Download or read online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Chemical Technology in the Pre Treatment Processes of Textiles

Chemical Technology in the Pre Treatment Processes of Textiles Author S.R. Karmakar
ISBN-10 0080539475
Release 1999-11-02
Pages 497
Download Link Click Here

Textile chemical processing today, particularly the pre-treatment processes require a highly sophisticated technology and engineering to achieve the well known concepts of "Right first time, Right everytime and Right on time" processing and production. Chemical pre-treatment may be broadly defined as a procedure mainly concerned with the removal of natural as well as added impurities in fabric to a level necessary for good whiteness and absorbency by utilising minimum time, energy and chemicals as well as water. This book discusses the fundamental aspects of chemistry, chemical technology and machineries involved in the various pre-treatment process of textiles before subsequent dyeing, printing and finishing. With the introduction of newer fibres, specialty chemicals, improved technology and sophisticated machineries developed during the last decade, this book fills a gap in this area of technology. However, its real strength is its clear perception of ample background description, which will enable readers to understand most current journals, thus staying abreast of the latest advances in the field.



A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles Author Chi-wai Kan
ISBN-10 9781439839454
Release 2014-09-02
Pages 311
Download Link Click Here

Industries worldwide have been impacted by environmental regulations, economics, and ultimately consumers, which has led to more thought about the development of sustainable products. The textile industry is no exception. The preparation, dyeing, and finishing of textile fibres requires large amounts of water and other chemicals which may be toxic or hazardous. Green chemistry along with other green technologies may now play a leading role in this process. This book emphasises the importance of plasma treatment as a green and sustainable technology. A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles: Plasma Treatment as a Sustainable Technology discusses the plasma treatment of textile fibres and its environmental, economic, and social benefits. The book reviews the general properties of textiles and provides a description of the current treatment methods typically used today. The author then introduces the concept of plasma and its application in treating textile materials. The application of plasma as a pretreatment as well as a treatment in dyeing textiles is discussed. The book summarizes the application of plasma treatment in the printing and finishing of textiles. Also explored is the concept of sustainability and its role in the development of plasma treatments in textile wet processing. The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry are incorporated throughout the book.



The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology

The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology Author Shahid ul-Islam
ISBN-10 0081024916
Release 2018-10
Pages 400
Download Link Click Here

The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology provides a review and summary of the role of green chemistry in textiles, including the use of green agents and sustainable technologies in different textile applications. The book systematically covers the history and chemistry of eco-friendly colorants, chitin, chitosan, cyclodextrin, biomordants, antimicrobial, UV protective, flame retardant, insect repellant textiles, and advanced pre- and post- treatment technologies, such as the sonochemistry and plasma methods currently employed in functional modifications. The book also pays attention to the remediation of textile effluents using novel, sustainable and inexpensive adsorbents. Written by high profile contributors with many years of experience in textile technology, the book gives engineers and materials scientists in the textile industry the information they need to effectively deploy these green technologies and processes. Introduces green chemistry and sustainable technologies, and explores their role in different textile applications Examines the use of renewable materials, such as biopolymers, dyes and pigments, biomordants, polyphenols and plant extracts in functional finishing applications Deals the functional modification of textiles using state-of-the-art biotechnology and nanotechnology



Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing

Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing Author M Clark
ISBN-10 9780857093974
Release 2011-10-25
Pages 680
Download Link Click Here

Dyeing is one of the most effective and popular methods used for colouring textiles and other materials. Dyes are employed in a variety of industries, from cosmetic production to the medical sector. The two volumes of the Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing provide a detailed review of the latest techniques and equipment used in the dyeing industry, as well as examining dyes and their application in a number of different industrial sectors. Volume 1 deals with the principles of dyeing and techniques used in the dyeing process, and looks at the different types of dyes currently available. Part one begins with a general introduction to dyeing, which is followed by chapters that examine various aspects of the dyeing process, from the pre-treatment of textiles to the machinery employed. Chapters in part two then review the main types of dyes used today, including disperse dyes, acid dyes, fluorescent dyes, and many others for a diverse range of applications. With its distinguished editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, the Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing is an essential reference for designers, colour technologists and product developers working in a variety of sectors, and will also be suitable for academic use. Examines dyeing and its application in a number of different industrial sectors Deals with the principles of dyeing and techniques used in the dyeing process, as well as types of dyes currently available Chapters review various dye types right through to modelling and predicting dye properties and the chemistry of dyeing



Plasma Technologies for Textiles

Plasma Technologies for Textiles Author Roshan Shishoo
ISBN-10 9781845692575
Release 2007-02-21
Pages 360
Download Link Click Here

Plasma technologies present an environmentally-friendly and versatile way of treating textile materials in order to enhance a variety of properties such as wettability, liquid repellency, dyeability and coating adhesion. Recent advances made in commercially viable plasma systems have greatly increased the potential of using plasma technology in industrial textile finishing. This pioneering book provides an essential guide to both the technology and science related to plasmas and its practical applications in the textile industry. The first part of the book discusses the science and technology behind plasmas. Chapters give detailed and comprehensive descriptions on the characteristics of plasmas and methods of control and treatment in the processing of textiles. Both low pressure cold plasma and atmospheric pressure cold plasma processes are described as well as the diagnosis and control of plasma parameters in plasma generating reactors. A chapter is devoted to the use of plasma technology to achieve nanoscale treatment of textile surfaces. The second part of the book concentrates on specific applications of plasma technologies. Chapters cover treatments for water and oil repellency of textiles, engineering of biomedical textiles and woollen finishing techniques through the use of plasma technologies. Further chapters cover the modification of fibres for use in composites and the potential use of plasma technologies for the finishing of fabrics made of man made fibres. The final chapter in the book gives a comprehensive analysis of the surface chemical and physical characterisation of plasma treated fabrics. Written by a distinguished international team of experts, Plasma technologies for textiles is an invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists alike. Summarises both the science and technology of plasma processing, and its practical applications Discusses how plasma technology improves textile properties such as wettability and liquid repelling An invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists



Plasma Technologies for Textile and Apparel

Plasma Technologies for Textile and Apparel Author S. K. Nema
ISBN-10 9789380308951
Release 2015-05-05
Pages 386
Download Link Click Here

Plasma Technologies for Textile Apparel details plasma based technologies in textile industries. It disseminates knowledge gained over the years by Indian Institutes and organizations in the arena of plasma based applications for textiles. The book describes basics of low temperature plasma production in vacuum as well as at atmospheric pressure and various applications of plasma in textile particularly in Indian context.



Advances in Silk Science and Technology

Advances in Silk Science and Technology Author Arindam Basu
ISBN-10 9781782423249
Release 2015-04-30
Pages 298
Download Link Click Here

The remarkable properties of silk fibres have gained them a prominent place in the field of technical textiles. Advances in Silk Science and Technology explores recent developments in silk processing, properties and applications. Techniques for manufacturing spider silk are also discussed and the current and future applications of this fibre are reviewed. Part One focuses on the properties and processing of silk from both silkworms and spiders. It addresses recent advances in our understanding of the properties of silk and offers systematic coverage of the processing of silk from spinning through to finishing, as well as an analysis of quality testing for silk fibres, yarns and fabrics. Part Two then addresses important applications of silk from silkworms and spiders, and includes chapters on the use of silk in polymer matrix composites and in different kinds of biomaterial. The book concludes with a chapter on developments in the use of silk waste. Reviews the properties of silk from both silkworms and spiders Offers systematic coverage of the processing of silk from spinning through to finishing Cover a range of applications, including on the use of silk in polymer matrix composites and in different kinds of biomaterial



Friction in Textile Materials

Friction in Textile Materials Author B S Gupta
ISBN-10 9781845694722
Release 2008-06-02
Pages 488
Download Link Click Here

Friction is a major issue in both the production of textiles and in the finished product. This authoritative book reviews how friction occurs and the ways it can be measured and controlled. The book begins by looking at how friction can be defined and how the structure and properties of textile fibres lead to friction behaviour. It also discusses slip-stick phenomena in textiles and ways of measuring friction in yarns and fabric. The second part of the book reviews friction in particular textiles, including cotton, wool and synthetic fibres as well as woven fabrics. These and other chapters also discuss ways of controlling friction, including fabric finishes and lubricants. With its distinguished editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities in the subject, Friction in textile materials is a standard reference for the textile industry and those researching this important topic. An authoritative review of friction, its management and control



Research Methodology in Chemical Sciences

Research Methodology in Chemical Sciences Author Tanmoy Chakraborty
ISBN-10 9781498728607
Release 2017-03-03
Pages 388
Download Link Click Here

Recent Methodology in Chemical Sciences provides an eclectic survey of contemporary problems in experimental, theoretical, and applied chemistry. This book covers recent trends in research with the different domain of the chemical sciences. The chapters, written by knowledgeable researchers, provide different insights to the modern-day research in the domain of spectroscopy, plasma modification, and theoretical and computational analysis of chemical problems. It covers descriptions of experimental techniques, discussions on theoretical modeling, and much more.



Textiles and Clothing Sustainability

Textiles and Clothing Sustainability Author Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
ISBN-10 9789811021855
Release 2016-08-10
Pages 131
Download Link Click Here

This book highlights the challenges in sustainable wet processing of textiles, natural dyes, enzymatic textiles and sustainable textile finishes. Textile industry is known for its chemical processing issues and many NGO’s are behind the textile sector to streamline its chemical processing, which is the black face of clothing and fashion sector. Sustainable textile chemical processes are crucial for attaining sustainability in the clothing sector. Seven comprehensive chapters are aimed to highlight these issues in the book.



Advances in Textile Biotechnology

Advances in Textile Biotechnology Author V Nierstrasz
ISBN-10 9780857090232
Release 2010-09-01
Pages 360
Download Link Click Here

Biotechnology has impacted the textiles industry through the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly manufacturing processes, as well as enabling the design of improved textile materials. This book will provide a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the fibre and textile industry. Part one of the book opens with a review of technologies involved in textile biotechnology. Chapters explore the design and engineering of novel enzymes for textile applications and developments in processes and equipment for enzymatic textile treatments. Part two investigates the modification of particular fibres through the use of biotechnology. Key topics include the treatment of wool and silk fibres and the enzymatic treatment versus conventional processing of cotton. With expert contributions from leaders in their fields, Advances in textile biotechnology is a comprehensive guide for those in the textile and fibre industry, as well as experts in the biology, chemical and environmental engineering industries. Provides a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the fibre and textile industry Explores production of enzymes, searching for efficient production systems and also documents the advantages and limitations associated with the process Reviews the debate surrounding enzymatic treatment versus conventional processing of cotton along with engineering of plants for improved fibre qualities



Active Coatings for Smart Textiles

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles Author Jinlian Hu
ISBN-10 9780081002650
Release 2016-04-06
Pages 482
Download Link Click Here

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles presents the latest information on active materials and their application to textiles in the form of coatings and finishes for the purpose of improving performance and creating active functional effects. This important book provides detailed coverage of smart coating types, processes, and applications. After an introduction to the topic, Part One introduces various types of smart and active coatings, including memory polymer coatings, durable and self-cleaning coatings, and breathable coatings. Technologies and related processes for the application of coatings to textiles is the focus of Part Two, with chapters devoted to microencapsulation technology, plasma surface treatments, and nanotechnology-based treatments. The book ends with a section on applications of smart textiles with responsive coatings, which are increasingly finding commercial niches in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles, and architecture. Introduces various types of smart and active coatings for textiles Covers technologies and application processes for the coating and finishing of textiles Reviews commercial applications of such coatings, including in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles and architecture



Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles Author A. Richard Horrocks
ISBN-10 9781782424888
Release 2016-03-09
Pages 452
Download Link Click Here

The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 – Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters



Multidisciplinary Know How for Smart Textiles Developers

Multidisciplinary Know How for Smart Textiles Developers Author Tünde Kirstein
ISBN-10 9780857093530
Release 2013-04-04
Pages 524
Download Link Click Here

Smart-textiles developers draw on diverse fields of knowledge to produce unique materials with enhanced properties and vast potential. Several disciplines outside the traditional textile area are involved in the construction of these smart textiles, and each individual field has its own language, specific terms and approaches. Multidisciplinary know-how for smart-textiles developers provides a filtered knowledge of these areas of expertise, explaining key expressions and demonstrating their relevance to the smart-textiles field. Following an introduction to the new enabling technologies, commercialisation and market trends that make up the future of smart-textiles development, part one reviews materials employed in the production of smart textiles. Types and processing of electro-conductive and semiconducting materials, optical fibres for smart photonic textiles, conductive nanofibres and nanocoatings, polymer-based resistive sensors, and soft capacitance fibres for touch-sensitive smart textiles are all discussed. Part two then investigates such technologies as the embedding of electronic functions, the integration of thin-film electronics, and the development of organic and large-area electronic (OLAE) technologies for smart textiles. Joining technologies are also discussed, alongside kinetic, thermoelectric and solar energy harvesting technologies, and signal processing technologies for activity-aware smart textiles. Finally, product development and applications are the focus of part three, which investigates strategies for technology management, innovation and improved sustainability, before the book concludes by exploring medical, automotive and architectural applications of smart textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Multidisciplinary know-how for smart-textiles developers is a key tool for readers working in industries including design, fashion, textiles, through to electronics, computing and material science. It also provides a useful guide to the subject for academics working across a wide range of fields. Reviews materials used in the production of smart textiles Examines the technologies used in smart textiles, such as optical fibres and polymer based resistive sensors Investigates strategies for technology management, innovation and improved development



Textiles and Fashion

Textiles and Fashion Author Rose Sinclair
ISBN-10 9780857095619
Release 2014-11-08
Pages 894
Download Link Click Here

This major textbook is designed for students studying textiles and fashion at higher and undergraduate level, as well as those needing a comprehensive and authoritative overview of textile materials and processes. The first part of the book reviews the main types of natural and synthetic fibres and their properties. Part two provides a systematic review of the key processes involved first in converting fibres into yarns and then transforming yarns into fabrics. Part three discusses the range of range of finishing techniques for fabrics. The final part of the book looks specifically at the transformation of fabric into apparel, from design and manufacture to marketing. With contributions from leading experts in their fields, this major book provides the definitive one-volume guide to textile manufacture. Provides comprehensive coverage of the types and properties of textile fibres to yarn and fabric manufacture, fabric finishing, apparel production and fashion Focused on the needs of college and undergraduate students studying textiles or fashion courses Each chapter ends with a summary to emphasise key points, a comprehensive self-review section, and project ideas are also provided



Biotreatment of Industrial Effluents

Biotreatment of Industrial Effluents Author Mukesh Doble
ISBN-10 9780080456218
Release 2005-04-07
Pages 336
Download Link Click Here

With increasing government regulation of pollution, as well as willingness to levy punitive fines for transgressions, treatment of industrial waste is a important subject. This book is a single source of information on treatment procedures using biochemical means for all types of solid, liquid and gaseous contaminants generated by various chemical and allied industries. This book is intended for practicing environmental engineers and technologists from any industry as well as researchers and professors. The topics covered include the treatment of gaseous, liquid and solid waste from a large number of chemical and allied industries that include dye stuff, chemical, alcohol, food processing, pesticide, pharmaceuticals, paint etc. Information on aerobic and anaerobic reactors and modeling and simulation of waste treatment systems are also discussed. * Compares chemical and biochemical means of industrial waste treatment * Provides details of technology (i.e. reactors, operating conditions etc) with regard to the biochemistry aspects. * Can be used as a teaching aid for graduate courses and a reference material by practicing environmental scientists and engineers. * Researchers can extract synergy between treatment procedures and various effluents.



Textile Processing with Enzymes

Textile Processing with Enzymes Author A Cavaco-Paulo
ISBN-10 9781855738669
Release 2003-08-31
Pages 240
Download Link Click Here

With the increasingly important requirement for textile manufacturers to reduce pollution in textile production, the use of enzymes in the chemical processing of fibres and textiles is rapidly gaining wider recognition because of their non-toxic and eco-friendly characteristics. They can be safely used in a wide selection of textile processes such as de-sizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing and finishing, where the alternatives are very harsh chemicals whose disposal into the environment causes many problems. Textile processing with enzymes aims to provide the textile technologist with an understanding of enzymes and their use with textile materials and in process engineering. It covers all the relevant aspects of textile processing with enzymes, from the chemical constitution and properties of textile materials as potential substrates for enzymes, to the processing of these materials; from basic biochemistry and enzymology to the industrial application of these biocatalysts. The introductory chapter contains an historic overview of the subject, followed by an overview of the fundamental aspects of enzymes determining catalytic properties. There is also a review of non-fibrous materials as substrates for enzymes. Chapter four covers catalysis and processing; providing an analysis of the function and application of enzymes used in textile processing. The fifth chapter offers important insights in process engineering and describes major problems of industrial applications of enzymes in textiles. Chapter six discusses practical aspects of handling with enzymes. Enzyme stabilities, operational and storage stabilities are discussed in detail along with health and safety issues. The final chapter deals with the potential of enzymes in textile effluent treatment. It is a valuable resource for anyone interested in the use of enzymes in textiles including textile students, scientists and engineers with a background in textiles, biotechnology, chemistry and process engineering. Aims to provide the textile technologist with an understanding of enzymes and their use with textile materials and in process engineering Covers the relevant aspects of textile processing with enzymes, from the chemical constitution and properties of textile materials as potential substrates for enzymes, to the processing of these materials Outlines the benefits of using enzymes in the chemical processing of fibres and textiles thanks to their non-toxic and eco-friendly characteristics