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Chemistry of Waste Minimization

Chemistry of Waste Minimization Author J.H. Clark
ISBN-10 9789401106238
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 554
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Political pressure has translated into legislation requiring industry to reduce waste. There is an unprecedented opportunity for chemists to develop and apply new methods that result in waste reduction, and this book describes examples of new chemical methods used to reduce waste at source and to treat toxic waste.



Industrial Environmental Chemistry

Industrial Environmental Chemistry Author Donald T. Sawyer
ISBN-10 9781489923202
Release 2013-12-11
Pages 312
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This monograph consists of manuscripts submitted by invited speakers who participated in the symposium "Industrial Environmental Chemistry: Waste Minimization in Industrial Processes and Remediation of Hazardous Waste," held March 24-26, 1992, at Texas A&M University. This meeting was the tenth annual international symposium sponsored by the Texas A&M Industry-University Cooperative Chemistry Program (IUCCP). The program was developed by an academic-industrial steering committee consisting of the co-chairmen, Professors Donald T. Sawyer and Arthur E. Martell of the Texas A&M University Chemistry Department, and members appointed by the sponsoring companies: Bernie A. Allen, Jr., Dow Chemical USA; Kirk W. Brown, Texas A&M University; Abraham Clearfield, Texas A&M University; Greg Leyes, Monsanto Company; Jay Warner, Hoechst-Celanese Corporation; Paul M. Zakriski, BF Goodrich Company; and Emile A. Schweikert, Texas A&M University (IUCCP Coordinator). The subject of this conference reflects the interest that has developed in academic institutions and industry for technological solutions to environmental contamination by industrial wastes. Progress is most likely with strategies that minimize waste production from industrial processes. Clearly the key to the protection and preservation of the environment will be through R&D that optimizes chemical processes to minimize or eliminate waste streams. Eleven of the papers are directed to waste minimization. An additional ten papers discuss chemical and biological remediation strategies for hazardous wastes that contaminate soils, sludges, and water.



Waste Minimization and Cost Reduction for the Process Industries

Waste Minimization and Cost Reduction for the Process Industries Author Paul N. Cheremisinoff
ISBN-10 9780815519522
Release 1995-12-31
Pages 348
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The purpose of this book is to provide a base of information and analysis to assist in implementation of the policy of reducing and/or minimizing hazardous waste generation in manufacturing and more specifically in the process industries. What is the significance of reducing the generation of all process wastes? This book examines the technical nature of waste reduction and the extent to which waste reduction can likely be implemented. Also explored is the extent to which technology itself, as well as information and resources, is a barrier to waste reduction. In what ways are waste reduction decisions dependent on specific circumstances? Can the amount of feasible waste reduction be estimated? Auditing of manufacturing and unit operations and processes are particularly significant and useful in the chemical process industries (food, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, fertilizer, petrochemicals, etc.) since it is estimated that these industries account for more than half of the hazardous wastes generated. This book presents a compilation of complete information on potential sources of waste loss or generation through technical inspection. Also presented are calculation methods for determining air-waste-solid wastes material balances, informational requirements and waste reduction analysis. The reader should find the book useful in the areas of auditing and waste minimization. It is replete with useful information as well as specific case histories, which should make it a practical tool for the user.



Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimization in Laboratories

Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimization in Laboratories Author Peter A. Reinhardt
ISBN-10 0873719751
Release 1995-11-16
Pages 512
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This nuts and bolts book addresses specific waste minimization and pollution prevention techniques that work in specific types of laboratories for specific wastestreams. Concepts in the book may be directly applied to laboratory operations. In addition, the book illustrates other approaches to laboratory pollution prevention, such as reducing wastewater discharges and fume hood emissions. A wide range of waste types, including hazardous, infectious, medical, PCB, and radioactive, are discussed. This book helps you to develop a broad, institutional framework to plan and set priorities for pollution prevention. It responds to your laboratory's critical need to have readily available techniques and concepts for waste minimization and pollution prevention.



Process Engineering for Pollution Control and Waste Minimization

Process Engineering for Pollution Control and Waste Minimization Author Donald L. Wise
ISBN-10 1420061763
Release 1994-02-15
Pages 744
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Offers up-to-date technical information on current and potential pollution control and waste minimization practices, providing industry-specific case studies, techniques and models.



Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook

Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook Author Woodard & Curran, Inc.
ISBN-10 9780080459868
Release 2011-08-30
Pages 532
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Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook provides the most reliable methodology for identifying which waste types are produced from particular industrial processes and how they can be treated. There is a thorough explanation of the fundamental mechanisms by which pollutants become dissolved or become suspended in water or air. Building on this knowledge, the reader will learn how different treatment processes work, how they can be optimized, and the most efficient method for selecting candidate treatment processes. Utilizing the most up-to-date examples from recent work at one of the leading environmental and science consulting firms, this book also illustrates approaches to solve various environmental quality problems and the step-by-step design of facilities. Practical applications to assist with the selection of appropriate treatment technology for target pollutants. Includes case studies based on current work by experts in waste treatment, disposal, management, environmental law and data management. Provides glossary and table of acronyms for easy reference.



Waste Management in the Chemical and Petroleum Industries

Waste Management in the Chemical and Petroleum Industries Author Alireza Bahadori
ISBN-10 9781118731734
Release 2013-10-04
Pages 352
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The global chemical and petroleum industries have always had the challenge of disposing of chemical wastes, by-products, and residuals, but with traditional techniques such as deep well injection and incineration proving flawed, the need for disposal by legal, safe and economically effective means has never been greater. Increasingly, the need to produce without pollution is the preferred model for industry, and the strategy of waste minimization is seen as the best way forward. This is particularly relevant in the petrochemical and chemical industries, where large quantities of hazardous and toxic wastes are produced which can pose formidable disposal problems. Covering the essentials of treatment, recovery and disposal of waste, as well as the requirements for process design and engineering of equipment and facilities in the chemical and petroleum industries, this book includes chapters on: Wastewater Treatment Physical Unit Operations Chemical Treatment Biological Treatment Wastewater Treatment in Unconventional Oil and Gas Industries Wastewater Sewer Systems Sewage Treatment Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal Primarily aimed at researchers and advanced students in chemical, petroleum, and environmental fields as well as those in civil engineering, this book should also provide a unique reference for industry practitioners and anyone interested in chemical and petroleum waste treatment and disposal.



Pollution prevention for chemical processes

Pollution prevention for chemical processes Author David T. Allen
ISBN-10 UOM:39015040648605
Release 1997
Pages 434
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This timely text offers coverage of pollution prevention fundamentals, featuring examples and case studies drawn from the chemical process industries. Topics are presented on three different levels-macro, meso, and micro. The book's multifaceted approach provides a complete picture of current waste minimization theory and practice. Macroscale * Comprehensive analysis of the flow of materials in the United States, from natural resource extraction to consumer product disposal * Overview of waste generation and management for different pollutant types * Assessment of pollution prevention opportunities using industrial ecology and product life cycle frameworks Mesoscale * Detailed coverage of pollution prevention in chemical manufacturing processes * Waste audits, emission inventories, flow sheet analysis, and many other important tools * Waste reduction for unit operations, techniques for measuring economic benefits of pollution prevention, and more Microscale * Case studies of reaction pathway analysis and material design methods Complete with case studies that give the material a real-world edge, plus worked examples to reinforce learning, this text is valuable to both advanced students and practitioners of chemical and civil engineering.



Chemical Management

Chemical Management Author Thomas J. Bierma
ISBN-10 0471332844
Release 1999-11-15
Pages 344
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The only step-by-step guide to an exciting new chemical management and waste minimization methodology Over the past decade, a revolutionary new approach to chemical supply has emerged that dramatically reduces chemical waste and chemical costs while improving company performance. Known as Shared Savings Chemical Management, it has already yielded astonishing results for several major North American manufacturing firms and numerous other companies. The first complete guide to this innovative chemical management methodology, Chemical Management acquaints you with Shared Savings principles and shows you how to put them to work in your company. Thomas Bierma and Francis Waterstraat Jr. explore the environmental, health and safety, purchasing, inventory, tracking, waste disposal, and other major problems inherent to traditional chemical supply programs, and clearly explain how and why a Shared Savings Chemical Management program helps minimize or completely eliminate those problems. With the help of fascinating case studies, they demonstrate how Shared Savings techniques are currently being applied in five extremely successful plants belonging to GM, Ford, Chrysler, and Navistar International. What's more, they provide you with a complete, step-by-step blueprint for designing and implementing a Shared Savings program tailored to your company. Chemical Management is an indispensable resource for manufacturing managers, purchasing managers, environmental managers, health and safety managers, and others charged with developing more effective chemical waste minimization strategies for their companies.



Solid and Hazardous Waste Management

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Author M.N. Rao
ISBN-10 9780128098769
Release 2016-10-27
Pages 344
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Solid and Hazardous Waste Management: Science and Engineering presents the latest on the rapid increase in volume and types of solid and hazardous wastes that have resulted from economic growth, urbanization, and industrialization and how they have challenged national and local governments to ensure effective and sustainable management of these waste products. The book offers universal coverage of the technologies used for the management and disposal of waste products, such as plastic waste, bio-medical wastes, hazardous wastes, and e-wastes. Covers both traditional and new technologies for Identifying and categorizing the source and nature of the waste Provides methods for the safe disposal of municipal solid wastes, plastic waste, bio-medical wastes, hazardous wastes, and e-wastes Presents technologies that can be used for transportation and processing (including resource recovery) of the waste Discusses reclamation, reuse, and recovery of energy from MSW



Industrial Ecology

Industrial Ecology Author Stanley E. Manahan
ISBN-10 1566703816
Release 1999-02-01
Pages 336
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Industrial ecology may be a relatively new concept - yet it's already proven instrumental for solving a wide variety of problems involving pollution and hazardous waste, especially where available material resources have been limited. By treating industrial systems in a manner that parallels ecological systems in nature, industrial ecology provides a substantial addition to the technologies of environmental chemistry. Stanley E. Manahan, bestselling author of many environmental chemistry books for Lewis Publishers, now examines Industrial Ecology: Environmental Chemistry and Hazardous Waste. His study of this innovative technology uses an overall framework of industrial ecology to cover hazardous wastes from an environmental chemistry perspective. Chapters one to seven focus on how industrial ecology relates to environmental science and technology, with consideration of the anthrosphere as one of five major environmental spheres. Subsequent chapters deal specifically with hazardous substances and hazardous waste, as they relate to industrial ecology and environmental chemistry.



Risks of Hazardous Wastes

Risks of Hazardous Wastes Author Paul E. Rosenfeld
ISBN-10 1437778437
Release 2011-03-22
Pages 472
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Hazardous waste in the environment is one of the most difficult challenges facing our society. The purpose of this book is to provide a background of the many aspects of hazardous waste, from its sources to its consequences, focusing on the risks posed to human health and the environment. It explains the legislation and regulations surrounding hazardous waste; however, the scope of the book is much broader, discussing agents that are released into the environment that might not be classified as hazardous waste under the regulatory system, but nonetheless pose substantial hazards to human health and the environment. It provides a background of some of the major generators of hazardous wastes, explains the pathways by which humans and wildlife are exposed, and includes discussion of the adverse health effects linked to these pollutants. It provides numerous case studies of hazardous waste mismanagement that have led to disastrous consequences, and highlights the deficiencies in science and regulation that have allowed the public to be subjected to myriad potentially hazardous agents. Finally, it provides a discussion of measures that will need to be taken to control society’s hazardous waste problem. This book was designed to appeal to a wide range of audiences, including students, professionals, and general readers interested in the topic. Provides information about sources of and health risks posed by hazardous waste Explains the legislation and regulations surrounding hazardous waste Includes numerous case studies of mismanagement, highlights deficiencies in science and regulation and discusses measures to tackle society’s hazardous waste problems



Green Chemistry

Green Chemistry Author Mike Lancaster
ISBN-10 9781847558732
Release 2010
Pages 328
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Aimed at students, this introduction to green chemistry encourages new ways of thinking about how products and processes are developed.



Separation Processes in Waste Minimization

Separation Processes in Waste Minimization Author Robert B. Long
ISBN-10 0824796349
Release 1995-06-06
Pages 480
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This work offers an accessible discussion of current and emerging separation processes used for waste minimization, showing how the processes work on a day-to-day basis and providing troubleshooting tips for equipment that doesn't function according to design specifications. It describes the fundamentals of over 30 processes, types of equipment available, vendors, and common problems encountered in operations with hazardous waste.



Environmental Aspects of Textile Dyeing

Environmental Aspects of Textile Dyeing Author R M Christie
ISBN-10 9781845693091
Release 2007-05-11
Pages 256
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Textile dyes enhance our environment, bringing colour into our lives. The current range of dyes have been developed to withstand environmental effects, such as degradation by exposure to light and water. However, the industry involved with the application of dyes to textiles has a responsibility to ensure that potential for harm to the environment, for example through residues in waste-streams, and to the consumer is minimised. Written by an international team of contributors, this collection reviews current legislation and key technologies which make textile dyeing more efficient and environmentally friendly. The book begins by detailing European and US legislation relating to textile dyeing. Further chapters cover toxicology, environmentally responsible application of dyes and supercritical fluid textile dyeing. The book concludes with chapters on the reduction of pollution and minimisation of waste, the re-use of spent dyebath, chemical treatment of dye effluent and biotechnological treatment of dye effluent. Environmental aspects of textile dyeing is a standard reference source for manufacturers concerned with developing a sustainable industry. Crucial guide to minimising harmful effects on environment and the consumer Reviews current technologies and European and US legislation Essential for all textile manufacturers



Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design

Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design Author John J. McKetta Jr
ISBN-10 0824726154
Release 1998-06-10
Pages 500
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"Waste, Hazardous, Management Guide to Waste, Nuclear, Minimizing during Decommisioning"



Prudent Practices in the Laboratory

Prudent Practices in the Laboratory Author
ISBN-10 NAP:14647
Release 1995-01
Pages 427
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Updates and combines two publications, Prudent Practices for Handling Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories (1981) and Prudent Practices for Disposal of Chemicals from Laboratories (1983). Explore the current culture of laboratory safety and provides an updated guide to federal regulations. Organized