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British Scientists of the Twentieth Century

British Scientists of the Twentieth Century Author J G Crowther
ISBN-10 9781135028787
Release 2013-10-28
Pages 332
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Following on from British Scientists of the Nineteenth Century, this volume covers six eminent British scientists whose work and personality have not receded into the same depth of perspective as their predecessors of the Nineteenth Century, but the tremendous changes following the two world wars have already cut them off sharply from this generation.



Science for All

Science for All Author Peter J. Bowler
ISBN-10 9780226068664
Release 2009-10-15
Pages 352
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Recent scholarship has revealed that pioneering Victorian scientists endeavored through voluminous writing to raise public interest in science and its implications. But it has generally been assumed that once science became a profession around the turn of the century, this new generation of scientists turned its collective back on public outreach. Science for All debunks this apocryphal notion. Peter J. Bowler surveys the books, serial works, magazines, and newspapers published between 1900 and the outbreak of World War II to show that practicing scientists were very active in writing about their work for a general readership. Science for All argues that the social environment of early twentieth-century Britain created a substantial market for science books and magazines aimed at those who had benefited from better secondary education but could not access higher learning. Scientists found it easy and profitable to write for this audience, Bowler reveals, and because their work was seen as educational, they faced no hostility from their peers. But when admission to colleges and universities became more accessible in the 1960s, this market diminished and professional scientists began to lose interest in writing at the nonspecialist level. Eagerly anticipated by scholars of scientific engagement throughout the ages, Science for All sheds light on our own era and the continuing tension between science and public understanding.



Nutrition in Britain

Nutrition in Britain Author David Smith
ISBN-10 9781136156823
Release 2013-06-17
Pages 288
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This volume brings together for the first time a collection of essays, based on original research, which focus on the history of nutrition science in Britain. Each chapter considers a different episode in the development and application of nutritional knowledge during the twentieth century. The topics covered include: the chewing cult of Horace Fletcher, dietetic education, the popularization of milk, the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory, and wartime involvement in policy making. The selection of essays in Nutrition in Britain provide valuable new insights into the social processes involved in the production and application of scientific knowledge of nutrition. This book will be fascinating reading to historians of science or medicine, as well as to medical sociologists, nutritionists, home economists, health educators, food activists and anyone with a professional or general interest in food and nutrition.



Reconciling Science and Religion

Reconciling Science and Religion Author Peter J. Bowler
ISBN-10 9780226068596
Release 2014-04
Pages 487
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Although much has been written about the vigorous debates over science and religion in the Victorian era, little attention has been paid to their continuing importance in early twentieth-century Britain. Reconciling Science and Religion provides a comprehensive survey of the interplay between British science and religion from the late nineteenth century to World War II. Peter J. Bowler argues that unlike the United States, where a strong fundamentalist opposition to evolutionism developed in the 1920s (most famously expressed in the Scopes "monkey trial" of 1925), in Britain there was a concerted effort to reconcile science and religion. Intellectually conservative scientists championed the reconciliation and were supported by liberal theologians in the Free Churches and the Church of England, especially the Anglican "Modernists." Popular writers such as Julian Huxley and George Bernard Shaw sought to create a non-Christian religion similar in some respects to the Modernist position. Younger scientists and secularists—including Rationalists such as H. G. Wells and the Marxists—tended to oppose these efforts, as did conservative Christians, who saw the liberal position as a betrayal of the true spirit of their religion. With the increased social tensions of the 1930s, as the churches moved toward a neo-orthodoxy unfriendly to natural theology and biologists adopted the "Modern Synthesis" of genetics and evolutionary theory, the proposed reconciliation fell apart. Because the tensions between science and religion—and efforts at reconciling the two—are still very much with us today, Bowler's book will be important for everyone interested in these issues.



Science in the Twentieth Century

Science in the Twentieth Century Author John Krige
ISBN-10 9781134406869
Release 2013-11-19
Pages 978
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With over forty chapters, written by leading scholars, this comprehensive volume represents the best work in America, Europe, and Asia. Geographical diversity of the authors is reflected in the different perspectives devoted to the subject, and all major disciplinary developments are covered. There are also sections concerning the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry, the importance of instrumentation, and the cultural influence of scientific modes of thought. Students and professionals will come to appreciate how, and why, science has developed - as with any other human activity, it is subject to the dynamics of society and politics.



A History of Forensic Science

A History of Forensic Science Author Alison Adam
ISBN-10 9781135005597
Release 2015-11-19
Pages 236
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How and when did forensic science originate in the UK? This question demands our attention because our understanding of present-day forensic science is vastly enriched through gaining an appreciation of what went before. A History of Forensic Science is the first book to consider the wide spectrum of influences which went into creating the discipline in Britain in the first part of the twentieth century. This book offers a history of the development of forensic sciences, centred on the UK, but with consideration of continental and colonial influences, from around 1880 to approximately 1940. This period was central to the formation of a separate discipline of forensic science with a distinct professional identity and this book charts the strategies of the new forensic scientists to gain an authoritative voice in the courtroom and to forge a professional identity in the space between forensic medicine, scientific policing, and independent expert witnessing. In so doing, it improves our understanding of how forensic science developed as it did. This book is essential reading for academics and students engaged in the study of criminology, the history of forensic science, science and technology studies and the history of policing.



Science in the 20th Century and Beyond

Science in the 20th Century and Beyond Author Jon Agar
ISBN-10 9780745634692
Release 2012-04-09
Pages 614
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Surveying modern developments in science from 1900 to the present day, this fascinating volume explores Einstein's new physics, the Manhattan Project, eugenics, biotechnology, the Human Genome Project and much more.



British Scientists of the Twentieth Century

British Scientists of the Twentieth Century Author Geoffrey Crowther
ISBN-10 OCLC:912016752
Release 1952
Pages 320
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British Scientists of the Twentieth Century has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from British Scientists of the Twentieth Century also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full British Scientists of the Twentieth Century book for free.



Masculinity and Science in Britain 1831 1918

Masculinity and Science in Britain  1831   1918 Author Heather Ellis
ISBN-10 9781137311740
Release 2017-01-20
Pages 240
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This book offers the first in-depth study of the masculine self-fashioning of scientific practitioners in nineteenth and early twentieth-century Britain. Focusing on the British Association for the Advancement of Science, founded in 1831, it explores the complex and dynamic shifts in the public image of the British ‘man of science’ and questions the status of the natural scientist as a modern masculine hero. Until now, science has been examined by cultural historians primarily for evidence about the ways in which scientific discourses have shaped prevailing notions about women and supported the growth of oppressive patriarchal structures. This volume, by contrast, offers the first in-depth study of the importance of ideals of masculinity in the construction of the male scientist and British scientific culture in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. From the eighteenth-century identification of the natural philosopher with the reclusive scholar, to early nineteenth-century attempts to reinvent the scientist as a fashionable gentleman, to his subsequent reimagining as the epitome of Victorian moral earnestness and meritocracy, Heather Ellis analyzes the complex and changing public image of the British ‘man of science’.



Companion Encyclopedia of Science in the Twentieth Century

Companion Encyclopedia of Science in the Twentieth Century Author John Krige
ISBN-10 9781136483325
Release 2013-11-05
Pages 978
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With over forty chapters, written by leading scholars, this comprehensive volume represents the best work in America, Europe and Asia. Geographical diversity of the authors is reflected in the different perspectives devoted to the subject, and all major disciplinary developments are covered. There are also sections concerning the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry, the importance of instrumentation, and the cultural influence of scientific modes of thought. Students and professionals will come to appreciate how, and why, science has developed - as with any other human activity, it is subject to the dynamics of society and politics.



Basic and Applied Research

Basic and Applied Research Author David Kaldewey
ISBN-10 9781785338106
Release 2018-04
Pages 312
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Scientific research in different nations, particularly after World War II.



The British Study of Politics in the Twentieth Century

The British Study of Politics in the Twentieth Century Author Jack Hayward
ISBN-10 0197262945
Release 2003-05-01
Pages 528
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A collection of articles about British studies relating to various political issues including: totalitarianism, individualism, pluralism, political parties, elections, political institutions, public administration, nationalism, authoritarianism, and international relations.



Scientific Governance in Britain 1914 79

Scientific Governance in Britain  1914 79 Author Charlotte Sleigh
ISBN-10 9780719090981
Release 2016-08-01
Pages 344
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Scientific governance in Britain, 1914-79 examines the connected histories of how science was governed, and used in governance, in twentieth-century Britain. During the middle portion of that century, British science grew dramatically in scale, reach and value. These changes were due in no small part to the two world wars and their associated effects, notably post-war reconstruction and the on-going Cold War. As the century went on, there were more scientists - requiring more money to fund their research - occupying ever more niches in industry, academia, military and civil institutions. Combining the latest research on twentieth-century British science with insightful discussion of what it meant to govern - and govern with - science, this volume provides both an invaluable introduction to science in twentieth-century Britain for students and a fresh thematic focus on science and government for researchers interested in the histories of science and governance. This volume features a foreword from Sir John Beddington, UK Government Chief Scientific Adviser 2008-13.



Science Policies and Twentieth Century Dictatorships

Science Policies and Twentieth Century Dictatorships Author Professor Brian Balmer
ISBN-10 9781472422323
Release 2015-09-28
Pages 216
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Making a fresh contribution to the political history of science, this book explores the connections between the science policies of three countries that each experienced considerable political upheaval in the twentieth century: Spain, Italy and Argentina. By focussing on these three countries, the contributors are able to present case studies that highlight the characteristics and specificities of the democratic and dictatorial political processes involved in the production of science and technology.



Scientists Greater Than Einstein

Scientists Greater Than Einstein Author Billy Woodward
ISBN-10 1884956874
Release 2009
Pages 368
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"Scientists Greater than Einstein" tells the stories of ten scientists whose discoveries have had an amazing impact on humanity. Combined, these ten scientists have saved more than 1.6 billion lives--and yet, most remain unknown and unheralded. For instance: Do you know about the eye doctor who in the 1970s figured out how to save millions of children with a nickel's worth of medicine? How about the man from the dusty fields of Mexico who has saved hundreds of millions of people from dying of starvation and malnutrition? Everyone knows about Jonas Salk and his polio vaccine. Do you know whose discovery made Salk's vaccine possible and who created the measles vaccine that has saved many more lives than the polio vaccine? Much of the world's population is alive today due to these ten scientists and no one knows their names. Scientists Greater than Einstein will correct this oversight.



Science in the Early Twentieth Century

Science in the Early Twentieth Century Author Jacob Darwin Hamblin
ISBN-10 9781851096657
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 399
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The first A–Z resource on the history of science from 1900 to 1950 examining the dynamic between science and the social, political, and cultural forces of the era.



Tissue Culture in Science and Society

Tissue Culture in Science and Society Author D. Wilson
ISBN-10 9780230307513
Release 2011-07-28
Pages 183
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This book charts the social and cultural history of the scientific technique known as 'tissue culture'. It shows how tissue culture was a regular public presence in twentieth-century Britain, and argues that history can contribute to current debates surrounding research on human and animal tissue.