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Bridges Over Water

Bridges Over Water Author Ariel Dinar
ISBN-10 9789814436670
Release 2013-02-21
Pages 432
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Bridges over Water places the study of transboundary water conflicts, negotiation, and cooperation in the context of various disciplines, such as international relations, international law, international negotiations, and economics. It demonstrates their application, using various quantitative approaches, such as river basin modeling, quantitative negotiation theory, and game theory. Case-studies of particular transboundary river basins, lakes, and aquifers are also considered. This second edition updates the literature on international water and in-depth analyses on political developments and cooperation between riparian states. With an appended chapter on principles and practices of negotiation, and a new case study on the La Plata Basin, this edition is a timely update to the field of transboundary water studies.



Energy and Economic Theory

Energy and Economic Theory Author Ferdinand E Banks
ISBN-10 9789814630245
Release 2015-02-11
Pages 512
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This book is an up-to-date primer covering the most important subjects in energy economics, with particular attention paid to oil, natural gas, and nuclear energy, and without an excessive amount of mathematics. The first three survey chapters constitute an introductory (and mostly non-technical) short course in modern energy economics. Most of the technical analysis is taken up in the following four chapters, while the last chapter is a completely non-technical summation that can be read independent of the rest of the book. Written in a user-friendly tone, it is suitable as a textbook for undergraduate and/or graduate students, but most of the book should be accessible to anyone with a serious interest in energy economics. Request Inspection Copy



Transboundary Water Resources in Afghanistan

Transboundary Water Resources in Afghanistan Author John F. Shroder
ISBN-10 9780128018613
Release 2016-06-13
Pages 544
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Transboundary Water from Afghanistan: Climate Change, and Land-Use Implications brings together diverse factual material on the physical geography and political, cultural, and economic implications of Southwest Asian transboundary water resources. It is the outgrowth of long-term deep knowledge and experience gained by the authors, as well as the material developed from a series of new workshops funded by the Lounsbery Foundation and other granting agencies. Afghanistan and Pakistan have high altitude mountains providing vital water supplies that are highly contentious necessities much threatened by climate change, human land-use variation, and political manipulation, which can be managed in new ways that are in need of comprehensive discussions and negotiations between all the riparian nations of the Indus watershed (Afghanistan, China, India, and Pakistan). This book provides a description of the basic topographic configuration of the Kabul River tributary to the Indus river, together will all its tributaries that flow back and forth across the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the basic elements that are involved with the hydrological cycle and its derivatives in the high mountains of the Hindu Kush and Himalaya. Synthesizes information on the physical geography and political, cultural, and economic implications of Southwest Asian transboundary water resources Offers a basic topographic description of the Indus River watershed Provides local water management information not easily available for remote and contentious border areas Delivers access to the newest thinking from chief personnel on both sides of the contentious border Features material developed from a series of new workshops funded by the Lounsbery Foundation and other granting agencies



Management Of Transboundary Water Resources Under Scarcity A Multidisciplinary Approach

Management Of Transboundary Water Resources Under Scarcity  A Multidisciplinary Approach Author Dinar Ariel
ISBN-10 9789814740067
Release 2017-03-17
Pages 396
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Water scarcity due to climate change, population growth, and economic development is a critical issue in many semi-arid and arid regions around the world. Water scarcity is especially critical in regions where water is shared by several riparian states and used for competing purposes (irrigation, domestic, industry, environment, and hydropower). There is evidence that water scarcity may give rise to conflicts among the riparian states that share water basins. At the same time, there is evidence that proper arrangements among riparian states create a basis for cooperation, which is a necessary condition for economic development, food production, environmental sustainability, and poverty reduction. This book presents a collection of work presented by a group of academics and policy experts dealing with the impact of water scarcity and variability on the ability to jointly manage shared water and the derived welfare of international states and nations sharing international river basins, consisting of economics, technology, law and institutions, geography, and international relations. The book covers theoretical aspects of management of transboundary water as well as case studies from hotspots around the world. The unique aspect of this book is the multidisciplinary nature of the chapters, reflecting a new field of research that will gain popularity as water scarcity will increase over time and across regions. The chapters from the book were presented at the "Management of Transboundary Water Resources under Scarcity: Perspectives on Agriculture and Food Security" workshop held at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, from June 22 to 23, 2015.



General Equilibrium Analysis of Production and Increasing Returns

General Equilibrium Analysis of Production and Increasing Returns Author Takashi Suzuki
ISBN-10 9789812833310
Release 2009
Pages 272
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techniques in this field, such as measure theory, manifold theory and Banach space theory." --Book Jacket.



From Adam Smith to Michael Porter

From Adam Smith to Michael Porter Author Tong-s?ng Cho
ISBN-10 9789814401661
Release 2013
Pages 347
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This book provides a thorough explanation of the evolution of international competitiveness theories and their economic and strategic implications. The theories range from classical theories such as Adam Smith's theory of absolute advantage, to new theories such as Michael Porter's diamond model.



Handbook Of The Fundamentals Of Financial Decision Making In 2 Parts

Handbook Of The Fundamentals Of Financial Decision Making  In 2 Parts Author Maclean Leonard C
ISBN-10 9789814417365
Release 2013-05-10
Pages 940
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This handbook in two parts covers key topics of the theory of financial decision making. Some of the papers discuss real applications or case studies as well. There are a number of new papers that have never been published before especially in Part II.Part I is concerned with Decision Making Under Uncertainty. This includes subsections on Arbitrage, Utility Theory, Risk Aversion and Static Portfolio Theory, and Stochastic Dominance. Part II is concerned with Dynamic Modeling that is the transition for static decision making to multiperiod decision making. The analysis starts with Risk Measures and then discusses Dynamic Portfolio Theory, Tactical Asset Allocation and Asset-Liability Management Using Utility and Goal Based Consumption-Investment Decision Models.A comprehensive set of problems both computational and review and mind expanding with many unsolved problems are in an accompanying problems book. The handbook plus the book of problems form a very strong set of materials for PhD and Masters courses both as the main or as supplementary text in finance theory, financial decision making and portfolio theory. For researchers, it is a valuable resource being an up to date treatment of topics in the classic books on these topics by Johnathan Ingersoll in 1988, and William Ziemba and Raymond Vickson in 1975 (updated 2nd edition published in 2006).



Hedging Derivatives

Hedging Derivatives Author Thorsten Rheinlander
ISBN-10 9789814338806
Release 2011
Pages 244
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Valuation and hedging of financial derivatives are intrinsically linked concepts. Choosing appropriate hedging techniques depends on both the type of derivative and assumptions placed on the underlying stochastic process. This volume provides a systematic treatment of hedging in incomplete markets. Mean-variance hedging under the risk-neutral measure is applied in the framework of exponential L(r)vy processes and for derivatives written on defaultable assets. It is discussed how to complete markets based upon stochastic volatility models via trading in both stocks and vanilla options. Exponential utility indifference pricing is explored via a duality with entropy minimization. Backward stochastic differential equations offer an alternative approach and are moreover applied to study markets with trading constraints including basis risk. A range of optimal martingale measures are discussed including the entropy, Esscher and minimal martingale measures. Quasi-symmetry properties of stochastic processes are deployed in the semi-static hedging of barrier options. This book is directed towards both graduate students and researchers in mathematical finance, and will also provide an orientation to applied mathematicians, financial economists and practitioners wishing to explore recent progress in this field."



Struggling with Success

Struggling with Success Author Anne O. Krueger
ISBN-10 9789814374330
Release 2012
Pages 316
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Globalization, by which is meant the increasing economic interdependence among nations, has been a critical ingredient in enabling enormous improvement in mankind''s condition. While progress has not always been smooth, and has not come without dislocation for some, the economic policy challenge has been, and is, to enable the realization of the large potential benefits of globalization while simultaneously reducing the negative side effects and providing safety nets for those whose lives are disrupted in the process. This volume focuses on the successes of globalization, and some of the main economic policy challenges and solutions that arise to enhance the benefits and lower the costs. It covers different aspects of globalization, sovereign debt restructuring, development of the financial sector and financial crises in Asia, Turkey, Brazil, etc. The final part of the book covers multilateral international organizations, namely the World Trade Organization, the IMF and the World Bank.



Science diplomacy and transboundary water management

Science diplomacy and transboundary water management Author Ballabio, R.
ISBN-10 9789230000172
Release 2015-07-13
Pages 224
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Science diplomacy and transboundary water management has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Science diplomacy and transboundary water management also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Science diplomacy and transboundary water management book for free.



International Economics

International Economics Author Henry Thompson
ISBN-10 9789814663892
Release 2017-03-23
Pages 376
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International Economics: Global Markets and Competition integrates the microeconomics of international trade with open economy macroeconomics and finance. The theory is comprehensive but presented with intuitive diagrams. The book emphasizes the gains from international competition and the limits of trade policy. Economics began during the Industrial Revolution with a debate over import tariffs. To this day, domestic industries lobby for tariff protection against foreign competition, paying lawmakers for tariffs on imports. Only under special conditions do tariffs lead to economic gains. Domestic importers of materials and industrial products favor free trade, as do export industries since tariffs encourage other countries to retaliate with tariffs of their own. Trade theory includes market analysis and general equilibrium models of the economy. This text integrates the full range of trade theory with exchange rates, balance of payments, international finance, and open economy growth and macroeconomics. The presentation focuses on diagrams and avoids equations and algebra. The theory is presented with numerical examples. The text does not assume intermediate economics, instead developing the theory with thorough explanations. Questions in each section build confidence in applying the theory. Boxed examples illustrate the importance of the theory. Students like the concise and straightforward style. Instructors notice the difference on exams.



The Region and Trade

The Region and Trade Author Amitrajeet A Batabyal
ISBN-10 9789814520171
Release 2015-06-11
Pages 396
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Although international trade has been much studied by both economists and regional scientists, the nature, causes, and the consequences of interregional trade, i.e., trade between regions within countries has received far less attention. In addition, given recent advances in new economic geography on the theoretical front and in the development of both input-output and computable general equilibrium models on the empirical front, the important subject of interregional trade is now open to study using these theoretical and empirical methodologies. Given this state of affairs, this book aims to present chapters written by a carefully selected group of experts in the field and thereby shed valuable light on key outstanding questions concerning the region and trade. These questions include, but are not limited to, the role of external economies in shaping the pattern of interregional trade, the role of natural resources versus traditional factors of production such as labor and capital in driving interregional trade, the relationship between transport and interregional trade, “high value” interregional trade in services, and the role of interregional trade estimation in the construction of a multi-regional, input-output system. Contents:Introduction:Introduction to "The Region and Trade: New Analytical Directions" (Amitrajeet A Batabyal and Peter Nijkamp)Theory:Statistical Discrimination, Endogenous Quality, and North–South Trade (Arnab K Basu)Regional Trade in a Three Country Model (Henry Thompson)Voluntary Formation of Free Trade Area in a Third Country Market Model (Ryoichi Nomura, Takao Ohkawa, Makoto Okamura and Makoto Tawada)Empirics:Exploring the Spatial Connectivity of US States, 1993–2007 (Jee-Sun Lee and Geoffrey J D Hewings)Manufacturing Fetishism: The Neo-Mercantilist Preoccupation with Protecting Manufacturing (Alecia Waite Cassidy, Edward Tower and Xiaolu Wang)The Evolution of Freight Movement and Associated Non-Point-Source Emissions in the Midwest–Northeast Transportation Corridor of the United States, 1977–2007 (Benjamin Brown-Steiner, Jialie Chen and Kieran Donaghy)Multipliers in an Island Economy: The Case of the Azores Eduardo Haddad, Vasco Silva, Alexandre Porsse and Tomaz Dentinho)Inter-Regional Trade in Research-Based Knowledge: The Case of the EISCAT Radar System (Folke Snickars and Simon Falck)Theory and Empirics:Trade Openness and City Interaction (Mauricio Ramírez Grajeda and Ian M Sheldon)Infrastructure and the International Export Performance of Turkish Regions (Mehmet Guney Celbis, Peter Nijkamp and Jacques Poot)Trade in Services and Regional Specialization: Evidence and Theory (Hamid Beladi and Saibal Kar) Readership: Graduate and research level individuals interested in regional economics and interregional trade issues. Keywords:Interregional Trade;Input-Output System;Economics;Regional Economics;Region and Trade;Natural Resources;Labor;Capital;Computational MethodsKey Features:Sheds new light on important and hitherto unstudied questions concerning interregional tradeCollects the results of frontier level research regarding many different questions in interregional tradeShows how recent advances in theoretical and empirical modeling can be gainfully utilized to shed new light on research questions in interregional trade



Econometric Models For Industrial Organization

Econometric Models For Industrial Organization Author Shum Matthew
ISBN-10 9789813109674
Release 2016-12-14
Pages 156
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Economic Models for Industrial Organization focuses on the specification and estimation of econometric models for research in industrial organization. In recent decades, empirical work in industrial organization has moved towards dynamic and equilibrium models, involving econometric methods which have features distinct from those used in other areas of applied economics. These lecture notes, aimed for a first or second-year PhD course, motivate and explain these econometric methods, starting from simple models and building to models with the complexity observed in typical research papers. The covered topics include discrete-choice demand analysis, models of dynamic behavior and dynamic games, multiple equilibria in entry games and partial identification, and auction models.



The Role of Central Banks in Financial Stability

The Role of Central Banks in Financial Stability Author Douglas D Evanoff
ISBN-10 9789814449939
Release 2013-10-10
Pages 464
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The two most topical issues in current financial markets deal with the causes of the recent financial crisis and the means to prevent future crises. This book addresses the latter and stresses a major shift in most countries toward a better understanding of financial stability and how it can be achieved. In particular, the papers in this volume examine the recent change in emphasis at central banks with regard to financial stability. For example: What were the cross-country differences in emphasis on financial stability in the past? Did these differences appear to affect the extent of the adverse impact of the financial crisis on individual countries? What are perceived to be the major future threats to financial stability? These and related issues are discussed in the book by well-known experts in the field — some of the best minds in the world pursuing financial stability. Following the global financial crisis, significant reforms have been initiated in many countries to address financial stability more directly, frequently focusing on macroprudential policy frameworks in which central banks play a more active role. Contents:Special Addresses:The (Changing) Role of Central Banks in Financial Stability Policies (Peter Praet)The Role of Central Banks in Financial Stability: How Has It Changed? (Willem H Buiter)Pursuing Financial Stability at the Federal Reserve (Janet L Yellen)The Role of Central Banks in Financial Stability: Historical Review and Critique:Financial Stability: Lessons Learned from the Recent Crisis and Implications for the Federal Reserve (Nellie Liang)Role of Central Banks in Financial Stability: Lessons from the Experience of the Bank of Japan (Takeo Hoshi)Overcoming the Fear of Free Falling: Monetary Policy Graduation in Emerging Markets (Carlos A Vegh and Guillermo Vuletin)Can We Identify the Financial Cycle? (Mathias Drehmann, Claudio Borio and Kostas Tsatsaronis)Central Banks and Asset Price Bubbles:Low Interest Rates and Housing Bubbles: Still No Smoking Gun (Kenneth N Kuttner)Classic FIT and Lean FIT: Is Inflation-Targeting Guilty of Causing the Financial Instability of 2007–2009? (Takatoshi Ito)Current, Past, and Potential Future Threats to Financial Stability:Bank Capital Regulations: Learning the Right Lessons from the Crisis (Asli Demirgüç-Kunt)International Monetary Reform: Exchange Rates or Interest Rates? (Ronald McKinnon)Threats to Financial Stability in Emerging Markets: The New and Very Active Role of Central Banks (Liliana Rojas-Suarez)The Social Productivity of the Financial Sector:In Defense of Wall Street: The Social Productivity of the Financial System (Ross Levine)Output Growth Variability: The Role of Financial Markets (Alexander Popov)Occupying the Wrong Street? The Social Productivity of the Financial Sector: Some Comments (Gerard Caprio, Jr.)Open Issues in the Regulatory Debate: Failure Resolutions, Bailouts, Moral Hazard, and Market Discipline:Bankers and Brokers First: Loose Ends in the Theory of Central Bank Policymaking (Edward J Kane)The Elusive Scale Economies of the Largest Banks and Their Implications for Global Competitiveness (Joseph P Hughes)The Ex Ante versus Ex Post Effect of Public Guarantees (Evren Damar, Reint Gropp and Adi Mordel)Real and Imaginary Resolution Options for Large Financial Institutions (David A Skeel, Jr.)Policy Panel: Where to from Here?:Is Our Economy's Financial Sector Worth What It Costs Us? (Benjamin M Friedman)The Eurozone Crisis: Causes, Remedy, and Misperceptions (Richard C Koo)Macroprudential and Monetary Policies (Frederic S Mishkin)The Eurozone Crisis (Richard Portes)The Way Forward — Central Banks with Financial Stability Mandates: The Case of the Eurosystem (Anne Sibert) Readership: Undergraduate/graduate students, researchers, and academics in international finance and banking; financial regulators, financiers, and bankers. Keywords:Financial Stability;Financial Regulation;Macroprudential Regulation;Systemic Risk;Dodd-Frank;Financial CrisisKey Features:Examines the changing role of central banks with regard to financial stability. This includes regulatory reform across a number of countriesContributors include representatives of central banks, regulatory and supervisory agencies, financial institutions, trade associations, and academic institutions from around the globe



International Water Treaties

International Water Treaties Author Shlomi Dinar
ISBN-10 9781135981914
Release 2007-12-13
Pages 368
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As demand for fresh water rises, together with population, water scarcity already features on the national security agenda of many countries. In this book, Dinardevelops a theory to explain solutions to property rights conflicts over shared rivers. Through systematic analysis of available treaty texts, corresponding side-payment and cost-sharing patterns are gleaned. Geographic and economic variables are used to explain recurring property rights outcomes. Rather than focusing on a specific river or particular geographic region, the book analyzes numerous rivers, dictated by the large number of treaty observations, and is able to test several hypotheses, devising general conclusions about the manner in which states resolve their water disputes. Policy implications are thereby also gained. While the book simultaneously considers conflict and cooperation along international rivers, it is the focus on negotiated agreements, and their embodied side-payment and cost-sharing regimes, that justifies the use of particular independent variables.



Water Quality Assessments

Water Quality Assessments Author Deborah V Chapman
ISBN-10 9780419215905
Release 1996-08-22
Pages 648
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This guidebook, now thoroughly updated and revised in its second edition, gives comprehensive advice on the designing and setting up of monitoring programmes for the purpose of providing valid data for water quality assessments in all types of freshwater bodies. It is clearly and concisely written in order to provide the essential information for all agencies and individuals responsible for the water quality.



Globalizing Information

Globalizing Information Author Keith E. Maskus
ISBN-10 9814401757
Release 2014
Pages 495
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This volume presents important analyses of international trade, technology transfer and the global economics of intellectual property rights through selected and key works of Keith E Maskus, spanning his long career. The book includes 17 chapters, ranging from theoretical modeling to empirical and statistical analysis, and policy contributions. Readers will find significant questions addressed in the determinants of trade, foreign direct investment, patents and trade, licensing, parallel imports, innovation, and climate change. These chapters span the scope of economic analysis of the globalization of intellectual property and technology transfer, a field in which the author has been a pre-eminent presence.