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Carbon 13 NMR Spectroscopy of Biological Systems

Carbon 13 NMR Spectroscopy of Biological Systems Author Nicolau Beckmann
ISBN-10 9780080528557
Release 1995-04-06
Pages 334
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This book is intended to provide an in-depth understanding of 13C NMR as a tool in biological research. 13C NMR has provided unique information concerning complex biological systems, from proteins and nucleic acids to animals and humans. The subjects addressed include multidimensional heteronuclear techniques for structural studies of molecules in the liquid and solid states, the investigation of interactions in model membranes, the elucidation of metabolic pathwaysin vitro and in vivo on animals, and noninvasive metabolic studies performed on humans. The book is a unique mix of NMR methods and biological applications which makes it a convenient reference for those interested in research in this interdisciplinary area of physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine. An interdisciplinary text with emphasis on both 13C NMR methodology and the relevant biological and biomedical issues State-of-the-art 13C NMR techniques are described; Whenever possible, their advantages over other approaches are emphasized The chapters constitute comprehensive reviews and are written by acknowledged experts in their fields Chapters are written in a clear style, and include a large number of illustrations and comprehensive references



Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry Author
ISBN-10 9780128032251
Release 2016-09-22
Pages 3584
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This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas



Principles of Instrumental Analysis

Principles of Instrumental Analysis Author Douglas A. Skoog
ISBN-10 9781337468039
Release 2017-01-27
Pages 992
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PRINCIPLES OF INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS is the standard for courses on the principles and applications of modern analytical instruments. In the 7th edition, authors Skoog, Holler, and Crouch infuse their popular text with updated techniques and several new Instrumental Analysis in Action case studies. Updated material enhances the book's proven approach, which places an emphasis on the fundamental principles of operation for each type of instrument, its optimal area of application, its sensitivity, its precision, and its limitations. The text also introduces students to elementary analog and digital electronics, computers, and the treatment of analytical data. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.



NMR in Biological Systems

NMR in Biological Systems Author K.V.R. Chary
ISBN-10 9781402066795
Release 2008-04-08
Pages 524
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During teaching NMR to students and researchers, we felt the need for a text-book which can cover modern trends in the application of NMR to biological systems. This book covers the entire area of NMR in Biological Sciences (Biomolecules, cells and tissues, animals, plants and drug design). As well as being useful to researchers, this is an excellent book for teaching a course on NMR in Biological Systems.



NMR Spectroscopy of Biological Solids

NMR Spectroscopy of Biological Solids Author A. Ramamoorthy
ISBN-10 9781420027617
Release 2005-09-22
Pages 368
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Over the past decade, a myriad of techniques have shown that solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) can be used in a broad spectrum of applications with exceptionally impressive results. Solid-state NMR results can yield high-resolution details on the structure and function of many important biological solids, including viruses, fibril-forming molecules, and molecules embedded in the cell membrane. Filling a void in the current literature, NMR Spectroscopy of Biological Solids examines all the recent developments, implementation, and interpretation of solid-state NMR experiments and the advantages of applying them to biological systems. The book emphasizes how these techniques can be used to realize the structure of non-crystalline systems of any size. It explains how these isotropic and anisotropic couplings interactions are used to determine atomic-level structures of biological molecules in a non-soluble state and extrapolate the three-dimensional structure of membrane proteins using magic-angle spinning (MAS). The book also focuses on the use of multidimensional solid-state NMR methods in the study of aligned systems to provide basic information about the mechanisms of action of a variety of biologically active molecules. Addressing principles, methods, and applications, this book provides a critical selection of solid-state NMR methods for solving a wide range of practical problems that arise in both academic and industrial research of biomolecules in the solid state. NMR Spectroscopy of Biological Solids is a forward-thinking resource for students and researchers in analytical chemistry, bioengineering, material sciences, and structural genomics.



NMR of Biomolecules

NMR of Biomolecules Author Ivano Bertini
ISBN-10 9783527328505
Release 2012-04-16
Pages 612
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NMR is one of the most powerful methods for imaging of biomolecules. This book is the ultimate NMR guide for researchers in the biomedical community and gives not only background and practical tips but also a forward looking view on the future of NMR in systems biology.



Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy

Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy Author
ISBN-10 0080583954
Release 1982-09-29
Pages 302
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Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy



Advances in Biological Solid State NMR

Advances in Biological Solid State NMR Author Frances Separovic
ISBN-10 9781849739108
Release 2014
Pages 608
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Advances in Biological NMR brings the reader up to date with chapters from international leaders of this growing field, covering the most recent developments in the methodology and applications of solid state NMR to studies of membrane interactions and molecular motions.



Flux Control in Biological Systems

Flux Control in Biological Systems Author Ernst-Detlef Schulze
ISBN-10 9780323139427
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 494
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Comprehending and modelling biomass production, nutrient, and water fluxes in biological systems requires understanding control mechanisms at various levels of organiztion. This new book, with 16 pages of four-colorplates, compares patterns and mechanisms of regulation-starting from enzyme reactions and ending at the population and ecosystem level. By doing so, the book investigates the general principles of how fluxes are adjusted and regulated. Such principles areessential for preparing effective models and for predicting human impacts on ecosystems. Flux Control in Biological Systems: From Enzymes to Populations and Ecosystems will be an essential personal library addition for student and professional environmental biologists, ecologists, physiologists, biochemists, botanists, microbiologists, soil scientists, and zoologists; as well as anyone who investigate patterns of matter and energy transfer in biological systems of different levels of complexity. * Presents the mechanisms of flux control * Explains the similarities of flux control at various levels of complexity and organization * Demonstrates how fluxes are adjusted in complex systems of interacting groups of organisms



Biological Magnetic Resonance

Biological Magnetic Resonance Author Lawrence J. Berliner
ISBN-10 9780306470783
Release 2006-04-11
Pages 255
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This volume constitutes a compilation of the latest experiments and theories on a rapidly evolving and maturing field in MRI/MRS, which is the use of the stable isotope 13-C. The 13-C is used to probe the chemistry, mechanism, and function in living systems. All the chapters are written by experts in the field who discuss topics such as `Tracer Theory and the Suitability of 13-C NMR', `Applications of 13-C to Studies of Human Brain Metabolism', etc.



NMR in Living Systems

NMR in Living Systems Author T. Axenrod
ISBN-10 9789400945807
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 418
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In the four decades since its discovery nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has become an indispensable tool for obtaining chemical information often. inaccessible by other methods. With the development of instruments of increasingly higher magnetic field strengths, the integration of powerful computers and the availability of an expanding array of flexible software new applications and developments have proliferated rapidly. Among the more exciting new advances is the use of NMR spectroscopy to probe biological systems. The last ten years have witnessed tremendous progress in the development of new NMR imaging and spectroscopic techniques for research and diagnostic applications. The ability to investigate metabolic processes and anatomical structure of intact biological systems under conditions that are totally non-destructive and non-invasive clearly provides much of the impetus for the intense activity that has been generated in the fields of medicine, radiology and the allied basic sciences. Significant advances have been made in this brief period: Whole-body proton NMR imaging today provides anatomical definition of normal and abnormal tissue with a contrast and detection sensitivity often superior to those of X-ray computed tomography and other competing imaging methods. Biochemical pathways, using NMR spectroscopy of protons, carbon-13 and phosphorus-31 nuclei in live animals and man can readily be followed by surface-coil methods to detect metabolites in localized regions. Indicative of the importance and widespread acceptance of these techniques is the explosive growth that the NMR literature is experiencing. This augers well for the future.



Systems Biology of Microbial Infection

Systems Biology of Microbial Infection Author Reinhard Guthke
ISBN-10 9782889190607
Release
Pages
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The systems biology of microbial infections aims at describing and analysing the confrontation of the host with bacterial and fungal pathogens. It intends to understand and to model the interaction of the host, in particular the immune system of humans or animals, with components of pathogens. This comprises experimental studies that provide spatio-temporal data from monitoring the response of host and pathogenic cells to perturbations or when interacting with each other, as well as the integrative analysis of genome-wide data from both the host and the pathogen. In perspective, the host-pathogen interaction should be described by a combination of spatio-temporal models with interacting molecular networks of the host and the pathogen. The aim is to unravel the main mechanisms of pathogenicity, to identify diagnostic biomarkers and potential drug targets, and to explore novel strategies for personalized therapy by computer simulations. Some microorganisms are part of the normal microbial flora, existing either in a mutualistic or commensal relationship with the host. Microorganisms become pathogenic if they posses certain physiological characteristics and virulence determinants as well as capabilities for immune evasion. Despite the different pathogenesis of infections, there are several common traits: (1) Before infection, pathogens must be able to overcome (epithelial) barriers. The infection starts by adhesion and colonization and is followed by entering of the pathogen into the host through the mucosa or (injured) skin. (2) Next, infection arises if the pathogen multiplies and overgrows the normal microbial flora, either at the place of entrance or in deeper tissue layers or organs. (3) After the growth phase, the pathogen damages the host’s cells, tissues and organs by producing toxins or destructive enzymes. Thus, systems biology of microbial infection comprises all levels of the pathogen and the host’s immune system. The investigation may start with the pathogen, its adhesion and colonization at the host, its interaction with host cell types e.g. epithelia cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, neutrophils, natural killer cells, etc. Because infection diseases are mainly found in patients with a weakened immune system, e.g. reduced activities of immune effector cells or defects in the epithelial barriers, systems biology of infection can also start with modelling of the immune defence including innate and adaptive immunity. Systems biological studies comprise both experimental and theoretical approaches. The experimental studies may be dedicated to reveal the relevance of certain genes or proteins in the above mentioned processes on the side of the pathogen and/or the host by applying functional and biochemical analyses based on knock-out mutants and knock- down experiments. At the theoretical, i.e. mathematical and computational, side systems biology of microbial infection comprises: (1) modelling of molecular mechanisms of bacterial or fungal infections, (2) modelling of non-protective and protective immune defences against microbial pathogens to generate information for possible immune therapy approaches, (3) modelling of infection dynamics and identification of biomarkers for diagnosis and for individualized therapy, (4) identifying essential virulence determinants and thereby predicting potential drug targets.



Topics in Carbon 13 NMR Spectroscopy

Topics in Carbon 13 NMR Spectroscopy Author George C. Levy
ISBN-10 0471028738
Release 1979-04-01
Pages 397
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Topics in Carbon 13 NMR Spectroscopy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Topics in Carbon 13 NMR Spectroscopy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Topics in Carbon 13 NMR Spectroscopy book for free.



Stereodynamics of Molecular Systems

Stereodynamics of Molecular Systems Author Ramaswamy H. Sarma
ISBN-10 9781483159188
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 472
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Stereodynamics of Molecular Systems covers the proceedings of a symposium held at the State University of New York at Albany, on 23-24 April 1979. The book focuses on the stereodynamics of molecules and ions and nucleic acid structure. The contributions tackle spectroscopy, crystallography, perturbations, and electron-transfer reactions. The selection first offers information on nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy chemical shifts, coupling constants, and molecular geometry, including chemical shifts, bond coupling constants, and constitutional features of nucleic acids. The book then takes a look at nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy stereodynamics of small molecules; nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy solution dynamics of polymer chains; and single crystal crystallography. The publication evaluates the steric effects on electron-transfer reactions of sulfonamides; effects of isotopic perturbation on NMR spectra; and conformational mobility of the backbone of cyclic tripeptides. The book also discusses accessible surface areas of nucleic acids and their relation to folding, conformational transition, and protein recognition. Topics include polarity of exposed atoms, surface of DNA double helices, transfer RNA, and calculation of “static“ accessible surface area. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the stereodynamics of molecules and ions and nucleic acid structure.



Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry

Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry Author
ISBN-10 0080583644
Release 1985-09-11
Pages 351
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Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry



High Resolution NMR Spectroscopy Understanding Molecules and their Electronic Structures

High Resolution NMR Spectroscopy  Understanding Molecules and their Electronic Structures Author
ISBN-10 9780444594143
Release 2013-06-08
Pages 456
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The progress in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy that took place during the last several decades is observed in both experimental capabilities and theoretical approaches to study the spectral parameters. The scope of NMR spectroscopy for studying a large series of molecular problems has notably broadened. However, at the same time, it requires specialists to fully use its potentialities. This is a notorious problem and it is reflected in the current literature where this spectroscopy is typically only used in a routine way. Also, it is seldom used in several disciplines in which it could be a powerful tool to study many problems. The main aim of this book is to try to help reverse these trends. This book is divided in three parts dealing with 1) high-resolution NMR parameters; 2) methods for understanding high-resolution NMR parameters; and 3) some experimental aspects of high-resolution NMR parameters for studying molecular structures. Each part is divided into chapters written by different specialists who use different methodologies in their work. In turn, each chapter is divided into sections. Some features of the different sections are highlighted: it is expected that part of the readership will be interested only in the basic aspects of some chapters, while other readers will be interested in deepening their understanding of the subject dealt with in them. Shows how NMR parameters are useful for structure assignment as well as to obtain insight on electronic structures Emphasis on conceptual aspects Contributions by specialists who use the discussed methodologies in their everyday work



Fundamentals of Protein NMR Spectroscopy

Fundamentals of Protein NMR Spectroscopy Author Gordon S. Rule
ISBN-10 9781402035005
Release 2006-02-16
Pages 532
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NMR spectroscopy has proven to be a powerful technique to study the structure and dynamics of biological macromolecules. Fundamentals of Protein NMR Spectroscopy is a comprehensive textbook that guides the reader from a basic understanding of the phenomenological properties of magnetic resonance to the application and interpretation of modern multi-dimensional NMR experiments on 15N/13C-labeled proteins. Beginning with elementary quantum mechanics, a set of practical rules is presented and used to describe many commonly employed multi-dimensional, multi-nuclear NMR pulse sequences. A modular analysis of NMR pulse sequence building blocks also provides a basis for understanding and developing novel pulse programs. This text not only covers topics from chemical shift assignment to protein structure refinement, as well as the analysis of protein dynamics and chemical kinetics, but also provides a practical guide to many aspects of modern spectrometer hardware, sample preparation, experimental set-up, and data processing. End of chapter exercises are included to emphasize important concepts. Fundamentals of Protein NMR Spectroscopy not only offer students a systematic, in-depth, understanding of modern NMR spectroscopy and its application to biomolecular systems, but will also be a useful reference for the experienced investigator.