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Boundaries of Rock Mechanics

Boundaries of Rock Mechanics Author Meifeng Cai
ISBN-10 0203883209
Release 2008-04-01
Pages 988
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Boundaries of Rock Mechanics. Recent Advances and Challenges for the 21st Century contains 180 papers from the International Young Scholars’ Symposium on Rock Mechanics 2008 (Beijing, China, 28 April-2 May 2008). The symposium was organized by the ISRM Commission on Education, and sponsored by the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM) and the Chinese Society for Rock Mechanics and Engineering (CSRME). Boundaries of Rock Mechanics. Recent Advances and Challenges for the 21st Century covers a variety of topics, grouped into 7 main themes: – Field investigation and instrmentation – Rock properties and mechanical behavior – Underground mining and excavation engineering – Rock slopes and landsides – Tunnels and foundations – Dynamics and blasting – New techniques and methods This volume offers an overall understanding of current concerns and advances in rock mechanics, and will be of interest to professionals, engineers and academics involved in rock mechanics and engineering.



Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces Second Edition

Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces  Second Edition Author Carlo Gualtieri
ISBN-10 9780203109243
Release 2012-11-21
Pages 500
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Environmental Fluid Mechanics (EFM) studies the motion of air and water at several different scales, the fate and transport of species carried along by these fluids, and the interactions among those flows and geological, biological, and engineered systems. EFM emerged some decades ago as a response to the need for tools to study problems of flow and transport in rivers, estuaries, lakes, groundwater and the atmosphere; it is a topic of increasing importance for decision makers, engineers, and researchers alike. The second edition of the successful textbook "Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces" is still aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of fluid mechanical processes occurring at the different interfaces existing in the realm of EFM, such as the air-water interface, the air-land interface, the water-sediment interface, the surface water-groundwater interface, the water-vegetation interface, and the water-biological systems interface. Across any of these interfaces mass, momentum, and heat are exchanged through different fluid mechanical processes over various spatial and temporal scales. In this second edition, the unique feature of this book, considering all the topics from the point of view of the concept of environmental interface, was maintained while the chapters were updated and five new chapters have been added to significantly enlarge the coverage of the subject area. The book starts with a chapter introducing the concept of EFM and its scope, scales, processes and systems. Then, the book is structured in three parts with fifteen chapters. Part one, which is composed of four chapters, covers the processes occurring at the interfaces between the atmosphere and the surface of the land and the seas, including the transport of dust and the dispersion of passive substances within the atmosphere. Part two deals in five chapters with the fluid mechanics at the air-water interface at small scales and sediment-water interface, including the advective diffusion of air bubbles, the hyporheic exchange and the tidal bores. Finally, part three discusses in six chapters the processes at the interfaces between fluids and biotic systems, such as transport processes in the soil-vegetation-lower atmosphere system, turbulence and wind above and within the forest canopy, flow and mass transport in vegetated open channels, transport processes to and from benthic plants and animals and coupling between interacting environmental interfaces. Each chapter has an educational part, which is structured in four sections: a synopsis of the chapter, a list of keywords that the reader should have encountered in the chapter, a list of questions and a list of unsolved problems related to the topics covered by the chapter. The book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in environmental sciences, civil engineering and environmental engineering, (geo)physics, atmospheric science, meteorology, limnology, oceanography, and applied mathematics.



Geotechnical Risk in Rock Tunnels

Geotechnical Risk in Rock Tunnels Author António Campos e Matos
ISBN-10 020396358X
Release 2003-06-26
Pages 192
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Tunnels have a high degree of risk that needs to be assessed and managed. Underground works intersect and interact with natural materials, incorporating their characteristics as structural components of their own stability. For this reason geotechnical risk analyses are implemented at all phases of tunnel construction, from design through to post-construction maintenance. Analysis of geotechnical risk involves a group of studies which lead to the identification and evaluation of the potential probability of error and the consequences of its occurrence. This volume considers construction and safety, financing and control, and exploration and maintenance. Eminent specialists discuss risk assessment and management, based both on advanced theoretical concepts and on practical experience. The book is of interest to a wide range of professionals involved in planning, construction and management of tunnels: entrepreneurs, designers, consultants and contractors.



Sea Level Rise for the Coasts of California Oregon and Washington

Sea Level Rise for the Coasts of California  Oregon  and Washington Author Committee on Sea Level Rise in California, Oregon, and Washington
ISBN-10 9780309255943
Release 2012-11-06
Pages 201
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Tide gauges show that global sea level has risen about 7 inches during the 20th century, and recent satellite data show that the rate of sea-level rise is accelerating. As Earth warms, sea levels are rising mainly because ocean water expands as it warms; and water from melting glaciers and ice sheets is flowing into the ocean. Sea-level rise poses enormous risks to the valuable infrastructure, development, and wetlands that line much of the 1,600 mile shoreline of California, Oregon, and Washington. As those states seek to incorporate projections of sea-level rise into coastal planning, they asked the National Research Council to make independent projections of sea-level rise along their coasts for the years 2030, 2050, and 2100, taking into account regional factors that affect sea level. Sea-Level Rise for the Coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington: Past, Present, and Future explains that sea level along the U.S. west coast is affected by a number of factors. These include: climate patterns such as the El Niño, effects from the melting of modern and ancient ice sheets, and geologic processes, such as plate tectonics. Regional projections for California, Oregon, and Washington show a sharp distinction at Cape Mendocino in northern California. South of that point, sea-level rise is expected to be very close to global projections. However, projections are lower north of Cape Mendocino because the land is being pushed upward as the ocean plate moves under the continental plate along the Cascadia Subduction Zone. However, an earthquake magnitude 8 or larger, which occurs in the region every few hundred to 1,000 years, would cause the land to drop and sea level to suddenly rise.



Rock Fractures and Fluid Flow

Rock Fractures and Fluid Flow Author Committee on Fracture Characterization and Fluid Flow
ISBN-10 9780309049962
Release 1996-08-27
Pages 568
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Scientific understanding of fluid flow in rock fractures--a process underlying contemporary earth science problems from the search for petroleum to the controversy over nuclear waste storage--has grown significantly in the past 20 years. This volume presents a comprehensive report on the state of the field, with an interdisciplinary viewpoint, case studies of fracture sites, illustrations, conclusions, and research recommendations. The book addresses these questions: How can fractures that are significant hydraulic conductors be identified, located, and characterized? How do flow and transport occur in fracture systems? How can changes in fracture systems be predicted and controlled? Among other topics, the committee provides a geomechanical understanding of fracture formation, reviews methods for detecting subsurface fractures, and looks at the use of hydraulic and tracer tests to investigate fluid flow. The volume examines the state of conceptual and mathematical modeling, and it provides a useful framework for understanding the complexity of fracture changes that occur during fluid pumping and other engineering practices. With a practical and multidisciplinary outlook, this volume will be welcomed by geologists, petroleum geologists, geoengineers, geophysicists, hydrologists, researchers, educators and students in these fields, and public officials involved in geological projects.



The Messina Strait Bridge

The Messina Strait Bridge Author Fabio Brancaleoni
ISBN-10 0415468140
Release 2009-09-23
Pages 334
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This book describes the enormous depth of work carried out since the early 1970s on the Messina Strait Bridge, up to the recent award of the detailed design and construction contract. This important work has included extensive studies, concepts and design developments, with far reaching applications, which have all confirmed the feasibility of this huge endeavour and have led to the optimisation of costs and expected performance levels. Attention is focused not only on the design itself, but also on the context for the project (e.g. historical, geological, seismo-tectonic and wind conditions; structural and mechanical properties; project management and financial aspects; and environmental considerations), and on the great challenges involved. Thus, considering the innovations and specific solutions adopted in overcoming the challenges presented by constructing a world record span of 3,300 metres at this site, it becomes clear how the Messina Strait Crossing will take its place as a masterpiece in bridge engineering history. This book will be of interest to bridge and structural engineers, geotechnical and wind engineers, mechanical and earthquake engineers, graduate students in all these areas and all others with a broad interest in bridge design and engineering.



Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Computational Mechanics 2017

Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Computational Mechanics 2017 Author Hung Nguyen-Xuan
ISBN-10 9789811071492
Release 2018-02-20
Pages 1170
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This book provides an overview of state-of-the-art methods in computational engineering for modeling and simulation. This proceedings volume includes a selection of refereed papers presented at the International Conference on Advances in Computational Mechanics (ACOME) 2017, which took place on Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam on August 2-4, 2017. The contributions highlight recent advances in and innovative applications of computational mechanics. Subjects covered include: biological systems; damage, fracture and failure; flow problems; multiscale multiphysics problems; composites and hybrid structures; optimization and inverse problems; lightweight structures; computational mechatronics; computational dynamics; numerical methods; and high-performance computing. The book is intended for academics, including graduate students and experienced researchers interested in state-of-the-art computational methods for solving challenging problems in engineering.



Stone Conservation

Stone Conservation Author Clifford A. Price
ISBN-10 9781606060469
Release 2011-02-15
Pages 164
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First published in 1996, this volume has been substantially updated to reflect new research in the conservation of stone monuments, sculpture, and archaeological sites.



Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Discrete Element Methods

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Discrete Element Methods Author Xikui Li
ISBN-10 9789811019265
Release 2017-01-03
Pages 1455
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This book presents the latest advances in Discrete Element Methods (DEM) and technology. It is the proceeding of 7th International Conference on DEM which was held at Dalian University of Technology on August 1 - 4, 2016. The subject of this book are the DEM and related computational techniques such as DDA, FEM/DEM, molecular dynamics, SPH, Meshless methods, etc., which are the main computational methods for modeling discontinua. In comparison to continua which have been already studied for a long time, the research of discontinua is relatively new, but increases dramatically in recent years and has already become an important field. This book will benefit researchers and scientists from the academic fields of physics, engineering and applied mathematics, as well as from industry and national laboratories who are interested in the DEM.



Inverse Analysis in Road Geotechnics

Inverse Analysis in Road Geotechnics Author Carlo Rabaiotti
ISBN-10 9783728132741
Release 2011-01
Pages 227
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This research work had the aim of developing a procedure for back-calculating accurate and precise parameter values, describing the mechanical behaviour of the materials built in an existing road structure. After reviewing the existing testing techniques, a new device was designed and assembled at the IGT, Institute for Geotechnical Engineering (ETH Zürich) for measuring the three dimensional deflection bowl under a standard axle load (SAL). Particular attention was paid for obtaining precise and accurate significant measurements for inverse analysis. Three field tests on different locations and road structures were carried out: a flexible pavement type built in a concrete pit (indoor facility) at the EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne), a semirigid type in Hinwil (Switzerland) and a flexible type in Bellinzona (Hinwil). The tests results show that the measured road displacements under a SAL, for relatively low temperatures, are generally reversible and time independent. Laboratory tests (uniaxial compression) were carried out on cores obtained from field samples.The strain measurements of the loaded samples were carried out with strain gages, and validated against devices with different technology (LVDT). The analysis of the test results showed that the materials have different bulk and deviatoric stress-strain behaviour. A new thermodynamical framework for non linear viscoelasticity (hyperviscoelasticity) was developed. Experimentally validated hyperviscoelastic and hyperelastic constitutive laws were adopted respectively for describing the mechanical behaviour of asphalt and cement stabilized mixtures. The inverse analysis of the field tests results was carried out with two different optimization algorithms (Levenberg Marquardt and Mesh Adaptative Direct Search), the FE program ABAQUS, and the developed user defined models. The results demonstrate the accuracy and precision of the parameter values obtained with the proposed inverse analysis procedure, demonstrating a potential for application of the developed technique for non destructing testing of real road structures.



Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics

Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics Author Mario Manassero
ISBN-10 9781315884905
Release 2013-05-30
Pages 732
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Environmental Geotechnics deals with a wide variety of applications, such as the characterization of polluted sites and landfill waste, the design of containment systems for subsoil pollutant control, radioactive waste disposal, geo-energy exploitation and bacteria-driven soil modification, among others. Reliable and effective predictions of the actual behaviour and performance of these very complex systems require a deep understanding of the coupled hydro-bio-chemo-mechanical phenomena that occur at very different scales. Future progress in the scientific state of the art and substantial advancements in the standard practices will therefore be closely related to the development of shared knowledge among different disciplines. The extension and refinement of theoretical modelling and the experimentation capabilities stimulated by geo-environmental applications more in general provide the framework for substantial advancements in the soil and rock mechanics fields. Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics collects the special lectures and papers presented at the International Symposium on Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics (Torino, Italy, 1-3 July 2013), which was organized by the Italian Geotechnical Society within the framework of Technical Committee TC 215 of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE). The book, with contributions not only from the geotechnical community, but also from related and complementary disciplines, is of particular interest to engineers and academics in geotechnical and environmental engineering.



Ground Engineering Principles and Practices for Underground Coal Mining

Ground Engineering   Principles and Practices for Underground Coal Mining Author J.M. Galvin
ISBN-10 9783319250052
Release 2016-02-02
Pages 684
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This book teaches readers ground engineering principles and related mining and risk management practices associated with underground coal mining. It establishes the basic elements of risk management and the fundamental principles of ground behaviour and then applies these to the essential building blocks of any underground coal mining system, comprising excavations, pillars, and interactions between workings. Readers will also learn about types of ground support and reinforcement systems and their operating mechanisms. These elements provide the platform whereby the principles can be applied to mining practice and risk management, directed primarily to bord and pillar mining, pillar extraction, longwall mining, sub-surface and surface subsidence, and operational hazards. The text concludes by presenting the framework of risk-based ground control management systems for achieving safe workplaces and efficient mining operations. In addition, a comprehensive reference list provides additional sources of information on the subject. Throughout, a large variety of examples show good and bad mining situations in order to demonstrate the application, or absence, of the established principles in practice. Written by an expert in underground coal mining and risk management, this book will help students and practitioners gain a deep understanding of the basic principles behind designing and conducting mining operations that are safe, efficient, and economically viable. Provides a comprehensive coverage of ground engineering principles within a risk management framework Features a large variety of examples that show good and poor mining situations in order to demonstrate the application of the established principles in practice Ideal for students and practitioners About the author Emeritus Professor Jim Galvin has a relatively unique combination of industrial, research and academic experience in the mining industry that spans specialist research and applied knowledge in ground engineering, mine management and risk management. His career encompasses directing ground engineering research groups in South Africa and Australia; practical mining experience, including active participation in the mines rescue service and responsibility for the design, operation, and management of large underground coal mines and for the consequences of loss of ground control as a mine manager; appointments as Professor and Head of the School of Mining Engineering at the University of New South Wales; and safety advisor to a number of Boards of Directors of organisations associated with mining. Awards Winner of the ACARP Excellence Research Award 2016. The Australian Coal Industry's Research Program selects recipients to receive ACARP Research and Industry Excellence Awards every two years. The recipients are selected on the recommendation of technical committees. They are honored for achievement of a considerable advance in an area of importance to the Australian coal mining industry. An important criterion is the likelihood of the results from the project being applied in mines. Winner of the Merv Harris Award from the Mine Managers Association of Australia. The Merv Harris Award is named for Merv Harris who donated money to be invested for a continuing award in 1988. With the award, the Mine Managers Association of Australia honors members of the Association who demonstrate technical achievement in the Australian Coal Mining Industry. The first award was granted in 1990, since then, only two people have received this honor. The book has received the following awards.... AGS (Australian Geomechanics Society) congratulates Dr Galvin for these awards



Geomechanics of Failures

Geomechanics of Failures Author Alexander M. Puzrin
ISBN-10 9048135311
Release 2010-04-28
Pages 245
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The main goal of this introductory text is to demonstrate how basic concepts in Soil Mechanics can be used as a “forensic” tool in the investigation of geotechnical failures. This, in turn, provides a good opportunity to show how to use available procedures in the formulation of useful simple models. Geotechnical failure is understood here in a broad sense as the failure of a structure to function properly due to a geotechnical reason. Some of the geotechnical failures selected are well known for their impact on the geotechnical community. Others are closer to the author’s experience. They have been organized into three main topics: Settlement, Bearing Capacity and Excavations. They cover a significant proportion of every day’s activity of professional geotechnical engineers. No attempt has been made to create a comprehensive handbook of failures. Instead, the emphasis has been given to creative applications of simple mechanical concepts and well known principles and solutions of Soil Mechanics. The book shows how much can be learned from relatively simple approaches. Despite this emphasis on simplicity, the book provides a deep insight into the cases analyzed. A non-negligible number of new analytical closed-form solutions have also been found. Their derivation can be followed in detail. In all the cases described an effort was made to provide a detailed and step by step description of the hypothesis introduced and of the analysis performed.



Water Quality Modelling for Rivers and Streams

Water Quality Modelling for Rivers and Streams Author Marcello Benedini
ISBN-10 9789400755093
Release 2013-02-11
Pages 288
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The main objective of the Water Framework Directive in the European countries is to achieve a “good status” of all the water bodies, in the integrated management of river basins. In order to assess the impact of improvement measures, water quality models are necessary. During the previous decades the progress in computer technology and computational methods has supported the development of advanced mathematical models for pollutant transport in rivers and streams. This book is intended to provide the fundamental knowledge needed for a deeper understanding of these models and the development of new ones, which will fulfil future quality requirements in water resources management. This book focuses on the fundamentals of computational techniques required in water quality modelling. Advection, dispersion and concentrated sources or sinks of contaminants lead to the formulation of the fundamental differential equation of pollutant transport. Its integration, according to appropriate initial and boundary conditions and with the knowledge of the velocity field, allows for pollutant behaviour to be assessed in the entire water body. An analytical integration is convenient only in one-dimensional approach with considerable simplification. Integration in the numerical field is useful for taking into account particular aspects of water body and pollutants. To ensure their reliability, the models require accurate calibration and validation, based on proper data, taken from direct measurements. In addition, sensitivity and uncertainty analysis are also of utmost importance. All the above items are discussed in detail in the 21 chapters of the book, which is written in a didactic form for professionals and students.



Coal and Biomass Gasification

Coal and Biomass Gasification Author Santanu De
ISBN-10 9789811073359
Release 2017-12-13
Pages 521
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This book addresses the science and technology of the gasification process and the production of electricity, synthetic fuels and other useful chemicals. Pursuing a holistic approach, it covers the fundamentals of gasification and its various applications. In addition to discussing recent advances and outlining future directions, it covers advanced topics such as underground coal gasification and chemical looping combustion, and describes the state-of-the-art experimental techniques, modeling and numerical simulations, environmentally friendly approaches, and technological challenges involved. Written in an easy-to-understand format with a comprehensive glossary and bibliography, the book offers an ideal reference guide to coal and biomass gasification for beginners, engineers and researchers involved in designing or operating gasification plants.



Physical and Mathematical Modeling of Earth and Environment Processes

Physical and Mathematical Modeling of Earth and Environment Processes Author Vladimir Karev
ISBN-10 9783319777887
Release 2018-03-24
Pages 382
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This book is the result of collaboration within the framework of the Third International Scientific School for Young Scientists held at the Ishlinskii Institute for Problems in Mechanics of Russian Academy of Sciences, 2017, November. The papers included describe studies on the dynamics of natural system – geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere—and their interactions, the human contribution to naturally occurring processes, laboratory modeling of earth and environment processes, and testing of new developed physical and mathematical models. The book particularly focuses on modeling in the field of oil and gas production as well as new alternative energy sources.



Karst Aquifers Characterization and Engineering

Karst Aquifers   Characterization and Engineering Author Zoran Stevanović
ISBN-10 9783319128504
Release 2015-02-25
Pages 692
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This practical training guidebook makes an important contribution to karst hydrogeology. It presents supporting material for academic courses worldwide that include this and similar topics. It is an excellent sourcebook for students and other attendees of the International Karst School: Characterization and Engineering of Karst Aquifers, which opened in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina in 2014 and which will be organized every year in early summer. As opposed to more theoretical works, this is a catalog of possible engineering interventions in karst and their implications. Although the majority of readers will be professionals with geology/hydrogeology backgrounds, the language is not purely technical making it accessible to a wider audience. This means that the methodology, case studies and experiences presented will also benefit water managers working in karst environments.