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Carbonated Hydroxyapatite

Carbonated Hydroxyapatite Author Michael E. Fleet
ISBN-10 9789814463683
Release 2014-12-22
Pages 278
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This book introduces recent advances in understanding the crystal structure of carbonate hydroxylapatite (also known as bone mineral), which forms the hard tissue of bones and teeth. Bone mineral is the reservoir for carbon dioxide in the body and maintains the concentration of mineral ions in body fluids at homeostasis. The detailed structure of bone mineral has remained obscure more than 80 years after publication of the basic apatite structure, because of the nanoscale size and poor quality of bone mineral crystals. An entirely new approach to the determination of carbonate apatite structures has resulted in a greatly expanded role for the c-axis channel of bone mineral crystals in the control of metabolic acidosis and blood pH. The book includes chapters on apatite mineralogy and geochemistry, synthesis methods, x-ray structure, infrared spectroscopy, crystal chemistry of carbonate hydroxylapatite, and biological apatites. There are 74 illustrations, 25 tables of data, and 3 appendixes. Discussion of the new research is supported by an outline of the theory behind the methods of investigation and reviews of previous research on hydroxylapatite materials, for the benefit of non-specialist students and researchers.



Calcium Orthophosphate Based Bioceramics and Biocomposites

Calcium Orthophosphate Based Bioceramics and Biocomposites Author Sergey V. Dorozhkin
ISBN-10 9783527699308
Release 2016-03-17
Pages 416
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Reflecting the advances made in recent years, this is a comprehensive overview of calcium orthophosphates for bioceramics and biocomposites with a special focus on the detailed description of all those available, including their biological and geological occurrence, preparation, chemical composition, structure-property relationships and applications. In particular, the book discusses the suitability of these orthophosphates for biomedical applications and their use as bone grafts in surgery and medicine. The result is a useful reference for researchers with an academic, medical or commercial background.



Hydroxyapatite HAp for Biomedical Applications

Hydroxyapatite  HAp  for Biomedical Applications Author Michael Mucalo
ISBN-10 9781782420415
Release 2015-03-06
Pages 404
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Hydroxyapatite in the form of hydroxycarbonate apatite is the principal mineral component of bone tissue in mammals. In Bioceramics, it is classed as a bioactive material, which means bone tissue grows directly on it when placed in apposition without intervening fibrous tissue. Hydroxyapatite is hence commonly used as bone grafts, fillers and as coatings for metal implants. This important book provides an overview of the most recent research and developments involving hydroxyapatite as a key material in medicine and its application. Reviews the important properties of hydroxyapatite as a biomaterial Considers a range of specific forms of the material and their advantages Reviews a range of specific medical applications for this important material



Bioceramics Materials and Applications V

Bioceramics  Materials and Applications V Author Veeraraghavan Sundar
ISBN-10 1574981854
Release 2005-05-01
Pages 144
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This proceedings includes papers on ceramics and glasses used in biomedical, dental and biological applications, including biomimetics and natural bioceramic materials. Topics include: materials; applications; biomimetic materials and synthesis; structure/properties of natural ceramic-based materials; behavior in biological environments; and synthesis, processing, characterization, and properties.



An Introduction to Bioceramics

An Introduction to Bioceramics Author Larry L Hench
ISBN-10 9781908977175
Release 2013-05-06
Pages 620
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This is the second edition of the classic book An Introduction to Bioceramics which provides a comprehensive overview of all types of ceramic and glass materials that are used in medicine and dentistry. The enormous growth of the field of bioceramics is due to the recognition by the medical and dental community of the importance of bioactive materials to stimulate repair and regeneration of tissues. This edition includes 21 new chapters that document the science and especially the clinical applications of the new generation of bioceramics in the field of tissue regeneration and repair. Important socioeconomic factors influencing the economics and availability of new medical treatments are covered with updates on regulatory procedures for new biomaterials, methods for technology transfer and ethical issues. The book contains 42 chapters that offer the only comprehensive treatment of the science, technology and clinical applications of all types of bioceramic materials used in medicine and dentistry. Each chapter is written by leaders in their specialized fields and is a thorough review of the subject matter, unlike many conference proceedings. All chapters have been edited to reflect the same writing style, making the book an easy read. The completeness of treatment of all types of bioceramics and their clinical applications makes the book unique in the field and invaluable to all readers.



Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials

Hydroxyapatite and Related Materials Author Paul W. Brown
ISBN-10 0849347505
Release 1994-05-23
Pages 368
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Audience Applied biomathematicians, orthopedists, clinical orthopedists.



Calcium Orthophosphates

Calcium Orthophosphates Author Sergey V. Dorozhkin
ISBN-10 9789814364171
Release 2012-06-04
Pages 850
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Due to a great chemical similarity with the biological calcified tissues, many calcium orthophosphates possess remarkable biocompatibility and bioactivity. Materials scientists use this property extensively to construct artificial bone grafts that are either entirely made of or only surface-coated with the biologically relevant calcium orthophosphates. Porous scaffolds made of calcium orthophosphates are very promising tools for tissue engineering applications. A comprehensive overview of calcium orthophosphates, this book highlights their importance and biomedical uses.



Progress in Nanotechnology

Progress in Nanotechnology Author ACerS (American Ceramics Society, The)
ISBN-10 9780470588239
Release 2010-01-14
Pages 479
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This edition of Progress in Ceramic Technology series contains a select compilation of articles on the topic of nanomaterials processing of powders; thin films, wires and tubes; and composites that were previously published in The American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology, Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings (CESP) and Ceramic Transactions (CT).



Nanomaterials in Tissue Engineering

Nanomaterials in Tissue Engineering Author A K Gaharwar
ISBN-10 9780857097231
Release 2013-07-31
Pages 468
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Nanomaterial technologies can be used to fabricate high-performance biomaterials with tailored physical, chemical, and biological properties. They are therefore an area of interest for emerging biomedical technologies such as scaffolding, tissue regeneration, and controlled drug delivery. Nanomaterials in tissue engineering explores the fabrication of a variety of nanomaterials and the use of these materials across a range of tissue engineering applications. Part one focuses on the fabrication of nanomaterials for tissue engineering applications and includes chapters on engineering nanoporous biomaterials, layer-by-layer self-assembly techniques for nanostructured devices, and the synthesis of carbon based nanomaterials. Part two goes on to highlight the application of nanomaterials in soft tissue engineering and includes chapters on cardiac, neural, and cartilage tissue engineering. Finally, the use of nanomaterials in hard tissue engineering applications, including bone, dental and craniofacial tissue engineering is discussed in part three. Nanomaterials in tissue engineering is a standard reference for researchers and tissue engineers with an interest in nanomaterials, laboratories investigating biomaterials, and academics interested in materials science, chemical engineering, biomedical engineering and biological sciences. Explores the fabrication of a variety of nanomaterials and their use across a range of tissue engineering applications Examines engineering nanoporous biomaterials, layer-by-layer self-assembly techniques for nanostructured devices, and the synthesis of carbon based nanomaterials Highlights the application of nanomaterials in soft tissue engineering and includes chapters on cardiac, neural, and cartilage tissue engineering



Biomimetic Nanoceramics in Clinical Use

Biomimetic Nanoceramics in Clinical Use Author María Vallet-Regi
ISBN-10 9781847558923
Release 2008-09-17
Pages 192
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Recent developments in nanostructured materials have led to a shift in focus away from the replacement of tissues and towards regeneration. Nanoceramics with biomimetic properties have great potential in bone regeneration and new synthesis strategies have been developed to obtain materials with improved biocompatibility and multifunctional performance. The aim is to develop fully biocompatible implants, which exhibit biological responses at the nanometric scale in the same way that biogenic materials do. Current man-made implants are not fully biocompatible and always result in a foreign body reaction involving inflammatory response and fibrous encapsulation. Great efforts have, therefore, been made to develop synthetic strategies that tailor implant surfaces at the nanometric scale. The intention is to optimize the interaction at the tissue/implant interface thus improving quality of life for patients with enhanced results and shorter rehabilitation periods. This book deals with 'new bioceramics' for 'new applications'. Current and future applications are considered in terms of chemical composition, structure and properties. It explains the processes that (from the point of view of solid state and sol-gel chemistry) lead to better bone implants and other medical devices. The book is structured to make it useful for students of biomaterials, but also as a reference for specialists interested in specific topics. Didactic figures and schemes make it easy for under-graduates to understand and the extended bibliography is indispensable for researchers. The introductions to each chapter deal with some common fundamental concepts thus allowing the comprehension of each one independently. The first chapter describes biological hard tissues in vertebrates, from the point of view of mineralization processes. Concepts of hard tissue mineralization are employed to explain how nature works and an overview of artificial alternatives is provided. Chapter 2 details several synthesis methodologies used to prepare nano-apatites. The aim is to obtain artificial carbonated calcium deficient nano-apatites that resemble, as closely as possible, natural biological apatites. A review on synthesis methods is collected in the bibliography. Chapter 3 describes, in-depth, the biomimetic processes used to prepare apatites similar to biological ones. It focuses on hard tissue-related biomimetism and deals with nanoceramics obtained as a consequence of biomimetic processes. Valuable information about the most widely used biomimetic solutions and evaluation methods are included. The final chapter provides an overview of the current and potential clinical applications of apatite-like biomimetic nanoceramics, intended as biomaterials for hard tissue repair, therapy and diagnosis.



Comprehensive Biomaterials

Comprehensive Biomaterials Author Paul Ducheyne
ISBN-10 9780080552941
Release 2015-08-28
Pages 3672
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Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development



Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology VI

Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology VI Author Sanjay Mathur
ISBN-10 9781118530252
Release 2012-11-27
Pages 174
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This issue features fourteen peer-reviewed papers originating from The 6th International Symposium on Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology. It includes Nanostructured coatings by cluster beam deposition; a new greener synthetic route to cadmium/lead selenide and telluride nanoparticles; and much more. Held in January 2012, during the 36th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites (ICACC), the symposium covered a broad range of issues, including synthesis, processing, modeling, and structure-property correlations in nanomaterials and nanocomposites, enabling scientists, engineers, and technologists from around the world to explore the latest developments in the field.



Calcium Phosphates in Biological and Industrial Systems

Calcium Phosphates in Biological and Industrial Systems Author Zahid Amjad
ISBN-10 9781461555179
Release 2013-11-27
Pages 515
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Calcium Phosphates in Biological and Industrial Systems has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Calcium Phosphates in Biological and Industrial Systems also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Calcium Phosphates in Biological and Industrial Systems book for free.



Science and Medical Applications of Hydroxyapatite

Science and Medical Applications of Hydroxyapatite Author Hideki Aoki
ISBN-10 UOM:39015025006209
Release 1991
Pages 214
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Science and Medical Applications of Hydroxyapatite has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Science and Medical Applications of Hydroxyapatite also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Science and Medical Applications of Hydroxyapatite book for free.



Handbook of Harnessing Biomaterials in Nanomedicine

Handbook of Harnessing Biomaterials in Nanomedicine Author Dan Peer
ISBN-10 9789814364270
Release 2012-01-12
Pages 424
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This book concentrates on the use of biomaterials in nanomedicine. The areas of focus include drug delivery by polymers, lipids, and carbohydrates for the delivery of small molecules, RNA interference, and proteins; the use of nano-proteins such as antibodies and peptides as targeting agents for therapeutics and diagnosis; the use of nanocarrier-based biomaterials for manipulation of stem cells; different aspects of toxicity of nanocarriers (the immune response, liver toxicity, and many more); and success stories of biomaterials that have reached the clinics. The book covers theoretical and experimental analysis of various biomaterials that are used in nanomedicine, research methods and preparation techniques, and several promising applications.



Modern Applications of EPR ESR

Modern Applications of EPR ESR Author Czeslaw Z. Rudowicz
ISBN-10 9813083239
Release 1998
Pages 666
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This volume contains the proceedings of the First Asia-Pacific EPR/ESR Symposium, held at the City University of Hong Kong, January 20-24, 1997. The Symposium has provided an opportunity to bring together EPR/ESR practitioners from "East and West" working in many different fields. The book reflects the interdisciplinary character of the EPR/ESR spectroscopy. The papers cover the modern applications of EPR/ESR techniques in such diverse areas as biology, life and medical sciences on the one hand, and chemistry, earth and environmental sciences as well as physics and materials science on the other hand.



Perspectives on inorganic organic and biological crystal growth

Perspectives on inorganic  organic and biological crystal growth Author Marek Skowroński
ISBN-10 0735404267
Release 2007
Pages 574
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of crystal growth for graduate students who are about to engage in the research on crystal growth, as well as, experienced researchers who are interested in broadening their perspective of the crystal growth field and learning about new materials and techniques. A wide range of crystal growth topics are covered in 27 separate title areas, including underlying fundamentals of crystal growth such as thermodynamics, kinetics, fluid dynamics, and growth mechanisms of crystals grown from the melt, solution, and vapor; large scale bulk crystal growth, to thin films, and nanoscale dimensions of quantum dots and wires; about macroscopic and atomistic transport processes in crystal growth including modeling, simulation, and in-situ experiments. A wide range of materials treated in this book includes semiconductors, nonlinear optical crystals, metals, biominerals, inorganic minerals, and organic crystals. This book also highlights several key novel crystal technology application areas such crystals for Light Emitting Diodes, nonlinear optical crystals, nanophotovoltaics, and artificial bones and teeth. It was our intention that even crystal growth experts will find new material of interest to them in this book.