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Biotic Stress Resistance in Millets

Biotic Stress Resistance in Millets Author I. K. Das
ISBN-10 9780128045800
Release 2016-08-11
Pages 246
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Biotic Stress Resistance in Millets presents an important guide to the disease and pest-related challenges of this vital food crop. Biotic stresses are one of the major constraints for millet production, but newly emerging and forward-thinking problems with disease and insect pests are likely to increase as a result of changing weather, making this an imperative book on best practices. Current strategies are mainly through the development of resistant cultivars, as the use of chemicals is cost-prohibitive to many of those producing millet in developing countries where it is of most value as a food source. This book explores non-chemical focused options for improving plant resistance and protecting crop yield. This single-volume reference will be important for researchers, teachers and students in the disciplines of Agricultural Entomology, Plant protection, Resistance Plant Breeding and Biotechnological pest management. Establishes basic concepts of host resistance providing foundational insight Synthesizes past biotic stress resistance research with the latest findings to orient research for future strategies for plant protection Focuses exclusively on host plant resistance on all major diseases and pests of millets Presents data and strategies that are globally applicable as millets gain importance as a health food

The Foxtail Millet Genome

The Foxtail Millet Genome Author Manoj Prasad
ISBN-10 9783319656175
Release 2017-11-25
Pages 152
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This book presents up-to-date information on foxtail millet genomics, with a particular focus on its agronomic importance, genome architecture, marker development, evolutionary and diversity studies, comparative genomics and stress biology. The topics discussed have the potential to open up a new era of crop improvement in foxtail millet and other related grass species. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) is the oldest domesticated crop in the world (domesticated >8700 years ago) and it has been extensively grown in the semi-arid regions of Asia, Europe and the Americas as a food and fodder crop ever since. Further, as a C4 crop with close genetic relatedness to several biofuel grasses, foxtail millet has been promoted as a model plant. In view of its importance, the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute and Beijing Genomics Institute have independently sequenced the genome of foxtail millet. The availability of the draft genome sequence has advanced the genomics and genetics of this important crop, resulting in the development of large-scale genome-wide molecular markers and demonstration of their utility in genomics-assisted breeding, as well as the identification of the molecular and biological roles of several stress-responsive gene families in connection with abiotic stress tolerance. In addition, several open access databases have been developed to make these resources for crop improvement through structural and functional genomics widely available.

Millets and Sorghum

Millets and Sorghum Author Jagannath V. Patil
ISBN-10 9781119123057
Release 2017-03-06
Pages 504
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9.2 Origin and Taxonomy -- 9.3 Genetic Resources and Utilisation -- 9.4 Genetics and Cytogenetics -- 9.5 Reproductive Biology -- 9.6 Constraints in Tef Production -- 9.7 Genetic Improvement of Tef -- 9.8 Crop and Pest Management -- 9.9 Future Prospects -- References -- Chapter 10: Insect Pests of Millets and Their Host Plant Relations -- 10.1 Insect Pests -- 10.2 Host-Plant Selection by Insect Pests -- References -- Chapter 11: Millet Diseases: Current Status and Their Management -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Sorghum Diseases -- 11.3 Pearl Millet Diseases -- 11.4 Small Millet Diseases -- References -- Chapter 12: Nutritional Qualities & Value Addition of Millets -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 Sorghum -- 12.3 Pearl Millet -- 12.4 Finger Millet -- 12.5 Other Millets -- 12.6 Health Benefits of Millets -- 12.7 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 13: Molecular Markers for the Genetic Improvement of Millets -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Sorghum -- 13.3 Pearl Millet -- 13.4 Finger Millet -- 13.5 Foxtail Millet -- 13.6 Other Small Millets -- 13.7 Progress of Molecular Marker Research in Millets -- 13.8 Future Prospects -- References -- Chapter 14: Strategies to Build Sustainable Millet Seed Systems -- 14.1 Introduction -- 14.2 Factors Leading to Sustainable Seed Security -- 14.3 Developing a Community-Based Millet Seed System -- 14.4 The Alternative Integrated Seed-System Model -- 14.5 Need for a Policy Framework to Build a Viable Local Seed System -- 14.6 Conclusion -- References -- Index -- End User License Agreement

Genetic and Genomic Resources for Grain Cereals Improvement

Genetic and Genomic Resources for Grain Cereals Improvement Author Mohar Singh
ISBN-10 9780128020371
Release 2015-11-10
Pages 384
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Genetic and Genomic Resources For Cereals Improvement is the first book to bring together the latest available genetic resources and genomics to facilitate the identification of specific germplasm, trait mapping, and allele mining that are needed to more effectively develop biotic and abiotic-stress-resistant grains. As grain cereals, including rice, wheat, maize, barley, sorghum, and millets constitute the bulk of global diets, both of vegetarian and non-vegetarian, there is a greater need for further genetic improvement, breeding, and plant genetic resources to secure the future food supply. This book is an invaluable resource for researchers, crop biologists, and students working with crop development and the changes in environmental climate that have had significant impact on crop production. It includes the latest information on tactics that ensure that environmentally robust genes and crops resilient to climate change are identified and preserved. Provides a single-volume resource on the global research work on grain cereals genetics and genomics Presents information for effectively managing and utilizing the genetic resources of this core food supply source Includes coverage of rice, wheat, maize, barley, sorghum, and pearl, finger and foxtail millets

Mechanisms of Environmental Stress Resistance in Plants

Mechanisms of Environmental Stress Resistance in Plants Author Amarjit Basra
ISBN-10 905702036X
Release 1997-07-16
Pages 407
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Plant growth and productivity are limited in many areas of the world by a wide variety of environmental stresses. This book discusses progress made toward the major goal of uncovering the plant resistance mechanisms to biotic and abiotic stresses; the purpose being to utilise this knowledge in genetic modification of plants for achieving improved stress resistance. This volume achieves a new synthesis in considering the mechanisms of resistance at various levels of organisation -- from individual cells and tissues, through whole plants, to communities. Chapters are written by internationally acknowledged experts, who have a wealth of research and teaching experience. With comprehensive and up-to-date coverage, this book analyses many outstanding problems and poses important questions for future research.

International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter

International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter Author
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924101490682
Release 2001
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International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter book for free.

Breeding for Durable Disease and Pest Resistance

Breeding for Durable Disease and Pest Resistance Author
ISBN-10 9251014825
Release 1984
Pages 167
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Breeding for Durable Disease and Pest Resistance has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Breeding for Durable Disease and Pest Resistance also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Breeding for Durable Disease and Pest Resistance book for free.

Improving Crop Productivity in Sustainable Agriculture

Improving Crop Productivity in Sustainable Agriculture Author Narendra Tuteja
ISBN-10 9783527665198
Release 2012-10-11
Pages 536
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An up-to-date overview of current progress in improving crop quality and quantity using modern methods. With a particular emphasis on genetic engineering, this text focusses on crop improvement under adverse conditions, paying special attention to such staple crops as rice, maize, and pulses. It includes an excellent mix of specific examples, such as the creation of nutritionally-fortified rice and a discussion of the political and economic implications of genetically engineered food. The result is a must-have hands-on guide, ideally suited for the biotech and agro industries.

Sorghum and Millets in Human Nutrition

Sorghum and Millets in Human Nutrition Author Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
ISBN-10 9251033811
Release 1995-01-01
Pages 184
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Sorghum and Millets in Human Nutrition has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Sorghum and Millets in Human Nutrition also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Sorghum and Millets in Human Nutrition book for free.

Plant Breeding for Biotic Stress Resistance

Plant Breeding for Biotic Stress Resistance Author Roberto Fritsche-Neto
ISBN-10 9783642330872
Release 2012-10-01
Pages 168
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Experience shows that biotic stresses occur with different levels of intensity in nearly all agricultural areas around the world. The occurrence of insects, weeds and diseases caused by fungi, bacteria or viruses may not be relevant in a specific year but they usually harm yield in most years. Global warming has shifted the paradigm of biotic stresses in most growing areas, especially in the tropical countries, sparking intense discussions in scientific forums. This book was written with the idea of collecting in a single publication the most recent advances and discoveries concerning breeding for biotic stresses, covering all major classes of biotic challenges to agriculture and food production. Accordingly, it presents the state-of-the-art in plant stresses caused by all microorganisms, weeds and insects and how to breed for them. Complementing Plant Breeding for Abiotic Stress Tolerance, this book was written for scientists and students interested in learning how to breed for biotic stress scenarios, allowing them to develop a greater understanding of the basic mechanisms of resistance to biotic stresses and develop resistant cultivars.

Distant Hybridization of Crop Plants

Distant Hybridization of Crop Plants Author G. Kalloo
ISBN-10 9783642843068
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 271
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Wild taxa are invaluable sources of resistance to diseases, insects/ pests, nematodes, temperature extremes, salinity and alkalinity stresses, and also of nutritional quality; adaptation; genetic diversity and new species. Utilization of wild relatives of a crop depends largely upon its crossability relations with cultivated varieties. Sev eral wild species are not crossable with the commercial cultivars due to various isolation barriers. Furthermore, in a few cases, hybridiza tion is possible only in one direction and reciprocal crosses are not successful, thus depriving the utilization of desired cytoplasm of many species. However, techniques have been developed to over come many barriers and hybrid plants are produced. New crop species have been developed by overcoming the F 1 sterility and producing amphidiploids and such crops are commercially being grown in the field. The segregation pattern ofF 1 hybrids produced by distant hybridization in segregating generations are different from the intervarietal hybrids. In former cases, generally, unidirectional segregation takes place in early generations and accordingly, selec tion procedures are adopted. In most of the cases, backcross or modified backcross methods have been followed to utilize wild species, and thus numerous types of resistance and other economical attributes have been transferred in the recurrent parents. Protoplast fusion has been amply demonstrated in a number of cases where sexual hybridization was not possible and, as a result, hybrids have been produced.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Agronomic Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Agronomic  Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits Author Jameel M. Al-Khayri
ISBN-10 9783319225180
Release 2016-03-29
Pages 707
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The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is volume 2 which contains 18 chapters highlighting breeding strategies for specific plant traits including improved nutritional and pharmaceutical properties as well as enhanced tolerance to insects, diseases, drought, salinity and temperature extremes expected under predicted global climate change.

Use of Molecular Markers in Sorghum and Pearl Millet Breeding for Developing Countries

Use of Molecular Markers in Sorghum and Pearl Millet Breeding for Developing Countries Author John R. Witcombe
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924073131124
Release 1994
Pages 126
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Sorghum: RFLP map construction and its utilisation for germplasm enhancement in sorghum, construction of a complete genetic linkage map in sorghum based on RFLPs. Construction of an RFLP linkage map of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Tagging downy mildew resistance genes in sorghum. RFLP techniques and sorghum breeding. A physiological-genetic analysis of osmotic adjustment to water stress in grain sorghum Mapping QTSs for winter season adaptation in sorghum. Evaluation for droutht and disease resistance in sorghum for use in molecular marker assisted selection. Molecular markers for cold tolerance in sorghum. Male sterility of sorghum: Its characteristics and importance, RFLP diversity in cultivated sorghum in relation to racial differentiation and heterosis inhybrids. Pear MIllet: construction and application of RELP - based genetic maps in pearl millet Mappping QTLs controlling resistance to downy mildew in pearl milletand their application in plant breeding programmes. Molecular markers with apromixis> Evolutionary and breeding implications.

Integrating New Technologies for Striga Control

Integrating New Technologies for Striga Control Author Gebisa Ejeta
ISBN-10 9789812707086
Release 2007
Pages 345
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Witchweeds (Striga species) decimate agriculture in much of Africa and parts of Asia, attacking the major cereal grains and legumes, and halving the already very low yields of subsistence farmers. Several years of research have provided promising technologies, based on the fundamental biology of the parasite?host associations, for dealing with this scourge. However, there is an apparent realization that these technologies will fail because highly successful weeds such as Striga evolve resistance to all types of controls unless proven methods are integrated with each other for a more sustainable solution.Integration is often an anathema to basic scientists who typically deal with single variables and solutions. However, key leaders in the development of the new knowledge-based control strategies, already in the field and under development, recently joined forces to develop strategies and projects in order to integrate the technologies in a symposium in Ethiopia in November 2006. The encouraging results are described in this peer-reviewed book, authored by leaders in the field who have been supplying the basic biology, genetics, biochemistry, and molecular information that have offered insights and generated technologies in how to deal with Striga.

Bioresource and Stress Management

Bioresource and Stress Management Author Ratikanta Maiti
ISBN-10 9789811009952
Release 2016-07-20
Pages 276
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This book is a compilation of recent global measures to conserve bio-resources and manage biotic and abiotic stresses. It highlights emerging issues related to agriculture, abiotic and biotic stress factors, ethnic knowledge, climate change and global warming, as well as natural resources and their sustainable management. It also focuses on the consolidated efforts of scientists and academics engaged in addressing a number of issues related to resource management and combating stresses in order to protect the Earth. Crop production and productivity have been significantly improved, however, there have been no corresponding practical advances in sustainable agriculture.This book offers a wide range of affordable approaches to managing bio-resources with a focus on sustainability. Lastly, it describes research highlights and future areas of research.

Abiotic Stress Responses in Plants

Abiotic Stress Responses in Plants Author Parvaiz Ahmad
ISBN-10 146140634X
Release 2011-11-16
Pages 473
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Abiotic stress cause changes in soil-plant-atmosphere continuum and is responsible for reduced yield in several major crops. Therefore, the subject of abiotic stress response in plants - metabolism, productivity and sustainability - is gaining considerable significance in the contemporary world. Abiotic stress is an integral part of “climate change,” a complex phenomenon with a wide range of unpredictable impacts on the environment. Prolonged exposure to these abiotic stresses results in altered metabolism and damage to biomolecules. Plants evolve defense mechanisms to tolerate these stresses by upregulation of osmolytes, osmoprotectants, and enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, etc. This volume deals with abiotic stress-induced morphological and anatomical changes, abberations in metabolism, strategies and approaches to increase salt tolerance, managing the drought stress, sustainable fruit production and postharvest stress treatments, role of glutathione reductase, flavonoids as antioxidants in plants, the role of salicylic acid and trehalose in plants, stress-induced flowering. The role of soil organic matter in mineral nutrition and fatty acid profile in response to heavy metal stress are also dealt with. Proteomic markers for oxidative stress as a new tools for reactive oxygen species and photosynthesis research, abscisic acid signaling in plants are covered with chosen examples. Stress responsive genes and gene products including expressed proteins that are implicated in conferring tolerance to the plant are presented. Thus, this volume would provides the reader with a wide spectrum of information including key references and with a large number of illustrations and tables. Dr. Parvaiz is Assistant Professor in Botany at A.S. College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. He has completed his post-graduation in Botany in 2000 from Jamia Hamdard New Delhi India. After his Ph.D from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, India in 2007 he joined the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi. He has published more than 20 research papers in peer reviewed journals and 4 book chapters. He has also edited a volume which is in press with Studium Press Pvt. India Ltd., New Delhi, India. Dr. Parvaiz is actively engaged in studying the molecular and physio-biochemical responses of different plants (mulberry, pea, Indian mustard) under environmental stress. Prof. M.N.V. Prasad is a Professor in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Hyderabad, India. He received B.Sc. (1973) and M.Sc. (1975) degrees from Andhra University, India, and the Ph.D. degree (1979) in botany from the University of Lucknow, India. Prasad has published 216 articles in peer reviewed journals and 82 book chapters and conference proceedings in the broad area of environmental botany and heavy metal stress in plants. He is the author, co-author, editor, or co-editor for eight books. He is the recipient of Pitamber Pant National Environment Fellowship of 2007 awarded by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

Abiotic Stresses

Abiotic Stresses Author M. Ashraf
ISBN-10 9781482293609
Release 2005-04-07
Pages 725
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Gain a better understanding of the genetic and physiological bases of stress response and stress tolerance as part of crop improvement programs Abiotic Stresses: Plant Resistance Through Breeding and Molecular Approaches explores innovative methods for breeding new varieties of major crops with resistance to environmental stresses that limit crop production worldwide. Experts provide you with basic principles and techniques of plant breeding as well as work done in relation to improving resistance in specific important world food crops. This book supplies extensive bibliographies at the end of each chapter, as well as tables and figures that illustrate the research findings. Abiotic Stresses is divided into two sections. In the first section, you will find: the general principles of breeding crops for stress resistance genetic engineering and molecular biology procedures for crop improvement for stress environments data on genome mapping and its implications for improving stress resistance in plants information about breeding for resistance/tolerance to salinity, drought, flooding, metals, low nutrient availability, high/low temperatures The second section of this timely resource focuses on the efforts of acknowledged specialists who concentrated their efforts on important individual crops, such as: wheat barley rice maize oilseed crops cotton tomato This book fills a niche and interface in the available literature as it deals with all of the major stresses from a perspective of crop breeding, covering the latest advances in molecular breeding technology. Abiotic Stresses will help scientists and academics in botany, plant breeding, plant environmental stress studies, agriculture, and horticulture modify and improve breeding programs globally.