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Chemistry and Chemists in Florence

Chemistry and Chemists in Florence Author Marco Fontani
ISBN-10 9783319308562
Release 2016-04-15
Pages 123
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This brief offers a novel vision of the city of Florence, tracing the development of chemistry via the biographies of its most illustrious chemists. It documents not only important scientific research that came from the hands of Galileo Galilei and the physicists who followed in his footsteps, but also the growth of new disciplines such as chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, and biochemistry. It recounts how, in the Middle Ages, chemistry began as an applied science that served to bolster the Florentine economy, particularly in the textile dyeing industry. Later, important scientific collections founded by the ruling Medici family served as the basis of renowned museums that now house priceless artifacts and instruments. Also described in this text are the chemists such as Hugo Schiff, Angelo Angeli, and Luigi Rolla, who were active over the course of the following century and a quarter. The authors tell the story of the evolution of the Royal University of Florence, which ultimately became the University of Florence. Of interest to historians and chemists, this tale is told through the lives and work of the principal actors in the university’s department of chemistry.



Carl Auer von Welsbach Chemist Inventor Entrepreneur

Carl Auer von Welsbach  Chemist  Inventor  Entrepreneur Author Roland Adunka
ISBN-10 3319779044
Release 2018-06-17
Pages 141
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This Brief documents the life, discoveries and inventions of the chemist Carl Auer von Welsbach. Particular attention is given to his pioneering work on the rare earth elements, including the discovery of four new elements, which allowed him to develop new materials, to invent new useful devices and to establish major industries. From the invention of the incandescent gas mantle and first electric incandescent lamps with metal filaments to the first mass production of radium from pitchblende residues, readers will learn the story of his notable legacy to the word through the lens of his rare earths knowledge.



Natural Compounds

Natural Compounds Author Shakhnoza S. Azimova
ISBN-10 1461405599
Release 2012-09-28
Pages 780
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'Natural Compounds: Plant Sources, Structure and Properties' details the properties of over 7,500 chemical compounds of pharmacological interest found in plants. Each volume systematically covers occurrence of the compounds in plants, illustrations of chemical structures plus physical-chemical, spectral, and pharmacological data. Entries are indexed by plant name, subject, and pharmacological property. This provides unique coverage of information on compounds isolated from some 3,000 plants, including many from central Asia and Russia, that are not well known elsewhere. The entries for each compound share a similar format. The entries are preceded by tabulated information on the occurrence of the compounds in plants etc. The highly experienced team of compilers from the renowned Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances in Tashkent have expertly assessed the international literature and include data only when confident of its validity, e.g. excluding data where measurement processes cause degradation of the original compound.



Avian Ancestors

Avian Ancestors Author Federico Agnolin
ISBN-10 9789400756373
Release 2013-02-26
Pages 96
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Although consensus exists among researchers that birds evolved from coelurosaurian theropods, paleontologists still debate the identification of the group of coelurosaurians that most closely approaches the common ancestor of birds. The last 20 years witnessed the discovery of a wide array of avian-like theropods that has considerably amplified the anatomical disparity among deinonychosaurians, some of which resemble Archaeopteryx more than Deinonychus. Among these newly discovered theropods that show remarkable bird-like characteristics are the four-winged theropods Microraptor and Anchiornis, and the unenlagiids Unenlagia, Buitreraptor, and Rahonavis. A bizarre group of minute-sized coelurosaurs, the Scansoriopterygidae, also exhibits some avian similarities that lead some authors to interpret them as more closely related to birds than other dinosaurs. With the aim to explore the phylogenetic relationships of these coelurosaurians and birds, we merged recently published integrative databases, resulting in significant changes in the topological distribution of taxa within Paraves. We present evidence that Dromaeosauridae, Microraptoria, Unenlagiidae, and Anchiornis + Xiaotingia form successive sister taxa of Aves, and that the Scansoriopterygidae are basal coelurosaurians not closely related to birds. The implications in the evolutionary sequence of anatomical characters leading to birds, including the origin of flight, are also considered in light of this new phylogenetic hypothesis.



The Synthetic Nitrogen Industry in World War I

The Synthetic Nitrogen Industry in World War I Author Anthony S. Travis
ISBN-10 9783319193571
Release 2015-07-03
Pages 163
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This concise brief describes how the demands of World War I, often referred to as the Chemists’ War, led to the rapid emergence of a new key industry based on fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. Then, as now, nitrogen products, including nitric acid, and nitrates, were essential for both fertilizers and in the manufacture of modern explosives. During the first decade of the twentieth century, this stimulated research into and application of novel processes. This book illustrates how from late 1914 the relations and developments in the first modern military-industrial complex enabled the great capital expenditures and technological advances that accelerated massive expansion, particularly of the BASF Haber-Bosch high-pressure process, that determined the direction of the post-war chemical industry.



A Digest of English Civil Law General by Edward Jenks

A Digest of English Civil Law  General  by Edward Jenks Author Edward Jenks
ISBN-10 IND:30000010148926
Release 1905
Pages
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A Digest of English Civil Law General by Edward Jenks has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A Digest of English Civil Law General by Edward Jenks also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A Digest of English Civil Law General by Edward Jenks book for free.



L szl Zechmeister

L  szl   Zechmeister Author Michaela Wirth
ISBN-10 9783319006420
Release 2013-09-18
Pages 61
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Lázlo Zechmeister was one of the pioneers in chromatology. He recognized the potential of the chromatographic method and made extensive use of it for his research about natural products. In 1938 he founded the book series "Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products" which includes review articles on contemporary research by masters in their fields of expertise. This text casts light on his life and his pioneering role in chromatography and provides more detailed insight on the book series.



The Last Confucian

The Last Confucian Author Guy Alitto
ISBN-10 0520053184
Release 1986
Pages 412
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The Last Confucian has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Last Confucian also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Last Confucian book for free.



A Handbook of Transcription Factors

A Handbook of Transcription Factors Author Timothy R. Hughes
ISBN-10 904819069X
Release 2011-05-10
Pages 306
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Transcription factors are the molecules that the cell uses to interpret the genome: they possess sequence-specific DNA-binding activity, and either directly or indirectly influence the transcription of genes. In aggregate, transcription factors control gene expression and genome organization, and play a pivotal role in many aspects of physiology and evolution. This book provides a reference for major aspects of transcription factor function, encompassing a general catalogue of known transcription factor classes, origins and evolution of specific transcription factor types, methods for studying transcription factor binding sites in vitro, in vivo, and in silico, and mechanisms of interaction with chromatin and RNA polymerase.



Intelligent Interactive Technologies and Multimedia

Intelligent Interactive Technologies and Multimedia Author Anupam Agrawal
ISBN-10 9783642374630
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 349
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Intelligent Interactive Technologies and Multimedia, IITM 2013, held in Allahabad, India, in March 2013. The 15 revised full papers and the 12 revised short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from more than 90 submissions. The papers present the latest research and development in the areas of intelligent interactive technologies, human-computer interaction and multimedia.



Implementing Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 with Sure Step 2012

Implementing Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 with Sure Step 2012 Author Andrew Birch
ISBN-10 9781849687058
Release 2013-03-22
Pages 234
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Implementing Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 with Sure Step 2012 is a guide that will help you better understand the principles of Sure Step Methodology and enable you to utilize these in a practical and pragmatic way when implementing Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012.If you are a Dynamics AX consultant, developer, or in a customer resources or sales role that requires guidance and knowledge of the AX business solution space, or the delivery of an AX business solution that meets or exceeds the expectations of your organization, then this book is ideal for you. Basic experience of Dynamics AX and Sure Step is required.



The Chemical History of Color

The Chemical History of Color Author Mary Virginia Orna
ISBN-10 9783642326424
Release 2012-10-05
Pages 153
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In this brief, Mary Virginia Orna details the history of color from the chemical point of view. Beginning with the first recorded uses of color and ending in the development of our modern chemical industry, this rich, yet concise exposition shows us how color pervades every aspect of our lives. Our consciousness, our perceptions, our useful appliances and tools, our playthings, our entertainment, our health, and our diagnostic apparatus – all involve color and are based in no small part on chemistry.



Computer Based Structure Elucidation from Spectral Data

Computer   Based Structure Elucidation from Spectral Data Author Mikhail E. Elyashberg
ISBN-10 9783662464021
Release 2015-02-27
Pages 447
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Here, the authors introduce readers to solving molecular structure elucidation problems using the expert system ACD/Structure Elucidator. They explain in detail the concepts of the Computer-Assisted Structure Elucidation (CASE) approach and point out the crucial role of understanding the axiomatic nature of the data used to deduce the structure. Aspects covered include the main blocks of the expert system and essential features of the mathematical algorithms used. Graduate and PhD students as well as practicing chemists are provided with a detailed explanation of the various practical approaches depending on available spectral data peculiarities and the complexity of the unknown structure. This is supported by a large number of real-world completed examples, most of which are related to the structure elucidation of natural product molecules containing unusual skeletons. Dedicated software and further supplementary material are available at www.acdlabs.com/TeachingSE.



Astrophysics at Very High Energies

Astrophysics at Very High Energies Author Felix Aharonian
ISBN-10 9783642361340
Release 2013-04-04
Pages 361
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With the success of Cherenkov Astronomy and more recently with the launch of NASA’s Fermi mission, very-high-energy astrophysics has undergone a revolution in the last years. This book provides three comprehensive and up-to-date reviews of the recent advances in gamma-ray astrophysics and of multi-messenger astronomy. Felix Aharonian and Charles Dermer address our current knowledge on the sources of GeV and TeV photons, gleaned from the precise measurements made by the new instrumentation. Lars Bergström presents the challenges and prospects of astro-particle physics with a particular emphasis on the detection of dark matter candidates. The topics covered by the 40th Saas-Fee Course present the capabilities of current instrumentation and the physics at play in sources of very-high-energy radiation to students and researchers alike. This book will encourage and prepare readers for using space and ground-based gamma-ray observatories, as well as neutrino and other multi-messenger detectors.



An Introduction to Markov State Models and Their Application to Long Timescale Molecular Simulation

An Introduction to Markov State Models and Their Application to Long Timescale Molecular Simulation Author Gregory R. Bowman
ISBN-10 9789400776067
Release 2013-12-02
Pages 139
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The aim of this book volume is to explain the importance of Markov state models to molecular simulation, how they work, and how they can be applied to a range of problems. The Markov state model (MSM) approach aims to address two key challenges of molecular simulation: 1) How to reach long timescales using short simulations of detailed molecular models. 2) How to systematically gain insight from the resulting sea of data. MSMs do this by providing a compact representation of the vast conformational space available to biomolecules by decomposing it into states sets of rapidly interconverting conformations and the rates of transitioning between states. This kinetic definition allows one to easily vary the temporal and spatial resolution of an MSM from high-resolution models capable of quantitative agreement with (or prediction of) experiment to low-resolution models that facilitate understanding. Additionally, MSMs facilitate the calculation of quantities that are difficult to obtain from more direct MD analyses, such as the ensemble of transition pathways. This book introduces the mathematical foundations of Markov models, how they can be used to analyze simulations and drive efficient simulations, and some of the insights these models have yielded in a variety of applications of molecular simulation.



Forensic Histopathology

Forensic Histopathology Author Reinhard Dettmeyer
ISBN-10 364220659X
Release 2011-08-27
Pages 454
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This book, which combines the features of an atlas and a textbook, presents findings in forensic histology, immunohistochemistry, and cytology based on microscopic investigations using different stainings and different antibodies. The principal aim is to provide practitioners with detailed information and guidance on how microscopy can help to clarify the cause of sudden and unexpected death. Many of the topics will be of interest not only to forensic pathologists but also to general pathologists, whether practitioners or researchers. Examples include the pathology of drug abuse, wound age determination, adverse drug reactions, histopathology of the sudden infant death syndrome, and age determination of myocardial infarction. Both typical and unusual findings are demonstrated with the aid of numerous high-quality color illustrations, and other key literature in forensic histology and immunohistochemistry is highlighted for each topic.



Pilgrims

Pilgrims Author Mary Pope Osborne
ISBN-10 9780307975317
Release 2012-02-29
Pages 128
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The #1 bestselling chapter book series of all time celebrates 25 years with new covers and a new, easy-to-use numbering system! Getting the facts behind the fiction has never looked better. Track the facts with Jack and Annie!! When Jack and Annie got back from their adventure in Magic Tree House #27: Thanksgiving on Thursday, they had lots of questions. What was it like to sail on the Mayflower? Why did the Pilgrims choose Plymouth? How did they survive in their new home? What did they really eat at the first Thanksgiving? Find out the answers to these questions and more as Jack and Annie track the facts. Filled with up-to-date information, photos, illustrations, and fun tidbits from Jack and Annie, the Magic Tree House Fact Trackers are the perfect way for kids to find out more about the topics they discovered in their favorite Magic Tree House adventures. And teachers can use Fact Trackers alongside their Magic Tree House fiction companions to meet common core text pairing needs. Did you know that there’s a Magic Tree House book for every kid? Magic Tree House: Adventures with Jack and Annie, perfect for readers who are just beginning chapter books Merlin Missions: More challenging adventures for the experienced reader Super Edition: A longer and more dangerous adventure Fact Trackers: Nonfiction companions to your favorite Magic Tree House adventures Have more fun with Jack and Annie at MagicTreeHouse.com!