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Cell Biology of Physarum and Didymium V1

Cell Biology of Physarum and Didymium V1 Author Henery Aldrich
ISBN-10 9780323149594
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 458
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Cell Biology of Physarum and Didymium, Volume I: Organisms, Nucleus, and Cell Cycle presents important experimental research on Physarum and Didymium for developmental and cellular studies. This book is organized into four parts, encompassing 12 chapters that summarize the taxonomy, biological activities, genetics, and cell cycle of these organisms. The opening part covers two chapters on morphology, taxonomy, phylogeny, biosystematics, and evolutionary implications of Physarum and Didymium species. This is followed by discussions on the biological aspects of these species. These include periodic events of the mitotic cycle in Physarum polycephalum. The general characteristics of chemoreception at the membrane level using plasmodium as a model organism, as well as the structure and motility of plasmodium, are also included. The third part of the book focuses on genetic analysis of plasmodium development and the discovery of techniques for the genetic manipulation of P. polycephalum. Progress in the genetic analysis of other processes is summarized. The concluding part examines the morphological evolution of the nucleus during the mitotic cycle together with the results from ultracytochemical and radioautographic studies. It also includes a discussion on DNA organization and replication in P. polycephalum. Finally, the synthesis and degradation of RNA in Physarum and the relationship of these biochemical processes to mitotic cycle and differentiation are tackled in the concluding chapter. The book will serve as a frequent, single reference source to brief cell biologists on the primary research on Physarum and Didymium. It will be a good source for graduate students in cell biology, and perhaps in other graduate courses.



Advances in Physarum Machines

Advances in Physarum Machines Author Andrew Adamatzky
ISBN-10 9783319266626
Release 2016-01-09
Pages 839
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This book is devoted to Slime mould Physarum polycephalum, which is a large single cell capable for distributed sensing, concurrent information processing, parallel computation and decentralized actuation. The ease of culturing and experimenting with Physarum makes this slime mould an ideal substrate for real-world implementations of unconventional sensing and computing devices The book is a treatise of theoretical and experimental laboratory studies on sensing and computing properties of slime mould, and on the development of mathematical and logical theories of Physarum behavior. It is shown how to make logical gates and circuits, electronic devices (memristors, diodes, transistors, wires, chemical and tactile sensors) with the slime mould. The book demonstrates how to modify properties of Physarum computing circuits with functional nano-particles and polymers, to interface the slime mould with field-programmable arrays, and to use Physarum as a controller of microbial fuel cells. A unique multi-agent model of slime is shown to serve well as a software slime mould capable for solving problems of computational geometry and graph optimization. The multiagent model is complemented by cellular automata models with parallel accelerations. Presented mathematical models inspired by Physarum include non-quantum implementation of Shor's factorization, structural learning, computation of shortest path tree on dynamic graphs, supply chain network design, p-adic computing and syllogistic reasoning. The book is a unique composition of vibrant and lavishly illustrated essays which will inspire scientists, engineers and artists to exploit natural phenomena in designs of future and emergent computing and sensing devices. It is a 'bible' of experimental computing with spatially extended living substrates, it spanstopics from biology of slime mould, to bio-sensing, to unconventional computing devices and robotics, non-classical logics and music and arts.



Advances in Unconventional Computing

Advances in Unconventional Computing Author Andrew Adamatzky
ISBN-10 9783319339214
Release 2016-07-26
Pages 812
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The unconventional computing is a niche for interdisciplinary science, cross-bred of computer science, physics, mathematics, chemistry, electronic engineering, biology, material science and nanotechnology. The aims of this book are to uncover and exploit principles and mechanisms of information processing in and functional properties of physical, chemical and living systems to develop efficient algorithms, design optimal architectures and manufacture working prototypes of future and emergent computing devices. This second volume presents experimental laboratory prototypes and applied computing implementations. Emergent molecular computing is presented by enzymatic logical gates and circuits, and DNA nano-devices. Reaction-diffusion chemical computing is exemplified by logical circuits in Belousov-Zhabotinsky medium and geometrical computation in precipitating chemical reactions. Logical circuits realised with solitons and impulses in polymer chains show advances in collision-based computing. Photo-chemical and memristive devices give us a glimpse on hot topics of a novel hardware. Practical computing is represented by algorithms of collective and immune-computing and nature-inspired optimisation. Living computing devices are implemented in real and simulated cells, regenerating organisms, plant roots and slime mould. The book is the encyclopedia, the first ever complete authoritative account, of the theoretical and experimental findings in the unconventional computing written by the world leaders in the field. All chapters are self-contains, no specialist background is required to appreciate ideas, findings, constructs and designs presented. This treatise in unconventional computing appeals to readers from all walks of life, from high-school pupils to university professors, from mathematicians, computers scientists and engineers to chemists and biologists.



The Vegetable Kingdom Or The Structure Classification and Uses of Plants Illustrated Upon the Natural System

The Vegetable Kingdom  Or  The Structure  Classification  and Uses of Plants  Illustrated Upon the Natural System Author John Lindley
ISBN-10 KBNL:KBNL03000086718
Release 1853
Pages 908
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The Vegetable Kingdom Or The Structure Classification and Uses of Plants Illustrated Upon the Natural System has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Vegetable Kingdom Or The Structure Classification and Uses of Plants Illustrated Upon the Natural System also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Vegetable Kingdom Or The Structure Classification and Uses of Plants Illustrated Upon the Natural System book for free.



Ribozymes and RNA Catalysis

Ribozymes and RNA Catalysis Author David Malcolm James Lilley
ISBN-10 9780854042531
Release 2008
Pages 318
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The emphasis of this book concerns the origins of catalysis in RNA and is well suited for undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers in catalytic chemistry.



Physarum Machines

Physarum Machines Author Andrew Adamatzky
ISBN-10 9789814327589
Release 2010
Pages 266
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A Physarum machine is a programmable amorphous biological computer experimentally implemented in the vegetative state of true slime mould Physarum polycephalum. It comprises an amorphous yellowish mass with networks of protoplasmic veins, programmed by spatial configurations of attracting and repelling gradients. This book demonstrates how to create experimental Physarum machines for computational geometry and optimization, distributed manipulation and transportation, and general-purpose computation. Being very cheap to make and easy to maintain, the machine also functions on a wide range of substrates and in a broad scope of environmental conditions. As such a Physarum machine is a 'green' and environmentally friendly unconventional computer. The book is readily accessible to a nonprofessional reader, and is a priceless source of experimental tips and inventive theoretical ideas for anyone who is inspired by novel and emerging non-silicon computers and robots. An account on Physarum Machines can be viewed at http: //www.youtube.com/user/PhysarumMachines.



Ultimate Computing

Ultimate Computing Author S.R. Hameroff
ISBN-10 9780444600097
Release 2014-04-11
Pages 380
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The possibility of direct interfacing between biological and technological information devices could result in a merger of mind and machine - Ultimate Computing. This book, a thorough consideration of this idea, involves a number of disciplines, including biochemistry, cognitive science, computer science, engineering, mathematics, microbiology, molecular biology, pharmacology, philosophy, physics, physiology, and psychology.



Collision Based Computing

Collision Based Computing Author Andrew Adamatzky
ISBN-10 9781447101291
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 556
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Collision-Based Computing presents a unique overview of computation with mobile self-localized patterns in non-linear media, including computation in optical media, mathematical models of massively parallel computers, and molecular systems. It covers such diverse subjects as conservative computation in billiard ball models and its cellular-automaton analogues, implementation of computing devices in lattice gases, Conway's Game of Life and discrete excitable media, theory of particle machines, computation with solitons, logic of ballistic computing, phenomenology of computation, and self-replicating universal computers. Collision-Based Computing will be of interest to researchers working on relevant topics in Computing Science, Mathematical Physics and Engineering. It will also be useful background reading for postgraduate courses such as Optical Computing, Nature-Inspired Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Smart Engineering Systems, Complex and Adaptive Systems, Parallel Computation, Applied Mathematics and Computational Physics.



Myxomycetes

Myxomycetes Author Steven L. Stephenson
ISBN-10 0881924393
Release 2000
Pages 183
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"Detailed watercolor portraits, pen-and-ink drawings, and photographs illustrate the forms and features of the various life stages of myxomycetes. These superb illustrations are a valuable part of the use of the book as a ready reference for anyone with an abiding interest in the beauty and diversity of the natural world. References, a comprehensive glossary, and an index complete the work."--BOOK JACKET.



Insecticides Design Using Advanced Technologies

Insecticides Design Using Advanced Technologies Author Isaac Ishaaya
ISBN-10 9783540469070
Release 2007-02-15
Pages 314
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Among the highlights of this book are the use of nanotechnology to increase potency of available insecticides, the use of genetic engineering techniques for controlling insect pests, the development of novel insecticides that bind to unique biochemical receptors, the exploration of natural products as a source for environmentally acceptable insecticides, and the use of insect genomics and cell lines for determining biological and biochemical modes of action of new insecticides.



Plant Relationships

Plant Relationships Author Holger B. Deising
ISBN-10 9783540874072
Release 2009-02-07
Pages 398
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Since the publication of the first edition of "The Mycota Vol. V – Plant Relationships" in 1997, tremendous advances in fungal molecular biology and biochemistry have taken place; and both light and electron microscopical techniques have improved considerably. These new insights led to a better understanding of the relationships between fungi and plants; and a completely revised new edition of Plant Relationships could be produced, providing an up-to-date overview on mutualistic and pathogenic interactions. In 18 chapters internationally acknowledged authors present reviews on fungal lifestyles, mechanisms of their interactions with their host plants, signal perception and transduction, and plant defense responses directed against attack by fungal pathogens. Highlighting the recent developments in fungus-plant interactions, this volume is indispensable for researchers, lecturers and students in microbiology, mycology and plant sciences, including plant pathology.



The Fungi

The Fungi Author Michael John Carlile
ISBN-10 9780127384467
Release 2001
Pages 588
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The fungi are one of the great groups of living organisms, comparable in numbers of species, diversity and ecological significance with animals, plants, protists and bacteria. This textbook deals with all fundamental and applied aspects of mycology, illustrated by reference to well studied species from major fungal groups. Since the publication of the first edition of The Fungi, there have been many important advances in the field of mycology. This second up-to-date edition has been revised and substantially expanded, and incorporates the application of methods of molecular biology, especially DNA technology to mycology. Question and answer section at the end of each chapter Modern classification based on Molecular phylogeny Detail of the recent increased understanding of the organelles and processes involved in hyphal growth New molecular understanding of mating type genes The latest on molecular recognition in the infection process The use of DNA technology in engineering plant resistance to fungal diseases New section on medical mycology Fungal mycology in animals The latest on the use of genetically manipulated fungi to produce products earlier obtained from mammals



Guide to Unconventional Computing for Music

Guide to Unconventional Computing for Music Author Eduardo Reck Miranda
ISBN-10 9783319498812
Release 2017-02-20
Pages 284
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This pioneering text/reference explores how innovative new modes of computation may provide exciting new directions for future developments in the music industry, guiding the reader through the latest research in this emerging, interdisciplinary field. This work includes coverage of electronic music compositions and performances that incorporate unconventional interfacing, hacking and circuit bending. Features: presents an introduction to unconventional computing in music; discusses initiatives involving biophysical electronic music, the work of self-styled silicon luthiers, and the intersection of music and quantum computing; introduces the memristor, a new electronic component with the potential to revolutionize how computers are built; reviews experiments and practical applications of biological memristors in music; describes IMUSIC, an unconventional tone-based programming language, which enables the programming of computers using musical phrases; includes review questions at the end of each chapter.



Design for a Vulnerable Planet

Design for a Vulnerable Planet Author Frederick Steiner
ISBN-10 9780292773370
Release 2011-05-16
Pages 304
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We inhabit a vulnerable planet. The devastation caused by natural disasters such as the southern Asian tsunami, Hurricanes Katrina and Ike, and the earthquakes in China's Sichuan province, Haiti, and Chile—as well as the ongoing depletion and degradation of the world's natural resources caused by a burgeoning human population—have made it clear that "business as usual" is no longer sustainable. We need to find ways to improve how we live on this planet while minimizing our impact on it. Design for a Vulnerable Planet sounds a call for designers and planners to go beyond traditional concepts of sustainability toward innovative new design that fosters regeneration and resilience. Drawing on his own and others' experiences across three continents, Frederick Steiner advocates design practice grounded in ecology and democracy and informed by critical regionalism and reflection. He begins by establishing the foundation for a more ecological approach to planning and design, adopting a broad view of ecology as encompassing human and natural, urban and wild environments. Steiner explores precedents for human ecological design provided by architect Paul Cret, landscape architect Ian McHarg, and developer George Mitchell while discussing their planning for the University of Texas campus, the Lake Austin watershed, and The Woodlands. Steiner then focuses on emerging Texas urbanism and extends his discussion to broader considerations beyond the Lone Star State, including regionalism, urbanism, and landscape in China and Italy. He also examines the lessons to be learned from human and natural disasters such as 9/11, Hurricane Katrina, and the BP oil spill. Finally, Steiner offers a blueprint for designing with nature to help heal the planet's vulnerabilities.



Organic Chemistry Guided Inquiry for Recitation

Organic Chemistry  Guided Inquiry for Recitation Author Andrei Straumanis
ISBN-10 9781111573980
Release 2012-07-24
Pages 224
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Add the power of guided inquiry to your course without giving up lecture with ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: A GUIDED INQUIRY FOR RECITATION, Volume II. Slim and affordable, the book covers key Organic 2 topics using POGIL (Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning), a proven teaching method that increases learning in organic chemistry. Containing everything you need to energize your teaching assistants and students during supplemental sessions, the workbook builds critical thinking skills and includes once-a-week, student-friendly activities that are designed for supplemental sessions, but can also be used in lab, for homework, or as the basis for a hybrid POGIL-lecture approach. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.



Slow Coming Dark

Slow Coming Dark Author H. A. Covington
ISBN-10 9780595125234
Release 2000-09-01
Pages 284
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Matt Redmond is a tough and honest cop. He retired from the DEA when he could no longer stomach the politics and the corruption of Federal law enforcement, and returned to his native North Carolina to start a second career as a detective for the State Bureau of Investigation. Now he has a new wife, an adopted daughter, a cheese-hungry cat, and a satisfying life of love and stability after many turbulent years of violence and intrigue. But his past continues to haunt him, and his very reputation for honesty, integrity, and fearlessness in the face of government corruption and oppression drags him and his loved ones into a web of bloodshed and danger. Redmond is on the case whether he likes it or not, and it turns into a race against death for himself, for his family, and for a young woman and her newborn baby. The trail of lies and murder finally leads back to its poisonous source in the very heart of the Clinton White House, and to save himself and his family, Matt must follow it there.



Genetics of Fungi

Genetics of Fungi Author Karl Esser
ISBN-10 9783642868146
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 500
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The significance of genetics in biology today stems to a considerable extent from the knowledge which has been obtained through the use of fungi as experimental objects. As a result of their short generation time, their ease of culture under laboratory conditions, and the possibil ity of identifying the four products of meiosis through tetrad analysis, the fungi have proven themselves in many ways superior to the classic genetic experimental material such as Drosophila and maize. Because they permit investigation of genetic fine structure as well as biochemical analysis of the function of the genetic material, the fungi can be used, just as the bacteria and bacteriophages, for molecular biological research. Further, the fungi, because of their simple organi zation, are suitable for investigation of the genetic and physiological bases of morphogenesis and of extrachromosomal inheritance. This monograph is an attempt to summarize and interpret the results of genetic research on fungi. The reader should be reminded that review and interpretation of original research are inevitably influenced by the authors' own opinions. An understanding of the basic principles of genetics is assumed.