and Bioterrorism Author Jeffrey Ryan
ISBN-10 9780080569185
Release 2011-08-30
Pages 352
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Biosecurity and Bioterrorism is the first book to take a holistic approach to biosecurity with coverage of pathogens, prevention and response methodology. The book is organized into four thematic sections: Part I provides a conceptual understanding of biowarfare, bioterrorism and the laws we have to counteract this; Part II investigates known bioagents and the threat from emerging diseases; Part III focuses on agricultural terrorism and food security; Part IV outlines international, US, and local initiatives for biodefense and biosecurity. Case studies illustrate biodefense against both intentional terrorism and natural outbreaks. The authors bring an extraordinary combination of experience in academia and the clinical world, as well as real-world experience in technical and practical matters, to their writing. They make technical material clear and fascinating for readers with a basic knowledge of biology. Ryan and Glarum address the hazards in the context of vulnerability assessments and the planning strategies government and industry can take to prepare for and respond to such events. * How are these agents used in biowarfare? * How likely are we to face either a natural outbreak or intentional human/animal infection? * How can we prepare for this effectively?



Medicine At The Border

Medicine At The Border Author A. Bashford
ISBN-10 9780230288904
Release 2006-10-31
Pages 271
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This book explores the pressing issues of border control and infectious disease from the nineteenth to present day. The book places world health in world history, microbes and their management in globalization, and disease in the history of international relations, bringing together leading scholars on the history and politics of global health.



Globalization Biosecurity and the Future of the Life Sciences

Globalization  Biosecurity  and the Future of the Life Sciences Author National Research Council
ISBN-10 0309164753
Release 2006-06-07
Pages 316
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Biomedical advances have made it possible to identify and manipulate features of living organisms in useful ways--leading to improvements in public health, agriculture, and other areas. The globalization of scientific and technical expertise also means that many scientists and other individuals around the world are generating breakthroughs in the life sciences and related technologies. The risks posed by bioterrorism and the proliferation of biological weapons capabilities have increased concern about how the rapid advances in genetic engineering and biotechnology could enable the production of biological weapons with unique and unpredictable characteristics. Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of Life Sciences examines current trends and future objectives of research in public health, life sciences, and biomedical science that contain applications relevant to developments in biological weapons 5 to 10 years into the future and ways to anticipate, identify, and mitigate these dangers.



Global Insecurity

Global Insecurity Author Anthony Burke
ISBN-10 9781349951451
Release 2017-04-18
Pages 379
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This innovative volume gathers some of the world’s best scholars to analyse the world’s collective international efforts to address globalised threats through global security governance. Addressing global and planetary forms of insecurity that include nuclear weapons, conventional arms, gender violence, climate change, disease, bio weapons, cyber-conflict, children in conflict, crimes against humanity, and refugees, this timely book critiques how they are addressed by global institutions and regimes, and advocates important conceptual, institutional, and policy reforms. This is an invaluable resource for students, scholars and policymakers in international health, security and development.



Bioinsecurity and Vulnerability

Bioinsecurity and Vulnerability Author Nancy N. Chen
ISBN-10 1938645421
Release 2014-11
Pages 279
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Life today is rife with rapid-fire 'high alert' responses, a proliferating trend that is especially pronounced in the US. September 11, 2001 looms as an inescapable spectral presence, defining an important baseline for the ramping up of biosecurity measures. However, the contributors to this volume argue against biosecurity as the new status quo by focusing instead on the ugly underbelly.



Globalization Biosecurity and the Future of the Life Sciences

Globalization  Biosecurity  and the Future of the Life Sciences Author Committee on Advances in Technology and the Prevention of Their Application to Next Generation Biowarfare Threats
ISBN-10 9780309100328
Release 2006-06-07
Pages 318
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Biomedical advances have made it possible to identify and manipulate features of living organisms in useful ways—leading to improvements in public health, agriculture, and other areas. The globalization of scientific and technical expertise also means that many scientists and other individuals around the world are generating breakthroughs in the life sciences and related technologies. The risks posed by bioterrorism and the proliferation of biological weapons capabilities have increased concern about how the rapid advances in genetic engineering and biotechnology could enable the production of biological weapons with unique and unpredictable characteristics. Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of Life Sciences examines current trends and future objectives of research in public health, life sciences, and biomedical science that contain applications relevant to developments in biological weapons 5 to 10 years into the future and ways to anticipate, identify, and mitigate these dangers.