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Chemistry of Peptide Synthesis

Chemistry of Peptide Synthesis Author N. Leo Benoiton
ISBN-10 9781420027693
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 304
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Chemistry of Peptide Synthesis is a complete overview of how peptides are synthesized and what techniques are likely to generate the most desirable reactions. Incorporating elements from the author’s role of Career Investigator of the Medical Research Council of Canada and his extensive teaching career, the book emphasizes learning rather than memorization. The text uses clear language and schematics to present concepts progressively, carefully excluding unnecessary details and providing a historical context in which to appreciate the development of the field. The author first outlines the fundamentals of peptide synthesis, focusing on the intermediates in aminolysis reactions. Gradually the text builds into discussions of the applicability of coupling reactions, stereomutation, methods of deprotection, solid-phase synthesis, side-chain protection and side reactions, and amplification on coupling methods. The book clarifies the differences between oxazolones from amino-acid derivatives and segments and the implications of their formation on the chiral integrity of products. The author offers a critical analysis of the mechanisms of coupling reactions and the desirability of preactivation. The text explains hindrance and the nucleophilicity of tertiary amines and rationalizes their use. The book also explores mechanisms of acidolysis and the dual role of nucleophiles as reactants and scavengers. Chemistry of Peptide Synthesis supplies a broad, yet straightforward approach that appeals to those with limited knowledge of organic chemistry or chemists from other fields as well as in-depth coverage that can be appreciated by experienced peptidologists.



Amino Acid and Peptide Synthesis

Amino Acid and Peptide Synthesis Author John Jones
ISBN-10 0199257388
Release 2002
Pages 92
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The study of amino acids and peptides is becoming increasingly important to chemists becuase of the growing overlap of mainstream organic chemistry with bioorganic chemistry and biochemistry. This introductory text begins with a brief survey of the role and diversity of amino acids, peptides, and proteins in nature, and goes on to describe and explain the principal methods of chemical synthesis. With its emphasis on chemical principles and strategies rather than detailed technical matters, the book will be essential reading for all students of chemistry and biochemistry with an interest in this important field. This second edition contains extensive additions and adjustments, to present a completely up-to-date account of the chemical essentials of mainstream peptide synthesis.



Side Reactions in Peptide Synthesis

Side Reactions in Peptide Synthesis Author Yi Yang
ISBN-10 9780128011812
Release 2015-09-01
Pages 376
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Side Reactions in Peptide Synthesis, based on the author’s academic and industrial experience, and backed by a thorough review of the current literature, provides analysis of, and proposes solutions to, the most frequently encountered side reactions during peptide and peptidomimetic synthesis. This valuable handbook is ideal for research and process chemists working with peptide synthesis in diverse settings across academic, biotech, and pharmaceutical research and development. While peptide chemistry is increasingly prevalent, common side reactions and their causes are often poorly understood or anticipated, causing unnecessary waste of materials and delay. Each chapter discusses common side reactions through detailed chemical equations, proposed mechanisms (if any), theoretical background, and finally, a variety of possible solutions to avoid or alleviate the specified side reaction. Provides a systematic examination on how to troubleshoot and minimize the most frequent side reactions in peptide synthesis Gives chemists the background information and the practical tools they need to successfully troubleshoot and improve results Includes optimization-oriented analysis of side reactions in peptide synthesis for improved industrial process development in peptidyl API (active pharmaceutical ingredient) production Answers the growing, global need for improved, replicable processes to avoid impurities and maintain the integrity of the end product. Presents a thorough discussion of critical factors in peptide synthesis which are often neglected or underestimated by chemists Covers solid phase and solution phase methodologies, and provides abundant references for further exploration



Peptides

Peptides Author Bernd Gutte
ISBN-10 0080538592
Release 1995-10-24
Pages 511
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In recent years, research has shown the importance of peptides in neuroscience, immunology, and cell biology. Active research programs worldwide are now engaged in developing peptide-based drugs and vaccines using modification of natural peptides and proteins, design of artificial peptides and peptide mimetics, and screening of peptide and phage libraries. In this comprehensive book, the authors discuss peptide synthesis and application within the context of their increasing importance to the pharmaceutical industry. Peptides: Synthesis, Structures, and Applications explores the broad growth of information in modern peptide synthetic methods and the structure-activity relationships of synthetic polypeptides. The history of peptide chemistry Amide formation, deprotection, and disulfide formation in peptide synthesis Solid-phase peptide synthesis a-helix formation by peptides in water Stability and dynamics of peptide conformation An overview of structure-function studies of peptide hormones Neuropeptides:peptide and nonpeptide analogs Reversible inhibitors of serine proteinases Design of polypeptides Current capabilities and future possibilities of soluble chemical combinatorial libraries Epitope mapping with peptides Synthesis and applications of branched peptides in immunological methods and vaccines



Chemical Approaches to the Synthesis of Peptides and Proteins

Chemical Approaches to the Synthesis of Peptides and Proteins Author Paul Lloyd-Williams
ISBN-10 0849391423
Release 1997-04-23
Pages 304
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Organic chemists working on the synthesis of natural products have long found a special challenge in the preparation of peptides and proteins. However, more reliable, more efficient synthetic preparation methods have been developed in recent years. This reference evaluates the most important synthesis methods available today, and also considers methods that show promise for future applications. This text describes the state of the art in efficient synthetic methods for the synthesis of both natural and artificial large peptide and protein molecules. Subjects include an introduction to basic topics, linear solid-phase synthesis of peptides, peptide synthesis in solution, convergent solid-phase synthesis, methods for the synthesis of branched peptides, formation of disulfide bridges, and more. The book emphasizes strategies and tactics that must be considered for the successful synthesis of peptides.



Principles of Peptide Synthesis

Principles of Peptide Synthesis Author M. Bodanszky
ISBN-10 9783642967634
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 308
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A look at the shelves of a major library awakens doubts in the author of this small volume about the importance of writing a new introduction to peptide synthesis. This rather narrow area of bio-organic chemistry already has received considerable attention. A whole series of books deals with the synthesis of peptides. Some of these are textbooks written to support lecture courses on peptide synthesis. Others try to help the beginner, otherwise well versed in organic chemistry, to embark on some experimental project that requires the construction of peptide chains. Not less useful are the monographs which were compiled to aid the adept practitioner and to provide him with references to the growing literature of a very active field. Is there any need for a new book on peptide synthesis? Should we add a new volume to an already impressive and certainly useful series? The answer is not obvious. The author has already participated in two similar en deavors. The first edition! of "Peptide Synthesis", with M. A. Ondetti as coauthor, was meant to serve as an introduction for the beginner. It was rather well received by researchers who joined the field of peptide chemistry and were looking for initiation. While working on the 2 second edition with Drs. Klausner and Ondetti, we became painfully aware of the impossibility of the task.



Fmoc Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis

Fmoc Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis Author W. Chan
ISBN-10 0199637245
Release 2000
Pages 346
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In the years since the publication of Atherton and Sheppard's volume, the technique of Fmoc solid-phase peptide synthesis has matured considerably and is now the standard approach for the routine production of peptides. The basic problems at the time of publication of this earlier work have now for the most part, been solved. As a result, innovators in the field have focussed their efforts to develop methodologies and chemistry for the synthesis of more complex structures. The focus of this new volume is much broader, and covers the essential procedures for the production of linear peptides and more advanced techniques for preparing cyclic, side-chain modified, phospho- and glycopeptides. Many other methods also deserving attention have been included: convergent peptide synthesis; peptide-protein conjugation; chemoselective ligation; and chemoselective purification. The difficult preparation of cysteine and methionine-containing peptides is also covered, as well as methods for overcoming aggregation during peptide chain assembly. Many of the techniques developed for the production of large arrays of peptides by parallel synthesis, such as t-bag, SPOT and PIN synthesis, have naturally been included. Finally, a survey of available automated instrumentation has also been provided.



Peptide Synthesis and Applications

Peptide Synthesis and Applications Author Knud J. Jensen
ISBN-10 1493960040
Release 2016-08-27
Pages 253
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Peptides are used ubiquitously for studies in biology, biochemistry, chemical biology, peptide based medicinal chemistry, and many other areas of research. There is a number of marketed peptide drugs, and the prospects for the development of new peptide drugs are very encouraging. The second edition of Peptide Synthesis and Applications expands upon the previous editions with current, detailed methodologies for peptide synthesis. With new chapters on laboratory protocols for both the specialist and the non-specialist. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Peptide Synthesis and Application, Second Edition seeks to aid scientists in understanding different approaches to the synthesis of peptides by using a broad range of methods and strategies.



Life during a golden age of peptide chemistry

Life during a golden age of peptide chemistry Author Bruce Merrifield
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105003439804
Release 1993-05-01
Pages 297
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Bruce Merrifield, eminent American scientist, 1984 Nobel Prize winner and professor at The Rockefeller University, is noted for his single-handed development of solid phase peptide synthesis. The progress of biochemistry and related fields is closely correlated with the availability of pure peptides, and in this volume, Merrifield describes nearly 40 years of progress. The warmth and kindness of this sincere gentleman is described by his personal experiences. Many photographs depict both the professional as well as the personal side of Bruce Merrifield.



Peptide Chemistry

Peptide Chemistry Author Miklos Bodanszky
ISBN-10 9783642978869
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 200
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Peptide Chemistry has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Peptide Chemistry also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Peptide Chemistry book for free.



Peptide Synthesis and Applications

Peptide Synthesis and Applications Author John Howl
ISBN-10 9781592598779
Release 2005
Pages 272
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In this book, a panel of expert researchers and established group leaders describe in step-by-step detail the key methodologies of contemporary peptide systhesis and illustrate numerous applications that employ peptides as unique and essential materials. Techniques presented include protocols for chemical ligation, the systhesis of cyclic and phosphotyrosine-containing peptides, lipoamino acid- and sugar-conjugated peptides, and peptide purification and analysis.



Peptides

Peptides Author Norbert Sewald
ISBN-10 9783527802654
Release 2015-11-19
Pages 594
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Thoroughly updated, incorporating around 25 % new material, Sewald/Jakubke remains the only modern and scientifically up-to-date advanced textbook on peptide biochemistry, distilling the knowledge of hundreds of publications into a highly readable synopsis of this diverse field. The authors explain the broad fundamentals of peptide synthesis and structure, systematically addressing important families of biologically active peptides, and adopting an interdisciplinary approach that covers application areas in biotechnology, pharmaceutical science, and biomedicine. One major focus is on such "hot" research topics as pseudopeptides, peptidomimetics, and combinatorial synthesis. This new edition also features study questions for each learning unit, for easier self-study and classroom teaching.



Solid Phase Synthesis

Solid Phase Synthesis Author Fernando Albericio
ISBN-10 0824703596
Release 2000-04-28
Pages 848
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This volume provides the information needed to synthesize peptides by solid-phase synthesis (SPS) - employing polymeric support (resins), anchoring linkages (handles), coupling reagents (activators), and protection schemes. It presents strategies for creating a wide variety of compounds for drug discovery and analyzes peptides, DNA, carbohydrates, conjugates of biomolecules, and small molecules.



The World of Peptides

The World of Peptides Author Theodor Wieland
ISBN-10 9783642758508
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 298
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Almost two centuries ago proteins were recognized as the primary materials (proteios = primary) oflife, but the significance and wide role of peptides (from pepsis = digestion) in practically all life pro cesses has only become apparent in the last few decades. Biologi cally active peptides are now being discovered at rapid intervals in the brain and in other organs including the heart, in the skin of amphibians and many other tissues. Peptides and peptide-like compounds are found among toxins and antibiotics. It is unlikely that this process, an almost explosive broadening of the field, will come to a sudden halt. By now it is obvious that Nature has used the combination of a small to moderate number of amino acids to generate a great variety of agonists with specific and often highly sophisticated functions. Thus, peptide chemistry must be regarded as a discipline in its own right, a major branch of biochemistry, fairly separate from the chemistry of proteins. Because of the important role played by synthesis both in the study and in the practical preparation of peptides, their area can be considered as belonging to bio-organic chemistry as well. The already overwhelming and still increasing body of know ledge renders an account of the history of peptide chemistry more and more difficult. It appears therefore timely to look back, to take stock and to recall the important stages in the development of a new discipline.



Chemical Synthesis

Chemical Synthesis Author General Books LLC
ISBN-10 1157367240
Release 2010-05
Pages 118
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 29. Chapters: Peptide synthesis, Artificial gene synthesis, Mechanosynthesis, Protecting group, Carbohydrate chemistry, Asymmetric synthesis, Hydrothermal synthesis, Organic synthesis, Solvothermal synthesis, Electrosynthesis, Retrosynthetic analysis, Total synthesis, Solid-phase synthesis, Electrochemical fluorination, Direct process, Nucleic acid templated chemistry, Chemical ligation, Divergent synthesis, Capillary action through synthetic mesh, Conductive Characteristics within Coated Synthetic Fabrics, Semisynthesis, One-pot synthesis, Synthon, Convergent synthesis, Synthetic gene database, Methods in Organic Synthesis, Telomerization, Precursor, Synthome. Excerpt: In organic chemistry, peptide synthesis is the production of peptides, which are organic compounds in which multiple amino acids are linked via amide bonds which are also known as peptide bonds. The biological process of producing long peptides (proteins) is known as protein biosynthesis. Solid-Phase Peptide Syntesis on a Rink amide resin using Fmoc-?-amine-protected amino acid Peptides are synthesized by coupling the carboxyl group or C-terminus of one amino acid to the amino group or N-terminus of another. Due to the possibility of unintended reactions, protecting groups are usually necessary. Chemical peptide synthesis starts at the C-terminal end of the peptide and ends at the N-terminus. This is the opposite of protein biosynthesis, which starts at the N-terminal end. Liquid-phase peptide synthesis is a classical approach to peptide synthesis. It has been replaced in most labs by solid-phase synthesis (see below). However, it retains usefulness in large-scale production of peptides for industrial purposes. Coupling step in solid-phase peptide synthesisSolid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS), pioneered by Robert Bruce Merrifield, resulted in a paradigm shift with...



The Practice of Peptide Synthesis

The Practice of Peptide Synthesis Author Miklos Bodanszky
ISBN-10 9783642968358
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 286
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During the years 1980-81, as guests of the Deutsches Woll forschungsinstitut in Aachen, Germany, we were working on a small book entitled, "Principles of Peptide Synthesis". In the library of the Institute we noted that the volumes of Houben-Weyl's Handbuch der Organischen Chemie dealing with peptide synthesis were so much in use that they were ready to fall apart because the researchers of the Institute consulted them with amazing regularity. They were looking for references, but even more for experimental details which could be adapted to the particular problem they happened to face. In planning a new synthetic endeavor they tried to lean on the experience of others in analogous situations. This suggested to us that a smaller and hence more tractable book may be needed, a volume which can be kept on or near the bench to make examples of funda mental methods readily available in the laboratory. Such a collection could save numerous short trips to the library, a point particularly important where a library well equipped with the sources of the literature of peptide synthesis is not near at hand. Also, we thought that the envisaged book may be welcome by those who are more versed in English than in German. To our best knowledge no similar publi cation is available.



Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis

Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis Author John Morrow Stewart
ISBN-10 UOM:39015016062195
Release 1984
Pages 176
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Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis book for free.