Download or read online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment Author Lill Scherdin
ISBN-10 9781317169925
Release 2016-04-08
Pages 344
Download Link Click Here

As most jurisdictions move away from the death penalty, some remain strongly committed to it, while others hold on to it but use it sparingly. This volume seeks to understand why, by examining the death penalty’s relationship to state governance in the past and present. It also examines how international, transnational and national forces intersect in order to understand the possibilities of future death penalty abolition. The chapters cover the USA - the only western democracy that still uses the death penalty - and Asia - the site of some 90 per cent of all executions. Also included are discussions of the death penalty in Islam and its practice in selected Muslim majority countries. There is also a comparative chapter departing from the response to the mass killings in Norway in 2011. Leading experts in law, criminology and human rights combine theory and empirical research to further our understanding of the relationships between ways of governance, the role of leadership and the death penalty practices. This book questions whether the death penalty in and of itself is a hazard to a sustainable development of criminal justice. It is an invaluable resource for all those researching and campaigning for the global abolition of capital punishment.



The Changing Contours of Criminal Justice

The Changing Contours of Criminal Justice Author Mary Bosworth
ISBN-10 9780198783237
Release 2016-11-24
Pages 384
Download Link Click Here

Celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the Oxford Centre for Criminology, this edited collection of essays seeks to explore the changing contours of criminal justice over the past half century and to consider possible shifts over the next few decades.The question of how social science disciplines develop and change does not invite any easy answer, with the task made all the more difficult given the highly politicised nature of some subjects and the volatile, evolving status of its institutions and practices. A case in point is criminal justice:at once fairly parochial, much criminal justice scholarship is now global in its reach and subject areas that are now accepted as central to its study - victims, restorative justice, security, privatization, terrorism, citizenship and migration (to name just a few) - were topics unknown to thediscipline half a century ago. Indeed, most criminologists would have once stoutly denied that they had anything to do with it. Likewise, some central topics of past criminological attention, like probation, have largely receded from academic attention and some central criminal justice institutions,like Borstal and corporal punishment, have, at least in Europe, been abolished. Although the rapidity and radical nature of this change make it quite impossible to predict what criminal justice will look like in fifty years' time, reflection on such developments may assist in understanding how itarrived at its current form and hint at what the future holds.The contributors to this volume have been invited to reflect on the impact Oxford criminology has had on the discipline, providing a unique and critical discussion about the current state of criminal justice around the world and the origins and future implications of contemporary practice. All areleading internationally-renowned criminologists whose work has defined and often re-defined our understanding of criminal justice policy and literature.



The Death Penalty

The Death Penalty Author Roger Hood
ISBN-10 9780191005312
Release 2015-01-08
Pages 480
Download Link Click Here

The fifth edition of this highly praised study charts and explains the progress that continues to be made towards the goal of worldwide abolition of the death penalty. The majority of nations have now abolished the death penalty and the number of executions has dropped in almost all countries where abolition has not yet taken place. Emphasising the impact of international human rights principles and evidence of abuse, the authors examine how this has fuelled challenges to the death penalty and they analyse and appraise the likely obstacles, political and cultural, to further abolition. They discuss the cruel realities of the death penalty and the failure of international standards always to ensure fair trials and to avoid arbitrariness, discrimination and conviction of the innocent: all violations of the right to life. They provide further evidence of the lack of a general deterrent effect; shed new light on the influence and limits of public opinion; and argue that substituting for the death penalty life imprisonment without parole raises many similar human rights concerns. This edition provides a strong intellectual and evidential basis for regarding capital punishment as undeniably cruel, inhuman and degrading. Widely relied upon and fully updated to reflect the current state of affairs worldwide, this is an invaluable resource for all those who study the death penalty and work towards its removal as an international goal.



Violence in Colombia

Violence in Colombia Author
ISBN-10 0821343831
Release 2000-01
Pages 44
Download Link Click Here

Colombia, one of South Americas oldest, middle-income democracies, has developed rapidly despite a fifty year "simmering" civil war and increasing levels of urban and rural crime and violence. In the past decade, however, the scale and intensity of violence has changed from a marginal conflict to generalized violence that now dominates the daily lives of most citizens. As remote guerilla activity has turned into country-wide "war," bringing in paramilitary groups, drug cartels, and other social actors, so too the causes of violence have changed. These have included both external events such as the collapse of the Cold War, as well as internal changes relating to economic liberalization, coal and oil developments and the impact of the global trade in illicit narcotics. Violence in Colombia is highly complex not only because of the different categories, but also due to its multiple causes. This paper combines disparate existing theories to develop an integrated framework that identifies four different levels of causality: structural, institutional, interpersonal, and individual. It recognizes the mutually reinforcing role played by factors at different levels of causality. Underlying the causes of violence in Colombia is minimal state presence in many parts of the country, widespread corruption and impunity, high levels of societal acceptance of violence, and a regionally fragmented country.



Deference in International Courts and Tribunals

Deference in International Courts and Tribunals Author Lukasz Gruszczynski
ISBN-10 9780191026508
Release 2014-10-09
Pages 400
Download Link Click Here

International courts and tribunals are often asked to review decisions originally made by domestic decision-makers. This can often be a source of tension, as the international courts and tribunals need to judge how far to defer to the original decisions of the national bodies. As international courts and tribunals have proliferated, different courts have applied differing levels of deference to those originial decisions, which can lead to a fragmentation in international law. International courts in such positions rely on two key doctrines: the standard of review and the margin of appreciation. The standard of review establishes the extent to which national decisions relating to factual, legal, or political issues arising in the case are re-examined in the international court. The margin of appreciation is the extent to which national legislative, executive, and judicial decision-makers are allowed to reflect diversity in their interpretation of human rights obligations. The book begins by providing an overview of the margin of appreciation and standard of review, recognising that while the margin of appreciation explicitly acknowledges the existence of such deference, the standard of review does not: it is rather a procedural mechanism. It looks in-depth at how the public policy exception has been assessed by the European Court of Justice and the WTO dispute settlement bodies. It examines how the European Court of Human Rights has taken an evidence-based approach towards the margin of appreciation, as well as how it has addressed issues of hate speech. The Inter-American system is also investigated, and it is established how far deference is possible within that legal organisation. Finally, the book studies how a range of other international courts, such as the International Criminal Court, and the Law of the Sea Tribunal, have approached these two core doctrines.



A Digest of the Reports of the United States Courts and of the Acts of Congress

A Digest of the Reports of the United States Courts  and of the Acts of Congress Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951D031998764
Release 1869
Pages
Download Link Click Here

A Digest of the Reports of the United States Courts and of the Acts of Congress has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A Digest of the Reports of the United States Courts and of the Acts of Congress also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A Digest of the Reports of the United States Courts and of the Acts of Congress book for free.



The Annalist

The Annalist Author
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924071552636
Release 1913
Pages
Download Link Click Here

The Annalist has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Annalist also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Annalist book for free.



The National Corporation Reporter

The National Corporation Reporter Author
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924087643460
Release 1920
Pages
Download Link Click Here

The National Corporation Reporter has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The National Corporation Reporter also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The National Corporation Reporter book for free.



Author
ISBN-10
Release
Pages
Download Link Click Here

has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full book for free.